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Publications (2)3.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The prevalence of anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) and self-reported systemic autoimmune diseases were increased in residents of Libby, MT, as was the incidence of ANA in Lewis rats exposed to Libby amphibole (LA) asbestos. However, rats induced to develop rheumatoid arthritis (RA) did not develop autoantibodies associated with RA, nor was RA exacerbated by LA exposure, suggesting that increased ANA expression might be related to some other autoimmune process. Libby residents self-reported increased numbers of physician-diagnosed cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Thus, the goal of this study was to determine if the increased incidence of ANA in Lewis rats exposed to LA is related to the development of SLE-like disease. Female Lewis rats were intratracheally instilled bi-weekly for 13 weeks with total doses of 0.15, 0.5, 1.5, or 5.0 mg of LA or 0.5 or 1.5 mg of a positive control fiber, amosite. ANA incidence was significantly increased in all asbestos dose groups, although no dose response was observed. The occurrence of proteinuria was increased in LA 0.5, LA 5.0, and amosite 0.5 dose groups; however, the microscopic appearance of the kidneys was normal, no binding of autoimmune complexes to glomerular surfaces was observed, and antibodies to double-stranded DNA were not elevated. Therefore, an increased prevalence of ANA in rats exposed to asbestos does not appear to correlate with disease markers typically observed in SLE. Analysis of ANA specificity for extractable nuclear antigens (ENA) determined that 98% of ENA(+) samples were specific for the Jo-1 antigen. Autoantibodies to Jo-1 have been reported in patients with interstitial lung disease, suggesting that autoantibodies to Jo-1 may be a biomarker for asbestos-related pulmonary disease.
    Journal of Immunotoxicology 12/2012; · 1.57 Impact Factor
  • Keith D Salazar, Carey B Copeland, Robert W Luebke
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological data suggest that occupational exposure to the amphibole-containing vermiculite in Libby, MT, was associated with increased risk for developing autoimmune diseases and had an odds ratio of 3.23 for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and the peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PG-PS) models of RA were employed to determine whether exposure to Libby amphibole (LA) induced a more rapid onset, increased expression, or prolonged course of RA. Female Lewis rats were intratracheally instilled with total doses of 0.15, 0.5, 1.5, or 5 mg LA or 0.5 or 1.5 mg amosite asbestos, and arthritis was induced with either the PG-PS or CIA model. Neither LA nor amosite exposure affected the disease course in the CIA model, or the production of rheumatoid factor (RF) or anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies. LA exposure reduced swelling in the PG-PS model and decreased anti-PG-PS and total immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody titers. Both amosite and LA exposure increased the number of rats with circulating anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA), the majority of which presented a speckled staining pattern. However, this ANA enhancement was not dose responsive. These results failed to show a positive correlation between LA exposure and RA disease in two animal models, although upregulated ANA suggest an altered immunological profile consistent with other systemic autoimmune diseases.
    Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A 03/2012; 75(6):351-65. · 1.73 Impact Factor