K Sanda

Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obibiro, Hokkaidō, Japan

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Publications (3)6.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We compared the reactivity of IgG1 and IgG2a antibodies in mouse sera after infection with virulent RH and low-virulent S273 and Beverley strains of Toxoplasma gondii against RH SAG1 recombinant p30 (rp30) and synthetic SAG1 peptides. Infected mouse serum samples were collected 9 days after infection, and the level of total IgG, IgG1 and IgG2a against the RH SAG1 rp30 protein and twenty peptides of the RH SAG1 protein were assessed. The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) modification site, the hydrophilic-hydrophobic structure, the transmembrane region and the secondary structure of the SAG1 sequence of virulent and low-virulent strains were analyzed using software. The virulent strain-infected mice produced a higher level of IgG1 but a lower IgG2a against the rp30 antigen, while the low-virulent strain-infected mice produced a higher level of IgG2a than the virulent strain. The difference in the secondary structure of SAG1 protein between the virulent and low-virulent strain was largely confined to amino acid positions 291-336, showing mutations and GPI anchor site. The difference in the reactivity of IgG against the rp30 antigen and synthetic peptides between virulent and low-virulent strains points to the importance of the primary and secondary structure assumed by antigens in the activation of Th cells and, subsequently, in the induction of IgG and its subclasses.
    Pathobiology 02/2007; 74(1):50-6. DOI:10.1159/000101051 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Seventeen monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were previously established against the heavy chain (Hc) of botulinum type E neurotoxin in BALB/c mice immunized with the type E toxoid. Five MAbs (LE15-5, LE34-6, EK19-7, EK21-4, and AE27-9) showed toxin-neutralizing activity in mice. Two of the five MAbs, EK19-7 and EK21-4, recognized the regions located at amino acid positions 731 to 787 and 811 to 897, respectively. One of the remaining three antibodies (LE34-6) reacted with the amino acid sequence VIKAIN, at amino acid positions 663 to 668, closed by the ion channel-forming domain. It is suggested that the ion channel-forming domain may also be associated with the blocking of acetylcholine release. Furthermore, the amino acid sequence YLTHMRD within 30 residues of the C-terminal region of the Hc component seemed to be recognized by LE15-5. It has been reported that the binding domain of the type E toxin is located on the C-terminal half of the Hc component. Therefore, the neutralizing activity of LE15-5 antibody may be attributed to its ability to block the binding of neurotoxin to the receptor of target cells.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 05/1997; 63(4):1214-8. · 3.67 Impact Factor