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Publications (2)12.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Hepcidin is associated with iron-restricted erythropoiesis. A previous cross-sectional study showed that serum hepcidin-25 levels are negatively associated with the hemoglobin concentration in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with sufficient iron stores. This longitudinal study aimed at ascertaining the association between hepcidin-25 levels and the progression of renal anemia.Methods We selected 335 non-dialysis CKD patients who showed hemoglobin concentrations >10 g/dL and who were not receiving erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) therapy, from among the subjects of our previous study, who had been recruited between February and June 2007 in a previous study. The primary outcome was the start of the ESA therapy or hemoglobin concentrations remaining below 10 g/dL for >3 months, by 31 December 2010. The patients were classified into high- and low-ferritin groups depending on their median ferritin levels. The Cox proportional hazard model with restricted cubic spline curve analysis was used to determine the association between hepcidin-25 levels and the outcome for each group.ResultsThe hepcidin-25 level was a significant predictor both for the high-ferritin group (P = 0.04, linearity = 0.02) and for the low-ferritin group (P = 0.04, linearity P = 0.02). The spline curve for the high-ferritin group showed that higher hepcidin-25 levels had a high log-relative hazard.Conclusions Higher hepcidin-25 levels predict the progression of anemia in non-dialysis CKD patients with sufficient iron stores, indicating the involvement of hepcidin in the progression of anemia in non-dialysis CKD patients.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 07/2012; DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfs322 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is now growing evidence that magnesium (Mg) deficiency is implicated in type 2 diabetes and its complications. However, it has not been fully elucidated whether hypomagnesemia is a predictor of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in type 2 diabetic nephropathy. This retrospective cohort study included 455 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients (144 with type 2 diabetic nephropathy and 311 with nondiabetic CKD) who were hospitalized at Osaka General Medical Center for a CKD educational program between April 2001 and December 2007. The primary outcome was progression to renal replacement therapy. Participants were categorized based on serum Mg level into Low-Mg (serum Mg level ≤1.8 mg/dL) and High-Mg (serum Mg level >1.8 mg/dL) groups with the previously published normal lower limit chosen as the cutoff point. Of the subjects with type 2 diabetic nephropathy, 102 progressed to ESRD during follow-up (median, 23 months). A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model showed that after adjustment for various demographic factors and laboratory data, the Low-Mg group had a 2.12-fold higher risk of ESRD than the High-Mg group (95% CI 1.28-3.51; P = 0.004). In contrast, 135 of the nondiabetic CKD subjects progressed to ESRD during follow-up (median, 44 months). No significant difference in outcome was found between the Low- and High-Mg groups of this population (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.15; 95% CI 0.70-1.90; P = 0.57). Hypomagnesemia is a novel predictor of ESRD in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy.
    Diabetes care 04/2012; 35(7):1591-7. DOI:10.2337/dc12-0226 · 8.57 Impact Factor