[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anti Jo-1 antibodies are the main markers of the antisynthetase syndrome (ASSD), an autoimmune disease clinically characterized by the occurrence of arthritis, myositis, and interstitial lung disease (ILD). These manifestations usually co-occur (for practical purpose complete forms) in the same patient, but cases with only 1 or 2 of these findings (for practical purpose incomplete forms) have been described. In incomplete forms, the ex novo occurrence of further manifestations is possible, although with frequencies and timing not still defined. The aim of this international, multicenter, retrospective study was to characterize the clinical time course of anti Jo-1 positive ASSD in a large cohort of patients. Included patients should be anti Jo-1 positive and with at least 1 feature between arthritis, myositis, and ILD. We evaluated the differences between complete and incomplete forms, timing of clinical picture appearance and analyzed factors predicting the appearance of further manifestations in incomplete ASSD. Finally, we collected 225 patients (58 males and 167 females) with a median follow-up of 80 months. At the onset, complete ASSD were 44 and incomplete 181. Patients with incomplete ASSD had frequently only 1 of the classic triad findings (110 cases), in particular, isolated arthritis in 54 cases, isolated myositis in 28 cases, and isolated ILD in 28 cases. At the end of follow-up, complete ASSD were 113, incomplete 112. Only 5 patients had an isolated arthritis, only 5 an isolated myositis, and 15 an isolated ILD. During the follow-up, 108 patients with incomplete forms developed further manifestations. Single main feature onset was the main risk factor for the ex novo appearance of further manifestation. ILD was the prevalent ex novo manifestation (74 cases). In conclusion, ASSD is a condition that should be carefully considered in all patients presenting with arthritis, myositis, and ILD, even when isolated. The ex novo appearance of further manifestations in patients with incomplete forms is common, thus indicating the need for an adequate clinical and instrumental follow-up. Furthermore, the study clearly suggested that in ASSD multidisciplinary approach involving Rheumatology, Neurology, Pneumology, and Internal Medicine specialists is mandatory.
Medicine 08/2015; 94(32):e1144. DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000001144 · 5.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Articular involvement is reported to occur in up to 85% of patients with antisynthetase syndrome (ASSD) and it may be the only onset feature, although with frequencies and characteristics not still defined
Objectives To determine in a large international cohort of anti Jo-1 positive ASSD the prevalence of isolated arthritis at disease onset. To describe the clinical, serological and radiological characteristics and evolution of these patients
Methods We included all anti Jo-1 positive patients referring to participating centres and with an isolated arthritis at disease onset. The pattern of articular involvement, radiological and serological characteristics of patients were analysed. IgM-Rheumatoid factor (RF) was assessed by immunonephelometry; anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (ACPA) by commercial second-generation ELISA kits; anti Jo-1 and anti-Ro positivity by commercially available ELISA kits
Results An isolated arthritis was the first manifestation in 54 (41 females, 13 males) out of the 225 patients included (167 females, 58 males), with a prevalence of 24%. Main characteristics of arthritis and overal results has been completely reported in table 1.
Conclusions We confirmed that an isolated polyarthritis is the first symptom of anti Jo-1 positive ASSD in up to a quarter of cases. Arthritis is mainly polyarticular and symmetrical, and the positivity for IgM RF or ACPA or both is not a rare finding, as well as the occurrence of marginal X-rays joint erosions. Anti-Ro positivity and RP occurrence may help clinician in the early identification of ASSD, even if the high rate of subsequent appearance of ILD and myositis clearly suggest that the screening for an underlying ASSD should be performed also in patients that may be undoubtedly diagnosed with RA.
Disclosure of Interest None declared
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 06/2015; 74(Suppl2):601. DOI:10.1136/annrheumdis-2015-eular.2947 · 10.38 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To evaluate the risk of serious infections (SIs) in RA patients receiving anti-TNF therapy on the basis of the data included in the GISEA register.
The study involved 2769 adult patients with long-standing RA (mean age 53.2±13.4 years; mean disease duration 9.0±8.3 years) enrolled in the GISEA register, who had been treated for at least 6 months with TNF inhibitors or had discontinued therapy due to SI: 837 (30%) treated with infliximab (IFN), 802 (29%) with adalimumab (ADA), and 1130 (41%) with etanercept (ETN).
176 patients had experienced at least one of the 226 Sis during the 9 years of treatment with an anti-TNF agent, an overall incidence of 31.8/1000 patient-years (95% CI 25.2-38.3): 23.7/1000 patient-years (95% CI 13.1-34.2) on ADA; 12.8/1000 patient-years (95% CI 6.3-19.4) on ETN and 65.1/1000 patient-years (95% CI 48.4-81.8) on IFN. The risk was higher in the first than in the second year of treatment, but this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.08) (38.9% of the SIs were recorded in the first 12 months of treatment). The risk of SI was significantly different among the three treatment groups (p<0.0001). Multivariate models confirmed that the use of steroids (p<0.046), concomitant DMARD treatment during anti-TNF therapy (p=0.004), advanced age at the start of anti-TNF treatment (p<0.0001), and the use of IFN or ADA rather than ETN (respectively p<0.0001 and p=0.023) were strong and statistically significant predictors of infection.
Anti-TNF therapy is associated with a small but significant risk of SI that is associated with the concomitant use of steroids, advanced age at the start of anti-TNF treatment, and the type of anti-TNF agent.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate 4-year retention rates of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab among patients with longstanding rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as derived from an Italian national registry.
The clinical records of 853 adult patients with RA in the GISEA (Gruppo Italiano Studio Early Arthritis) registry were prospectively analyzed to compare drug survival rates and the baseline factors that may predict adherence to therapy.
In 2003 and 2004, 324 patients started treatment with adalimumab, 311 with etanercept, and 218 with infliximab. After 4 years, the global retention rate of anti-TNF-α therapy was 42%. Etanercept survival (51.4%) was significantly better than that of infliximab (37.6%) or adalimumab (36.4%; p < 0.0001). Accordingly, the mean duration of therapy was significantly longer for etanercept (3.1 ± 2 yrs) than for adalimumab (2.6 ± 2 yrs) or infliximab (2.7 ± 2 yrs; p < 0.05). The use of concomitant disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, mainly methotrexate, and the presence of comorbidities significantly predicted drug continuation (p < 0.01), whereas a high Disease Activity Score did not.
The 4-year global drug survival of adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab was lower than 50%, with etanercept having the best retention rate. The main positive predictor of adherence to anti-TNF-α therapy was the concomitant use of methotrexate. Our study provides further evidence that the real-life treatment of patients with RA may be different from that of randomized clinical trials.
The Journal of Rheumatology 04/2012; 39(6):1179-84. DOI:10.3899/jrheum.111125 · 3.19 Impact Factor