Fiona C Green

University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

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Publications (4)10.19 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD), diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality rates. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes in PAD patients, and to assess whether a glucose tolerance test is more sensitive than a simple fasting glucose measurement for diagnosis in this group. A standard glucose tolerance test and fasting glucose measurements were performed in 53 patients with PAD, who were then categorised into diagnostic groups according to each test result. Using the glucose tolerance test results, 11.5% of patients were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and 28.8% had either impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. Using fasting glucose levels only, 7.7% received a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and 17.3% had impaired fasting glucose. The glucose tolerance data and the fasting glucose data were in agreement in 82.7% of cases, but the glucose tolerance test identified an additional 3.8% of cases with diabetes and an additional 13.5% of cases with impaired glucose tolerance. Undiagnosed diabetes and impaired glucose homeostasis are common in patients with PAD. Routine screening using a simple glucose tolerance test should be considered in the clinical assessment of this group.
    International angiology: a journal of the International Union of Angiology 04/2012; 31(2):125-8. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infant feeding practices have an impact on health in later life, although the evidence for its effects on cardiovascular health is not so clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between breastfeeding in infancy and vascular function in later childhood. Infant feeding data, together with demographic and clinical information, were obtained prospectively from a cohort of children from birth until 2 years of age. Vascular function was assessed in 159 children, now aged 11-14 years, by measuring their skin microvascular responses to iontophoretic administration of the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine. Endothelial function was significantly better in children who had been breastfed than in those who had received infant milk formula (p = 0.001), after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Linear regression showed that acetylcholine responses were significantly related to the duration of breastfeeding (r = 0.30, p = 0.006). The risk of later cardiovascular disease may be reduced by exclusively breastfeeding during infancy. These findings have potential public health implications, and support policies aimed at promoting breastfeeding.
    Vascular Medicine 06/2009; 14(2):137-42. DOI:10.1177/1358863X08099706 · 1.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clustering of cardiovascular risk factors is thought to occur early in life. The endothelium is an important regulator of microvascular function. We investigated the relationship between microvascular function and cardiovascular risk factors in 145 normal, healthy children aged 11-14 years. Skin microvascular responses, measured using laser Doppler imaging, to iontophoresis of acetylcholine (ACh) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), were negatively correlated with percentage body fat (r = -0.20, P < 0.05 and r = -0.18, P < 0.05, respectively). Subjects were stratified into quintiles based on 2-h, post-feeding glucose levels. Subjects in the upper glucose quintile (range 7.4-11.4 mmol l-1) showed significantly lower vasodilatation to both ACh (P < 0.005) and SNP (P < 0.02) than those in the lower quintile (range 3.9-4.9 mmol l-1). Waist-to-hip ratio and the fasting insulin resistance index were significantly greater in subjects in the upper quintile than those in the lower quintile (P < 0.001 and P < 0.05, respectively). Additionally, in subjects in the upper glucose quintile, fasting triglyceride correlated with fasting insulin (r = 0.59, P < 0.001) and with the fasting insulin resistance index (r = 0.49, P < 0.009), and plasma levels of cholesterol and 2-h glucose were also correlated (r = 0.40, P < 0.05). In a cross-section of normal children, microvascular function was negatively associated with adiposity. Additionally, in a subgroup of subjects, there was a clustering of high post-feeding glucose, impaired microvascular function, increased insulin resistance and higher central fat distribution. These findings suggest that risk factors for adult cardiovascular disease begin to cluster in normal children, which might have important consequences for development of atherosclerosis later in life.
    The Journal of Physiology 09/2003; 551(Pt 2):705-11. DOI:10.1113/jphysiol.2003.045351 · 5.04 Impact Factor

  • Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 09/2000; 50:101-102. DOI:10.1016/S0168-8227(00)81803-3 · 2.54 Impact Factor