[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Corrosive esophageal injury due to accidental ingestion is a serious clinical problem in children particularly in developing countries. The present study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic utility of technetium-99m-pyrophosphate ((99m)Tc-PYP) scintigraphy in the early stage of esophageal burns by using different concentrations of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in an experimental rat model.
Materials and methods:
Twenty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 200-250 g, were used in the study. Esophageal burn model was created in 21 rats by gastrically infusion of various concentrations of NaOH. The rats were divided randomly into three groups: mild-burn group (n = 7) received 15% NaOH, moderate-burn group (n = 7) received 30% NaOH and severe-burn group (n = 7) received 45% NaOH. Seven rats were identified as control group and received normal saline. Three hours after burn injury, 1-mCi (99m)Tc-PYP was administered through tail vein. Two hours after (99m)Tc-PYP administration, static imaging with gamma camera was performed. Then, histopathologic assessment of esophageal samples was achieved properly.
All NaOH-applied groups (mild, moderate, and severe) showed a significant higher uptake ratio when compared to control group (P < 0.005). NaOH-applied groups displayed important histologic alterations such as mucosal disintegration, edema, inflammation, and stromal damage when compared to control group. Pearson correlation analysis revealed a significant correlation between the (99m)Tc-PYP uptake ratio and histologic score (P < 0.0005).
The scintigraphic imaging may provide advantages in the early stage of esophageal burns in some patients whom endoscopic procedure is contraindicated because of its high risk of complications such as bleeding and perforation.
Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.006 · 1.94 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients undergoing excision for breast lumps prefer general anesthesia or local anesthesia plus sedation, because of the fear of pain for local anesthesia alone. The aim of this study is to show the efficacy of an eutectic mixture of local anesthetic lignocaine and prilocaine (EMLA®) in these patients.
This study has been designed randomized, placebo-controlled. Forty five patients undergoing excision for breast lumps were divided into three groups. The first group was administered local EMLA cream preoperatively (Group I, N.=15), the second group (Group II, N.=15) had no preoperative preparation and the third group was placebo group (Group III, N.=15). All groups underwent the operation under local anesthesia. Pain during the local anesthesia and three hours after the operation were assessed using the visual analog scale. The amount of local anesthetic used during the operation and the anesthetic need of patients after the operation were assessed.
When the three groups were compared, it was found that the intensity of pain in the group with EMLA was considerably lower during and after the operation (P<0.05). The amount of local anesthetic used during the operation was lower (P<0.05) and the need for post-operative analgesic was also less than the usual (P<0.05).
Topical EMLA use decreases the pain, provides per-operative and postoperative patient and physician comfort, improved patient's compliance, and simplifies the surgical procedure. This is the first study demonstrating that a topical anesthetic provides a non-invasive analgesia during benign breast mass excision.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Most skeletal malignancies are found to be metas-tatic rather than primary tumors. The skeleton is a common metastatic site for visceral carcinomas and the lungs, prostate and the breast are the most fre-quent primary sources. Solitary bone metastasis as the first sign of gastric carcinoma is a very infrequ-ent finding. We report a rare case of a 61-year-old patient having a gastric carcinoma with a solitary bone metastasis as the first evidence of the malig-nancy.