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Publications (2)3.76 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The authors investigated AIDS-related knowledge, high-risk behaviors, and relationships between AIDS-related knowledge, high-risk behaviors, and sociodemographic characteristics of 41 pregnant women entering treatment who were dependent on cocaine or opiates. At entry, patients completed self-report questionnaires on AIDS-related knowledge and sexual and drug use practices. There was a high rate of understanding of risk associated with drug use and perinatal transmission of HIV. Knowledge of high-risk sexual behavior varied, and knowledge of the medical consequences of HIV was modest. Engagement in several high-risk behaviors was identified: lack of condom use, intravenous drug use, sharing of needles, sex with an injecting drug user, and exchanging sex for money or drugs. AIDS-related knowledge and engagement in high-risk behaviors were not significantly correlated. Authors discussed implications of these findings for developing effective HIV prevention strategies in this population. (American Journal on Addictions 1996; 5:292–300)
    American Journal on Addictions 02/2010; 5(4):292 - 300. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies have reported cessation of cocaine use in pregnant women prior to treatment entry. This study examined the relative effectiveness of adjunctive contingency management interventions in maintaining abstinence and enhancing compliance with prenatal care in this unique population. Pregnant cocaine-dependent women who had used the drug during this pregnancy but had ceased use prior to study entry (N = 12) were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups. All patients received a multifaceted treatment including behaviorally based drug counseling and weekly prenatal visits. Patients in the experimental condition also received contingent reinforcement for cocaine abstinence and attendance at prenatal visits. There was a high rate of retention and abstinence from cocaine in both groups. However, patients in the experimental group had a higher rate of attendance at prenatal visits, and none of the patients in this group experienced adverse perinatal outcome(s), compared to 80% of patients in the control group. This finding has important implications for cost-effective treatments and prevention of illness.
    Addictive Behaviors 01/1998; 23(1):57-64. · 2.02 Impact Factor