Bruce Shadbolt

The Canberra Hospital, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

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Publications (72)215.39 Total impact

  • Mark D. Porter, Bruce Shadbolt
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    ABSTRACT: Background There is no consensus regarding the optimal management of the acutely ruptured Achilles tendon (TA). Functional bracing alone achieves outcomes similar to those of surgical repair. Surgical repair combined with immediate mobilization may improve the clinical outcome further. The purpose of our study was to determine if an accelerated rehabilitation programme following surgical repair of the ruptured TA could improve clinical outcome, relative to the standard protocol.Methods Patients with an acutely ruptured TA were randomly allocated to undergo an accelerated programme (AP) or standard programme (SP), following surgery. Outcome was assessed at 12 months post-surgery using the Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS), the heel-raise height and the time taken to return to running.ResultsFifty-one patients completed the study, 25 in the AP group and 26 in the SP group. At 12 months post-surgery, the ATRS results were similar in the two treatment groups (87.46 in AP with standard error (SE) of 0.735 versus 87.12 in SP with SE of 0.75) while the AP group had less lengthening of the TA (0.385 cm, SE 0.166 versus 1.00 cm, SE 0.169) and a more rapid return to running (17.231 weeks, SE 0.401 versus 21.08 weeks, SE 0.409), than the SP group.Conclusion The accelerated rehabilitation programme resulted in less tendon lengthening, more rapid return to running, but similar ATRS relative to the standard rehabilitation. Immobilization following TA repair may prolong recovery.
    ANZ Journal of Surgery 12/2014; 85(5). DOI:10.1111/ans.12910 · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Muscle wasting or sarcopenia arising from chronic inflammation is found in 60% of patients with Crohn's disease. Transcriptional protein NF-κB reduces muscle formation through MyoD transcription and increases muscle breakdown by proteolysis.AimAs TNF is a potent activator of NF-κB, and anti-TNF agent infliximab (IFX) prevents NF-κB activation, to determine whether or not Crohn's patients treated with IFX gain muscle volume and strength.Methods We performed a prospective, repeated-measures cohort study in adult Crohn's disease patients with an acute disease flare. Patients were instructed not to vary diet or activity. Concomitant medications were kept stable. At week 1 (pre-treatment), week 16 (post-IFX induction) and week 25 (post-first IFX maintenance dose), we assessed (i) MRI volume of quadriceps femoris at anatomical mid-thigh; (ii) maximal concentric quadriceps contractions strength at three specific speeds of contraction; (iii) physical activity by validated instrument (IPAQ); (iv) Three-day food record of intake and composition (food-weighing method); (v) Serum levels of IL6.ResultsNineteen patients (58% female; mean age 33.2 ± 10.7 years) were recruited. IFX increased muscle volume in both legs from baseline (right, 1505 cm3) to week 25 (right, 1569 cm3; P = 0.010). IFX also increased muscle strength in both legs from baseline (right 30°/s, 184.8 Nm) to week 25 (right 30°/s, 213.6 Nm; P = 0.002). Muscle volume gain correlated with male gender (P = 0.003). Significant gains in muscle volume and strength were unrelated to prednisolone use. Serum IL6 levels decreased by week 25 (P = 0.037).Conclusion The anti-TNF agent infliximab reverses inflammatory sarcopenia in patients with Crohn's disease.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 12/2014; 41(5). DOI:10.1111/apt.13058 · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background We sought to determine if our regional program for pre-hospital STEMI diagnosis and direct transfer for primary PCI (PPCI) was associated with shorter ischaemic times and improved survival compared with ED diagnosis. Methods STEMI diagnosis was made at the scene by pre-hospital ECG or in local EDs depending on patient presentation. Ambulance ECGs were transmitted to our ED for cath lab activation. Patient variables and outcomes at 12 months were recorded. Results We treated 782 consecutive patients with PPCI during January 2008-June 2013. Cath lab activation was initiated prior to hospital arrival (pre-hospital) in 24% of cases and by ED in 76% of cases. Median total ischaemic time was 154 min for pre-hospital and 211 minutes for ED patients (p < 0.0001). Mortality at 12 months was 7.9% in the ED group compared with 3.7% in the pre-hospital group (p = 0.036). On multivariate Cox regression analysis including baseline and procedural variables, pre-hospital activation remained an independent predictor of mortality (HR 0.45, 95% CI 0.20-1.0, p = 0.03). Conclusions: Pre-hospital diagnosis of STEMI and direct transfer to the cath lab reduced total ischaemic time by 57 minutes and mortality by >50% following PPCI. Further efforts are needed to increase the proportion of STEMI patients treated using this strategy.
    Heart, Lung and Circulation 09/2014; 24(3). DOI:10.1016/j.hlc.2014.09.015 · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • Mark D Porter, Bruce Shadbolt
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    ABSTRACT: The ability of single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to restore rotational control has been questioned by proponents of the double-bundle technique. The term anatomic positioning has become popularized in recognition of the incorrect positioning sometimes used in the past, which may have contributed to the lack of rotation control. The pivot-shift test remains the most clinically useful measure of ACL deficiency, and it is now possible to measure it both accurately and objectively using computer navigation.
    The American Journal of Sports Medicine 09/2014; DOI:10.1177/0363546514549938 · 4.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Indomethacin and ibuprofen are administered to close a patent ductus arteriosus during active glomerulogenesis. Light and electron microscopic glomerular changes with no change in glomerular number were seen following indomethacin and ibuprofen treatment during glomerulogenesis at 14 days after birth in a neonatal rat model. This present study aimed to determine whether longstanding renal structural changes are present at 30 days and 6 months (equivalent to human adulthood). Methods: Rat pups were administered indomethacin or ibuprofen antenatally on day18-20 (indomethacin 0.5 mg/kg/dose; ibuprofen 10 mg/kg/dose) or postnatally intraperitoneally from day 1 to 3 or day 1 to 5 (indomethacin 0.2 mg/kg/dose; ibuprofen 10 mg/kg/dose). Control groups received no treatment or normal saline intraperitoneally. Pups were sacrificed at 30 days of age and 6 months of age. Tissue blocks from right kidneys were prepared for light and electron microscopic examination, while total glomerular number was determined in left kidneys using unbiased stereology. Results: Eight pups were included in each group from 14 maternal rats. At 30 days and 6 months there were persistent EM abnormalities of the glomerular basement membrane in those receiving postnatal indomethacin and ibuprofen. There were no significant LM findings at 30 days or 6 months. At 6 months there were significantly fewer glomeruli in those receiving postnatal indomethacin but not ibuprofen (p=0.003) Conclusions: Indomethacin administered during glomerulogenesis appears to reduce the number of glomeruli in adulthood. Alternative options for closing a PDA should be considered including ibuprofen as well as emerging therapies such as paracetamol.
    American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 09/2014; DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.00328.2014 · 3.30 Impact Factor
  • Mark Porter, Bruce Shadbolt, Robert Stuart
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    ABSTRACT: Background More than 20% of patients develop chronic instability following appropriate management of an ‘ankle sprain’. There is little research comparing surgical techniques. ‘Anatomical’ procedures, such as the modified Brostrom-Gould (MBG), are generally preferred. However, not all patients are suitable for this procedure. Augmentation of a primary repair using a synthetic ligament, such as the ligament augmentation reconstruction system (LARS), is another ‘anatomic’ option. Our objective was to compare the clinical outcome following the MBG with that following the LARS technique using a prospective randomized clinical trial.Methods Patients who satisfied the study criteria were randomly allocated to undergo the LARS procedure or the MBG procedure. All patients followed a similar rehabilitation programme. Patients completed the foot and ankle outcome score (FAOS) before surgery, and then at 1 year and 2 years following surgery. Statistical analysis was used to compare the groups (P < 0.05).ResultsForty-one patients took part in the study, 21 were randomized to the LARS group and 20 to the MBG group. The LARS group had a significantly better improvement in the total FAOS at both 1 year (25.5 standard error (SE) 3.8 versus 16.0 SE 3.3) and 2 years (27.1 SE 4.5 versus 15.8 SE 4.9) post-surgery.Conclusion Primary repair combined with LARS results in better patient-scored clinical outcome, at 2 years post-surgery, than the MBG procedure. Although longer follow-up is required, the LARS procedure may be considered as an alternative, especially in those patients for whom the MBG is relatively contra-indicated.
    ANZ Journal of Surgery 09/2014; 85(1-2). DOI:10.1111/ans.12837 · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Pulmonary function abnormalities and hospital re-admissions in survivors of neonatal lung disease remain highly prevalent. The respiratory outcomes study (RESPOS) aimed to investigate the respiratory and associated atopy outcomes in preterm infants <30 weeks gestational age (GA) and/or birth-weight (BWt) <1000 g at primary school age, and to compare these outcomes between infants with and without chronic lung disease (CLD). Methods: In the RESPOS 92 parents of preterm infants admitted to the Neonatal unit in Canberra Hospital between 1/1/2001 and 31/12/2003 were sent a questionnaire regarding their respiratory, atopy management and follow-up. Results: Fifty-three parents responded, including 28 preterm infants who had CLD and 25 who had no CLD. The gestational age was significantly lower in the CLD group compared to the non-CLD group [26.9 (26.3–27.5) CLD and 28.6 (28.3–29.0) non-CLD] [weeks [95% confidence interval (CI)]], as was the birth weight [973 (877.4–1068.8) CLD versus 1221 (1135.0–1307.0) non-CLD] [g (CI)]. CLD infants compared to non-CLD infants were significantly more likely to have been: given surfactant, ventilated and on oxygen at 28 days and 36 weeks. These neonates were also more likely to have: been discharged from the neonatal unit on oxygen, exhibit a history of PDA or sepsis and to have a current paediatrician. However, despite these differences, there was no significant difference in the proportion of asthma or atopic disease between the two groups. Conclusions: The RESPOS could not demonstrate respiratory and/or atopy differences between the CLD and the non-CLD groups at primary school age.
    Journal of Asthma 08/2014; 52(1). DOI:10.3109/02770903.2014.952436 · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background There is no evidence from randomized trials for the benefit of routine non-compliant balloon (NCB) post-dilation after stent deployment. Despite being the gold standard, intravascular ultrasound is infrequently performed due to time and cost constraints and a suitable alternative technology is required for routine assessment of stent expansion. The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of NCB post-dilation in optimizing contemporary stents by using digital stent enhancement (DSE). Methods We treated 120 patients with stent insertion and assessed the stents with DSE before and after NCB use. Optimal expansion was defined as the minimum stent diameter (MSD) ≥ 90% of the nominal stent diameter, an adaptation of the MUSIC and POSTIT trial criteria. Stent deployment was performed at 12 atm pressure followed by routine NCB post-dilation at ≥ 14 atm. Results The mean reference diameter on QCA was 2.75 mm (SD 0.63) and mean stent diameter was 3.15 mm (SD 0.46). At a mean stent deployment pressure of 11.7 atm (SD 2.4), only 21% of stents were optimally expanded. After NCB inflation at a mean of 16.9 atm (SD 2.8), MSD increased by 0.26 mm (SD 0.24), optimal stent expansion increased from 21% to 58% and mean stent symmetry ratio increased from 0.83 to 0.87 (p < 0.0001). Conclusions Contemporary stents are sub-optimally expanded in the majority of cases after standard deployment compared with nominal sizes. Adjunctive NCB post-dilation optimized an additional 37% of stents. DSE analysis can assist in qualitative and quantitative stent assessments and can potentially facilitate a selective NCB post-dilation strategy to achieve optimal stent expansion.
    06/2014; 3:43–48. DOI:10.1016/j.ijchv.2014.03.006
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    ABSTRACT: Our multicentre RCT showed that CeasIng Cpap At standarD criteriA (CICADA) compared to cycling off CPAP significantly reduced time on CPAP and weaning time.(1) We hypothesised that implementation of CICADA would reduce CPAP time. We compared premature babies (PB) <30 weeks gestation (GA) during the trial period (2007-2009) and post implementation of CICADA in our Neonatal Unit (2010-2012).
    Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 06/2014; 99(Suppl 1):A59-A61. DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306576.170 · 3.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pegylated-interferon-α/ribavirin (PEG-IFN/RBV) treatment can cure hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection but has frequent neuropsychiatric side-effects. Patients with pre-existing psychiatric illness may not be offered therapy. We established prevalence of self-reported psychiatric comorbidity among HCV-infected patients in a hospital-liver clinic, and determined the impact of such diagnoses on uptake and tolerance to PEG-IFN/RBV.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 06/2014; 29(6):1258-64. DOI:10.1111/jgh.12515 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In our previous randomised controlled trial (RCT), we have shown in preterm babies (PBs) <30 weeks gestation that CeasIng Cpap At standarD criteriA (CICADA (method 1)) compared with cycling off continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) gradually (method 2) or cycling off CPAP gradually with low flow air/oxygen during periods off CPAP (method 3) reduces CPAP cessation time in PBs <30 weeks gestation. This retrospective study reviewed weight gain, time to reach full feeds and time to cease caffeine in PBs previously enrolled in the RCT. Data were collected from 162 of the 177 PBs, and there was no significant difference in the projected weight gain between the three methods. Based on intention to treat, the time taken to reach full feeds for all three methods showed no significant difference. However, post hoc analysis showed the CICADA method compared with cycling off gradually just failed significance (30.3±1.6 vs 31.1±2.4 (weeks corrected gestational age (Wks CGA±SD)), p=0.077). Analysis of time to cease caffeine showed there was a significant difference between the methods with PBs randomised to the CICADA method compared with the cycling off method ceasing caffeine almost a week earlier (33.6±2.4 vs 34.5±2.8 (Wks CGA±SD), p=0.02). This retrospective study provides evidence to substantiate the optimum method of ceasing CPAP; the CICADA method, does not adversely affect weight gain, time to reach full feeds and may reduce time to cease caffeine in PBs <30 weeks gestation.
    Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 05/2014; 99(5). DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2013-304581 · 3.86 Impact Factor
  • Gastroenterology 05/2014; 146(5):S-597. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(14)62164-8 · 13.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) agents are used as induction and maintenance therapy in ulcerative colitis (UC) refractory to standard therapy and as rescue therapy in acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC). To determine long-term outcomes including colectomy rates, predictors of maintenance of response and remission, risk of serious adverse events by reviewing 12-year clinical experience from a single centre in Australia. 71 patients with moderate-severe UC [Mayo score ≥6] (n = 52) and ASUC (n = 19) treated with anti-TNF agents were included. Primary endpoints were colectomy at 12 weeks and colectomy-free survival at last follow-up. Secondary endpoints included clinical response (decrease in Mayo score of ≥3) and remission (Mayo score ≤2). Colectomy at 12 weeks was 1% and colectomy-free survival was 69%. Using full Mayo score, at 3 months, 32/37 (87%) refractory and 9/12 (75%) ASUC patients responded to anti-TNF therapy; 19/37 (51%) refractory and 8/12 (67%) ASUC patients were in remission. Long-term response rates (mean follow-up 37.4 months) were 24/44 (55%) and 11/15 (73%) in refractory and ASUC groups respectively. Long-term remission rates were 43% in refractory and 60% in ASUC patients. 22/71 (31%) underwent colectomy (mean time 50.4 months). Clinical non-response at 3 months was a predictor of colectomy (HR = 9.346; p = 0.001). ASUC predicted long-term maintenance of response (OR 19.4; p=0.013) and remission (OR 6.13; p=0.037). 2/71 patients had serious infections. Anti-TNF therapy is effective in both refractory and ASUC. We argue that early anti-TNF therapy may improve outcome in UC.
    Internal Medicine Journal 02/2014; 44(5). DOI:10.1111/imj.12397 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death in patients with stage 4-5 Chronic Kidney disease (CKD, eGFR < 30). There are only limited data on the risk factors predicting these complications in CKD patients. Our aim was to determine the role of clinical and echocardiographic parameters in predicting mortality and cardiovascular complications in CKD patients. We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of 153 CKD patients between 2007 and 2009. All patients underwent echocardiography at baseline and were followed for a mean of 2.6 years using regular clinic visits and review of files and hospital presentations to record the incidence of cardiovascular events and death. Of 153 patients enrolled, 57 (37%) were on dialysis and 45 (78%) of these patients were on haemodialysis. An enlarged LV was present in 32% of patients and in 22% the LVEF was below 55%. LV mass index was increased in 75% of patients. Some degree of diastolic dysfunction was present in 85% of patients and 35% had grade 2 or higher diastolic dysfunction. During follow up 41 patients (27%) died, 15 (39%) from cardiovascular causes. Mortality was 24.2% in the non-dialysis patients versus 31.6% in patients on dialysis (p = ns). On multivariate analysis age >75 years, previous history of MI, diastolic dysfunction and detectable serum troponin T were significant independent predictor of mortality (P < 0.01). Patients with stage 4-5 CKD had a mortality rate of 27% over a mean follow up of 2.6 years. Age >75 years, history of MI, diastolic dysfunction and troponin T were independent predictors of mortality.
    BMC Nephrology 12/2013; 14(1):280. DOI:10.1186/1471-2369-14-280 · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Bianca L Preo, Bruce Shadbolt, David A Todd
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    ABSTRACT: AimsTo measure inspired gas humidity and temperature delivered by a Stephanie neonatal ventilator with variations in (i) circuit length; (ii) circuit insulation; (iii) proximal airway temperature probe (pATP) position; (iv) inspiratory temperature (offset); and (v) incubator temperatures. Methods Using the Stephanie neonatal ventilator, inspired gas humidity and temperature were measured during mechanical ventilation at the distal inspiratory limb and 3cm down the endotracheal tube. Measurements were made with a long or short circuit; with or without insulation of the inspiratory limb; proximal ATP (pATP) either within or external to the incubator; at two different inspiratory temperature (offset) of 37(-0.5) and 39(-2.0)degrees C; and at three different incubator temperatures of 32, 34.5, and 37 degrees C. ResultsLong circuits produced significantly higher inspired humidity than short circuits at all incubator settings, while only at 32 degrees C was the inspired temperature higher. In the long circuits, insulation further improved the inspired humidity especially at 39(-2.0)degrees C, while only at incubator temperatures of 32 and 37 degrees C did insulation significantly improve inspired temperature. Positioning the pATP outside the incubator did not result in higher inspired humidity but did significantly improve inspired temperature. An inspiratory temperature (offset) of 39(-2.0)degrees C delivered significantly higher inspired humidity and temperature than the 37(-0.5)degrees C especially when insulated. Conclusions Long insulated Stephanie circuits should be used for neonatal ventilation when the infant is nursed in an incubator. The recommended inspiratory temperature (offset) of 37(-0.5)degrees C produced inspired humidity and temperature below international standards, and we suggest an increase to 39(-2.0)degrees C.
    Pediatric Anesthesia 06/2013; 23(11). DOI:10.1111/pan.12206 · 1.74 Impact Factor
  • Sheila Rahman, Bruce Shadbolt, Dipti Talaulikar
    Pathology 01/2013; 45:S96. DOI:10.1097/01.PAT.0000426988.51337.d4 · 2.62 Impact Factor
  • Ahmad Farshid, Leonard Arnolda, Bruce Shadbolt
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Primary PCI (PPCI) is superior to thrombolysis for treatment of acute ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). However, transfer to a PCI centre results in a treatment delay compared to those presenting directly to such hospitals. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of transfer delay on LV function and clinical outcomes in PPCI patients. METHODS: Of 113 consecutive PPCI patients, 69 presented directly to the PCI centre and 44 were transferred. Echocardiography was performed at day 1 and after 6 weeks to assess LV function using the Wall Motion Score Index (WMSI). Patients were followed for a mean of 3.51 years. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in WMSI at day 1 between local and transfer patients (1.52±0.36 and 1.48±0.34 respectively, p=ns). After 6 weeks the WMSI improved significantly in both groups (1.33±0.33 and 1.31±0.31 respectively, p<0.001 for both). On multivariate analysis, pain to balloon time>160min, LAD stenosis and initial TIMI flow 0-1 were significant independent predictors of LV dysfunction. There was no significant difference in clinical events during long term follow up. CONCLUSIONS: Patients transferred for PPCI had similar LV function and clinical outcomes compared to those who presented directly to a PCI hospital.
    Heart, Lung and Circulation 08/2012; 21(11). DOI:10.1016/j.hlc.2012.07.007 · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    Faculty of Radiation Oncology Annual Scientific meeting Cairns 2012; 07/2012
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    ABSTRACT: Controversy exists whether different continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) weaning methods influence time to wean off CPAP, CPAP duration, oxygen duration, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) or length of admission. In a multicentre randomised controlled trial, the authors have primarily compared CPAP weaning methods impact on time to wean off CPAP and CPAP duration and secondarily their effect on oxygen duration, BPD and time of admission. Between April 2006 and October 2009, 177 infants <30 weeks gestational age (GA) who fulfilled stability criteria on CPAP were randomised to one of the three CPAP weaning methods (M). M1: Taken 'OFF' CPAP with the view to stay 'OFF'. M2: Cycled on and off CPAP with incremental time 'OFF'. M3: As with m(2), cycled on and off CPAP but during 'OFF' periods were supported by 2 mm nasal cannula at a flow of 0.5 l/min. Based on intention to treat analysis, there was no significant difference in mean GA or birthweight between the groups (27.1 ± 1.4, 26.9 ± 1.6 and 27.3 ± 1.5 (weeks ± 1SD) and 988 ± 247, 987 ± 249 and 1015 ± 257 (grams ± 1SD), respectively). Primary outcomes showed M1 produced a significantly shorter time to wean from CPAP (11.3 ± 0.8, 16.8 ± 1.0, 19.4 ± 1.3 (days ± 1SE) p<0.0001, respectively) and CPAP duration (24.4 ± 0.1, 38.6 ± 0.1, 30.5 ± 0.1 (days ± 1SE) p<0.0001, respectively). All the secondary outcomes were significantly shorter with M1, (oxygen duration: 24.1 ± 1.5, 45.8 ± 2.2, 34.1 ± 2.0 (days ± 1SE) p<0.0001, BPD: 7/56 (12.5%), 29/69 (42%), 10/52 (19%) p=0.011 and length of admission: 58.5 ± 0.1, 73.8 ± 0.1 69.5 ± 0.1 (days ± 1SE) p<0.0001, respectively). Method 1 significantly shortens CPAP weaning time, CPAP duration, oxygen duration, BPD and admission time.
    Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 05/2012; 97(4):F236-40. DOI:10.1136/adc.2011-300133 · 3.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is evidence that psychological treatments for postnatal depression are effective in the short-term; however, whether the effects are enduring over time remains an important empirical question. The aim of this study was to investigate the depressive symptoms and interpersonal functioning of participants in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of group interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT-G) at 2 years posttreatment. The study also examined long-term trajectories, such as whether participants maintained their recovery status, achieved later recovery, recurrence or persistent symptoms. Approximately 2 years posttreatment, all women in the original RCT (N = 50) were invited to participate in a mailed follow-up. A repeated measures analysis of variance assessed differences between the treatment and control conditions on depression and interpersonal scores across five measurement occasions: baseline, mid-treatment, end of treatment and 3-month and 2-year follow-up. Chi-square tests were used to analyse the percentage of participants in the four recovery categories. Mothers who received IPT-G improved more rapidly in the short-term and were less likely to develop persistent depressive symptoms in the long-term. Fifty seven percent of IPT-G mothers maintained their recovery over the follow-up period. Overall, IPT-G participants were significantly less likely to require follow-up treatment. Limitations include the use of self-report questionnaires to classify recovery. The positive finding that fewer women in the group condition experienced a persistent course of depression highlights its possible enduring effects after treatment discontinuation. Further research is needed to improve our long-term management of postnatal depression for individuals who are vulnerable to a recurrent or chronic trajectory.
    Archives of Women s Mental Health 04/2012; 15(3):217-28. DOI:10.1007/s00737-012-0280-4 · 1.96 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
215.39 Total Impact Points


  • 2002–2014
    • The Canberra Hospital
      • Department of Renal Medicine
      Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
  • 1998
    • Calvary Health Care
      Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia
  • 1997
    • University of Western Sydney
      Penrith, New South Wales, Australia