Isil Davarci

Mustafa Kemal University, Myriandrus, Hatay, Turkey

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Publications (17)11.38 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Justificativa e objetivos A ocorrência de fibrilação ventricular em um paciente pode resultar em complicações inesperadas. Nosso objetivo é apresentar um caso de fibrilação ventricular que ocorreu após a indução anestésica com administração de etomidato. Relato de caso Paciente do sexo feminino, 56 anos, com pré-diagnóstico de cálculos biliares, foi admitida na sala de cirurgia para colecistectomia laparoscópica. A anestesia foi induzida com a administração de etomidato com uma dose em bolus de 0,3 mg/kg. A paciente apresentou uma grave e rápida adução dos braços logo após a indução. Taquicardia com QRS largo e frequência ventricular de 188 bpm foram detectadas no monitor. O ritmo converteu-se em fibrilação ventricular (FV) durante a preparação para a cardioversão. A paciente foi imediatamente submetida a desfibrilação. O ritmo sinusal foi obtido. Decidimos adiar a cirurgia por causa da condição de instabilidade da paciente. Conclusão Além dos efeitos secundários conhecidos de etomidato, taquicardia ventricular e fibrilação, embora muito raramente, também podem ser observadas. Até onde sabemos, esse é o primeiro caso na literatura de FV causado por etomidato.
    Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition). 10/2014; 64(5):365–368.
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    ABSTRACT: The induction and inhibition of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes by antiepileptic drugs lead to changes in the clearance of anesthetic drugs eliminated via hepatic metabolism. We investigated the duration of the sedation and additional anesthetic needs during magnetic resonance imaging in epileptic children receiving antiepileptic drugs that cause either enzyme induction or inhibition.
    Brazilian journal of anesthesiology (Elsevier). 09/2014; 64(5):320-325.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives the induction and inhibition of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes by antiepileptic drugs lead to changes in the clearance of anesthetic drugs eliminated via hepatic metabolism. We investigated the duration of the sedation and additional anesthetic needs during magnetic resonance imaging in epileptic children receiving antiepileptic drugs that cause either enzyme induction or inhibition. Methods in American Society of Anesthesiology I–II, 120 children aged 3–10 years were included. Group 1: children using antiepileptic drugs that cause cytochrome P450 enzyme induction; Group 2: those using antiepileptic drugs that cause inhibition; and Group 3: those that did not use antiepileptic drugs. Sedation was induced with the use of 0.05 mg kg−1 midazolam and 1 mg kg−1 propofol. An additional 0.05 mg kg−1 of midazolam and rescue propofol (0.5 mg kg−1) were administered and repeated to maintain sedation. The duration of sedation and the additional sedation needed were compared. Results the duration of the initial dose was significantly shorter in Group I compared with groups II and III (p = 0.001, p = 0.003, respectively). It was significantly longer in Group II compared with groups I and III (p = 0.001, p = 0.029, respectively). The additional midazolam needed for adequate sedation was increased in Group I when compared with groups II and III (p = 0.010, p = 0.001, respectively). In addition, the rescue propofol dose was significantly higher only in Group I when compared with Group III (p = 0.002). Conclusion in epileptic children, the response variability to the initial sedative agents during the magnetic resonance imaging procedure resulting from the inhibition or induction of the cytochrome P450 isoenzymes by the antiepileptic drugs mandated the titration of anesthetic agents.
    Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (Edicion en Espanol). 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The induction and inhibition of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes by antiepileptic drugs lead to changes in the clearance of anesthetic drugs eliminated via hepatic metabolism. We investigated the duration of the sedation and additional anesthetic needs during magnetic resonance imaging in epileptic children receiving antiepileptic drugs that cause either enzyme induction or inhibition.
    Revista brasileira de anestesiologia. 09/2014; 64(5):320-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives ventricular fibrillation occurring in a patient can result in unexpected complications. Here, our aim is to present a case of ventricular fibrillation occurring immediately after anesthesia induction with etomidate administration. Case report a fifty-six-year-old female patient with a pre-diagnosis of gallstones was admitted to the operating room for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The induction was performed by etomidate with a bolus dose of 0.3 mg/kg. Severe and fast adduction appeared in the patient's arms immediately after induction. A tachycardia with wide QRS and ventricular rate 188 beat/min was detected on the monitor. The rhythm turned to VF during the preparation of cardioversion. Immediately we performed defibrillation to the patient. Sinus rhythm was obtained. It was decided to postpone the operation due to the patient's unstable condition. Conclusion in addition to other known side effects of etomidate, very rarely, ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation can be also seen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case regarding etomidate causing VF in the literature.
    Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (Edicion en Espanol). 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives The induction and inhibition of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes by antiepileptic drugs lead to changes in the clearance of anesthetic drugs eliminated via hepatic metabolism. We investigated the duration of the sedation and additional anesthetic needs during magnetic resonance imaging in epileptic children receiving antiepileptic drugs that cause either enzyme induction or inhibition. Methods In American Society of Anesthesiology I–II, 120 children aged 3–10 years were included. Group 1: children using antiepileptic drugs that cause cytochrome P450 enzyme induction; Group 2: those using antiepileptic drugs that cause inhibition; and Group 3: those that did not use antiepileptic drugs. Sedation was induced with the use of 0.05 mg kg−1 midazolam and 1 mg kg−1 propofol. An additional 0.05 mg kg−1 of midazolam and rescue propofol (0.5 mg kg−1) were administered and repeated to maintain sedation. The duration of sedation and the additional sedation needed were compared. Results The duration of the initial dose was significantly shorter in Group I compared with groups II and III (p = 0.001, p = 0.003, respectively). It was significantly longer in Group II compared with groups I and III (p = 0.001, p = 0.029, respectively). The additional midazolam needed for adequate sedation was increased in Group I when compared with groups II and III (p = 0.010, p = 0.001, respectively). In addition, the rescue propofol dose was significantly higher only in Group I when compared with Group III (p = 0.002). Conclusion In epileptic children, the response variability to the initial sedative agents during the magnetic resonance imaging procedure resulting from the inhibition or induction of the cytochrome P450 isoenzymes by the antiepileptic drugs mandated the titration of anesthetic agents.
    Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Justificativa e objetivos a ocorrência de fibrilação ventricular em um paciente pode resultar em complicações inesperadas. Nosso objetivo é apresentar um caso de fibrilação ventricular que ocorreu após a indução anestésica com administração de etomidato. Relato de caso paciente do sexo feminino, 56 anos, com pré‐diagnóstico de cálculos biliares, foi admitida na sala de cirurgia para colecistectomia laparoscópica. A anestesia foi induzida com a administração de etomidato com uma dose em bolus de 0,3 mg/kg. A paciente apresentou uma grave e rápida adução dos braços logo após a indução. Taquicardia com QRS largo e frequência ventricular de 188 bpm foram detectadas no monitor. O ritmo converteu‐se em fibrilação ventricular (FV) durante a preparação para a cardioversão. A paciente foi imediatamente submetida a desfibrilação. O ritmo sinusal foi obtido. Decidimos adiar a cirurgia por causa da condição de instabilidade da paciente. Conclusão além dos efeitos secundários conhecidos de etomidato, taquicardia ventricular e fibrilação, embora muito raramente, também podem ser observadas. Até onde sabemos, esse é o primeiro caso na literatura de FV causado por etomidato.
    Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives Strabismus surgery is a frequently performed pediatric ocular procedure. A frequently occurring major problem in patients receiving this treatment involves the oculocardiac reflex. This reflex is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a sub‐Tenon's block on the oculocardiac reflex, pain, and postoperative nausea and vomiting. Methods 40 patients aged 5–16 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists status I–II undergoing elective strabismus surgery were included in this study. Patients included were randomly assigned into two groups by using a sealed envelope method. In group 1 (n = 20), patients did not receive sub‐Tenon's anesthesia. In group 2 (n = 20), following intubation, sub‐Tenon's anesthesia was performed with the eye undergoing surgery. Atropine use, pain scores, oculocardiac reflex, and postoperative nausea and vomiting incidences were compared between groups. Results There were no significant differences between groups with regard to oculocardiac reflex and atropine use (p > 0.05). Pain scores 30 min post‐surgery were significantly lower in group 2 than in group 1 (p < 0.05). Additional analgesic needed during the postoperative period was significantly lower in group 2 compared to group 1 (p < 0.05). Conclusions In conclusion, we think that a sub‐Tenon's block, combined with general anesthesia, is not effective and reliable in decreasing oculocardiac reflex and postoperative nausea and vomiting. However, this method is safe for reducing postoperative pain and decreasing additional analgesia required in pediatric strabismus surgery.
    Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the biochemical and histopathological effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) against oxidative stress causing lung injury induced by pneumoperitoneum. Twenty-eight rats were selected at random and seven rats were assigned to each of the following groups. The control group (S) was subjected to a sham operation without pneumoperitoneum. The other groups were subjected to CO2 pneumoperitoneum 15 mmHg for 60 min. The laparoscopy group (L) had no additional drugs administered, the laparoscopy + alcohol (LA) group had 1 ml of 70% ethyl alcohol administered 1 h before the desufflation period, and the laparoscopy + CAPE (LC) group had CAPE administered at 10 μmol/kg 1 h before the desufflation period. The total oxidative status levels of lung and plasma were significantly increased in the LA group as compared with the LC and S group. When the LC group was compared with the L group, there was a decrease in the level of total oxidant status and increase in the levels of total antioxidant status and paraoxonase in lung tissue. The level of total antioxidative status in the S group was increased compared with the L group in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. TNF-α and IL-6 were found significantly elevated in the L group compared with the LC and S groups in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. There was a similar increase in plasma levels of IL-6. These results were supported by histopathological examination. CAPE was found to considerably reduce oxidative stress and inflammation induced by pneumoperitoneum.
    International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2014; 7(7):1698-705. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ebselen is used as a drug in clinical trials against stroke, reperfusion injury with anti-atherosclerotic and renoprotective effects. The aim of this study is to investigate the protective effect of ebselen, on torsion/detorsion (T/D)-induced biochemical and histopathological changes in experimental testicular ischaemia/reperfusion injury. A total of 28 male Wistar Albino rats were divided into four groups: group 1(sham-operated group, n = 7), group 2(ebselen group, n = 7), group 3(torsion/detorsion + saline, n = 7) and group 4(T/D + 10 mg kg−1 ebselen group, n = 7). The tissue homogenate samples were used for immediate nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione measurement. Testes in all groups were evaluated for the biochemical assay and histopathological examinations. To evaluate spermatogenesis, Johnsen scoring system was used. Testicular tissue MDA and NO levels in group 3 were significantly higher than in group 1 and 4. In histological evaluation of the testicular tissues, ebselen administration improved tubular histology significantly compared with T/D group. Significant increase in histological score was observed in the testis of group 3 compared with group 1 and 2. Histological score in group 4 significantly decreased compared with group 3. Johnson score was significantly lower in T/D group compared with all other three groups, ebselen administration increased the score significantly compared with T/D group. Ebselen reduced oxidative biochemical and histopathological damage in our testicular T/D rat model.
    Andrologia 12/2013; · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We aimed to investigate whether oral intralipid emulsion (OIE) reduces pancreatic β-cell injury (PβCI) by chelating with malathion (M), or increases PβCI by increasing M absorption in the stomach. Fifty rats were randomly divided into six groups: control group (C); OIE administered group (L); M-treated group (M); OIE-administered group immediately after given M (M0L); OIE-administered group 6 hours after being given M (M6L) and OIE administered group 12 hours after being given M (M12L). M induced PβCI, hyperglycemia, temporary hyperinsulinemia and oxidative stress (OS). However, there was no significant difference in serum levels of glucose, insulin, total oxidants (TOS) and liver TOS between the M0L group and groups C and L. Also, insulin levels of M12L significantly increased, compared to the M6L group. Biochemical results, which were confirmed by histopathology, indicate that administering OIE after 6 hours and immediately after taking M may markedly prevent PβCI, hyperglycemia and OS. In addition, OIE's effectiveness decreased after 6 hours and was totally ineffective after 12 hours. We concluded that OIE may help to achieve a better prognosis and reduce mortality rate in cases presented to the emergency department, particularly within the first 6 hours, resulting from organophosphate pesticide poisoning by oral ingestion.
    Drug and Chemical Toxicology 11/2013; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Computed tomography (CT) is one of the most frequently requested diagnostic tools. A rapid increase in its utilization has been noted in last two decades. But there are still many speculations on its usage whether it can harm to health. It is usually stated that the exposure to radiation during a CT may be detrimental to health via the oxidative stress. The aim of the current study is to investigate the effect of radiation taken by a single dose of CT on the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS) and the blood biochemistry. Material and Methods: The study were randomly included 36 children being requested for a brain CT at Mustafa Kemal University Hospital. The gender were equal to half (18 male, 18 female) and age ranged from 1 to 14. The blood samples were gained before and after CT scan, and total oxidant status, total antioxidant capacity and biochemical tests (urea, creatinine, uric acid, AST, ALT, LDH) were evaluated in these samples. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in terms of TOS, TAC, AST, ALT and LDH levels, but a meaningful difference on the levels of urea, creatinine and uric acid in the blood samples before and after CT scan. Conclusion: There is a very widespread use of CT in medical practice. In the certain literature, in spite of many warnings to radiation-related injuries, it is found that there are no significant changes in TAC and TOS by taking a single dose of CT in the pediatric ages. But the influence of renal function should be taken into consideration.
    Healthmed 10/2013; 7(5):1506-1510. · 0.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare unilateral spinal anaesthesia (USA) and ultrasound-guided combined sciatic-femoral nerve block (USFB) in ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgeries in terms of haemodynamic stability, nerve block quality, bladder function, adverse events and time-to-readiness for discharge (TRD). Patients undergoing ambulatory arthroscopic knee surgery were randomly assigned to one of two groups. The USA group received 2 ml (10 mg) of 0.5% levobupivacaine and the USFB group received a 25 ml mixture consisting of 10 ml of 2.0% lidocaine, 10 ml of 0.5% levobupivacaine and 5 ml of saline (15 ml for the femoral and 10 ml for the sciatic nerve block). Preparation time (PT), surgical anaesthesia time (SAT), operation time, total anaesthesia time, time-to-first spontaneous urination, time-to-first analgesia, TRD, adverse events and patient satisfaction were recorded. A total of 40 patients were enrolled in the study (n = 20 per group). PT, SAT, total anaesthesia time and time-to-first analgesia were significantly shorter in the USA group than the USFB group; time-to-first spontaneous urination and TRD were significantly longer in the USA group than the USFB group. USFB provided sufficient duration of sensory blockade and it reduced the TRD and the rate of adverse events.
    The Journal of international medical research 09/2013; · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is accepted as a potential responsible mechanism in the pathogenesis of radiocontrast media (RCM)-induced hepatotoxicity. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the protective effects of ebselen against RCM-induced hepatotoxicity by measuring tissue oxidant/antioxidant parameters and histological changes in rats. Wistar albino rats were randomly separated into four groups consisting of eight rats per group. Normal saline was given to the rats in control group (group 1). RCM was given to the rats in group 2, and both RCM and ebselen were given to the rats in group 3. Only ebselen was given to the rats in group 4. Liver sections of the killed animals were analyzed to measure the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), as well as histopathological changes. In RCM group, SOD and CAT levels were found increased. In RCM-ebselen group, MDA, SOD and CAT levels were found decreased. In RCM-ebselen group, however, GSH-Px activities of liver tissue increased. All these results indicated that ebselen produced a protective mechanism against RCM-induced hepatotoxicity and took part in oxidative stress.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to compare the effects of remifentanil and esmolol on the elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) and hemodynamic response. After approval of the institutional Ethics Committee and obtaining informed consent, 60 adult patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II status undergoing elective, nonophthalmic surgery were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were preexisting eye disease, neuromuscular disease, esophageal reflux, hiatus hernia, allergy to any of the study drugs, and the use of β-blockers, diuretics, or other antihypertensive agents. The patients were randomized into 2 groups by using the sealed-envelope method, as follows: group E (esmolol) and group R (remifentanil). A single intravenous dose of esmolol (0.5 mg/kg) or remifentanil (1 μg/kg) just before induction agents were given to patients in groups E and R, respectively. IOP, heart rate (HR), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) values were recorded before intubation and at 1, 3, 5, and 10 minutes after intubation. The IOP decrease in group R was statistically significant compared with group E (P<0.01). HR values at 10 minutes after intubation were significantly decreased in group E compared with group R (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in MAP values between the groups. It was concluded that remifentanil is more effective than esmolol in preventing IOP elevation related to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation, while there is no significant difference between the 2 agents in terms of HR and MAP.
    Journal of glaucoma 07/2013; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : The aim of this study was to assess whether intravenous anesthesia supplemented with ketamine reduces postoperative pain after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. : Forty patients were enrolled and randomized 1:1 into one of 2 groups: the propofol group (received propofol and alfentanil supplemented with saline) and the ketamine group (received propofol and alfentanil with ketamine). The study was double-blind. The number and amount of the intraoperative additional alfentanil doses were recorded. Pain assessments and cumulative analgesic consumption at postanesthesia care unit (PACU) admission, PACU discharge, postoperative 24th hour, and hospital discharge were recorded. : The visual analog scale scores at PACU admission, PACU discharge, postoperative 24th hour, and hospital discharge were significantly lower in the ketamine group than the propofol group. The pain visual analog scale ≥75 at the postoperative 24th hour for the propofol group was also significantly lower (P<0.035) than that of the ketamine group. The difference in analgesic consumption between groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). : Our study showed that ketamine supplemented with propofol and alfentanil produced better analgesia intraoperatively and postoperatively and decreased analgesic consumption compared with the propofol group after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 04/2013; 23(2):197-202. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is accepted as a potential responsible mechanism in the pathogenesis of radiocontrast media (RCM)-induced hepatotoxicity. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the protective effects of ebselen against RCM-induced hepatotoxicity by measuring tissue oxidant/antioxidant parameters and histological changes in rats. Wistar albino rats were randomly separated into four groups consisting of eight rats per group. Normal saline was given to the rats in control group (group 1). RCM was given to the rats in group 2, and both RCM and ebselen were given to the rats in group 3. Only ebselen was given to the rats in group 4. Liver sections of the killed animals were analyzed to measure the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), as well as histopathological changes. In RCM group, SOD and CAT levels were found increased. In RCM-ebselen group, MDA, SOD and CAT levels were found decreased. In RCM-ebselen group, however, GSH-Px activities of liver tissue increased. All these results indicated that ebselen produced a protective mechanism against RCM-induced hepatotoxicity and took part in oxidative stress.
    Toxicology and Industrial Health 04/2012; · 1.56 Impact Factor