Publications (1)0 Total impact
ABSTRACT: Uptake of eight pesticides of different classes (organochlorines, synthetic pyrethroids, dinitroanilines, amides) by semi-permeable membrane devices (SPMDs) was studied in a laboratory continuous-flow system. After 20 days of exposure, membrane concentration factors were in the range of 50 000–120 000 for all the analytes except for the amide herbicides propachlor and alachlor, which were not detected in any of the SPMDs. The kinetic data and mathematical models were used to calculate analyte uptake rate constants, SPMD lipid/water partition coefficients, average sampling rates and concentrations of the pesticides in water. To assess the effects of concentrated pesticides, standard bioassays (Salmonella/histidine reversion assay and bioluminescence inhibition in Vibrio fischeri test) were incorporated in the SPMD technique. To test the method in an environmental situation, SPMDs were deployed in polluted sites in Lithuania. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons were the major pollutants detected in the SPMDs deployed in the field. All the SPMD dialysates were highly toxic in the bioluminescence inhibition test but no mutagenic activity was observed in the Salmonella/histidine reversion assay.