[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lymphatic vessel growth or lymphangiogenesis occurs during embryonic development and wound healing and plays an important
role in tumor metastasis and inflammatory diseases. However, the possibility of noninvasive detection and quantification of
lymphangiogenesis has been lacking. Here, we present the Vegfr3EGFPLuc mouse model, where an EGFP-luciferase fusion protein, expressed under the endogenous transcriptional control of the Vegfr3 gene, allows the monitoring of physiological and pathological lymphangiogenesis in vivo. We show tracking of lymphatic vessel
development during embryogenesis as well as lymphangiogenesis induced by specific growth factors, during wound healing and
in contact hypersensitivity (CHS) - induced inflammation where we also monitor down-regulation of lymphangiogenesis by the
glucocorticoid dexamethasone. Importantly, the Vegfr3-reporter allowed us to tracking tumor-induced lymphangiogenesis at the tumor periphery and in lymph nodes in association
with the metastatic process. This is the first reporter mouse model for luminescence imaging of lymphangiogenesis. It should
provide an important tool for studying the involvement of lymphangiogenesis in pathological processes.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 04/2012; 109(16):6223-6228. · 9.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Angiopoietin 1 (Ang1) is an activating ligand for the endothelial receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2, whereas Ang2 acts as a context-dependent agonist or antagonist that has a destabilizing effect on the vasculature. The molecular mechanisms responsible for the versatile functions of Ang2 are poorly understood. We show here that Ang2, but not Ang1, induces Tie2 translocation to the specific cell-matrix contact sites located at the distal end of focal adhesions. The Ang2-specific Tie2 translocation was associated with distinct Tie2 activation and downstream signals which differed from those of Ang1, and led to impaired cell motility and weak cell-matrix adhesion. We demonstrate that the different oligomeric or multimeric forms of the angiopoietins induce distinct patterns of Tie2 trafficking; the lower oligomerization state of native Ang2 was crucial for the Ang2-specific Tie2 redistribution, whereas multimeric structures of Ang1 and Ang2 induced similar responses. The Ang2-specific Tie2 trafficking to cell-matrix contacts was also dependent on the cell substratum, α2β1-integrin-containing cell-matrix adhesion sites and intact microtubules. Our data indicate that the different subcellular trafficking of Tie2-Ang2 and Tie2-Ang1 complexes generates ligand-specific responses in the angiopoietin-Tie signaling pathway, including modulation of cell-matrix interactions.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is a cell adhesion molecule predominantly associated with epithelial tight junctions in adult tissues. CAR is also expressed in cardiomyocytes and essential for heart development up to embryonic day 11.5, but not thereafter. CAR is not expressed in vascular endothelial cells but was recently detected in neonatal lymphatic vessels, suggesting that CAR could play a role in the development of the lymphatic system. To address this, we generated mice carrying a conditional deletion of the CAR gene (Cxadr) and knocked out CAR in the mouse embryo at different time points during post-cardiac development. Deletion of Cxadr from E12.5, but not from E13.5, resulted in subcutaneous edema, hemorrhage and embryonic death. Subcutaneous lymphatic vessels were dilated and structurally abnormal with gaps and holes present at lymphatic endothelial cell-cell junctions. Furthermore, lymphatic vessels were filled with erythrocytes showing a defect in the separation between the blood and lymphatic systems. Regionally, erythrocytes leaked out into the interstitium from leaky lymphatic vessels explaining the hemorrhage detected in CAR-deficient mouse embryos. The results show that CAR plays an essential role in development of the lymphatic vasculature in the mouse embryo by promoting appropriate formation of lymphatic endothelial cell-cell junctions.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e37523. · 3.73 Impact Factor