[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Whole-genome analysis using genome-wide arrays, also called "genomic arrays," "microarrays," or "arrays," has become the first-tier diagnostic test for patients with developmental abnormalities and/or intellectual disabilities. In addition to constitutional anomalies, genomic arrays are also used to diagnose acquired disorders. Despite the rapid implementation of these technologies in diagnostic laboratories, external quality control schemes (such as CEQA, EMQN, UK NEQAS, and the USA QA scheme CAP) and interlaboratory comparisons show that there are huge differences in quality, interpretation, and reporting among laboratories. We offer guidance to laboratories to help assure the quality of array experiments and to standardize minimum detection resolution, and we also provide guidelines to standardize interpretation and reporting.
Human Mutation 06/2012; 33(6):906-15. DOI:10.1002/humu.22076 · 5.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Over the last three decades, cytogenetic analysis of malignancies has become an integral part of disease evaluation and prediction of prognosis or responsiveness to therapy. In most diagnostic laboratories, conventional karyotyping, in conjunction with targeted fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis, is routinely performed to detect recurrent aberrations with prognostic implications. However, the genetic complexity of cancer cells requires a sensitive genome-wide analysis, enabling the detection of small genomic changes in a mixed cell population, as well as of regions of homozygosity. The advent of comprehensive high-resolution genomic tools, such as molecular karyotyping using comparative genomic hybridization or single-nucleotide polymorphism microarrays, has overcome many of the limitations of traditional cytogenetic techniques and has been used to study complex genomic lesions in, for example, leukemia. The clinical impact of the genomic copy-number and copy-neutral alterations identified by microarray technologies is growing rapidly and genome-wide array analysis is evolving into a diagnostic tool, to better identify high-risk patients and predict patients' outcomes from their genomic profiles. Here, we review the added clinical value of an array-based genome-wide screen in leukemia, and discuss the technical challenges and an interpretation workflow in applying arrays in the acquired cytogenetic diagnostic setting.
Human Mutation 06/2012; 33(6):941-8. DOI:10.1002/humu.22057 · 5.05 Impact Factor