ABSTRACT: Monoclonal antibodies were raised against the common (a) as well as subtypic determinants (d, y, w and r) of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). They were applied to subtyping HBsAg by sandwiching it between antibody against a fixed on a solid-phase support and antibody against one or other of d, y, w and r, linked to horseradish peroxidase. The assay was applied to evaluate antigentic specificities of the NIH and Japanese panels composed of 44 sera containing HBsAg particles of various subtypes. HBsAg particles of a hybrid subtype, adyr, were sandwiched between monoclonal antibody against d and that against y, thereby indicating that they possessed both d and y determinants on the selfsame particle. The expression of d and y determinants on hybrid HBsAg particles was much less than that on ordinary particles of adw, adr, ayw or ayr subtype.
Journal of Immunological Methods 04/1986; · 2.20 Impact Factor