S. Simula

Università Degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (245)434.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The Chromomagnetic operator (CMO) mixes with a large number of operators under renormalization. We identify which operators can mix with the CMO, at the quantum level. Even in dimensional regularization (DR), which has the simplest mixing pattern, the CMO mixes with a total of 9 other operators, forming a basis of dimension-five, Lorentz scalar operators with the same flavor content as the CMO. Among them, there are also gauge noninvariant operators; these are BRST invariant and vanish by the equations of motion, as required by renormalization theory. On the other hand using a lattice regularization further operators with $d \leq 5$ will mix; choosing the lattice action in a manner as to preserve certain discrete symmetries, a minimul set of 3 additional operators (all with $d<5$) will appear. In order to compute all relevant mixing coefficients, we calculate the quark-antiquark (2-pt) and the quark-antiquark-gluon (3-pt) Green's functions of the CMO at nonzero quark masses. These calculations were performed in the continuum (dimensional regularization) and on the lattice using the maximally twisted mass fermion action and the Symanzik improved gluon action. In parallel, non-perturbative measurements of the $K-\pi$ matrix element are being performed in simulations with 4 dynamical ($N_f = 2+1+1$) twisted mass fermions and the Iwasaki improved gluon action.
    12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present preliminary results of the first lattice QCD calculation of the K -> pi matrix elements of the chromomagnetic operator O_{CM}=g sbar sigma_{munu} G_{munu} d, which appears in the effective Hamiltonian describing Delta S=1 transitions in and beyond the Standard Model. Having dimension 5, the chromomagnetic operator is characterized by a rich pattern of mixing with operators of equal and lower dimensionality. The multiplicative renormalization factor as well as the mixing coefficients with the operators of equal dimension have been computed at one-loop in perturbation theory. The power divergent coefficients controlling the mixing with operators of lower dimension have been computed non-perturbatively, by imposing suitable subtraction conditions. The numerical simulations have been carried out using the gauge field configurations produced by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration with N_f=2+1+1 dynamical quarks at three values of the lattice spacing. Our preliminary result for the B-parameter of the chromomagnetic operator is B_{CMO}=0.29(11), which can be compared with the estimate B_{CMO}~1-4 currently used in phenomenological analyses.
    12/2014;
  • Wolfgang Lucha, Dmitri Melikhov, Silvano Simula
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    ABSTRACT: We present the outcomes of a very recent investigation of the decay constants of nonstrange and strange heavy-light beauty vector mesons, with special emphasis on the ratio of any such decay constant to the decay constant of the corresponding pseudoscalar meson, by means of Borel-transformed QCD sum rules. Our results suggest that both these ratios are below unity.
    11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a lattice QCD calculation of the pseudoscalar decay constants fK, fD and fDs performed using the gauge configurations produced by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration with Nf = 2 + 1 + 1 dynamical quarks, which include in the sea, besides two light mass degenerate quarks, also the strange and charm quarks with masses close to their values in the real world. The simulations are based on a unitary setup for the two light mass-degenerate quarks and on a mixed action approach for the strange and charm quarks. We use data simulated at three different values of the lattice spacing in the range 0.06 - 0.09 fm and at pion masses in the range 210 - 450 MeV. Our main results are: fK+ / fpi+ = 1.183 (16), fK+ = 154.3 (2.0) MeV, which incorporate the leading strong isospin breaking correction due to the up- and down-quark mass difference, and fK = 155.0 (1.9) MeV, fD = 207.4 (3.8) MeV, fDs = 247.2 (4.1) MeV, fDs / fD = 1.192 (22) and (fD_s / fD) / (fK / fpi) = 1.003 (14) obtained in the isospin symmetric limit of QCD. Combined with the experimental measurements of the leptonic decay rates of kaon, pion, D- and Ds-mesons our results lead to the following determination of the CKM matrix elements: |Vus| = 0.2271 (29), |Vcd| = 0.2221 (67) and |Vcs| = 1.014 (24). Using the latest value of |Vud| from superallowed nuclear beta decays the unitarity of the first row of the CKM matrix is fulfilled at the permille level.
    11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We discuss a lattice QCD computation of the $B$-meson decay constants by the ETM collaboration where suitable ratios allow to reach the bottom quark sector by combining simulations around the charm-quark mass with an exactly known static limit. The different steps involved in this ratio method are discussed together with an account of the assessment of various systematic effects. A comparison of results from simulations with two and four flavour dynamical quarks is presented.
    11/2014;
  • W. Lucha, D. Melikhov, S. Simula
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    ABSTRACT: Updated predictions for the decay constants of the D, Ds, B and Bs mesons obtained from Borel QCD sum rules for heavy-light currents are presented and compared with the recent lattice averages performed by the Flavor Lattice Averaging Group. An excellent agreement is obtained in the charm sector, while some tension is observed in the bottom sector. Moreover, available lattice and QCD sum-rule calculations of the decay constants of the vector D*, Ds*, B* and Bs* mesons are compared. Again some tension in the bottom sector is observed.
    11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a lattice QCD determination of the vector form factor of the kaon semileptonic decay K -> pi l nu which is relevant for the extraction of the CKM matrix element |V_{us}| from experimental data. Our result is based on the gauge configurations produced by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration with N_f=2+1+1 dynamical fermions. We simulated at three different values of the lattice spacing and with pion masses as small as 210 MeV. Our preliminary estimate for the vector form factor at zero momentum transfer is f_+(0)=0.9683(65), where the uncertainty is both statistical and systematic. By combining our result with the experimental value of f_+(0)|V_{us}| we obtain |V_{us}|=0.2234(16), which satisfies the unitarity constraint of the Standard Model at the permille level.
    11/2014;
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    Wolfgang Lucha, Dmitri Melikhov, Silvano Simula
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    ABSTRACT: Within the realm of QCD sum rules, one of the most important areas of application of this nonperturbative approach is the prediction of the decay constants of heavy mesons. However, in spite of the fact that, indisputably, the adopted techniques are, of course, very similar, we encounter rather dissimilar challenges, or obstacles, when extracting from two-point correlators of appropriate heavy-light currents interpolating the mesons, the characteristics of charmed mesons with different spin. In view of this, it seems worthwhile to us to revisit this issue for the case of charmed pseudoscalar mesons $D_{(s)}$ and vector mesons $D^*_{(s)}.$
    11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present precision lattice calculations of the pseudoscalar decay constants of the charmed sector as well as determinations of the bottom quark mass and its ratio to the charm quark mass. We employ Nf=2+1+1 dynamical quark gauge configurations generated by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration, using data at three values of the lattice spacing and pion masses as low as 210 MeV. Strange and charm sea quark masses are close to their physical values.
    11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We investigate the vector form factor relevant for the $K_{\ell 3}$ semileptonic decay using maximally twisted-mass fermions with 4 dynamical flavours ($N_f=2+1+1$). Our simulations feature pion masses ranging from $210$ MeV to approximately $450$ MeV and lattice spacing values as small as $0.06$fm. Our main result for the vector form factor at zero 4-momentum transfer is $f_+(0)=0.9683(65)$ where the uncertainty is both statistical and systematic. By combining our result with the experimental value of $f_+(0)|V_{us}|$ we obtain $|V_{us}|=0.2234(16)$, which satisfies the unitarity constraint of the Standard Model at the permille level.
    10/2014;
  • Wolfgang Lucha, Dmitri Melikhov, Silvano Simula
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    ABSTRACT: Our recently completed analysis of the decay constants of both pseudoscalar and vector beauty mesons reveals that in the bottom-quark sector two specific features of the sum-rule predictions show up: (i) For the input value of the bottom-quark mass in the $\overline{\rm MS}$ scheme $\overline{m}_b(\overline{m}_b)\approx4.18\;\mbox{GeV},$ the sum-rule result $f_B\approx210$-$220\;\mbox{MeV}$ for the $B$ meson decay constant is substantially larger than the recent lattice-QCD finding $f_B\approx190\;\mbox{MeV}.$ Requiring QCD sum rules to reproduce the lattice-QCD value of $f_B$ yields a significantly larger $b$-quark mass: $\overline{m}_b(\overline{m}_b)=4.247\;\mbox{GeV}.$ (ii) Whereas QCD sum-rule predictions for the charmed-meson decay constants $f_D,$ $f_{D_s},$ $f_{D^*}$ and $f_{D_s^*}$ are practically independent of the choice of renormalization scale, in the beauty sector the results for the decay constants - and especially for the ratio $f_{B^*}/f_B$ - prove to be very sensitive to the specific scale setting.
    10/2014;
  • Wolfgang Lucha, Dmitri Melikhov, Silvano Simula
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    ABSTRACT: In spite of undeniable similarities of the applied techniques, somewhat different challenges are encountered when extracting, from QCD sum rules derived from two-point correlators of appropriate interpolating heavy-light quark currents, the decay constants of charmed mesons of pseudoscalar nature, on the one hand, or of vector nature, on the other hand. This observation justifies a rather careful reassessment of the corresponding results.
    07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present the first unquenched lattice QCD results for the bag parameters controlling the short distance contribution to D meson oscillations in the Standard Model and beyond. We have used the gauge configurations produced by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration with Nf = 2 dynamical quarks, at four lattice spacings and light meson masses in the range 280-500 MeV. Renormalization is carried out non-perturbatively with the RI-MOM method. The bag-parameter results have been used to constrain New Physics effects in D-Dbar mixing, to put a lower bound to the generic New Physics scale and to constrain off-diagonal squark mass terms for TeV-scale Supersymmetry.
    03/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a lattice QCD calculation of the up, down, strange and charm quark masses performed using the gauge configurations produced by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration with Nf = 2 + 1 + 1 dynamical quarks, which include in the sea, besides two light mass degenerate quarks, also the strange and charm quarks with masses close to their physical values. The simulations are based on a unitary setup for the two light quarks and on a mixed action approach for the strange and charm quarks. The analysis uses data at three values of the lattice spacing and pion masses in the range 210 - 450 MeV, allowing for accurate continuum limit and controlled chiral extrapolation. The quark mass renormalization is carried out non-perturbatively using the RI-MOM method. The results for the quark masses converted to the bar{MS} scheme are: mud(2 GeV) = 3.70(17) MeV, ms(2 GeV) = 99.6(4.1) MeV and mc(mc) = 1.348(42) GeV. We obtain also the quark mass ratios ms/mud = 26.66(32) and mc/ms = 11.62(16). By studying the mass splitting between the neutral and charged kaons and using available lattice results for the electromagnetic contributions, we evaluate mu/md = 0.470(56), leading to mu = 2.36(24) MeV and md = 5.03(26) MeV.
    Nuclear Physics B. 03/2014; 887.
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    Wolfgang Lucha, Dmitri Melikhov, Silvano Simula
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    ABSTRACT: We present a sum-rule calculation of the decay constants of the charmed vector mesons D⁎D⁎ and Ds⁎ from the two-point correlator of vector currents. First, we show that the perturbative expansion in terms of the pole mass exhibits no sign of convergence whereas the reorganization of this expansion in terms of the MS¯ mass leads to a distinct hierarchy. Second, making use of the operator product expansion in terms of the MS¯ mass, we determine the decay constants of the D⁎D⁎ and Ds⁎ mesons with an emphasis on the uncertainties in these theoretically predicted quantities related both to the input QCD parameters and to the limited accuracy of the method of sum rules. Our results are fD⁎=(252.2±22.3OPE±4syst) MeVfD⁎=(252.2±22.3OPE±4syst) MeV and fDs⁎=(305.5±26.8OPE±5syst) MeV. For the ratios of the vector-to-pseudoscalar decay constants we report fD⁎/fD=1.221±0.080OPE±0.008systfD⁎/fD=1.221±0.080OPE±0.008syst and fDs⁎/fDs=1.241±0.057OPE±0.007syst.
    Physics Letters B. 01/2014; 735:12–18.
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    ABSTRACT: We study matrix elements of the "chromomagnetic" operator on the lattice. This operator is contained in the strangeness-changing effective Hamiltonian which describes electroweak effects in the Standard Model and beyond. Having dimension 5, the chromomagnetic operator is characterized by a rich pattern of mixing with other operators of equal and lower dimensionality, including also non gauge invariant quantities; it is thus quite a challenge to extract from lattice simulations a clear signal for the hadronic matrix elements of this operator. We compute all relevant mixing coefficients to one loop in lattice perturbation theory; this necessitates calculating both 2-point (quark-antiquark) and 3-point (gluon-quark-antiquark) Green's functions at nonzero quark masses. We use the twisted mass lattice formulation, with Symanzik improved gluon action. For a comprehensive presentation of our results, along with detailed explanations and a more complete list of references, we refer to our forthcoming publication [1].
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a lattice QCD calculation of the pseudoscalar decay constants $f_K$, $f_D$ and $f_{D_s}$ performed by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration with $N_f = 2 + 1 + 1$ dynamical fermions. We simulated at three different values of the lattice spacing, the smallest being approximately $0.06fm$, and with pion masses as small as $210$MeV. Our main results are: $f_{K^+}/f_{\pi^+}=1.183(17)$, $f_{K^+}=154.4(2.1)$MeV, $f_{D_s}=242.1(8.3)$MeV, $f_D=201.9(8.0)$MeV, $f_{D_s}/f_D=1.199(25)$ and $(f_{D_s}/f_D) / (f_K/f_\pi) = 1.005(15)$.
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a lattice QCD determination of the average up-down, strange and charm quark masses based on simulations performed by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration with $N_f = 2 + 1 + 1$ dynamical fermions. We simulated at three different values of the lattice spacing, the smallest being approximately $0.06fm$, and with pion masses as small as $210 \text{MeV}$. Our results are: $m_{ud}(2\text{GeV})=3.70(17)\text{MeV}$, $m_s(2\text{GeV})=99.2(3.9)\text{MeV}$, $m_c(m_c)=1.350(49)\text{GeV}$, $m_s/m_{ud}=26.64(30)$ and $m_c/m_s=11.65(12)$.
    11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a lattice QCD determination of the $b$-quark mass and of the $f_{B_s}$ and $f_B$ decay constants performed with $N_f = 2 + 1 + 1$ twisted mass Wilson fermions. We have used simulations at three values of the lattice spacing generated by ETMC with pion masses ranging from 210 to 440 MeV. To obtain physical quantities we performed a combined chiral and continuum limit and an extrapolation in the heavy quark mass from the charm to the $b$-quark region using suitable ratios calculated at nearby heavy-quark masses having an exactly known static limit. Our results are: $m_b(m_b) = 4.29 (13)$ GeV, $f_B = 196 (9)$ MeV, $f_{B_s} = 235 (9)$ MeV, $f_{B_s} / f_B = 1.201 (25)$, $(f_{B_s}/f_B)/(f_K/f_\pi) = 1.007 (16)$ and $(f_{B_s}/f_B)/(f_{D_s}/f_D) = 1.008 (13)$.
    11/2013;

Publication Stats

3k Citations
434.22 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2005–2014
    • Università Degli Studi Roma Tre
      • Department of Mathematics and Physics
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2011
    • Austrian Academy of Sciences
      • Institut für Hochenergiephysik
      Mondsee, Upper Austria, Austria
  • 2010
    • University of Vienna
      • Fakultät für Physik
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
    • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
      • Department of Physics
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 1998–2010
    • Moscow State Textile University
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia
    • University of Pavia
      Ticinum, Lombardy, Italy
    • Università degli Studi di Genova
      • Department of Physics
      Genova, Liguria, Italy
  • 1994–2010
    • University of Rome Tor Vergata
      • Dipartimento di Fisica
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1984–2009
    • INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
      Frascati, Latium, Italy
  • 2008
    • Lomonosov Moscow State University
      • Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics
      Moscow, Moscow, Russia
  • 2003–2005
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      • Department of Physics
      Roma, Latium, Italy
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • Institute of Theoretical Physics
      Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • 1990–1994
    • Università degli Studi di Perugia
      • Department of Physics
      Perugia, Umbria, Italy
  • 1985
    • Istituto Superiore di Sanità
      Roma, Latium, Italy