[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extensive survey data for butyltins are reported for Mediterranean coastal waters together with the first phenyltin concentrations from the region. Elevated levels of tributyltin (TBT) are reported for most marina/harbour waters. In the great majority of cases, the ‘no observable effect’ aqueous concentration of 20ng litre−1 is exceeded. The TBT concentrations encountered are comparable to those reported in a previous MEDPOL pilot survey. This questions the efficacy of current legislation in the Mediterranean. The movement of foreign vessels painted outside of the scope of legislation offers an explanation for this observation and endorses the need for region-wide control measures and enforcement. The Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention have recently agreed to adopt such control measures to protect the Mediterranean; these are described and discussed. Concerning triphenyltin, concentrations of 21–94 ng litre−1 are reported, with most of the compound associated with the particulate phase. The distribution in samples collected from marinas and in proximity to dry docks attributes the origin of the compound to antifouling paint leachates.
Marine Environmental Research 01/1991; DOI:10.1016/0141-1136(91)90047-C · 2.33 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A pilot survey of tributyltin (TBT) and its derivatives in Mediterranean areas was undertaken in 1988 within the framework of the MED POL activities. The areas studied were the French Mediterranean coast, the Northern Tyrrhenian coast, the Southern coast of Turkey and the Alexandria (Egypt) coastal area. 113 water samples were analysed from the first three areas and 35 sediment samples from the fourth. Samples were collected at sites selected according to differing environmental conditions and potential inputs of TBT. Two shellfish-culture areas in the South of France located near marinas were included. The data reported represent the first coordinated survey of butyltin levels in seawater and sediments from Mediterranean areas. The concentrations generally exceed the no-observed effect level (NOEL) of 20 ng l−1 and are comparable to those previously reported for similar situations outside the Mediterranean area.