T Fassio

Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino di Genova, Genova, Liguria, Italy

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Publications (11)30.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: 148 patients with advanced untreated colorectal cancer were randomised to receive a weekly bolus of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 600 mg/m2 alone, with or without leucovorin (LV) 500 mg/m2. 5-FU plus LV produced a higher response rate than 5-FU alone: 23% (5 complete response, 11 partial response) vs. 8% (2 complete response, 4 partial response) (P = 0.03) out of 70 and 72 evaluable patients, respectively. Median survival was 11 months in both groups and median time to progression was not significantly different (P = 0.08). The combined regimen was more toxic than 5-FU alone, as evidenced by (a) a higher percentage of grade 3–4 diarrhoea, 19.5% vs. 8.5% (P = 0.045) and conjunctivitis, 26.5% vs. 5.6% (P = 0.0025); (b) the recording of one toxic death in the combined arm; and (c) the reduction of the median dose intensity of 5-FU actually delivered during the first 2 months of treatment. We conclude that 5-FU plus LV at a price of a higher toxicity is more active than 5-FU alone without improving survival and progression-free survival.
    European Journal of Cancer 02/1992; · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of blood groups as risk factors for breast cancer and their predictive value after radical surgery have been retrospectively evaluated in 315 breast cancer patients. The AB0 group distribution in these breast cancer patients was not significantly different from that of control women. Patients with blood group 0 showed a significantly lower risk of death than those with groups A, B and AB. Moreover, by using Cox's multivariate analysis, blood groups were shown to possess a predictive value independent of other known prognostic factors. These results suggest that also genetic factors could be involved in the pathophysiology of breast cancer growth and need to be further investigated.
    Oncology 02/1990; 47(4):308-12. · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, several studies focused on the biochemical analysis of breast cyst fluid composition. It has been shown that breast cysts lined by apocrine epithelium contain higher levels of potassium and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate as compared to cysts lined by flattened cells, and that women with apocrine cysts are more likely to develop breast cancer. In the present study, we measured the intracystic levels of sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEA-S), and epidermal growth factor (EGF), a factor which could play a role in the autocrine or paracrine control of breast cancer cell growth as recently proposed by some investigators. Breast cyst fluids obtained by fine-needle aspiration from 86 women with gross cystic breast disease were assayed. On the basis of the relative intracystic concentrations of Na+ and K+ two main classes of cysts were defined. An arbitrary cut-off value of 3 for the Na+/K+ ratio seemed adequate to separate these two types of cysts. An inverse relationship was found between the Na+/K+ ratio and DHEA-S concentration, median levels of the androgen conjugate being 3615 micrograms/dl in Na+/K+ less than 3 cysts and 480 micrograms/dl in Na+/K+ greater than 3 cysts (P less than 0.001). EGF levels were found to be significantly higher in Na+/K+ less than 3 cysts as compared to Na+/K+ greater than 3 cysts: 103.26 ng/ml versus 57.22 ng/ml, respectively (P less than 0.001). EGF appeared inversely correlated with total protein concentration in the Na+/K+ greater than 3 cysts, while in the Na+/K+ less than 3 cysts high EGF levels were observed independently of total protein content. In addition, a direct correlation was found between EGF and DHEA-S concentrations. On the basis of these results, the hypothesis can be made that EGF, which is measurable in all breast fluids tested and is nearly undetectable in plasma, is actually produced by the epithelium lining the cyst wall, particularly as far as the Na+/K+ less than 3 cysts are concerned. In view of our results this type of cyst, which has been shown to be lined by apocrine epithelium, appears to be characterized by high DHEA-S and EGF levels. It is suggested that the latter finding could provide a clue for understanding the increased risk of subsequent breast cancer in women bearing apocrine cysts.
    Cancer Research 11/1988; 48(20):5860-3. · 8.65 Impact Factor
  • Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/1988; 244:213-8. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The endocrine effects of alternating tamoxifen and medroxyprogesterone acetate have been evaluated in 26 post-menopausal patients with metastatic breast cancer. Endocrine evaluations included the RIA determination of plasma levels of sex-hormone binding globulin, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, prolactin, cortisol, and testosterone. The evaluation of the study parameters at different intervals during therapy indicates that with this schedule an alternate sequential effect on the endocrine system is achievable because each drug exerts its own endocrine activity that is completely reversed when the other drug is administered. We can hypothesize that the same alternate activity as seen on the endocrine system could be obtained also on other tissues and organs including tumors.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 12/1987; 10(2):201-4. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A sequential combination of tamoxifen and medroxyprogesterone acetate has been evaluated in 42 postmenopausal untreated patients with metastatic breast cancer. Patients received tamoxifen 10 mg b.i.d., days 1-14, followed by medroxyprogesterone acetate 500 mg b.i.d., days 15-28, orally in an alternating sequence until progression. Twenty-two out of 40 evaluable patients showed an objective response to treatment (55%, 95% confidence limits 38-75%). A significantly higher response rate was observed in patients with age greater than or equal to 70 years, with soft tissue dominant lesions and with only one metastatic site. Median time to progression was 41 weeks and the median survival time 88 weeks. In 4 cases treatment was discontinued because of severe toxicity while in the remaining patients no toxicity (20 patients) or mild side effects (17 patients) have been observed. After 2 months of therapy, this combination showed a progestogenic effect on the endocrine parameters inducing a significant decrease of SHBG, gonadotropins, testosterone and cortisol. These preliminary clinical results and the moderate toxicity of the sequential combination support the need to further investigate this approach.
    European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology 11/1987; 23(10):1451-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The possible synergism of cisplatin (P) and 5-fluorouracil was studied in 38 consecutive patients with advanced or metastatic colorectal carcinoma. Cisplatin 60 mg/m2 i.v.q. 4 weeks and fluorouracil 600 mg/m2 i.v. weekly were administered for at least 2 cycles, on an out-patient basis, to 24 males and 14 females with a median age of 57 years and a medium PS of 80 (Karnofsky). Evaluable lesions were: primary unresectable tumor in 2 patients, local recurrence in 11, liver, lung, bone and soft tissue metastases in 21, 7, 2 and 3 patients respectively. With a median number of 3 cycles administered to 35 evaluable patients, 6 partial responses, 16 unchanged and 13 progressions were observed. Responses were observed in the liver (2 patients), lungs (1) and soft tissues (3). Median remission duration was 15 weeks, median duration of ‘unchanged’ was 12 weeks. The overall median survival was 24 week (30.5 weeks for responders and 22.5 weeks for non-responders). Six patients were pretreated with chemotherapy not containing cisplatin (mainly adjuvant 5-FU). None of them responded.Toxicity was very tolerable with moderate nausea, vomiting and alopecia in the majority of the patients, bone marrow toxicity was generally mild with no blood transfusions required, no complications of myelosuppression (sepsis or bleeding) and no chemotherapy-related deaths.In this experience the combination of low dose cisplatin with fluorouracil, does not appear to significantly enhance 5-FU toxicity and the response rate is not superior to that reported with 5-FU alone. However, better designed schedule combinations with optimal doses, sequences and exposure time of the 2-drug regimen, seem necessary to obtain the biochemical events that support the potentiation.
    European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology 07/1987;
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    ABSTRACT: A combination of amikacin and ceftazidime was used as initial empiric therapy for the treatment of 25 evaluable febrile episodes (temperature greater than or equal to 38.5 degrees C) in leukopenic adult patients (wbc less than or equal to 1,000/mm3) with solid tumors, characterized by poor prognosis because of low performance status (median Karnofsky score: 50) and progressive disease (76% of cases). Nineteen (76%) of the 25 episodes responded to the initial empiric antibiotic combination. In the microbiologically documented infections, there was no significant difference in the response rate between bacteremia (67%) and localized infections (81%). The response in localized infections caused by gram-negative organisms (81%) was similar to that obtained in gram-positive organisms (82%), whereas gram-positive bacteremia responded better than gram-negative (100 vs 50%). No serious side effects were observed. Reversible nephrotoxicity occurred in 12% and hypokalemia in 20% of the patients treated. This antibiotic combination is a safe and efficacious empiric therapy for infections in leukopenic patients with solid neoplasia.
    International journal of clinical pharmacology, therapy, and toxicology 03/1987; 25(2):113-20.
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    ABSTRACT: An increased incidence of thromboembolic complications occurring in cancer patients during chemotherapy was recently reported. In view of this report, a study in 49 patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for Stage II breast cancer was begun in order to determine the effect of antineoplastic drugs on coagulation factors and platelet function. Among the coagulation factors, a significant decrease of thrombin time and partial prothrombin time was observed, whereas platelet function tests were unchanged. This finding suggests a trend towards hypercoagulability induced by chemotherapy. This effect should be considered when chemotherapy is employed in advanced cancer patients at high risk for thrombosis.
    Cancer 10/1986; 58(5):1032-6. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiotoxicity is rarely observed during cisplatin chemotherapy. A possible synergistic toxic effect of cisplatin with etoposide on cardiac electrical activity is discussed. A case of a 60-year-old woman with squamous cell lung carcinoma who developed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during cisplatin chemotherapy is reported. The potential cardiotoxicity should be considered when cisplatin is combined with other cardiotoxic agents or used in patients with cardiac disease.
    Tumori 05/1986; 72(2):201-4. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 60-year-old woman affected by squamous lung carcinoma, who developed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during cisplatin and etoposide combination chemotherapy. Cisplatin toxicity on cardiac electrical activity is discussed. This observation might suggest caution when cisplatin is used in patients with cardiac disease or pretreated with other potential cardiotoxic antineoplastic agents.
    Oncology 02/1986; 43(4):219-20. · 2.17 Impact Factor