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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of serious infections (SIs) in RA patients receiving anti-TNF therapy on the basis of the data included in the GISEA register. METHODS: The study involved 2769 adult patients with long-standing RA (mean age 53.2±13.4years; mean disease duration 9.0±8.3years) enrolled in the GISEA register, who had been treated for at least 6months with TNF inhibitors or had discontinued therapy due to SI: 837 (30%) treated with infliximab (IFN), 802 (29%) with adalimumab (ADA), and 1130 (41%) with etanercept (ETN). RESULTS: 176 patients had experienced at least one of the 226 Sis during the 9years of treatment with an anti-TNF agent, an overall incidence of 31.8/1000 patient-years (95% CI 25.2-38.3): 23.7/1000 patient-years (95% CI 13.1-34.2) on ADA; 12.8/1000 patient-years (95% CI 6.3-19.4) on ETN and 65.1/1000 patient-years (95% CI 48.4-81.8) on IFN. The risk was higher in the first than in the second year of treatment, but this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.08) (38.9% of the SIs were recorded in the first 12months of treatment). The risk of SI was significantly different among the three treatment groups (p<0.0001). Multivariate models confirmed that the use of steroids (p<0.046), concomitant DMARD treatment during anti-TNF therapy (p=0.004), advanced age at the start of anti-TNF treatment (p<0.0001), and the use of IFN or ADA rather than ETN (respectively p<0.0001 and p=0.023) were strong and statistically significant predictors of infection. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-TNF therapy is associated with a small but significant risk of SI that is associated with the concomitant use of steroids, advanced age at the start of anti-TNF treatment, and the type of anti-TNF agent.
Autoimmunity reviews 07/2012; · 6.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate 4-year retention rates of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab among patients with longstanding rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as derived from an Italian national registry.
The clinical records of 853 adult patients with RA in the GISEA (Gruppo Italiano Studio Early Arthritis) registry were prospectively analyzed to compare drug survival rates and the baseline factors that may predict adherence to therapy.
In 2003 and 2004, 324 patients started treatment with adalimumab, 311 with etanercept, and 218 with infliximab. After 4 years, the global retention rate of anti-TNF-α therapy was 42%. Etanercept survival (51.4%) was significantly better than that of infliximab (37.6%) or adalimumab (36.4%; p < 0.0001). Accordingly, the mean duration of therapy was significantly longer for etanercept (3.1 ± 2 yrs) than for adalimumab (2.6 ± 2 yrs) or infliximab (2.7 ± 2 yrs; p < 0.05). The use of concomitant disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, mainly methotrexate, and the presence of comorbidities significantly predicted drug continuation (p < 0.01), whereas a high Disease Activity Score did not.
The 4-year global drug survival of adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab was lower than 50%, with etanercept having the best retention rate. The main positive predictor of adherence to anti-TNF-α therapy was the concomitant use of methotrexate. Our study provides further evidence that the real-life treatment of patients with RA may be different from that of randomized clinical trials.
The Journal of Rheumatology 04/2012; 39(6):1179-84. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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