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Publications (4)13.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A retrospective analysis suggested that blood tacrolimus concentrations were consistent among patients with a body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 (lean), normal (≥18.5 and <25) and ≥ 25 (overweight or obese). The average maintenance dose of tacrolimus in patients with BMI ≥ 25 were significantly lower compared with that in patients with a BMI of less than 25. Lean and obese Zucker rats fed a normal diet were given tacrolimus intravenously or orally. The blood concentrations of tacrolimus in obese rats were significantly higher than those in lean rats after administration via both routes. The moment analysis has suggested that CLtot and Vdss of tacrolimus were not significantly different between lean and obese rats. The bioavailability was higher in obese rats, compared with that in lean rats. The protein expression of Cyp3a2 in the liver was significantly decreased in obese rats, compared with lean rats, while P-gp in the small intestine was also significantly decreased in obese rats. These results suggested that the steady-state trough concentration of tacrolimus in obese patients were well maintained by relatively low dose compared with that in normal and lean patients, presumably due to increased bioavailability.
    Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics 03/2014; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to clarify the influence of long-term enteral nutrition (EN) on the pharmacokinetics of digoxin. Rats were fed EN diets (semi-digested, digested, and elemental) for 4 weeks, then digoxin (0.05 mg/kg) was administered orally. The AUC(0-∞) and k(a) of digoxin were significantly reduced in the semi-digested diet group versus the control, while the AUC(0-∞) was significantly increased in the digested and elemental diet groups. The mRNA level of Slco1a4 was significantly reduced at the upper small intestine in all EN groups. Further, the expression levels of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) protein and Abcb1a mRNA were increased at the same site in all EN groups, and the increases were significant in the elemental diet group. Cyp3a2 protein and mRNA expressions were significantly reduced in the liver in the digested and elemental diet groups. Abcb1a mRNA was also significantly reduced in the kidney in these groups. These results indicate that the absorption kinetics at the small intestine is influenced by semi-digested diet, and the elimination kinetics in the liver and kidney are influenced by digested and elemental diet. Semi-digested diet also altered digoxin pharmacokinetics in humans. Thus, the effect of long-term EN on digoxin pharmacokinetics depended on the dietary components.
    Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics 07/2012; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: C-C motif chemokine receptor (CCR)2 and its ligand, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, are pivotal for adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) recruitment and the development of insulin resistance. However, other chemokine systems also may play a role in these processes. In this study, we investigated the role of CCR5 in obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance. We analyzed expression levels of CCR5 and its ligands in white adipose tissue (WAT) of genetically (ob/ob) and high-fat (HF) diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. Furthermore, we examined the metabolic phenotype of Ccr5(-/-) mice. CCR5 and its ligands were markedly upregulated in WAT of DIO and ob/ob mice. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis also revealed that DIO mice had a robust increase in CCR5(+) cells within ATMs compared with chow-fed mice. Furthermore, Ccr5(-/-) mice were protected from insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, and hepatic steatosis induced by HF feeding. The effects of loss of CCR5 were related to both reduction of total ATM content and an M2-dominant shift in ATM polarization. It is noteworthy that transplantation of Ccr5(-/-) bone marrow was sufficient to protect against impaired glucose tolerance. CCR5 plays a critical role in ATM recruitment and polarization and subsequent development of insulin resistance.
    Diabetes 04/2012; 61(7):1680-90. · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of cancers in the abdominal cavity, such as peritoneal dissemination, is difficult, but in principle intraperitoneal administration of anticancer drugs is expected to be preferable to systemic administration. Taxane anticancer drugs are used to treat gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination. They are administered as micellar preparations, Taxol and Taxotere, which consist of paclitaxel in Cremophor EL (crEL) and docetaxel in Polysorbate-80 (PS-80), respectively. In this paper we review the disposition kinetics of taxane anticancer drugs after intraperitoneal administration in peritoneal dissemination patients and animal models and also discuss the effect of the surfactant vehicle on the behavior of taxanes.
    Gastroenterology Research and Practice 01/2012; 2012:963403. · 1.62 Impact Factor