ABSTRACT: A novel type of degradation of photosystem I peripheral antenna complexes has been observed in rice leaves under darkness in the present study. Photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, the chlorophyll a/b ratio, and relative amounts of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase decrease during dark treatment. The levels of photosystem II reaction-center complex and cytochrome f on the basis of units of chlorophyll also decline rapidly under darkness. In contrast, the levels of photosystem I reaction-center complex remain stable under darkness for six days. Low-temperature fluorescence emission spectra ascribed to photosystem I antennae clearly show a blue shift. A similar shift is also observed in the photosystem I complexes resolved with dodecyl maltoside–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Moreover, polypeptide analysis of the thylakoids and photosystem I complexes isolated from the green gels shows that some polypeptides originating from photosystem I peripheral antenna complexes disappear during the dark treatment. A curve-fitting method also displays remarkable changes in the chlorophyll components between the light and dark treatments. It is likely that these results indicate the disconnection/disassembly of the photosystem I antenna as well as the photosystem II complexes induced by dark treatment. Moreover, these findings also imply the existence of different degradation mechanisms for the photosystem I and II complexes.
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology.