Gilles Pasticier

CHU de Lyon - Groupement Hospitalier Edouard Herriot, Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France

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Publications (54)102.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The present study assessed the incidence and histopathological features of incidentally diagnosed prostate cancer (PCa) in specimens from radical cystoprostatectomy (RCP) for bladder cancer. The patient outcomes also were evaluated. We retrospectively reviewed the histopathological features and survival data of 4,299 male patients who underwent a RCP for bladder cancer at 25 French centers between January 1996 and June 2012. No patients had preoperative clinical or biological suspicion of PCa. Among the 4,299 RCP specimens, PCa was diagnosed in 931 patients (21.7 %). Most tumors (90.1 %) were organ-confined (pT2), whereas 9.9 % of them were diagnosed at a locally advanced stage (≥pT3). Gleason score was <6 in 129 cases (13.9 %), 6 in 575 cases (61.7 %), 7 (3 + 4) in 149 cases (16.0 %), 7 (4 + 3) in 38 cases (4.1 %), and >7 in 40 cases (4.3 %). After a median follow-up of 25.5 months (interquartile range 14.2-47.4), 35.4 % of patients had bladder cancer recurrence and 23.8 % died of bladder cancer. Only 16 patients (1.9 %) experienced PCa biochemical recurrence during follow-up, and no preoperative predictive factor was identified. No patients died from PCa. The rate of incidentally diagnosed PCa in RCP specimens was 21.7 %. The majority of these PCas were organ-confined. PCa recurrence occurred in only 1.9 % of cases during follow-up.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 10/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose:To retrospectively evaluate diagnostic accuracy of real-time contrast material-enhanced (CE) ultrasonography (US) transrectal US-guided biopsies in patients with persistently elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, previous negative systematic transrectal US-guided biopsy results, and positive prostate multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) findings.Materials and Methods:Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective study. Informed consent was waived. From 2007 to 2011, 178 patients with increased PSA levels (mean, 10.7 ng/mL [10.7 μg/L]), previous negative findings of random biopsies, and targets depicted at multiparametric MR imaging underwent transrectal US-guided prostate biopsies after injection of sulfur hexafluoride microbubbles. CE US-targeted biopsies were performed systematically in cancer-suggestive regions, followed by random acquisition of 12 nontargeted cores in all other regions. Diagnostic accuracy of CE US-targeted biopsies was measured with sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values. Fisher exact and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare subgroups of patients. Potential predictive variables were examined with a logistic regression model.Results:CE US findings were positive in a first group of 158 patients and negative in a second group of 20 patients. Prostate carcinoma (PCa) was detected in 75 patients in the first group (47.5%) and in eight of the second group (40.0%). Overall cancer detection rate was 46.6% (83 of 178). In the first group, PCa was detected with targeted biopsies alone in 18 patients (24%), with nontargeted biopsies alone in 23 (30.7%), and with both in 34 (45.3%). Mean number of CE US-targeted cores per cancer-suggestive region was 2.2. CE US-targeted biopsies had a positive overall detection rate of 30.9%, while it was 6.9% for 12-core nontargeted biopsies (P < .001). PSA level and Gleason score were associated with positivity of CE US-targeted biopsies (P = .031 and P = .015, respectively).Conclusion:Real-time CE US-targeted transrectal US biopsy offers excellent sensitivity for PCa detection in men with previous negative biopsy results and positive findings at multiparametric MR imaging. It may be combined with conventional random biopsies to increase specificity.© RSNA, 2013.
    Radiology 05/2013; · 6.34 Impact Factor
  • Médecine Nucléaire. 05/2013; 37(5):163–164.
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    ABSTRACT: Assessment of the Adjustable Continence Therapy device (ACT(®)) in the treatment of female stress or mixed urinary incontinence in terms of efficacy and complications. Between April 2005 and September 2011, the device ACT(®) was put by two different operators to treat a stress and/or mixed urinary incontinence at women. The results were studied under two shutters: complications and efficacy. Seventy-seven women were operated. Mean age of the patients was of 68years (34-87). Mean follow-up was of 22months (1-72). Over the 77 patients, eight peroperative complications (10%) were noted. Twenty-five explantations were required in 22 patients (28%). In terms of efficacy, after an average follow-up of 22months, the results were: 19 patients (25%) were continents, 25 (33%) very improved and five (6%) improved regards to the initial stage preceding the implantation. Fifteen patients (19%) were in failure. Seven patients (9%) were unchanged and in the course of adjustment (recent implantation) and six others (8%) explanted waiting for another implantation. The ACT(®) procedure was feasible on a population of multi-operated women with 64% of improvement in our hands. Complications were rare, easily detected and repaired. The risk of explantation was reported to be 28%.
    Progrès en Urologie 04/2013; 23(4):276-82. · 0.80 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements 03/2013; 12(1):e96. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate pre-operative prognostic risk factors to predict oncologic outcome of Salvage High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (S-HIFU) for radiorecurrent prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 290 men with biopsy-confirmed locally radiorecurrent PCa, underwent S-HIFU. D'Amico risk group before external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA), estimated Gleason score prior HIFU and post HIFU biopsies were analyzed for predictive utility of local cancer control, cancer-specific, metastasis free, and progression free survival rates (PFSR). RESULTS: Local cancer control with negative biopsy results was obtained in 81% of the 208 patients who underwent post-S-HIFU biopsies. Median PSA nadir was 0.14ng/ml and 127 patients did not require androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). The mean follow up was 48months for cancer-specific survival rates. The cancer-specific and metastasis-free survival rates at 7years were 80% and 79.6% respectively. The PFSR was significantly influenced by: the pre-HIFU PSA level (hazard ratio (HR): 1.09, 95% CI 1.04-1.13), a Gleason score ⩾8 versus ⩽6 (HR: 1.17, 95% CI 1.03-1.3), and a previous ADT (HR: 1.28, 95% CI 1.09-1.46). The rates of recto-urethral fistula (0.4%) and grade II/III incontinence (19.5%) indicate significant reduction in serious side effects with use of dedicated post-radiation acoustic parameters compared with standard parameters. CONCLUSION: S-HIFU is an effective curative option for radiorecurrent PCa with acceptable morbidity for localized radiorecurrent PCa, but should be initiated early following EBRT failure. Use of prognostic risk factors can optimize patient selection.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology 10/2012; · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary angiosarcoma of the kidney is a rare tumor. We report a case of angiosarcoma of the right kidney in a man of 60 years. The CT-scan appearance is the one of a solid tumor compatible with renal cell carcinoma. Histological examination of the piece of nephrectomy straightens diagnosis and reveals the angiosarcomatous nature. In this patient with bone and lung synchronous metastasis, evolution has been a lightning death in less than three months. The literature review confirms the high potential of malignancy of these tumors (metastases almost constant and very short survival in spite of local and systemic treatment).
    Progrès en Urologie 06/2012; 22(7):438-41. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary angiosarcoma of the kidney is a rare tumor. We report a case of angiosarcoma of the right kidney in a man of 60 years. The CT-scan appearance is the one of a solid tumor compatible with renal cell carcinoma. Histological examination of the piece of nephrectomy straightens diagnosis and reveals the angiosarcomatous nature. In this patient with bone and lung synchronous metastasis, evolution has been a lightning death in less than three months. The literature review confirms the high potential of malignancy of these tumors (metastases almost constant and very short survival in spite of local and systemic treatment).
    Progrès en Urologie. 06/2012; 22(7):438–441.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the effectiveness and tolerance of the metallic stent Memokath® 051 in the management of patients with chronic ureteral stricture treated by JJ stenting. A prospective observational study included 16 patients with chronic ureteral stricture managed with JJ stents. They were all treated with Memokath® 051 metallic stents. The primary endpoint was the medium durability of the stent. Adverse events and complications were prospectively collected. The evolution of the irritative urinary symptoms and lumbar pain after stent insertion were also assessed. Sixteen patients (mean age: 62, standard deviation: 11,4) had a total of 20 stents inserted. It was technically impossible to insert the stent in two patients and one stent was removed one day after insertion. The medium durability of the stents was 13 months (standard deviation: 10,9). Eight stents (40%) were still functioning at the end of the study. Complications were: six migrations (30%) and four obstructions (20%) of the stents. Thirteen of the 14 patients with a Memokath® stent experienced significant improvement of their JJ stent-related symptoms. The Memokath® 051 stent was an interesting alternative to JJ stents in the management of chronic ureteral strictures. Their tolerance was good and complications were easily managed without threatening the urologic prognosis of the patients. Larger studies are required to identify the risk factors of complications and the best indications for stent insertion.
    Progrès en Urologie 05/2012; 22(5):266-72. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: If androgen deprivation, chemical with LH-RH analogs or surgical with bilateral orchiectomy, still remains the stone edge of treatment of prostate cancer, in the metastatic setting, this hormonosensitivity, most of the time long, finally move on in hormonal-failure. If rare changes in the therapeutic strategy have been achieved in this setting since 2004 and the arrival of docetaxel, it is the global perception of the disease that has been modified and the definition of one specific entity: the castrate-resistant prostate cancer. This new definition and the changes of design and end-points of clinical trials testing new agents with strong recruitment during the past years have conducted to a real revolution in the management of castrate-refractory prostate cancer. The place of secondary hormonal manipulations, such as withdrawal of the anti-androgen, oestrogen or ketoconazole, still exists for a selected group of patients. In case of aggressive disease and symptoms, chemotherapy should be selected, docetaxel, in a three weeks schedule, and may be combined with Estracyt(®). It is time to consider the revolution of the post-chemotherapy setting with the arrival of two new drugs ; a cytotoxic one, the cabazitaxel and hormonal for the second one, the abiraterone acetate. The place of the immunotherapy with the sipuleucel-T may be more difficult to precise, especially in Europe, even if it has been finally indicated in the United States in the metastatic setting. Concerning bone metastasis, zoledronic acid was during a long time the only bone-targeted agent, effective in reducing the incidence of skeletal related events, and was recently exceeded by the denosumab, an anti-RANK ligand. Finally, let us hope that other changes will be achieved in the near future, with the cabazitaxel-docetaxel confrontation in the first-line setting, and the introduction of the abiraterone acetate before chemotherapy with docetaxel, already tested in ongoing trials.
    Bulletin du cancer 04/2012; · 0.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze data on patients with localized prostate cancer who were treated with complete high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) prospectively captured within a voluntary HIFU user database (@-Registry). The @-Registry includes data from consecutive patients treated with Ablatherm (EDAP-TMS) HIFU at nine European Centres during the period 1994 and 2009. For this analysis, the data repository was reviewed for information on patients with localized prostate cancer (T1 -- T2) treated with complete (whole-gland) HIFU on the basis of an anterior-posterior prostate height of ≤24 mm and a treated volume >120% of the prostate volume. Patients were regularly followed with PSA measurement and biopsy. Biochemical failure was defined for this study as PSA nadir +2 ngml(-1) (Phoenix definition). Disease-free survival was based on a biopsy, retreatment and biochemical data. Patients were risk group-stratified using the D'Amico classification system. The median follow-up was 2.8 years for the 356 patients included in the analysis. The majority could be classified as either low (44.9%) or intermediate risk (39.6%); 14.6% patients were classified as high risk. The median (mean, s.d.) PSA nadir was 0.11 ng ml(-1) (0.78 and 3.6), achieved at a mean (s.d.) of 14.4 (11.6) weeks after HIFU. Follow-up biopsies on 226/356 (63.5%) patients revealed an overall negative biopsy rate of 80.5% (182/226); there was no statistically significant difference in positive biopsy rate by risk group-stratification. Actuarial freedom from biochemical recurrence at 5 and 7 years according to the Phoenix definition was 85% and 79%, respectively. Disease-free progression rates at 5 and 7 years were 64% and 54%, respectively. Whole-gland prostate HIFU as primary monotherapy for localized prostate cancer achieves a recurrence-free survival in short-term analysis as assessed by prostate biopsy and serum PSA endpoints in a majority of patients.
    Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases 04/2012; 15(3):256-9. · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of bladder located gastric heterotopy, which has never been described, to our mind in the scientific literature. We discuss the diagnosis and the physiopathological mechanisms that may have been involved in the genesis of such a lesion.
    Progrès en Urologie 04/2011; 21(4):296-9. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the functional and oncological outcomes of HIFU for prostate cancer using the Ablatherm Integrate Imaging(®) device. Between January 2005 and June 2009, all patients treated with HIFU as a primary care option for localized prostate cancer and fulfilling the French Urological Association (AFU) guideline were included in this study. Validated questionnaires were used to assess continence, potencies and quality of life. A total of 297 patients met the inclusion criteria: 149 were low risk and 148 were intermediate risk according to d'Amico's risk group. The median prostate specific antigen (PSA) nadir was 0.12ng/ml with 65% of patients reaching a nadir less than 0.3 ng/ml. Systematic control biopsies were performed on 175 patients with 89% of negative biopsies. The disease free survival rate at 40 months was 79% for low risk group and 62% for intermediate risk group. The pre and post-HIFU treatment International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS) score and quality of life questionnaire were not statistically different. In the opposite, the pre and post-HIFU erection function and continence status were significantly different. Local control and Biochemical Free Survival Rate achieved with HIFU were similar to those expected with conformal external radiation beam therapy. Among the functional outcomes, potency was the most impacted by the treatment.
    Progrès en Urologie 03/2011; 21(3):191-7. · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: •To determine if the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir after high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) can be used as a predictor of the biochemical disease-free survival rate (DFSR). •Patient data were derived from the multicentre-based @-Registry, the largest registry to report outcomes in patients with localized prostate cancer after Ablatherm® HIFU. •PSA level was measured at 3-month intervals. Patients were stratified into four PSA nadir groups: group 1, ≤0.2 ng/mL; group 2, 0.21-0.5 ng/mL; group 3, 0.51-1 ng/mL; and group 4, >1 ng/mL. •Biochemical treatment failure was defined according to the Stuttgart definition (PSA nadir + 1.2 ng/mL) and the Phoenix definition (PSA nadir + 2 ng/mL). •Biopsy was performed at 3-6 months post-HIFU or if a PSA level was recorded that was considered clinically relevant. •The present study included 804 patients. Biochemical treatment success rates at 5 years according to the Stuttgart definition for the four PSA nadir sub-groups were as follows: 84, 64, 40 and 30% for groups 1-4, respectively. •The equivalent 5-year biochemical success rates using the Phoenix definition were 94, 74, 66 and 47%, respectively. •Significantly more patients had a negative biopsy in the lowest PSA nadir group than in the other sub-groups (91.6 vs 73.1%; P < 0.001). •The present study is limited by its retrospective nature and variations in clinical practice across participating centres. •This multicentre analysis confirms that PSA nadir after HIFU predicts biochemical DFSR in a statistically significant manner.
    BJU International 02/2011; 108(8 Pt 2):E196-201. · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of bladder located gastric heterotopy, which has never been described, to our mind in the scientific literature. We discuss the diagnosis and the physiopathological mechanisms that may have been involved in the genesis of such a lesion.
    Progres En Urologie - PROG UROL. 01/2011; 21(4):296-299.
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    ABSTRACT: Study Type - Therapy (multi-centre cohort). Level of Evidence 2b. To evaluate the early functional outcomes of transurethral plasma vaporization of the prostate (TUVis) in a multicentre study. A prospective multicentre observational study was conducted in eight urology departments. The inclusion criterion was benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) requiring surgical treatment. Patients on anti-coagulant therapy were not excluded. The TUVis procedure was performed according to a classic transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) scheme following the manufacturer's recommendations. We evaluated subjective functional outcome using self-questionnaires (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] and five-item International Index of Erectile Function [IIEF-5]) and objective criteria (prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen [PSA], uroflowmetry, post residual volume) at baseline and at 1- and 3-month follow-ups. All types of complications were systematically recorded. Despite 52% of patients receiving anticoagulant therapy before surgery, we reported only 3% with haemorrhagic complications, no blood transfusion, a mean catheterization time of 44 h and a mean postoperative stay of 2.9 nights. No significant change in irrigation time, catheter time or hospital stay was observed in patients with or without anticoagulant therapy. The IPSS and bother scores significantly decreased after the 3-month follow-up (57% and 59%, respectively), but the average remaining prostate volume was 29 cc and the tissue ablation rate was only 0.5 cc/min. Three major complications occurred, consisting of two urinary fistulas and one partial bladder coagulation. The TUVis procedure has a proven fast postoperative recovery time, good short-term functional outcome and good haemostatic efficiency. However, the tissue ablation rate was lower than expected and we encountered three major complications, the mechanisms of which remain unclear. Considering the high energy level required to create the plasma effect, the generator, cable and resectoscope must be carefully checked before each procedure.
    BJU International 11/2010; 110(4):555-60. · 3.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radiotherapy is a treatment option in the case of local failure following treatment for localised prostate cancer with high-intensity focussed ultrasound (HIFU). Our aim was to evaluate tolerance and oncologic control with salvage radiotherapy (SRT) after HIFU failure and to identify predictive factors of success. From March 1995 to March 2008, all patients who presented with histologically proven persistent local disease following HIFU and were treated with curative intent SRT (with or without hormonal treatment) were included in this single-centre retrospective study. Patients underwent conformal radiotherapy. The median dose of conformal treatment was 72 Gy (65-78 Gy). The primary outcome measure was progression-free survival (PFS) defined as no biochemical relapse (three consecutive rises in prostate-specific antigen [PSA] with a velocity >0.4 ng/ml per year or PSA >1.5 ng/ml) and no additional treatment. Predictive factors of failure were examined in univariate and multivariate analyses. Adverse events in terms of urinary and digestive toxicity, urine incontinence, and erectile dysfunction (ED) were reported. The median (range) and mean (standard deviation) follow-up of the 100 patients analysed was 33 mo (5-164 mo) and 37.2 mo (23.6 mo), respectively. Eighty-three patients received SRT alone, and 17 received SRT and androgen-deprivation therapy. For the 83 patients treated with exclusive radiation therapy, PFS was 72.5% at 5 yr and 93%, 67%, and 55% for the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively. In the univariate analysis, PSA level prior to SRT, risk status, PSA nadir after SRT, PSA nadir after SRT >0.2 ng/ml, and time to achieve this nadir were all predictive of failure. In the multivariate analysis, PSA nadir post-SRT with a threshold at 0.2 ng/ml and time to achieve this nadir were the significant predictive factors of failure. Gastrointestinal toxicity was low; urinary toxicity grade < or =2 was 34.5%. Four were grade 3 (4.7%), one was grade 4 (1.2%), and one was grade 5 (1.2%). The incidence of severe ED (International Index of Erectile Dysfunction-5 score 5-10) was 14% pre-HIFU, and 51.9% and 82.3% pre- and post-SRT, respectively. Because our study was retrospective, results have to be interpreted cautiously. SRT provides satisfactory oncologic control after HIFU failure with little (or mild) additional toxicity. These results warrant further investigation.
    European Urology 10/2010; 58(4):567-73. · 10.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is an emerging treatment for select patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa). To report the oncologic outcome of HIFU as a primary care option for localized prostate cancer from a multicenter database. Patients with localized PCa treated with curative intent and presenting at least a 2-yr follow-up from February 1993 were considered in this study. Previously irradiated patients were excluded from this analysis. In case of any residual or recurrent PCa, patients were systematically offered a second session. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to determine disease-free survival rates (DFSR). Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), clinical stage, and pathologic results were measured pre- and post-HIFU. A total of 803 patients from six urologic departments met the inclusion criteria. Stratification according to d'Amico's risk group was low, intermediate, and high in 40.2%, 46.3%, and 13.5% of patients, respectively. Mean follow-up was 42+/-33 mo. Mean PSA nadir was 1.0+/-2.8 ng/ml with 54.3% reaching a nadir of < or =0.3 ng/ml. Control biopsies were negative in 85% of cases. The overall and cancer-specific survival rates at 8 yr were 89% and 99%, respectively. The metastasis-free survival rate at 8 yr was 97%. Initial PSA value and Gleason score value significantly influence the DFSR. The 5- and 7-yr biochemical-free survival rates (Phoenix criteria) were 83-75%, 72-63%, and 68-62% (p=0.03) and the additional treatment-free survival rates were 84-79%, 68-61%, and 52-54% (p<0.001) for low-, intermediate-, and high-risk patients, respectively. PSA nadir was a major predictive factor for HIFU success: negative biopsies, stable PSA, and no additional therapy. Local control and DFSR achieved with HIFU were similar to those expected with conformal external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT). The excellent cancer-specific survival rate is also explained by the possibility to repeat HIFU and use salvage EBRT.
    European Urology 10/2010; 58(4):559-66. · 10.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two devices are currently available for the treatment of prostate cancer with HIFU: Sonablate® and Ablatherm®. The outcomes achieved for primary-care patient are very promissing with mid- and long-term progression-free survival rates around 70%, negative postoperative prostate biopsies almost 85%, and an excellent morbidity profile. Moreover, HIFU has a considerable potential for local recurrence after radiation failure. Recently, some early experiences on focal therapy suggest that HIFU could be an excellent option for highly selected patient.
    International Journal of Hyperthermia 09/2010; 26(8):796-803. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ipsilateral recurrence after nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) is rare, and little is known about its specific determinants. To determine clinical or pathologic features associated with ipsilateral recurrence after NSS performed for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We analysed 809 NSS procedures performed at eight academic institutions for sporadic RCCs retrospectively. Age, gender, indication, tumour bilaterality, tumour size, tumour location, TNM stage, Fuhrman grade, histologic subtype, and presence of positive surgical margins (PSMs) were assessed as predictors for recurrence in univariate and multivariate analysis by using a Cox proportional hazards regression model. Among 809 NSS procedures with a median follow-up of 27 (1-252) mo, 26 ipsilateral recurrences (3.2%) occurred at a median time of 27 (14.5-38.2) mo. In univariate analysis, the following variables were significantly associated with recurrence: pT3a stage (p=0.0489), imperative indication (p<0.01), tumour bilaterality (p<0.01), tumour size >4cm (p<0.01), Fuhrman grade III or IV (p=0.0185), and PSM (p<0.01). In multivariate analysis, tumour bilaterality, tumour size >4cm, and presence of PSM remained independent predictive factors for RCC ipsilateral recurrence. Hazard ratios (HR) were 6.31, 4.57, and 11.5 for tumour bilaterality, tumour size >4cm, and PSM status, respectively. The main limitations of this study included its retrospective nature and a short follow-up. RCC ipsilateral recurrence risk after NSS is significantly associated with tumour size >4cm, tumour bilaterality (synchronous or asynchronous), and PSM. Careful follow-up should be advised in patients presenting with such characteristics.
    European Urology 02/2010; 57(6):1080-6. · 10.48 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

375 Citations
102.24 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2012
    • CHU de Lyon - Groupement Hospitalier Edouard Herriot
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
    • Hôpital Universitaire Necker
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • CHU de Lyon - Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France
    • Universität Regensburg
      • Lehrstuhl für Urologie
      Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2007
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 2006
    • University of Lyon
      Lyons, Rhône-Alpes, France