Carlo Morosi

Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori di Milano, Milano, Lombardy, Italy

Are you Carlo Morosi?

Claim your profile

Publications (46)209.09 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim of study was to assess the correlation between computed tomography scan (CT) findings and histopathology. Data were collected on consecutive patients with suspected retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) referred to a tertiary sarcoma center. Patients underwent contrast enhanced multi-detector CT scans. Radiological features of lesions were classified according to the presence of a fatty (Group A) mass, or non-fatty (Group B) mass, both subdivided according to homogeneity and intralesional high-contrasted appearance. Radiological classification was compared with histopathological diagnosis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive value (PPV, NPV) were analyzed. Of 291 patients, 103/291 (35.4%) masses were classified in Group A and 188/291 (64.6%) in Group B. Diagnosis of mesenchymal tumor was obtained in 231/291 cases (79%) and non-mesenchymal tumor in 60/291 (21%). Sensitivity and specificity of Group A for liposarcoma were 76.7% and 92.0%; PPV and NPV were 86.4% and 85.6%. Sensitivity of Group B for a mesenchymal tumor was 55.4% and specificity was 0%; PPV and NPV were 68.1% and 0%. None of radiological criteria were sufficient to anticipate a specific diagnosis, with the only exception of well differentiated liposarcoma and angiomyolipoma. In a series of suspected RPS, 21% of the lesions were finally non-mesenchymal tumors. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    10/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background To explore the activity of pazopanib in solitary fibrous tumour (SFT). Patients and methods In a preclinical study, we compared the activity of pazopanib, sorafenib, sunitinib, regorafenib, axitinib and bevacizumab in a dedifferentiated-SFT (DSFT) xenotransplanted into Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. Antiangiogenics were administered at their reported optimal doses when mean tumour volume (TV) was 80 mm3. Drug activity was assessed as TV inhibition percentage (TVI%). From May 2012, six consecutive patients with advanced SFT received pazopanib, on a national name-based programme. In one case sunitinib was administered after pazopanib failure. Results In the xenograft model, pazopanib showed the lowest antitumour activity (21%TVI), while regorafenib was the most active (95%TVI). Sorafenib, bevacizumab, sunitinib were markedly active (78/70/65%TVI). Axitinib was marginally active (51%TVI). In the retrospective case-series, three patients carried malignant-SFT (MSFT), three DSFT. Best Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumour (RECIST) responses were: three stable disease (SD), all MSFT, three progressive disease (PD), all DSFT, corresponding to one partial response (PR), two SD, three PD by Choi criteria. Median-progression-free survival was 3 months (range 1–15). In one patient, sunitinib was started after pazopanib failure, with a response. Conclusions In dedifferentiated-SFT xenograft pazopanib induced a marginal antitumour activity, while regorafenib appeared the most active and promising agent. When administered in patients, pazopanib showed a modest activity in terms of tumour growth stabilisation, observed only in non-dedifferentiated cases.
    European Journal of Cancer. 09/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With improvements in the survival rates after childhood cancer, many clinicians have turned their attention to reporting on late effects, and how they might be prevented or treated. In childhood the thyroid gland is especially vulnerable to the carcinogenic action of ionizing radiation. This retrospective study focused on secondary thyroid cancers seen at our institution over more than 30 years (between 1980 and 2012) in patients treated for other malignancies in pediatric age. 36 patients were identified. In most cases, the primary cancer had been Hodgkin disease, and all the patients had been administered radiotherapy for their first malignancy. The secondary thyroid cancers were treated with total thyroidectomy in 27 cases (six with lymphadenectomy), and hemithyroidectomy in nine (one with lymphadenectomy). 12 Patients were also given radiometabolic therapy. All but two had TSH suppression therapy. The histological diagnoses were: 31 papillary and five follicular carcinomas. At 5 and 10 years, the OS was 100 and 95 %, respectively, and the PFS was 96 and 83 %. None of the patients died of their thyroid disease. Nodal involvement at onset was the only factor correlating with recurrence. Surgical sequelae only occurred in patients who underwent total thyroidectomy. Survival in these patients did not depend on the extent of surgery on the thyroid parenchyma. Our data confirm a good prognosis for secondary thyroid cancer, prompting us to encourage a minimalist approach to the treatment of these particular patients wherever possible.
    Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England). 08/2014; 31(8):121.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In planning Yttrium-90 ((90)Y)-radioembolizations, strategy problems arise in tumours with multiple arterial supplies. We aim to demonstrate that tumours can be treated via one main feeding artery achieving flow redistribution by embolizing accessory vessels.
    Cardiovascular and interventional radiology. 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate the short-term safety and efficacy of the new generation of 70-150 µm drug-eluting beads (M1 DEB) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) as a primary therapy or as a bridge to liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients underwent TACE with M1 DEB loaded with doxorubicin (DEBDOX/M1). Clinical data were recorded at 12, 24, and 48 h, 7 and 30 days after treatment. Response was assessed by computed tomographic scan according to the modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors criteria, and a second DEBDOX/M1 TACE was scheduled within 6 weeks in case of a noncomplete response. RESULTS: All patients had well-compensated cirrhosis (97.7 % Child A, 44.4 % hepatitis C virus, median age 61 years). Twenty patients (44.4 %) had Barcelona Clinic for Liver Cancer class B disease; the median number of nodules and their sum of diameters were 2 (range 1-6) and 43 mm (range 10-190), respectively. The mean number of TACE procedures per patient was 1.4. Objective response rate (complete + partial response) was 77.7 % with a median time to best response of 3 months (95 % confidence interval 2-4). In 13 patients, DEBDOX/M1 TACE served as a bridge/downstaging to LT/surgery. Pathology showed that more than 90 % necrosis was achieved in 10 of 28 nodules. DEBDOX/M1 TACE was well tolerated, and the grade 3/4 adverse event rate was low (1 of 65 procedures). CONCLUSION: DEBDOX/M1 TACE is an effective procedure with a favorable safety profile and promising results in terms of objective response rate, tumor downstaging, and necrosis.
    CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 05/2014; · 2.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, marked by NR4A3 rearrangement. Herein we report on the activity of sunitinib in a series of 10 patients, strengthening what initially observed in two cases. From July 2011, 10 patients with progressive metastatic translocated EMC have been consecutively treated with sunitinib 37.5mg/day, on a named-use basis. In an attempt to interpret the activity of sunitinib in EMC, genotype/phenotype correlations were carried out by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses. Moreover, transcriptome, immunohistochemical and biochemical analyses of a limited set of samples were performed focusing on some putative targets of sunitinib. Eight of 10 patients are still on therapy. Six patients had a Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) partial response (PR), two were stable, two progressed. Positron emission tomography (PET) was consistent in 6/6 evaluable cases. One patient underwent surgery after sunitinib, with evidence of a pathologic response. At a median follow-up of 8.5months (range 2-28), no secondary resistance was detected. Median progression free survival (PFS) has not been reached. Interestingly, all responsive cases turned out to express the typical EWSR1-NR4A3 fusion, while refractory cases carried the alternative TAF15-NR4A3 fusion. Among putative sunitinib targets, only RET was expressed and activated in analysed samples. This report confirms the therapeutic activity of sunitinib in EMC. Genotype/phenotype analyses support a correlation between response and EWSR1-NR4A3 fusion. Involvement of RET deserves further investigation.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 04/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma, marked by NR4A3 rearrangement. Herein we report on the activity of sunitinib in a series of 10 patients, strengthening what initially observed in two cases. Patients and methods From July 2011, 10 patients with progressive metastatic translocated EMC have been consecutively treated with sunitinib 37.5 mg/day, on a named-use basis. In an attempt to interpret the activity of sunitinib in EMC, genotype/phenotype correlations were carried out by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses. Moreover, transcriptome, immunohistochemical and biochemical analyses of a limited set of samples were performed focusing on some putative targets of sunitinib. Results Eight of 10 patients are still on therapy. Six patients had a Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) partial response (PR), two were stable, two progressed. Positron emission tomography (PET) was consistent in 6/6 evaluable cases. One patient underwent surgery after sunitinib, with evidence of a pathologic response. At a median follow-up of 8.5 months (range 2–28), no secondary resistance was detected. Median progression free survival (PFS) has not been reached. Interestingly, all responsive cases turned out to express the typical EWSR1–NR4A3 fusion, while refractory cases carried the alternative TAF15–NR4A3 fusion. Among putative sunitinib targets, only RET was expressed and activated in analysed samples. Conclusions This report confirms the therapeutic activity of sunitinib in EMC. Genotype/phenotype analyses support a correlation between response and EWSR1–NR4A3 fusion. Involvement of RET deserves further investigation.
    European Journal of Cancer. 01/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background:Pazopanib achieved the end point of clinical activity in pretreated patients with urothelial cancer in a single-group, phase 2 trial. The objective was to identify biological predictors of clinical benefit to pazopanib in these patients.Methods:EDTA blood samples were collected at baseline (T0) and after 4 weeks (T1) of treatment, together with radiological imaging in all 41 patients to analyse plasma circulating angiogenic factor levels by multiplex ELISA plates. Changes from T0 to T1 in marker levels were matched with response with the covariance analysis. Univariable and multivariable analyses evaluated the association with overall survival (OS), adjusted for prespecified clinical variables. Net reclassification improvement (NRI) tested the performance of the recognised Cox model.Results:Increasing IL8(T1) level associated with lower response probability at covariance analysis (P=0.010). Both IL8(T0) (P=0.019) and IL8(T1) (P=0.004) associated with OS and the prognostic model, including clinical variables and IL8(T1) best-predicted OS after backward selection. The NRI for this model was 39%.When analysed as a time-varying covariate, IL8(T1) level<80 pg ml(-1) portended significantly greater response (∼80%) and 6-month OS (∼60%) probability than level80.Conclusion:IL8-level changes during pazopanib allowed for a prognostic improvement and were associated with response probability.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 14 November 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.719 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 11/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To explore the value of triazines in solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). We retrospectively reviewed 8 cases of patients with SFT treated with dacarbazine (DTIC) (1200 mg/m2 every 3 weeks) as from January 2012. Then we studied a dedifferentiated-SFT subcutaneously xenotransplanted into SCID mice. DTIC, temozolomide, sunitinib, bevacizumab and pazopanib were administered at their reported optimal doses for the mouse model when mean tumor volume (TV) was about 80 mm3; each experimental groups included 6 mice. Drug activity was assessed as TV inhibition percentage (TVI%). DTIC was tested according to two different schedules of administration. 120 days after treatment interruption, mouse tumor samples were analyzed. Among the 8 patients treated with DTIC, best RECIST responses were 3 partial response, 4 stable disease, 1 progression. Two responsive patients had paraneoplastic hypoglycemia that disappeared after 10 days from starting DTIC. In the dedifferentiated-SFT xenograft model, DTIC and temozolomide showed the highest antitumor activity (about 95% TVI), confirmed pathologically. Sunitinib and pazopanib were only marginally active (52% and 41% TVI, respectively), whereas bevacizumab caused a 78% TVI. No tumor re-growth was observed up to 100 days from end of treatment with temozolomide and DTIC, while secondary progression followed sunitinib, pazopanib and bevacizumab interruption. DTIC as single agent has antitumor activity in SFT. Our preclinical results suggest a cytotoxic effect of temozolomide and DTIC, as compared to a cytostatic role for sunitinib, pazopanib and bevacizumab. A phase II study on DTIC in advanced SFT is planned.
    Clinical Cancer Research 07/2013; · 7.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Yttrium-90 radioembolization (Y90RE) is a novel approach to radiation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), never tested in phase 2 studies. Fifty-two patients with intermediate (n.17) to advanced (n.35) HCC were prospectively recruited to assess, as the primary endpoint, efficacy of Y90RE on time-to-progression (TTP). Secondary endpoints were tumor response, safety, and overall survival (OS). All patients were Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score 0-1, Child-Pugh class A-B7. Y90RE treatments aimed at a lobar delivery of 120 Gy. Retrospective dosimetric correlations were conducted and related to response. Fifty-eight treatments were performed on 52 patients. The median follow-up was 36 months. The median TTP was 11 months with no significant difference between portal vein thrombosis (PVT) versus no PVT (7 versus 13 months). The median OS was 15 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 12-18 months) with a nonsignificant trend in favor of non-PVT versus PVT patients (18 versus 13 months). Five complete responses occurred (9.6%), and the 2 year-progression rate was 62%. Objective response was 40.4%, whereas the disease control rate (78.8%) significantly affected survival (responders versus nonresponders: 18.4% versus 9.1%; P = 0.009). Tumor response significantly correlated with absorbed dose in target lesions (r = 0.60, 95% CI, 0.41-0.74, P < 0.001) and a threshold of 500 Gy predicted response (area under the curve, 0.78). Mortality at 30-90 days was 0%-3.8%. Various grades of reduction in liver function occurred within 6 months in 36.5% of patients, with no differences among stages. On multivariate analysis, tumor response was the sole variable affecting TTP (P < 0.001) and the second affecting survival (after Child-Pugh class). Conclusion: Y90RE is an effective treatment in intermediate to advanced HCC, particularly in the case of PVT. Further prospective evaluations comparing Y90RE with conventional treatments are warranted. (HEPATOLOGY 2013)
    Hepatology 05/2013; 57(5). · 12.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background To report on a prospective, investigator-driven, phase II study on lapatinib in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive advanced chordoma patients.Patients and methodsFrom December 2009 to January 2012, 18 advanced progressing chordoma patients entered this study (median age: 61 years; disease extent: metastatic 72% and locally advanced 28%). Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression and activation were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and/or phospho-arrays, real-time polimerase chain reaction, fluorescence immunostaining. Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was also carried out. Patients received lapatinib 1500 mg/day (mean dose intensity = 1282 mg/day), until progression or toxicity. The primary study end point was response rate (RR) as per Choi criteria. Secondary end points were RR by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST), overall survival, progression-free survival (PFS) and clinical benefit rate (CBR; RECIST complete response + partial response (PR) + stable disease (SD) ≥ 6 months).ResultsAll patients were evaluable for response. Six (33.3%) patients had PR and 7 (38.9%) SD, as their best Choi responses, corresponding to RECIST SD in all cases. Median PFS by Choi was 6 [interquartile (IQ) range 3-8] months. Median PFS by RECIST was 8 (IQ range 4-12) months, with a 22% CBR.Conclusions This phase II study showed a modest antitumor activity of lapatinib in chordoma. The clinical exploitation of EGFR targeting in chordoma needs to be further investigated, both clinically and preclinically. Clinical trial Registration No: EU Clinical Trials Register trial no. 2009-014456-29.
    Annals of Oncology 04/2013; · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: Our goal was to limit liver toxicity and to obtain good efficacy by developing a dosimetric treatment planning strategy. While several dosimetric evaluations are reported in literature, the main problem of the safety of the treatment is rarely addressed. Our work is the first proposal of a treatment planning method for glass spheres, including both liver toxicity and efficacy issues. Methods: Fifty-two patients (series 1) had been treated for intermediated/advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with glass spheres, according to the Therasphere® prescription of 120 Gy averaged on the injected lobe. They were retrospectively evaluated with voxel dosimetry, adopting the local deposition hypothesis. Regions of interest on tumor and non tumor parenchyma were drawn to determine the parenchyma absorbed dose, averaged also on non irradiated voxels, excluding tumor voxels. The relationship between the mean non tumoral parenchyma absorbed dose D and observed liver decompensation was analyzed. Results: Basal Child-Pugh strongly affected the toxicity incidence, which was 22% for A5, 57% for A6, 89% for B7 patients. Restricting the analysis to our numerically richest class (basal Child-Pugh A5 patients), D median values were significantly different between toxic (median 90 Gy) and non toxic treatments (median 58 Gy) at a Mann-Withney test, (P=0.033). Using D as a marker for toxicity, the separation of the two populations in terms of area under ROC curve was 0.75, with 95% C.I. of [0.55-0.95]. The experimental Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP) curve as a function of D resulted in the following values: 0%, 14%, 40%, 67% for D interval of [0-35] Gy, [35-70] Gy, [70-105] Gy, [105-140] Gy. Discussion. A limit of about 70 Gy for the mean absorbed dose to parenchyma was assumed for A5 patients, corresponding to a 14% risk of liver decompensation. This result is applicable only to our administration conditions: glass spheres after a decay interval of 3.75 days. Different safety limit (40 Gy) are published for resin spheres, characterized by higher number of particle per GBq (more uniform irradiation, bigger biological effect for the same absorbed dose). Conclusion: As result of this study we suggest a constraint of about 70 Gy mean absorbed dose to liver non tumoral parenchyma, corresponding to about 15% probability of radioinduced liver decompensation while still aiming at achieving an absorbed of several hundreds of Gy to lesions.
    The quarterly journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging: official publication of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine (AIMN) [and] the International Association of Radiopharmacology (IAR), [and] Section of the Society of... 12/2012; 56(6):503-8. · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The specific aims of the AIEOP-TW-2003 protocol included prospectively investigating a possible association of tumor loss of heterozygosity with outcomes in children treated for Wilms tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 125 unilateral favorable histology Wilms tumors registered between 2003 and 2008 in the Italian cooperative protocol for microsatellite markers mapped to chromosomes 1p, 7p, 11q, 16q and 22q. RESULTS: The 3-year disease-free survival and overall survival probabilities were 0.87 (95% CI 0.81-0.93) and 0.98 (95% CI 0.96-1.0), respectively. Loss of heterozygosity at 1p was significantly associated with a worse disease-free survival (probability 0.67 for patients with and 0.92 for those without 1p loss of heterozygosity, p = 0.0009), as confirmed also by multivariate analysis adjusting for tumor stage and patient age at diagnosis. There was no difference in disease-free survival probability among children with loss of heterozygosity in the other chromosomal regions tested. The worse outlook for children older than 2 years at diagnosis did not seem to be influenced by the loss of heterozygosity patterns considered. CONCLUSIONS: Chromosome 1p loss of heterozygosity seems to be a risk factor for nonanaplastic Wilms tumor, possibly regardless of other clinical factors. Our findings were uninformative regarding loss of heterozygosity in the other chromosomal regions tested.
    The Journal of urology 11/2012; · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements 11/2012; 11(5):191–192. · 3.37 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMCS) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma of uncertain differentiation, characterized in most cases by a translocation that results in the fusion protein EWSR1-NR4A3 (the latter even called CHN or TEC). EMCS is marked by >40% incidence of metastases in spite of its indolent behaviour. It is generally resistant to conventional chemotherapy, and, to the best of our knowledge, no data have been reported to date about the activity of tirosin-kinase inhibitor (TKI) in this tumor. We report on two consecutive patients carrying an advanced EMCS treated with sunitinib. METHODS: Since July 2011, 2 patients with progressive pretreated metastatic EMCS (Patient1: woman, 58 years, PS1; Patient2: man, 63 years, PS1) have been treated with continuous SM 37.5 mg/day, on an individual use basis. Both patients are evaluable for response. In both cases diagnosis was confirmed by the presence of the typical EWS-CHN translocation. RESULTS: Both pts are still on treatment (11 and 8 months). Patient 1 got a RECIST response after 4 months from starting sunitinib, together with a complete response by PET. An interval progression was observed after stopping sunitinib for toxicity (abscess around previous femoral fixation), but response was restored after restarting sunitinib. Patient 2 had an initial tumor disease stabilization detected by CT scan at 3 months. Sunitinib was increased to 50 mg/day, with evidence of a dimensional response 3 months later. CONCLUSIONS: Sunitinib showed antitumor activity in 2 patients with advanced EMCS. Further studies are needed to confirm these preliminary results.
    Clinical sarcoma research. 10/2012; 2(1):22.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The development of new drugs for patients with refractory urothelial cancer is still an unmet medical need. Preclinical evidence lends support to a rationale for targeting of the VEGF or platelet-derived growth-factor axis. We therefore investigated the activity and safety of pazopanib, a multitarget drug with antiangiogenic activity, in patients with urothelial cancer. In an open-label, single-group, phase 2 study, patients (aged ≥18 years) with relapsed or refractory urothelial cancer were given pazopanib 800 mg per day, orally. They were treated until disease progression or prohibitive toxicity occurred. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who achieved a confirmed objective response, defined as complete or partial response, after independent review, and was analysed by intention to treat. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01031875. The trial has been completed. 21 (51%) of 41 patients enrolled were given pazopanib as third-line or further-line treatment. 26 (63%) patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 1 or 2. Seven patients had a confirmed objective response (17·1%, 95% CI 7·2-32·1), all of which were partial responses. The most frequent treatment-related grade 3 adverse events were hypertension (three [7%]), fatigue (two [5%]), and gastrointestinal and vaginal fistulisations (two each [5%]). One patient died as a result of duodenal fistulisation that was related to tissue response of bulky tumour masses. Pazopanib has single-agent activity in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic urothelial cancer, and warrants further study in this setting. Particular attention should be paid to patients with bulky tumour masses adjacent to viscera because fistulisation is probably related to the response to pazopanib and is the most frequent serious adverse event. Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori provided the grant. GlaxoSmithKline provided the study drug and provided funding for the independent radiological review.
    The Lancet Oncology 07/2012; 13(8):810-6. · 25.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background To report on sunitinib activity in a retrospective series of 35 solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) treated at a single institution.Patients and methodsFrom April 2008, 35 patients with progressive advanced SFT (male/female: 20/15; mean age: 58 years; meningeal/extrameningeal: 6/29; locally advanced/metastatic: 15/20; prior chemotherapy: 25) were treated, on an individual use basis, with continuous-dosing sunitinib 37.5 mg/day. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) status were assessed by immunohistochemistry and, in a subgroup of patients, by real time PCR.ResultsThirty-one patients were assessable for response by RECIST (one early death; three early interruptions). Best responses were 2 partial response (PR), 16 stable disease, 13 progressive disease. A <30% decrease in size was observed in three patients. Fourteen of 29 patients assessable by Choi criteria had a PR. Median progression-free survival by RECIST was 6 months (range 1-22). In two of six patients, resistance to sunitinib was overcome by increasing sunitinib to 50 mg/day. PDGFRB and/or VEGFR2 were positive in all cases and not predictive of response; a less aggressive morphology corresponded to an increased response rate (53% PR by Choi in the malignant SFT, 20% PR in the pleomorphic/dedifferentiated SFT).Conclusions Sunitinib is active in SFT. Response can be long-lasting.
    Annals of Oncology 06/2012; · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND.: The objective of this study was to compare the prognostic relevance of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) versus Choi criteria for the assessment of response in patients with high-risk soft tissue sarcoma of the extremities or trunk wall who received preoperative chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy in a phase 3 trial. METHODS.: Patients received 3 cycles of preoperative epirubicin + ifosfamide with or without radiotherapy. The diagnostic concordance between RECIST and Choi criteria and their correlation with overall survival (OS) and freedom from progression (FFP) were evaluated in a univariate Cox regression model. RESULTS.: In 243 of 321 eligible patients, RECIST, Choi criteria, and histology were predictive for OS and FFP. In the subgroup of 69 patients who received chemotherapy alone and were evaluable by both RECIST and Choi criteria, Choi criteria were associated significantly with OS and FFP, whereas RECIST predicted only FFP, and the pattern of agreement observed between the 2 criteria was unsatisfactory. On a dichotomous scale, comparing objective response (complete and partial responses) and lack of response (stable and progressive disease) to preoperative chemotherapy according to RECIST and Choi criteria, only Choi criteria were predictive of OS and FFP, and fair agreement between RECIST and Choi criteria was observed. When lack of progression and progression were compared (complete and partial responses + stable disease vs progressive disease), both assessment criteria were significantly predictive of OS and FFP, and there was substantial agreement between the 2 criteria. CONCLUSIONS.: Response to chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy was associated with a better outcome in patients with high-risk soft tissue sarcoma. Choi criteria were better predictors than RECIST in patients who received preoperative chemotherapy alone. Cancer 2012. © 2012 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 05/2012; · 5.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors of the GI tract arising from mesenchymal cells. Treatment options include surgical resection and medical therapy with imatinib. A summary of National Comprehensive Cancer Network and European Society of Medical Oncology clinical practice guidelines relating to GIST management are presented here. A multidisciplinary team of physicians is essential to the successful treatment of GIST. Evidence supports multidisciplinary team management with a gastroenterologist, surgeon, medical oncologist, pathologist and radiologist. Consultations between them are recommended to ensure optimal care of patients with GIST. The role for individual core team workers is highlighted. The benefits of multidisciplinary disease management of patients include reducing recurrent disease, optimizing timing of surgery and organ preservation, prolonging survival for the patient and enhancing response to targeted therapies.
    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy 05/2012; 12(8):1053-68. · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The efficacy and cost-effectiveness of low-dose spiral computed tomography (LDCT) screening in heavy smokers is currently under evaluation worldwide. Our screening program started with a pilot study on 1035 volunteers in Milan in 2000 and was followed up in 2005 by a randomized trial comparing annual or biennial LDCT with observation, named Multicentric Italian Lung Detection. This included 4099 participants, 1723 randomized to the control group, 1186 to biennial LDCT screening, and 1190 to annual LDCT screening. Follow-up was stopped in November 2011, with 9901 person-years for the pilot study and 17 621 person-years for Multicentric Italian Lung Detection. Forty-nine lung cancers were detected by LDCT (20 in biennial and 29 in the annual arm), of which 17 were identified at baseline examination; 63% were of stage I and 84% were surgically resectable. Stage distribution and resection rates were similar in the two LDCT arms. The cumulative 5-year lung cancer incidence rate was 311/100 000 in the control group, 457 in the biennial, and 620 in the annual LDCT group (P=0.036); lung cancer mortality rates were 109, 109, and 216/100 000 (P=0.21), and total mortality rates were 310, 363, and 558/100 000, respectively (P=0.13). Total mortality in the pilot study was similar to that observed in the annual LDCT arm at 5 years. There was no evidence of a protective effect of annual or biennial LDCT screening. Furthermore, a meta-analysis of the four published randomized trials showed similar overall mortality in the LDCT arms compared with the control arm.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 05/2012; 21(3):308-15. · 2.21 Impact Factor