Vincent Lapointe

University of British Columbia - Vancouver, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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Publications (15)41.84 Total impact

  • Brachytherapy 03/2014; 13:S16–S17. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose To determine late urinary toxicity (>12 months) in a large cohort of uniformly treated low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy patients. Methods and Materials From 1998 to 2009, 2709 patients with National Comprehensive Cancer Network–defined low-risk and low-tier intermediate-risk prostate cancer were treated with Iodine 125 (125I) low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy; 2011 patients with a minimum of 25 months of follow-up were included in the study. Baseline patients, treatment, implant factors, and late urinary toxicity (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group [RTOG] grading system and International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS]) were recorded prospectively. Time to IPSS resolution, late RTOG genitourinary toxicity was examined with Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests. Cox proportional hazards regression was done for individual covariates and multivariable models. Results Median follow-up was 54.5 months (range, 2-13 years). Actuarial toxicity rates reached 27% and 10% (RTOG ≥2 and ≥3, respectively) at 9-13 years. Symptoms resolved quickly in the majority of patients (88% in 6-12 months). The prevalence of RTOG 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 toxicity with a minimum of 7 years' follow-up was 70%, 21%, 6.4%, 2.3%, and 0.08%, respectively. Patients with a larger prostate volume, higher baseline IPSS, higher D90, acute toxicity, and age >70 years had more late RTOG ≥2 toxicity (all P≤.02). The IPSS resolved slower in patients with lower baseline IPSS and larger ultrasound prostate volume, those not receiving androgen deprivation therapy, and those with higher D90. The crude rate of RTOG 3 toxicity was 6%. Overall the rate of transurethral resection of the prostate was 1.9%; strictures, 2%; incontinence, 1.3%; severe symptoms, 1.8%; late catheterization, 1.3%; and hematuria, 0.8%. The majority (80%) resolved their symptoms in 6-12 months. Conclusion Long-term urinary toxicity after brachytherapy is low. Although actuarial rates increase with longer follow-up (27% RTOG 2 and 10% RTOG 3 at 13 years), symptoms resolve relatively quickly; between 5 and 13 years' follow-up, >90% of patients have minimal urinary toxicity. Refining patient selection criteria, planning, and treatment delivery may further reduce toxicity.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 01/2014; · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine (1) the prognostic utility of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration at 45 to 60 months (48mPSA) after low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy (LDR-PB); (2) the predictors of 48mPSA; and (3) the prognostic utility of directional trends between PSA levels at 24, 36, and 48 months after LDR-PB. Between 1998 and 2008, 2223 patients with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer received LDR-PB monotherapy. A cohort of 1434 of these patients was identified with a documented 48mPSA and no evidence of disease relapse prior to the 48mPSA. In addition, a subset of this cohort (n=585) was identified with ≥72 months of follow-up and documented PSA values at both 24 and 36 months after implantation. Median follow-up time was 76 months. Eight-year Kaplan-Meier disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 100% vs 73.4% for patients with 48mPSA ≤0.2 vs those with >0.2 ng/mL; 99.1% versus 53.8% for a 48mPSA threshold of ≤0.4 versus >0.4 ng/mL, respectively; and 97.3% versus 0% for a threshold of ≤1.0 versus >1.0 ng/mL, respectively. On multivariate analysis, the only factor predictive of DFS was 48mPSA (P<.0001). On subset analysis (n=585), 29 patients had a PSA rise (defined as >0.2 ng/mL) between 24 and 36 months, 24 patients had a rise between 36 and 48 months, and 11 patients had rises over both intervals. Failure rates in these patients were 52%, 79%, and 100%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, initial PSA, androgen deprivation therapy, and dose to 90% of the prostate significantly correlated with 48mPSA but together accounted for only ∼5% of its total variance. The 48mPSA after LDR-PB is highly predictive of long-term DFS. Patients with 48mPSA ≤0.4 ng/mL had a <1% risk of disease relapse at 8 years, whereas all patients with 48mPSA >1.0 ng/mL relapsed. Consecutive PSA rises of >0.2 ng/mL from 24 to 36 months and from 36 to 48 months were also highly predictive of subsequent failure.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 01/2014; 88(1):87-93. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine whether acute urinary toxicity rates improve with the overall experience of a large prostate brachytherapy program. From 1998 to 2009, 2937 patients were treated with prostate brachytherapy at the British Columbia Cancer Agency. Baseline patient, treatment, and implant factors were recorded prospectively. Acute urinary toxicity data were prospectively recorded at baseline and each follow-up visit. Patients with ≥2 years of follow-up data were grouped into cohorts of 500 for analysis. Two thousand eleven patients met the above criteria. Acute urinary retention (AUR) in the acute period (within 6 months of implant) occurred in 9.1% of patients overall and was prolonged (catheterization >20 days) in 3.4%. Both overall AUR and prolonged AUR decreased across implant cohorts (p ≤ 0.001 in both cases). Overall acute Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) Grades 0 and 1 urinary toxicity rate was 57.5% and RTOG Grades 2 and 3 urinary toxicity rates were 34.3% and 8.1%, respectively. Acute toxicity improved over time for both RTOG Grades ≥2 and ≥3 toxicity (p < 0.0001). International prostate symptom score resolution to baseline was achieved in 80.5% of patients with a median time of 12.2 months. Acute AUR and RTOG urinary toxicity rates continue to decline with the increasing experience of our provincial prostate brachytherapy program, despite its expansion to new centers and addition of members. This is likely due to better patient selection, refinement in treatment planning and implantation technique, and mentorship and training process.
    Brachytherapy 11/2013; · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work is threefold: (1) to explore biological consequences of the multileaf collimator (MLC) calibration errors in intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) of prostate and head and neck cancers, (2) to determine levels of planning target volume (PTV) and normal tissue under- or overdose flagged with clinically used QA action limits, and (3) to provide biologically based input for MLC QA and IMRT QA action limits. Ten consecutive prostate IMRT cases and ten consecutive head and neck IMRT cases were used. Systematic MLC offsets (i.e., calibration error) were introduced for each control point of the plan separately for X1 and X2 leaf banks. Offsets were from - 2 to 2 mm with a 0.5 mm increment. The modified files were imported into the planning system for forward dose recalculation. The original plan served as the reference. The generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD) was used as the biological index for the targets, rectum, parotid glands, brainstem, and spinal cord. Each plan was recalculated on a CT scan of a 27 cm diameter cylindrical phantom with a contoured 0.6 cc ion chamber. Dose to ion chamber and 3D gamma analysis were compared to the reference plan. QA pass criteria: (1) at least 95% of voxels with a dose cutoff of 50% of maximum dose have to pass at 3 mm/3% and (2) dose to chamber within 2% of the reference dose. For prostate cases, differences in PTV and rectum gEUD greater than 2% were identified. However, a larger proportion of plans leading to greater than 2% difference in prostate PTV gEUD passed the ion chamber QA but not 3D gamma QA. A similar trend was found for the rectum gEUD. For head and neck IMRT, the QA pass criteria flagged plans leading to greater than 4% differences in PTV gEUD and greater than 5% differences in the maximum dose to brainstem. If pass criteria were relaxed to 90% for gamma and 3% for ion chamber QA, plans leading to a 5% difference in PTV gEUD and a 5%-8% difference in brainstem maximum dose would likely pass IMRT QA. A larger proportion of head and neck plans with greater than 2% PTV gEUD difference passed 3D gamma QA compared to ion chamber QA. For low modulation plans, there is a better chance to catch MLC calibration errors with 3D gamma QA rather than ion chamber QA. Conversely, for high modulation plans, there is a better chance to catch MLC calibration errors with ion chamber QA rather than with 3D gamma QA. Ion chamber and 3D gamma analysis IMRT QA can detect greater than 2% change in gEUD for PTVs and critical structures for low modulation treatment plans. For high modulation treatment plans, ion chamber and 3D gamma analysis can detect greater than 2% change in gEUD for PTVs and a 5% change in critical structure gEUD since either QA methods passes the QA criteria. For gEUD changes less than those listed above, either QA method has the same proportion of passing rate.
    Medical Physics 04/2012; 39(4):1917-24. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate outcome in patients with Gleason 7 prostate cancer treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy at the British Columbia Cancer Agency. Between 20th July 1998 and 7th February 2006, 1500 patients underwent I-125 prostate brachytherapy without supplemental external beam radiation therapy. Of these, 439 had Gleason 7 disease; 362 had Gleason 3+4 and 77 had 4+3 disease. Generally, patients received 6 months of androgen suppression. We compared biochemical no evidence of disease (bNED) between patients with Gleason ≤ 6 and Gleason 7 and between Gleason 3+4 and 4+3 using the Phoenix definition of biochemical recurrence. Median follow-up was 60 months. Estimated 5 year bNED was 97% for patients with Gleason score ≤ 6 and 94% for patients with Gleason 7 disease (p=0.037). Estimated bNED was 95% and 94% for 3+4 and 4+3, respectively (p=0.791). There was no difference in bNED between implants achieving D90 ≥ versus<the median value (150.5 Gy) or ≥ versus<140 Gy. I-125 brachytherapy with 6 months of ADT demonstrates excellent bNED rates in Gleason 7 disease. We found no evidence of a difference between patients with Gleason 3+4 versus 4+3 disease.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology 02/2012; 103(2):228-32. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The British Columbia Cancer Agency has been performing iodine-125 prostate brachytherapy since 1998, initially using loose seeds and phasing into the exclusive use of RAPIDStrand (RS) (Oncura Inc., Plymouth Meeting, PA) by November 2000. The aim of this study was to investigate rates of biochemical no evidence of disease (bNED) in patients treated with loose seeds compared with RS from this population-based cohort. Between July 1998 and February 2006, 1500 implants were performed (327 loose and 1173 RS). Biochemical failure is reported using the Phoenix definition and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >0.4ng/mL at ≥48 months postimplant. Actuarial estimates were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Analysis was repeated with the first 100 loose and stranded implants excluded to assess the learning curve effect. Log-rank test was used to evaluate differences in bNED. Variables showing association with bNED were included in a multivariate model. There was no difference between loose and stranded seeds. Estimated rate of bNED was 93.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 90.6-96.4) at 7 years for patients treated with loose seeds and 94.0% (95% CI, 91.8-96.2) for patients treated with RS according to Phoenix definition (p=0.846). Using the PSA >0.4ng/mL definition, estimated rates were 91.3% (95% CI, 88.0-94.6) and 91.9% (95% CI, 89.7-94.1) for loose and stranded seeds, respectively (p=0.871). Exclusion of the first 100 loose and stranded implants also revealed no difference in bNED. This study of 1500 patients treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy demonstrates no difference in bNED between loose and stranded seeds, using either Phoenix or PSA >0.4ng/mL definitions of biochemical failure.
    Brachytherapy 03/2011; 10(6):442-8. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Brachytherapy 01/2011; 10:S50. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Brachytherapy 01/2011; 10:S17. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Brachytherapy 01/2011; 10:S48–S49. · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Medical Physics 01/2011; 38(6):3583-. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) kinetics of PSA failure (PSAf) and PSA bounce (PSAb) after permanent (125)I prostate brachytherapy (PB). The study included 1,006 consecutive low and "low tier" intermediate-risk patients treated with (125)I PB, with a potential minimum follow-up of 4 years. Patients who met the Phoenix definition of biochemical failure (nadir + 2 ng/mL(-1)) were identified. If the PSA subsequently fell to ≤0.5 ng/mL(-1)without intervention, this was considered a PSAb. All others were scored as true PSAf. Patient, tumor and dosimetric characteristics were compared between groups using the chi-square test and analysis of variance to evaluate factors associated with PSAf or PSAb. Median follow-up was 54 months. Of the 1,006 men, 57 patients triggered the Phoenix definition of PSA failure, 32 (56%) were true PSAf, and 25 PSAb (44%). The median time to trigger nadir + 2 was 20.6 months (range, 6-36) vs. 49 mo (range, 12-83) for PSAb vs. PSAf groups (p < 0.001). The PSAb patients were significantly younger (p < 0.0001), had shorter time to reach the nadir (median 6 vs. 11.5 months, p = 0.001) and had a shorter PSA doubling time (p = 0.05). Men younger than age 70 who trigger nadir +2 PSA failure within 38 months of implant have an 80% likelihood of having PSAb and 20% chance of PSAf. With adequate follow-up, 44% of PSA failures by the Phoenix definition in our cohort were found to be benign PSA bounces. Our study reinforces the need for adequate follow-up when reporting PB PSA outcomes, to ensure accurate estimates of treatment efficacy and to avoid unnecessary secondary interventions.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 10/2010; 78(2):415-21. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the late transient worsening of urinary symptoms ("urinary symptom flare") in 712 consecutive prostate brachytherapy patients, associated predictive factors, association with rectal and urinary toxicity, and the development of erectile dysfunction. Patients underwent implantation between 1998 and 2003 (median follow-up, 57 months). International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) toxicity, and erectile function data were prospectively collected. Flare was defined as an increase in IPSS of > or =5 and of > or =8 points greater than the post-treatment nadir. The relationships between the occurrence of flare and the patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics were examined. The Cox proportional hazards method was used to test individual variables and the multivariate models. The incidence of flare was 52% and 30% using the flare definition of an IPSS of > or =5 and > or =8 points greater than the postimplant nadir, respectively. Of the patients with symptoms, 65% had resolution of their symptoms within 6 months and 91% within 1 year. Flares most commonly occurred 16-24 months after implantation. On multivariate analysis, a greater baseline IPSS and greater maximal postimplant IPSS were the predictors of flare, regardless of the flare definition used. Androgen suppression was a predictor for fewer flares (IPSS > or =5). Diabetes and prostate edema predicted for more frequent flares (IPSS >/=8). Patients with flare had a greater incidence of RTOG Grade 3 urinary toxicity and RTOG Grade 2 or greater rectal toxicity. No association was found between erectile dysfunction and the occurrence of flare. Urinary symptom flare is a common, transient phenomenon after prostate brachytherapy. A greater baseline IPSS and maximal postimplant IPSS were the strongest predictive factors. Flare was associated with a greater incidence of late RTOG Grade 3 urinary toxicity and greater rate of late RTOG Grade 2 or greater rectal toxicity.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 02/2009; 75(3):649-55. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe the frequency of acute and late Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) urinary toxicity, associated predictive factors, and resolution of International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) in 712 consecutive prostate brachytherapy patients. Patients underwent implantation between 1998 and 2003 (median follow-up, 57 months). The IPSS and RTOG toxicity data were prospectively collected. The patient, treatment, and implant factors were examined for an association with urinary toxicity. The time to IPSS resolution was examined using Kaplan-Meier curves, and multivariate modeling of IPSS resolution was done using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the factors associated with urinary toxicity. The IPSS returned to baseline at a median of 12.6 months. On multivariate analysis, patients with a high baseline IPSS had a quicker resolution of their IPSS. Higher prostate D90 (dose covering 90% of the prostate), maximal postimplant IPSS, and urinary retention slowed the IPSS resolution time. The rate of the actuarial 5-year late urinary (>12 months) RTOG Grade 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 was 32%, 36%, 24%, 6.2%, and 0.1%, respectively. At 7 years, the prevalence of RTOG Grade 0-1 was 92.5%. Patients with a larger prostate volume, greater number of needles, greater baseline IPSS, and use of hormonal therapy had more acute toxicity. On multivariate analysis, the significant predictors for late greater than or equal to RTOG toxicity 2 were a greater baseline IPSS, maximal postimplant IPSS, presence of acute toxicity, and higher prostate V150 (volume of the prostate covered by 150% of the dose). More recently implanted patients had less acute urinary toxicity and patients given hormonal therapy had less late urinary toxicity (all p < 0.02). Most urinary symptoms resolved within 12 months after prostate brachytherapy, and significant long-term urinary toxicity was very low. Refined patient selection and greater technical experience in prostate brachytherapy were associated with less urinary toxicity.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 12/2008; 73(4):1023-32. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • Brachytherapy 01/2008; 7(2):99. · 1.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

104 Citations
41.84 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • University of British Columbia - Vancouver
      • Department of Surgery
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • 2008–2014
    • BC Cancer Agency
      • Medical Physics
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
    • Vancouver Prostate Centre
      Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada