Manacy Pai

Kent State University, Кент, Ohio, United States

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Publications (4)7.78 Total impact

  • Jung-Hwa Ha · Manacy Pai ·

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: This study assesses (a) the reciprocity between mental and physical health pre- and postretirement, and (b) the extent to which these associations vary by race. Method: Data are from the 1994 to 2008 waves of the Health and Retirement Study. Results: Analyses based on structural equation modeling reveal that depression and physical health exert reciprocal effects for Whites pre- and postretirement. For Blacks preretirement, physical limitations predict changes in depression but there is no evidence of the reverse association. Further, the association between physical limitations and changes in depressive symptoms among Blacks is no longer significant after retirement. Discussion: The transition into retirement alleviates the translation of physical limitations into depressive symptoms for Blacks only. The findings underscore the relevance of retirement for reciprocity between mental and physical health and suggest that the health implications associated with this life course transition vary by race.
    Journal of Aging and Health 03/2013; 25(4). DOI:10.1177/0898264313480239 · 1.56 Impact Factor
  • Manacy Pai · Jung‐Hwa Ha ·
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    ABSTRACT: The authors evaluated the extent to which the short‐term effect of late life widowhood on parent–child relationships is moderated by 5 personality traits—Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Openness to Experience—and how these interactive effects differ by gender. Data were from the Changing Lives of Older Couples Study (N = 1,532). The results indicated that the effects of widowhood on positive and negative interactions with children were significantly moderated by Agreeableness, Extraversion, and Openness to Experience. An agreeable personality helped widowed persons receive more positive interactions, whereas Openness to Experience reduced negative interactions. Widowed persons with higher Extraversion reported more negative interactions. Furthermore, moderating effects of Extraversion and Openness to Experience differed by gender; specifically, higher Extraversion scores predicted increased positive interactions with children for widowed women but decreased positive interactions for widowed men. The significant association between Openness to Experience and decreased negative interactions with children was more apparent among men than among women.
    Journal of Marriage and Family 06/2012; 74(3). DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.00975.x · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • Jung-Hwa Ha · Manacy Pai ·
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose of the Study:This study examines (a) the association between being a care recipient and end-of-life care planning (EOLCP) and (b) the extent to which personality traits moderate the relationship between care receipt and EOLCP. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data are drawn from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, a survey of Wisconsin high school graduates from 1957 to 2004. We used data on EOLCP among older adults in the most recent (2003-2004) wave of this survey. Hierarchical logistic regression models are used to estimate the effects of care receipt and the moderating effects of personality. RESULTS: Compared with their peers who are not receiving care, care recipients are more likely to engage in informal discussion on EOLCP. This association between care receipt and informal EOLCP is strengthened when the individual scores high on openness. IMPLICATIONS: Health practitioners should take into account older adults' care needs and differing personality traits while helping older adults make successful EOLCP.
    The Gerontologist 03/2012; 52(6). DOI:10.1093/geront/gns044 · 3.21 Impact Factor