Publications (3)1.59 Total impact
Article: Crustal structure of seismic velocity in southern tibet and east-westward escape of the crustal material[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The reflecting events from Moho and other interfaces within the crust are recognized from the wavefield characteristics of P- and S-wave for the 480km long wide-angle seismic profile between Peigu Tso and Pumoyong Tso. Then, seismic crustal structures of P- and S-wave velocities and Poisson ratio under the nearly east-west profile in southern Tibet are interpreted by fitting the observed traveltimes with the calculated ones by forward modelling. Our interpreting results demonstrate that the crustal thickness varies remarkably in the east-west direction, showing a pattern that the crust could be divided into three parts bounded by the west of Dingri and the east of Dinggyê, respectively, where the depth of Moho is about 71km for the western part, about 76km for the middle and about 74km for the eastern. There is one lower velocity layer (LVL) at the bottom of the upper crust with depth of 20–30 km. One of the distinct features is that the thickness of LVL abruptly thins from 24km on the west to 6km on the east. The other is that the velocity variation in the crust along east-west direction for both P- and S-wave displays a feature as quasi-periodic variation. The lower velocity (compared to the average value for the continent of the globe) in the lower crust and three sets of north-southward active normal faults are probably attributed to the coupling process of material delamination in the lower crust, crustal thicking and east-westward escape of the crustal material accompanied with the continental collision between India and Eurasia Plate.Science in China Series D Earth Sciences 05/2012; 47(6):500-506. · 1.59 Impact Factor
Chapter: Mirror-image coupling between sedimentary depression and the upper mantle uplifting in the Shengli oil/gas region, China: Implications for tectonics and exploratory practice[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: For the purpose of exploring the connection between some structural features of the crust and the abundance of oil/gas content, we have defined and computed some characteristic structure parameters which have allowed us to study the mirror-image coupling between sedimentary depression and the upper mantle uplifting in oil/gas-bearing basins. We have obtained quantitative results concerning different tectonic elements on a multi-scale tectonic partition in the oil/gas region of Shengli, China. Factors measuring the activity degree of the crust-mantle interaction and the deviation of the crust from the isostatic equilibrium, together with other parameters related to the sedimentary structure and the deepseated crust, have allowed us to discuss the implications of the mirror-image symmetry for tectonics and exploratory practice. KeywordsMirror-image symmetry–crust-mantle interaction–isostasy–oil/gas exploration12/2004: pages 211-213;
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ABSTRACT: One in-line wide-angle seismic profile was conducted in 1990 in the course of the Southeastern China Continental Dynamics project aimed at the study of the contact between the Cathaysia block and the Yangtze block. This 380-km-long profile extended in NW–SE direction from Tunxi, Anhui Province, to Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province. Five in-line shots were fired and recorded at seismic stations with spacing of about 3 km along the recording line. We have used two-dimensional ray tracing to model P- and S-wave arrivals and provide constraints on the velocity structure of the upper crust, middle crust, lower crust, Moho discontinuity, and the top part of the lithospheric mantle. P-wave velocity, S-wave velocity and VP/VS ratio are mapped. The crust is 36-km thick on average, albeit it gradually thins from the northwest end to the southeast end (offshore) of the profile. The average crustal velocity is 6.26 km/s for P-waves but 3.6 km/s for S-waves. A relatively narrow low-velocity layer of about 4 km of thickness, with P- and S-wave velocities of 6.2 km/s and 3.5 km/s, respectively, marks the bottom of the middle crust at a depth of 23-km northwest and 17-km southeast. At the crust–mantle transition, the P- and S-wave velocity change quickly from 7.4 to 7.8 km/s (northwest) and 8.0 to 8.2 km/s (southeast) and from 3.9 to 4.2 km/s (northwest) and 3.9 to 4.5 km/s (southeast), respectively. This result implies a lateral contrast in the upper mantle velocity along the 140 km sampled by the profile approximately. The average VP/VS ratio ranges from 1.68–1.8 for the upper crust to 1.75 for the middle and 1.75–1.85 for lower crust. With the interpretation of the wide-angle seismic data, Jiangshan–Shaoxin fault is considered as the boundary between the Yangtze and the Cathaysia block.Tectonophysics.