ABSTRACT: To explore the diagnostic values of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the patients with hilar and mediastinal masses.
A total of 91 patients with mediastinal/hilar masses undergoing EBUS-TBNA in Zhongshan Hospital between September 2009 and March 2011 were retrospectively enrolled. Their unknown etiologies were difficult to be assessed by a traditional biopsy. The association of pathologic examinations and clinical data were analyzed.
Among them, 61 patients had malignant lesions while 30 patients were diagnosed with benign diseases. In the cases with malignant lesions, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accordance rate were 91.67%, 100% and 91.80% respectively. The diagnostic accordance rate of benign lesions was 60%. And 36.9% (24/65) of the samples were small-sized so as to improve the diagnostic accuracy. The combination of cytology and histology significantly increased the diagnostic accordance versus cytology alone in all cases (P < 0.01). But there was no statistically significant difference in the malignant lesion subgroup with a better tendency (P > 0.05). No severe complication occurred.
With a high diagnostic accuracy and a low complication rate for the patients with hilar and mediastinal masses of unknown etiologies, EBUS-TBNA has different values for diagnosing malignant and benign lesions.
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 02/2012; 92(8):528-31.