Laurence de La Fournière

French National Centre for Scientific Research, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (3)9.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were prepared against human pancreatic lipase (HPL). Two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedures were set up for screening hybridomas producing specific antibodies. Four mAbs (81-23, 146-40, 315-25, and 320-24) of the IgG1 isotype were found to react with HPL in both simple sandwich and double sandwich ELISAs, while mAb 248-31, of the IgG2b isotype, reacted only with HPL in a double sandwich ELISA. The results of Western blot analysis carried out with native and SDS-denatured HPLs indicated that mAb 248-31 recognized only native HPL, while all the other mAbs recognized both forms of HPL. Since mAb 248-31 did not recognize SDS-denatured HPL, it was not possible to localize its epitope. To carry out epitope mapping along the primary sequence of HPL, four fragments (14, 26, 30, and 36 kDa) resulting from a limited chymotryptic cleavage of HPL were characterized by Western blotting as well as N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis. Of the above five anti-HPL mAbs, four (81-23, 248-31, 315-25, and 320-24) were found to inhibit the lipolytic activity of HPL (in both the presence and absence of bile salts and colipase), while mAb 146-40 had no inhibitory effects. The epitope recognized by mAb 146-40 was found to be located in the N-terminal domain (Lys1-Phe335). Combined immunoinactivation and epitope mapping studies showed that three inhibitory mAbs (81-23, 315-25, and 320-24) recognize overlapping epitopes from the hinge region between the N- and C-terminal domains of HPL, belonging to the 26-kDa fragment. In the presence of lipids, a significant decrease has been observed in the bending angle between the N- and C-terminal domains of the HPL tertiary structure (van Tilbeurgh, H., Egloff, M. P., Martinez, C., Rugani, N., Verger, R. and Cambillau, C. (1993) Nature 362, 814-820). From the present immunochemical data, we further propose that locking the hinge movement with mAbs may induce lipase immunoinactivation.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 03/1995; 270(8):3932-7. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were prepared against human pancreatic lipase (HPL). Two enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedures were set up for screening hybridomas producing specific antibodies. Four mAbs (81-23, 146-40, 315-25, and 320-24) of the IgG1 isotype were found to react with HPL in both simple sandwich and double sandwich ELISAs, while mAb 248-31, of the IgG2b isotype, reacted only with HPL in a double sandwich ELISA. The results of Western blot analysis carried out with native and SDS-denatured HPLs indicated that mAb 248-31 recognized only native HPL, while all the other mAbs recognized both forms of HPL. Since mAb 248-31 did not recognize SDS-denatured HPL, it was not possible to localize its epitope. To carry out epitope mapping along the primary sequence of HPL, four fragments (14, 26, 30, and 36 kDa) resulting from a limited chymotryptic cleavage of HPL were characterized by Western blotting as well as N-terminal amino acid sequence analysis. Of the above five anti-HPL mAbs, four (81-23, 248-31, 315-25, and 320-24) were found to inhibit the lipolytic activity of HPL (in both the presence and absence of bile salts and colipase), while mAb 146-40 had no inhibitory effects. The epitope recognized by mAb 146-40 was found to be located in the N-terminal domain (Lys1-Phe). Combined immunoinactivation and epitope mapping studies showed that three inhibitory mAbs (81-23, 315-25, and 320-24) recognize overlapping epitopes from the hinge region between the N- and C-terminal domains of HPL, belonging to the 26-kDa fragment. In the presence of lipids, a significant decrease has been observed in the bending angle between the N- and C-terminal domains of the HPL tertiary structure (van Tilbeurgh, H., Egloff, M. P., Martinez, C., Rugani, N., Verger, R. and Cambillau, C.(1993) Nature 362, 814-820). From the present immunochemical data, we further propose that locking the hinge movement with mAbs may induce lipase immunoinactivation.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/1995; 270(8):3932-3937. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The kinetics of the adsorption of human gastric lipase (HGL) and human pancreatic lipase (HPL) were studied by recording the changes in the surface pressure with time in the absence and presence of an egg phosphatidylcholine (PC) monomolecular film spread at the air/water interface. In the presence of PC film, the tensioactivtty of HGL increased considerably compared with its behaviour at the air/water interface, whereas HPL exhibited a comparable degree of tensioactivity whether or not a phospholipid monolayer was present at the interface. This difference in surface behaviour is consistent with the higher penetration capacity attributed to HGL. Procolipase considerably increased both the initial adsorption rate and the final surface pressure reached by HPL compared with its adsorption without colipase.The kinetics of the hydrolysis of 1,2-didecanoyl-sn-glycerol (dicaprin) monolayers by HGL and HPL were measured using a “zero-order” trough. The large differences between the calculated characteristic adsorption times and the measured lag times indicate that the partition of the lipase molecules between the subsurface and the interface was probably limited by an energy barrier. The amplitude of this energy barrier can be partly attributed to the drastic conformational change in the enzyme, associated with the interfacial activation.The area per dicaprin molecule (56 Å2) corresponding to the maximal activity of HPL was compared with the dimension of the hydrophobic cleft surrounding the serine (Ser 152) of the catalytic triad of HPL, as recently demonstrated by H. Van Tilbeurgh and co-workers (Nature, 359 (1992) 159; 362 (1993) 814) in their studies on the “open” and “closed” forms of the respective three-dimensional crystalline structures. The catalytic triad was not accessible to a sphere 8.4 Å in diameter, mimicking the van der Waals envelope of the dicaprin molecule, due to the steric hindrance of the side chains of aromatic and cyclic residues F 215, F 77, Y 114 and H 263. It can be concluded that the substrate molecule must also undergo some conformational changes at the contact of the enzyme to be accommodated in the active site.
    Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces. 01/1994;