Qi-xin Zhou

Chongqing Medical University, Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China

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Publications (17)22.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most common malignant bone tumors. Despite the advancement of diagnosis and treatment for OS, the prognosis remains poor. We investigated the proliferation inhibitory effect of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for human OS and the possible mechanism underlying this effect. We examined the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis-inducing effects of ATRA in 143B OS cells. We validated this effect by exogenously expressing the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) in 143B OS cells and injecting the cells into nude mice. We explored the possible mechanism for the proliferation inhibitory effect of ATRA on OS cells and multipotential progenitor cells by detecting osteogenic markers. We demonstrated that the endogenous retinoic acid receptor and retinoid X receptor are all detectable in the commercially available OS cell lines and in primary osteosarcoma cells. ATRA inhibits the proliferation of OS cells in a concentration-dependent manner, as well as induces apoptosis in 143B OS cells. The exogenous expression of RARα inhibits the tumor growth and cell proliferation in vivo. The alkaline phosphatase activity, protein levels of osteopontin (OPN) and osteocalcin (OCN) are all promoted by ATRA in OS cells and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), at least by activating the Smad signaling pathway. Collectively, our results strongly indicate that ATRA can inhibit the tumor growth of OS by promoting osteogenic differentiation in OS cells, which is mediated in part by activating Smad signaling. Therefore, combination of ATRA with other current chemotherapy agents may be a promising therapy strategy for OS treatment.
    International Journal of Oncology 04/2012; 41(1):153-60. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A simple HPLC method was developed to quantify rabbit plasma tetrandrine (Tet) with propranolol (Pro) as internal standard. Based on the established method Tet and Pro were eluted at 7.1 and 12.0 min, respectively. It was shown that the concentration-time data of Tet fit the classical two-compartment model, no matter the drug was administered intravenously or orally to rabbits. The values of AUC(0 → ∞), clearance (Cl(0 → ∞)), volume of distribution (Vd), and elimination half-life (t(1/2β)) of Tet were 59861.149 ± 26962.196 μg/L⁎min, 0.503 ± 0.173 L/min/kg, 179 ± 76.185 L/kg, and 283.808 ± 162.937 min for intravenous injection of 5mg/kg, or 18986.217 ± 7462.308 μg/L⁎min, 0.805 ± 0.267 L/min/kg, 110.284 ± 94.176 L/kg, and 732.919 ± 847.32 min for gavage administration of 10mg/kg , respectively. The results indicate that Tet displays a limited absorption in intestinal tract, even though it has a favorable pharmacokinetic profile after oral or intravenous administration.
    Fitoterapia 05/2011; 82(6):878-82. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the protective effects of the total base from rhizoma coptis chinensis (CTB) and berberine (Ber) on neurodegeneration induced by aluminum overload in rats. The study took place in the Department of Pharmacology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China, between February 2005 and May 2007. Wistar rats were divided into control group, model group, Ber-treated group, CTB (55 mg/kg and 110 mg/kg)-treated group, and nimodipine-treated group (n=20). A rat brain damage model was established via intragastric administration of 400 mg/kg element aluminum once a day, 5 days a week for 12 weeks. The CTB, Ber, and nimodipine were intragastrically administered 4 hours after each aluminum administration for 12 weeks. The morphological changes of the neurons of the rat hippocampus and the changes of rat learning and memory functions were observed. The superoxide dismutase (SOD), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), acetylcholinesterase (AchE), and monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, as well as the MAO-B expression in the rat brain were examined. The CTB, Ber, and nimodipine significantly improved the learning and memory ability impairment and hippocampal neuronal death. The CTB, Ber, and nimodipine also significantly blunted the decrease of SOD and ChAT activities, and the increase of MDA content, AchE activities, and MAO-B expressions and activity in the aluminum-overload rats. The CTB and Ber have protective effects on neurodegeneration induced by aluminum overload. The CTB (110 mg/kg) has more powerful neuroprotection than Ber.
    Saudi medical journal 07/2009; 30(6):760-6. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of small hairpin interfering RNA (shRNA) in suppressing cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) gene expression in CHL-3A4 cells. Three shRNA expression vectors targeting CYP3A4 gene (CYP3A4 I, C YP3A4 II, and CYP3A4 III, respectively) were designed, synthesized and transfected into CHL-3A4 cells via liposomes. The inhibitory effect of shRNA on CYP 3A4 gene expression was detected by Western blotting and RT-PCR, and the effect of shRNA transfection in suppressing cyclophosphamide-induced cytotoxicity was measured using MTT assay. The vector carrying CYP3A4 III shRNA significantly reduced the expression of CYP3A4 gene at both the mRNA (75%) and protein levels (80%) in CHL3A4 cells. The cytotoxicity of cyclophosphamide was markedly inhibited by CYP3A4 III-mediated suppression of CYP3A4 gene expression by 75% in CHL-3A4 cells. The vector-mediated RNA interference can suppress CYP3A4 gene expression in CHL-3A4 cells, and RNA interference technique provides a new means for studying cytochrome P450 gene function in mammalian cells.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 01/2009; 28(12):2227-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of ketoconazole on the activity of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 and 3A4 in hepatic microsomes of healthy adults. Human hepatic microsomes obtained from healthy adults were randomly divided into control group and ketoconazole-treatment groups at different concentrations. After 15 min of culture, the substrates (testosterone for CYP3A4 and phenacetin for CYP1A2) were added and incubated for another 20 min. The metabolites (6-testosterone and acetaminophen) were then measured with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to assess the activities of CYP3A4 and 1A2. Significant difference was found between the groups in the quantity of 6-testosterone and the relative activity of CYP3A4 (P<0.05). The IC(50) of ketoconazole for CYP3A4 was 0. 16 mg/L. Both the quantity of 6-testosterone and the relative activity of CYP3A4 were reduced gradually with the increment of ketoconazole concentration. Significant differences were found between the ketoconazole groups and the control group in both the quantity of acetaminophen and the relative activity of CYP1A2 (P<0.05). Ketoconazole at low doses reduced CYP1A2 activity and but increased the activities at high doses (P<0.05). In the range of maximum clinical blood concentration, ketoconazole can inhibit the activity of CYP3A4, but not that of CYP1A2, in the hepatic microsomes in healthy adults.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 10/2008; 28(9):1634-5, 1639.
  • Ye Yuan, Jian-Zeng Guo, Qi-Xin Zhou
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    ABSTRACT: Aluminum intoxication can cause damage to the cognitive function and neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we investigated the role of iron homeostasis and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in the protective effects of nimodipine on the neurodegeneration induced by aluminum overloading in mice. 2 microl of 0.25% aluminum chloride solution was intracerebroventricularly injected once a day for five days to induce the neurodegeneration of mice. Nimodipine was administered by intragastric gavage (80 mg/kg per day) for 30 days. We observed that nimodipine could improve the performance of behavior test related to the learning and memory function and ameliorate pathological changes of hippocampi caused by aluminum. Results of western blot, immunohistochemistry study, biochemical test and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry showed that nimodipine could suppress the increased expression of HO-1 protein, and decrease the elevation of both HO activity and iron level in hippocampi, induced by aluminum overloading. These results indicate that nimodipine can suppress the neurodegenerative development induced by aluminum overloading and the mechanism of its action is at least partly related to keeping the homeostasis of iron through blunting the expression of HO-1 in hippocampus.
    European Journal of Pharmacology 06/2008; 586(1-3):100-5. · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The natural product caffeic acid is a specific inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX); it also possesses antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties. The current study was designed to determine whether the neuroprotective properties of caffeic acid are due to inhibition of 5-LOX. Cerebral damage was induced in mice by intracerebroventricular microinjection of aluminum (5.0 microg aluminum in 2.0 microL, once a day, for 5 days). Caffeic acid was administered intragastrically at 30 min prior to aluminum and repeated daily for an additional 10 days. The brain injury was determined by observation of behavioral changes in mice, as well as by measuring biochemical and pathological changes in the cerebral tissue. The levels of 5-LOX proteins and 5-LOX mRNA expression were measured in brain tissue. Aluminum impaired learning and memory in mice produced neuronal death in hippocampi, elevated brain malondialdehyde levels, increased protein expression of amyloid precursor protein (APP), amyloid beta, and 5-LOX. It also increased 5-LOX mRNA expression and decreased choline acetyl transferase (ChAT) protein expression in the brain tissue of mice. Caffeic acid prevented brain damage as well as behavioral and biochemical changes caused by aluminum overload. The results of this study suggest that overexpression of 5-LOX accompanies the cerebral injury induced by aluminum overload in mice, and that selective inhibitors of 5-LOX may have potential value in the treatment of aluminum neurotoxicity and conceivably of diseases associated with neuronal injury.
    CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 02/2008; 14(1):10-6. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the antihypertrophic effect of ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1) induced by prostaglandin F2alpha(PGF2alpha) in vitro and to investigate the possible mechanisms involved in the calcineurin (CaN) signal transduction pathway. The cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by PGF2alpha and the antihypertrophic effect of Rb1 were evaluated in primary culture by measuring the cell diameter, protein content, and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) mRNA expression. ANP and CaN mRNA expressions, CaN and its downstream effectors NFAT3 and GATA4 protein expressions, and the intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were assayed by RT-PCR, Western blot, and fluorescent determination using Fura 2/AM, respectively. PGF2alpha (100 nmol/L) significantly increased the cardiomyocyte diameter, protein content and [Ca2+]i, and promoted ANP, CaN mRNA, and CaN/NFAT3/GATA4 protein expressions, which were inhibited by either Rb1 in a concentration-dependent manner (50, 100, and 200 microg/mL) or L-arginine (1 mmol/L). NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, could abolish the effects of L-arginine, but failed to change the effects of Rb1 in the experiments above. The present data implicate that Rb1 attenuates cardiac hypertrophy, the underlying mechanism may be involved in the inhibition of the Ca2+-CaN signal transduction pathway.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 09/2007; 28(8):1149-54. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ginseng, the root of Panax ginseng, has been used as folk medicine in the treatment of various diseases for thousands of years in China. Ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1), one of the effective components of ginseng, has been reported to release nitric oxide and decrease intracellular free Ca2+ in cardiac myocytes, both of which play important roles in antihypertrophic effect. This study was to investigate the potential effect of Rb1 on right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) induced by monocrotaline (MCT) and its possible influence on calcineurin (CaN) signal trasnsduction pathway. MCT-treated animals were administered with Rb1 (10 and 40 mg /kg) from day 1 to day 14 (preventive administration) or from day 15 to day 28 (therapeutic administration), or with vehicle as corresponding controls. After 2 weeks, significantly hypertrophic reactions, including RVH index and the expressions of atrial natriuretic peptide mRNA, appeared in right ventricle of all MCT-treated animals (p < 0.05), which were significantly decreased with some improvements of myocardial pathomorphology in both Rb1 prevention- and therapy-groups (p < 0.05). Similarly, MCT-treatment caused the high expressions of mRNA and/or proteins of CaN, NFAT3 and GATA4 from cardiocytes (p < 0.05) and Rb1 could alleviate the expressions of these factors above (p < 0.05). These results suggest that Rb1 treatment can inhibit the RVH induced by MCT, which may be involved in its inhibitory effects on CaN signal transduction pathway.
    Journal of Ethnopharmacology 06/2007; 111(3):567-72. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of total coptis alkaloids (TCA) on beta -amyloid peptide (A beta 25-35) induced learning and memory dysfunction in rats, and to explore its mechanism. Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: the control group, the model group, the TCA low dose (60 mg/kg) group and the TCA high dose (120 mg/kg) group, 10 in each. A beta 25-35 (5microl, 2 microg/microl) was injected into bilateral hippocampi of each rat to induce learning and memory dysfunction. TCA were administered through intragavage for consecutive 15 days. Morris Water Maze test was used to assess the impairment of learning and memory; concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in cerebral cortex was determined by thiobarbituric acid reactive substance to indicate the level of lipid peroxidation in brain tissues; activity of manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in cerebral cortex was determined by xanthine-oxidase to indicate the activity of the enzyme; and NF- kappa B protein expression in cerebral cortex was measured by SP immunohistochemistry. (1) Morris Water Maze test showed that, during the 4 consecutive days of acquisition trials, the rats in the model group took longer latency and searching distance than those in the control group (P<0.01), which could be shortened by high dose TCA (P<0.05); during the spatial probe trial on the fifth day, the rats in the model group took shorter searching time and distance on the previous flat area than those in the control group (P<0.01), which could be prolonged after TCA treatment (for low dose group, P<0.05; for high dose group, P<0.01). (2) Analysis of cerebral cortical tissues showed that, compared with the control group, MDA level got significantly increased and Mn-SOD activity decreased in the model group (both P<0.01). After having been treated with TCA, the MDA level got significantly decreased (P<0.05 and P<0.01 respectively for low and high dose group), while relative increase of Mn-SOD activity only appeared in high dose group (P<0.05). (3) Immunohistochemistry analysis showed the protein expression of NF- kappa B got significantly increased after modeling, while high dose TCA can significantly inhibit it. TCA could improve A beta 25-35 induced dysfunction of learning and memory in rats, and its protective mechanism is associated with its actions in decreasing MDA level, increasing Mn-SOD activity and inhibiting the expression of NF-kappa B in cerebral cortex.
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 04/2007; 13(1):50-4. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To observe the effect of total coptis alkaloids (TCA) on β-amyloid peptide (A β25–35) induced learning and memory dysfunction in rats, and to explore its mechanism. Methods Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: the control group, the model group, the TCA low dose (60 mg/kg) group and the TCA high dose (120 mg/kg) group, 10 in each. A β25–35 (5 μ l, 2 μ g/μ l) was injected into bilateral hippocampi of each rat to induce learning and memory dysfunction. TCA were administered through intragavage for consecutive 15 days. Morris Water Maze test was used to assess the impairment of learning and memory; concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in cerebral cortex was determined by thiobarbituric acid reactive substance to indicate the level of lipid peroxidation in brain tissues; activity of manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in cerebral cortex was determined by xanthine-oxidase to indicate the activity of the enzyme; and NF-κ B protein expression in cerebral cortex was measured by SP immunohistochemistry. Results (1) Morris Water Maze test showed that, during the 4 consecutive days of acquisition trials, the rats in the model group took longer latency and searching distance than those in the control group (PP
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 01/2007; 13(1):50-54. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of total alkaloids(TA) from rhizoma Coptis chinensis on alcohol-induced gastric lesion in rats and the possible mechanisms. The experimental gastric damges were established by intragastric(ig) absolute ethanol, and possible protective effects of TA given orally previously were evaluated by following parameters: gastric damage indexes, gastric juice volume, acidity, and mucus quantity. The contents of NO, MDA, *OH, and SOD activity were also measured in gastric mucosa. TA showed significantly inhibitive effects on gastric damages induced by ig ethanol in a dose dependent manner. The effects of TA (120 mg x kg(-1)) were stronger than that of both cimitidine(70 mg x kg(-1)) and berberine(100 mg x kg(-1)), the quantity of later was equal to TA as calculated with berberine. TA significantly suppressed secretion of gastric acid caused by ethanol without clear influences on gastric juice volume and mucus secretion. TA obviously blunted ethanol-induced elevation of MDA and *OH, as well as decrease of NO level and SOD activity from gastric mucosa. It is suggested that the TA is a potent protective agent against ethanol-induced gastric damages. The mechanism of actions may be related with inhibiting the secretion of gastric acid and blunting the increase of MDA and *OH, as well as the decrease of NO level and SOD activity from gastric mucus.
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 02/2006; 31(1):51-4.
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we studied the relationship between the prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha))-induced cardiac hypertrophy and calcineurin (CaN) signal transduction pathway in vivo and in vitro. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given a single i.p. injection with monocrotaline (MCT) (60 mg/kg) and then given orally with celecoxib (20 mg/kg) or vehicle once a day for 14 d before (from d 1 to d 14) or after (from d 15 to d 28) right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) was formed. Body weight (BW), right ventricular weight (RV), left ventricular with septum weight (LV), as well as lung weight were determined. RVH index (RVHI=RV/LV), RV/BW, and lung weight/BW were calculated and histological changes were observed with transmission electron microscope. PGF(2alpha) level, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and CaN mRNA expressions, expression of CaN and its downstream effectors, NFAT(3) and GATA(4) protein were assayed by EIA kit, RT-PCR, and Western blotting, respectively. The cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in primary culture induced by PGF(2alpha) (0.1 micromol/L) was evaluated by measuring the cell diameter, protein content, and ANP mRNA as well as CaN mRNA expressions. It was found that 14 d or 28 d after MCT was given, the RVHI, RV/BW, and lung weight/BW were significantly increased by 47%, 53% and 118%, and by 64%, 94% and 156%, respectively; at the same time PGF(2alpha) levels in RV tissue were increased by 44% and by 51% with increasing RVHI, and elevated expressions of ANP and CaN mRNA, as well as CaN, NFAT(3) and GATA(4) proteins in a positive correlation manner. Furthermore, some histological injuries were found in RV tissue. Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, obviously blunted the elevation of RVHI, RV/BW, and lung weight/BW no matter it was given before or after RVH. In vitro experiments showed that 0.1 micromol/L PGF(2alpha) significantly increased the cardiomyocyte diameter and protein content, and promoted ANP and CaN mRNA expressions, which was blocked by cyclosporin A, a CaN inhibitor. Our results indicate that PGF(2alpha) may be involved in cardiac hypertrophy induced by MCT in rats through CaN signal transduction pathway.
    Sheng li xue bao: [Acta physiologica Sinica] 01/2006; 57(6):742-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the protective effect of ecdysterone (ECR) against beta-amyloid peptide fragment(25-35) (Abeta(25-35))-induced PC12 cells cytotoxicity, and to further explore its mechanism. Experimental PC12 cells were divided into the Abeta group (treated by Abeta(25-35) 100 micromol/L), the blank group (untreated), the positive control group (treated by Vit E 100 micromol/L after induction) and the ECR treated groups (treated by ECR with different concentrations of 1, 50 and 100 micromol/L). The damaged and survival condition of PC12 cells in various groups was monitored by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and MTT assay. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) was measured by fluorometric assay to indicate the lipid peroxidation. And the antioxidant enzymes activities in PC12 cells, including superoxide dismutases (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), were detected respectively. After PC12 cells were treated with Abeta(25-35) (100 micromol/L) for 24 hrs, they revealed a great decrease in MTT absorbance and activity of antioxidant enzymes, including SOD, CAT and GSH-Px as well as a significant increase of LDH activity and MDA content in PC12 cells (P < 0.01). When the cells was pretreated with 1-100 micromol/L ECR for 24 hrs before Abeta(25-35) treatment, the above-mentioned cytotoxic effect of Abeta(25-35) could be significantly attenuated dose-dependently, for ECR 50 micromol/L, P < 0.05 and for ECR 100 micromol/L, P < 0.01. Moreover, ECR also showed significant inhibition on the Abeta(25-35) induced decrease of SOD and GSH-Px activity, but not on that of CAT. ECR could protect PC12 cells from cytotoxicity of Abeta(25-35), and the protective mechanism might be related to the increase of SOD and GSH-Px activities and the decrease of MDA resulting from the ECR-pretreatment.
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 01/2006; 11(4):293-6. · 1.06 Impact Factor
  • Li Li, Qi-xin Zhou, Jing-shan Shi
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    ABSTRACT: It is very important to search for novel anti-ischemia/reperfusion neuroprotective drugs for prevention or treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. Icariin, the major active component of traditional Chinese herb Yinyanghuo, may have a beneficial role for neurons in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion caused by accident. However, it was not clear yet. In this study, we observed the protective effects of icariin on neurons injured by ischemia/reperfusion in vitro and in vivo and investigated its protective mechanism. Cerebral cortical neurons of Wistar rats in primary culture were studied during the different periods of oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion with oxygen and glucose. Cell viability was determined by methyl thiazoleterazolium (MTT) assay. The activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leaked from neurons, cell apoptosis and the concentration of intracellular free calcium were measured respectively. On the other hand, the mice model of transient cerebral ischemia/reperfusion was made by bilateral occlusion of common carotid arteries and ischemic hypotension/reperfusion. The mice were divided into several groups at random: sham operated group, model group and icariin preventive treatment group. The changes of mice behavioral, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured, respectively. Treatment with icariin (final concentration 0.25, 0.5, and 1 mg/L) during ischemia/reperfusion-mimetic incubation in vitro concentration-dependently attenuated neuronal damage with characteristics of increasing injured neuronal absorbance of MTT, decreasing LDH release, decreasing cell apoptosis, and blunting elevation of intracellular calcium concentration. And in vivo the learning and memory abilities significantly decreased, activities of SOD were diminished and MDA level increased obviously in model group, compared with that in sham operated group. But pre-treatment of model mice with icariin (10, 30 and 100 mg/kg, i.g.) significantly blunted the decrease of mice learning, memory ability and SOD activity, and markedly decreased MDA level. Icariin has protective effects on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injured neurons. And decreasing cell apoptosis, preventing intracellular calcium concentration elevation and enhancing anti-oxidant capacity may contribute to its protective effects.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2005; 118(19):1637-43. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • Bei Li, Jing-chuan Shang, Qi-xin Zhou
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of total alkaloids (TA) extracted from Rhizoma Coptis Chinensis on experimental gastric ulcer models. Four kinds of experimental ulcer models were established respectively by water-immersion stress, intragastric ethanol, acetic acid erosion, and pylorus ligation. The anti-ulcer effects of TA were evaluated, and compared with that of berberine (Ber) and cimetidine (Cim). TA showed significant inhibitory effects on ulcerative formation induced by water-immersion stress, intragastric ethanol, and pylorus ligation in dose-dependent manner, and showed therapeutic effect on acetic acid erosion-inducing ulcer, in comparison with the control group. The anti-ulcer activity of Ber was less than TA containing equal content of Ber. TA significantly reduced the free acidity, total acidity and total acid output, but didn't affect the gastric juice volume, gastric pepsin activity, adherent mucus quantity of stomach wall and free mucus dissolving in gastric juice. The suppressive activities of TA on gastric acid secretion didn't occur when it was administered into dodecadactylon at a dose of 360 mg/kg wt. Moreover, when compared with Cim, the inhibitory effect of TA on gastric acid secretion isn't proportional to the inhibitory effects on the formation of the 4 kinds of experimental ulcers. TA is a potent candidate in therapeutic drugs for treating gastric ulcer. Its anti-ulcer effective components and mechanism is not only related to Ber and inhibition of gastric acid, but also to other ingredients of TA and mechanism so far unknown.
    Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine 10/2005; 11(3):217-21. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the behavior in learning and memory and the expression of c-fos gene from the brain of rats induced by beta-AP25-35, and the intervention of ecdysterone, in order to explore the protective mechanism of ecdysterone on the dysfunction of learning and memory of the rat induced by beta-AP25-35. Microinjection of beta-AP25-35 into hippocampus induced learning and memory dysfunction of rats. The learning and memory of rats were observed by Morris Water Maze. The expression of c-fos gene in the brain was detected by immunohistochemistry. The results of Morris Water Maze showed that after rats were microinjected beta-AP25-35 into hippocampus, the rats in model group took longer latency and searching distance compared with the ones in control group (P < 0.01), and the rats in treated group (ECR 4 mg x kg(-1), ECR 8 mg x kg(-1) and nimodipine 7.2 mg x kg(-1)) took shorter latency and searching distance, especially the ECR 8 mg kg(-1) group (P < 0.01). At the same time, after the 5 days training, there was a higher expression of c-fos in hippocampus and cortex from the rats in control group than that in model group (P < 0.01), but in the treated group, there was a relatively higher expression of c-fos, especially the ECR 8 mg x kg(-1) group (P < 0.01). Microinjection of beta-AP25-35 into the rat hippocampus resulted in dysfunction of learning and memory. Ecdysterone was shown to improve the learning and memory of the rats and increase the expression of c-fos. Increasing the expression of c-fos is probably one of the most molecular mechanism of its protection.
    Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 04/2004; 39(4):241-4.

Publication Stats

83 Citations
22.80 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004–2011
    • Chongqing Medical University
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2005–2006
    • Chongqing University of Medical Science
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
    • Zunyi Medical University
      Tsun-i-ch’eng, Guizhou Sheng, China