[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The vaccine strains against influenza virus A/H3N2 for the 2010-2011 season and influenza virus B for the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 seasons in Japan are a high-growth reassortant A/Victoria/210/2009 (X-187) strain and an egg-adapted B/Brisbane/60/2008 (Victoria lineage) strain, respectively. Hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests with postinfection ferret antisera indicated that the antisera raised against the X-187 and egg-adapted B/Brisbane/60/2008 vaccine production strains poorly inhibited recent epidemic isolates of MDCK-grown A/H3N2 and B/Victoria lineage viruses, respectively. The low reactivity of the ferret antisera may be attributable to changes in the hemagglutinin (HA) protein of production strains during egg adaptation. To evaluate the efficacy of A/H3N2 and B vaccines, the cross-reactivities of postvaccination human serum antibodies against A/H3N2 and B/Victoria lineage epidemic isolates were assessed by a comparison of the geometric mean titers (GMTs) of HI and neutralization (NT) tests. Serum antibodies elicited by the X-187 vaccine had low cross-reactivity to both MDCK- and egg-grown A/H3N2 isolates by HI test and narrow cross-reactivity by NT test in all age groups. On the other hand, the GMTs to B viruses detected by HI test were below the marginal level, so the cross-reactivity was assessed by NT test. The serum neutralizing antibodies elicited by the B/Brisbane/60/2008 vaccine reacted well with egg-grown B viruses but exhibited remarkably low reactivity to MDCK-grown B viruses. The results of these human serological studies suggest that the influenza A/H3N2 vaccine for the 2010-2011 season and B vaccine for the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 seasons may possess insufficient efficacy and low efficacy, respectively.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Effects of host-cell adaptation of the hemagglutinin (HA) protein were evaluated by the analyses of four pairs of recent influenza B field isolates, each pair consisting of an Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK)- and an embryonated chicken egg-derived isolates from the same clinical specimen. Among the isolates examined, all of the MDCK-derived isolates retained glycosylation site at amino acid 197 on the HA1 molecule, whereas three egg-derived isolates lost it. Antigenic difference in the HA molecule between an MDCK- and an egg-derived isolates of three of these pairs was demonstrated to be associated with the glycosylation 197. Replication of the MDCK-derived isolates was suppressed in eggs, suggesting that the presence of the glycosylation 197 was disadvantageous to replication in eggs. Virus-binding affinity assay revealed that the loss of carbohydrate chain did not significantly alter the preferential recognition of sialic acid linkage. Immunogenicity and vaccine efficacy of an MDCK- and an egg-derived clones of B/Akita/27/2001, the former retained the glycosylation 197 and the latter lost it, were compared in a hamster model. When formalin-inactivated whole virion vaccines prepared from the paired isolates were administered into hamsters, no significant difference between them was observed in protective ability against challenges by the homologous and heterologous clones. Implication of the egg adaptation of influenza virus to antigenic surveillance of the field isolates as well as the selection of vaccine strains, and possibility of the involvement of the viral protein(s) other than the HA in the egg adaptation were discussed.
Journal of Medical Virology 11/2004; 74(2):336-43. · 2.37 Impact Factor