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Publications (5)11.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported recently that a number of cytokines, mainly tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-6, can alter lipid metabolism and produce hyperlipidemia. Studies in hemodialysis (HD) patients have demonstrated increased production of these cytokines during HD. In order to investigate any possible relationship between changes of cytokines and lipid concentrations during HD in the serum of 25 uremic patients on chronic HD using modified cellulose membranes, TNF, IL-1β, IL-6, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), lipoprotein a (Lp[a]), and total proteins were measured immediately before (pre-HD) and after HD (post-HD), in one session. The post-HD values were corrected according to the hemoconcentration based on the changes in serum total proteins. Serum TNF and IL-1β levels were significantly increased from 38.24 ± 17.85 pg/ml and 2.60 ± 3.64 pg/ml pre-HD to 48.86 ± 25.21 and 3.49 ± 4.08 pg/ml post-HD, p < 0.001 and p < 0.05 respectively. Also Lp(a) levels presented a statistically significant increase post-HD and were almost doubled (pre-HD: 15.41 mg/dl, to post-HD: 27.39 mg/dl, p < 0.05). Serum IL-6 as well as serum TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C did not show any statistically significant alterations during HD. A significant positive correlation was detected between TNF and Lp(a) values post-HD (r: 0.413, p: 0.04), but not between pre-HD values. No further relationship between serum cytokines and the other estimated lipid parameters was observed, either between pre- or post-HD values. Our results indicate that release of TNF and IL-1β during HD have no effect on serum lipids concentration, except on Lp(a). It seems that the acute rise of this lipoprotein during hemodialysis may be related with the TNF overproduction.
    Artificial Organs 12/2001; 24(5):329 - 333. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been reported recently that a number of cytokines, mainly tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), interleukin (IL)-1beta, and IL-6, can alter lipid metabolism and produce hyperlipidemia. Studies in hemodialysis (HD) patients have demonstrated increased production of these cytokines during HD. In order to investigate any possible relationship between changes of cytokines and lipid concentrations during HD in the serum of 25 uremic patients on chronic HD using modified cellulose membranes, TNFalpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), lipoprotein a (Lp[a]), and total proteins were measured immediately before (pre-HD) and after HD (post-HD), in one session. The post-HD values were corrected according to the hemoconcentration based on the changes in serum total proteins. Serum TNFalpha and IL-1beta levels were significantly increased from 38.24 +/- 17.85 pg/ml and 2. 60 +/- 3.64 pg/ml pre-HD to 48.86 +/- 25.21 and 3.49 +/- 4.08 pg/ml post-HD, p < 0.001 and p < 0.05 respectively. Also Lp(a) levels presented a statistically significant increase post-HD and were almost doubled (pre-HD: 15.41 mg/dl, to post-HD: 27.39 mg/dl, p < 0. 05). Serum IL-6 as well as serum TC, TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C did not show any statistically significant alterations during HD. A significant positive correlation was detected between TNFalpha and Lp(a) values post-HD (r: 0.413, p: 0.04), but not between pre-HD values. No further relationship between serum cytokines and the other estimated lipid parameters was observed, either between pre- or post-HD values. Our results indicate that release of TNFalpha and IL-1beta during HD have no effect on serum lipids concentration, except on Lp(a). It seems that the acute rise of this lipoprotein during hemodialysis may be related with the TNFalpha overproduction.
    Artificial Organs 05/2000; 24(5):329-33. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We measured blood ammonia in pre-angioplasty samples from the renal veins, aorta and inferior vena cava of 15 patients with hypertension due to unilateral renal artery stenosis confirmed by arteriography. Patients with renal insufficiency or small kidneys were excluded. Mean ammonia values were microgram/dl: vein of affected kidney, 106.00 +/- 12.75; vein of unaffected kidney, 75.65 +/- 23.10; aorta 61.04 +/- 15.00; vena cava, 62.44 +/- 19.65. The value for the affected kidney was significantly higher than the other three values (p < 0.001). Mean +/- SD DTPA uptake (%) was 42.8 +/- 2.21 in the affected kidney and 56.53 +/- 3.64 in the unaffected kidney. This difference did not correlate significantly with that of the ammonia concentrations tau = -0.292).
    QJM: monthly journal of the Association of Physicians 05/1998; 91(5):367-9. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • Clinica Chimica Acta 06/1997; 261(2):185-7. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 18 uremic patients under regular hemodialysis (HD) with bicarbonate dialysate, the echinocytes and erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR) were determined in 4 blood samples collected from the arterial line at 0, 45, 120, and 240 min (end-HD) in one HD session by a bioincompatible dialyzer and in another by a biocompatible one. In the HD session by a bioincompatible dialyzer, the mean values (+/- SEM) of echinocytes (%) at 0, 45, 120, and 240 min were 8.89 +/- 1.15, 20.77 +/- 2.35, 7.39 +/- 1.1, 5.27 +/- 0.66 and of ESR (mm/h) were 65.00 +/- 6.26, 47.05 +/- 3.89, 66.72 +/- 6.00, 68.44 +/- 5.92, respectively. According to these findings, echinocytes show a transient significant increase at 45 min HD in comparison to those at 0 (p < 0.001), 120 (p < 0.001), and 240 (p < 0.001) min while ESR shows a transient significant decrease at 45 min HD compared with the rates at 0 (p < 0.05), 120 (p < 0.05) and 240 (p < 0.01) min. In the HD sessions with the biocompatible dialyzer, the mean values (+/- SEM) of echinocytes at the aforementioned 4 time points were 8.55 +/- 1.10, 17.05 +/- 2.40, 17.05 +/- 1.19, and 5.11 +/- 0.75%, and the ESR values were 60.89 +/- 6.08, 44.33 +/- 4.18, 62.94 +/- 6.55, and 65.61 +/- 6.13 mm/h, respectively. These values also show a transient significant increase of echinocytes at 45 min HD in comparison with those at 0 (p < 0.01), 120 (p < 0.01), and 240 (p < 0.001) min, with a parallel transient decrease of ESR at 45 min HD as compared to the ones at 0 (p < 0.05), 120 (p < 0.05), and 240 (p < 0.05) min. Although the echinocytosis at 45 min HD was more prominent in HD by the bioincompatible than by the biocompatible dialyzer, the comparison between these values indicates no significant difference in the echinocytes or the ESR. In conclusion, uremic patients receiving HD exhibit echinocytes, the percentage of which shows a transient increase at 45 min HD that returns to about baseline at 120 min HD. In parallel with the changes in echinocytes, the ESR shows an inverse change at 45 min HD which returns to baseline at 120 min HD.
    Artificial Organs 05/1997; 21(4):327-30. · 1.96 Impact Factor