Emily Chan

Vanderbilt University, Нашвилл, Michigan, United States

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Publications (43)360.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BRAF V600 mutations occur in various nonmelanoma cancers. We undertook a histology-independent phase 2 "basket" study of vemurafenib in BRAF V600 mutation-positive nonmelanoma cancers. We enrolled patients in six prespecified cancer cohorts; patients with all other tumor types were enrolled in a seventh cohort. A total of 122 patients with BRAF V600 mutation-positive cancer were treated, including 27 patients with colorectal cancer who received vemurafenib and cetuximab. The primary end point was the response rate; secondary end points included progression-free and overall survival. In the cohort with non-small-cell lung cancer, the response rate was 42% (95% confidence interval [CI], 20 to 67) and median progression-free survival was 7.3 months (95% CI, 3.5 to 10.8). In the cohort with Erdheim-Chester disease or Langerhans'-cell histiocytosis, the response rate was 43% (95% CI, 18 to 71); the median treatment duration was 5.9 months (range, 0.6 to 18.6), and no patients had disease progression during therapy. There were anecdotal responses among patients with pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, anaplastic thyroid cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, salivary-duct cancer, ovarian cancer, and clear-cell sarcoma and among patients with colorectal cancer who received vemurafenib and cetuximab. Safety was similar to that in prior studies of vemurafenib for melanoma. BRAF V600 appears to be a targetable oncogene in some, but not all, nonmelanoma cancers. Preliminary vemurafenib activity was observed in non-small-cell lung cancer and in Erdheim-Chester disease and Langerhans'-cell histiocytosis. The histologic context is an important determinant of response in BRAF V600-mutated cancers. (Funded by F. Hoffmann-La Roche/Genentech; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01524978.).
    New England Journal of Medicine 08/2015; 373(8):726-36. DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa1502309 · 54.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The NCCN Guidelines for Rectal Cancer begin with the clinical presentation of the patient to the primary care physician or gastroenterologist and address diagnosis, pathologic staging, surgical management, perioperative treatment, posttreatment surveillance, management of recurrent and metastatic disease, and survivorship. The NCCN Rectal Cancer Panel meets at least annually to review comments from reviewers within their institutions, examine relevant new data from publications and abstracts, and reevaluate and update their recommendations. These NCCN Guidelines Insights summarize major discussion points from the 2015 NCCN Rectal Cancer Panel meeting. Major discussion topics this year were perioperative therapy options and surveillance for patients with stage I through III disease. Copyright © 2015 by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 06/2015; 13(6):719-28. · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • Emily Chan · Jordan Berlin
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    ABSTRACT: Biliary tract cancers are a heterogeneous group of cancers that arise in either the intra- or extrahepatic bile ducts or the gallbladder. Local therapy with surgical resection and perhaps radiation therapy is used for localized disease. There is no known effective adjuvant therapy, although various combinations have been used clinically without definitive data showing a benefit. The most standard chemotherapy for metastatic disease is gemcitabine plus cisplatin based on a single positive randomized trial. Genetic mutations that may lead to better, targeted therapy choices are being identified, albeit with variable frequency. Early studies of targeted agents have been negative, but these were in unselected patients where it was unknown whether the target was activated in any individual patient. Careful selection of patients enrolling onto trials of targeted agents will make the subsets of biliary tract cancers even smaller but is likely necessary to improve outcomes from these deadly diseases. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2015; 33(16). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2014.59.7591 · 18.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IHL-305 is a PEGylated liposomal formulation of irinotecan (CPT-11). The objective of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with interpatient variability in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of IHL-305 in patients with advanced solid tumors. IHL-305 was administered intravenously once every 4 weeks as part of a Phase I study. Pharmacokinetic studies of the liposomal sum total CPT-11, released CPT-11, SN-38, SN-38G, 7-ethyl-10-[4-N-(5-aminopentanoic acid)-1-piperidino]-carbonyloxycamptothecin, and 7-ethyl-10-[4-amino-1-piperidino]-carbonyloxycamptothecin in plasma were performed. Noncompartmental and compartmental pharmacokinetic analyses were conducted using pharmacokinetic data for sum total CPT-11. The pharmacokinetic variability of IHL-305 is associated with linear and nonlinear clearance. Patients whose age and body composition (ratio of total body weight to ideal body weight [TBW/IBW]) were greater than the median age and TBW/IBW of the study had a 1.7-fold to 2.6-fold higher ratio of released CPT-11 area under the concentration versus time curve (AUC) to sum total CPT-11 AUC. Patients aged <60 years had a 1.3-fold higher ratio of percent decrease in monocytes at nadir to percent decrease in absolute neutrophil count at nadir as compared with patients aged ≥60 years. There was an inverse relationship between patient age and percent decrease in monocytes at nadir, ie, younger patients have a higher percent decrease in monocytes. Patients with a higher percent decrease in monocytes at nadir have a decreased plasma exposure of sum total CPT-11. The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of IHL-305 are consistent with those of other PEGylated liposomal carriers. Interpatient variability in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of IHL-305 was associated with age, body composition, and monocytes.
    International Journal of Nanomedicine 02/2015; 10(Supplement 1):1201-9. DOI:10.2147/IJN.S62911 · 4.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The immune modulatory oligonucleotide IMO-2055 (EMD 1201081) is a phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotide agonist of Toll-like receptor 9. In preclinical studies, IMO-2055 was shown to activate natural killer cells and to support the antitumor activity of monoclonal antibodies. This phase 1b, open-label, 3 + 3 dose-escalation trial was performed to determine the recommended phase 2 dose of IMO-2055 combined with FOLFIRI/cetuximab in patients with previously treated, advanced/metastatic colorectal cancer (NCT00719199). Patients received 14-day cycles of cetuximab (days 1/8; 400 mg/m(2) day 1 cycle 1, 250 mg/m(2) for subsequent days/cycles), irinotecan (day 1; 180 mg/m(2)), folinic acid (day 1; 400 mg/m(2) racemic or 200 mg/m(2) L-form), 5-fluorouracil (day 1; 400 mg/m(2) intravenous bolus, followed by 2,400 mg/m(2) as 46-h infusion), and escalating IMO-2055 doses (days 1/8; 0.16, 0.32, 0.48 mg/kg). Fifteen patients received IMO-2055, including six, three, and six patients who were treated at the dose levels 0.16, 0.32, and 0.48 mg/kg, respectively. One dose-limiting toxicity was observed (grade 3 fatigue; at dose level 0.16 mg/kg). The most common adverse events were injection site reactions, diarrhea, fatigue, hypomagnesemia, and stomatitis. One patient achieved a confirmed partial response; 12 had stable disease, including five with stable disease ≥4.0 months. IMO-2055 combined with FOLFIRI/cetuximab was well tolerated at all dose levels tested. IMO-2055 0.48 mg/kg was considered as the recommended phase 2 dose.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 01/2015; 75(4). DOI:10.1007/s00280-015-2682-2 · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Retrospective studies indicate associations between TSER (thymidylate synthase enhancer region) genotypes and clinical outcomes in patients receiving 5-FU based chemotherapy, but well-controlled prospective validation has been lacking. Methods In this phase II study (NCT00515216 registered through ClinicalTrials.gov, http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00515216), patients with “good risk” TSER genotypes (at least one TSER*2 allele) were treated with FOLFOX chemotherapy to determine whether prospective patient selection can improve overall response rates (ORR) in patients with gastric and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancers, compared with historical outcomes in unselected patients (estimated 43%). Results The ORR in genotype-selected patients was 39.1% (9 partial responses out of 23 evaluable patients, 95% CI, 22.2 to 59.2), not achieving the primary objective of improving ORR. An encouraging disease control rate (DCR, consisting of partial responses and stable diseases) of 95.7% was noted and patients with homozygous TSER*2 genotype showed better tumor response. Conclusions In this first prospective, multi-institutional study in patients with gastric or GEJ cancers, selecting patients with at least one TSER*2 allele did not improve the ORR but led to an encouraging DCR. Further studies are needed to investigate the utility of selecting patients homozygous for the TSER*2 allele and additional genomic markers in improving clinical outcomes for patients with gastric and GEJ cancers. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00515216
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107424. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107424 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose:OSI-906 is a potent inhibitor of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and insulin receptor (IR). The purpose of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and preliminary activity of OSI-906 in patients with advanced solid tumors. Patients and Methods:This was a nonrandomized, open-label, phase I, dose-escalation study in patients with advanced solid tumors. The study also included a diabetic expansion cohort and a biomarker expansion cohort of patients with colorectal cancer. Patients were treated with OSI-906 by once- or twice-daily continuous dosing schedules. Results:Of 95 patients enrolled in the study, 86 received at least one dose of OSI-906. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) included QTc prolongation, grade 2 abdominal pain and nausea, hyperglycemia and elevation of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase (all grade 3). The MTDs were established to be 400 mg once daily and 150 mg twice daily. The recommended phase II dose was determined as 150 mg twice daily. OSI-906 was rapidly absorbed with a half-life of 5 hours and steady-state plasma concentrations were achieved by day 8. Pharmacodynamic effects on IGF-1R and IR phosphorylation were observed and correlated with plasma concentrations of OSI-906. Thirty-one patients had stable disease as their best response. One patient with melanoma had a radiographic partial response and underwent resection, during which only melanocytic debris but no viable tumor tissue was identified. Conclusions:At the established MTD, OSI-906 was well tolerated and antitumor activity was observed. These results support further evaluation of OSI-906 in solid tumors.
    Clinical Cancer Research 09/2014; 21(4). DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-0303 · 8.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The NCCN Guidelines for Colon Cancer address diagnosis, pathologic staging, surgical management, perioperative treatment, posttreatment surveillance, management of recurrent and metastatic disease,and survivorship. This portion of the guidelines focuses on the use of systemic therapy in metastatic disease. The management of metastatic colorectal cancer involves a continuum of care in which patients are exposed sequentially to a variety of active agents, either in combinations or as single agents. Choice of therapy is based on the goals of treatment, the type and timing of prior therapy, the different efficacy and toxicity profiles of the drugs, the mutational status of the tumor, and patient preference.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 07/2014; 12(7):1028-59. · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • Annals of Oncology 06/2014; 25(suppl 2):ii5. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdu164.2 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background KRAS and BRAF(V600E) mutations are important predictive and prognostic markers, respectively, in colon cancer, but little is known about patient and clinical factors associated with them. Methods Two thousand three hundred twenty-six of 3397 patients in the N0147 phase III adjuvant trial for stage III colon cancer completed a patient questionnaire. Primary tumors were assessed for KRAS and BRAF(V600E) mutations and defective mismatch repair (dMMR) status. Logistic regression models and categorical data analysis were used to identify associations of patient and tumor characteristics with mutation status. All statistical tests were two-sided. Results KRAS (35%) and BRAF(V600E) (14%) mutations were nearly mutually exclusive. KRAS mutations were more likely to be present in patients without a family history of colon cancer and never smokers. Tumors with KRAS mutations were less likely to have dMMR (odds ratio [OR] = 0.21; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.15 to 0.31; P < .001) and high-grade histology (OR = 0.73; 95% CI = 0.59 to 0.92; P < .001) but were more often right-sided. Among KRA-Smutated tumors, those with a Gly13Asp mutation tended to have dMMR and high-grade histology. Tumors with BRAF(V600E) mutations were more likely to be seen in patients who were aged 70 years or older (OR = 3.33; 95% CI = 2.50 to 4.42; P < .001) and current or former smokers (OR = 1.64; 95% CI = 1.26 to 2.14; P < .001) but less likely in non-whites and men. Tumors with BRAF(V600E) mutations were more likely to be right-sided and to have four or more positive lymph nodes, high-grade histology, and dMMR. Conclusions Specific patient and tumor characteristics are associated with KRAS and BRAF(V600E) mutations.
    JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 06/2014; 106(7):dju106-dju106. DOI:10.1093/jnci/dju106 · 15.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This trial was designed to assess efficacy and safety of erlotinib with sorafenib in the treatment of patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. An exploratory correlative study analyzing pretreatment serum samples using a multivariate protein mass spectrometry-based test (VeriStrat®), previously shown to correlate with outcomes in lung cancer patients treated with erlotinib, was performed. Patients received sorafenib 400 mg daily along with erlotinib 150 mg daily with a primary endpoint of 8-week progression free survival (PFS) rate. Pretreatment serum sample analysis by VeriStrat was done blinded to clinical and outcome data; the endpoints were PFS and overall survival (OS). Difference between groups (by VeriStrat classification) was assessed using log-rank P values; hazard ratios (HR) were obtained from Cox proportional hazards model. Thirty-six patients received study drug and were included in the survival analysis. Eight-week PFS rate of 46% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.32-0.67) did not meet the primary endpoint of a rate ≥70%. Thirty-two patients were included in the correlative analysis, and VeriStrat "Good" patients had superior PFS (HR = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.06-0.57; P = 0.001) and OS (HR = 0.31 95% CI: 0.13-0.77, P = 0.008) compared to VeriStrat "Poor" patients. Grade 3 toxicities of this regimen included fever, anemia, diarrhea, dehydration, rash, and altered liver function. This study did not meet the primary endpoint, and this combination will not be further pursued. In this small retrospective analysis, the proteomic classification was significantly associated with clinical outcomes and is being further evaluated in ongoing studies.
    Cancer Medicine 06/2014; 3(3). DOI:10.1002/cam4.208
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Previously, this study showed significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) in pmab + FOLFIRI vs FOLFIRI (HR=0.73; 95% CI: 0.59-0.90; p=0.004) and a trend toward improved overall survival (OS; HR=0.85; 95% CI: 0.70-1.04; P=0.12; Peeters et al. JCO 2010). Recently, analysis from 1st-line mCRC PRIME study showed that mutations in RAS genes (KRAS/NRAS exons 2/3/4) predicted a lack of response to pmab (Douillard et al. NEJM 2013). Methods: The primary objective was to assess the tx effect of pmab + FOLFIRI vs FOLFIRI on OS and PFS based on RAS mutation status in the primary analysis population. Bidirectional Sanger sequencing was used to detect mutations in KRAS exons 3, 4 and NRAS exons 2, 3, 4 in patients (pts) with known WT KRAS exon 2 mCRC. Results: In this prospective retrospective analysis, overall RAS ascertainment rate was 85% (n=1008/1186). 18% of the WT KRAS exon 2 pts harbored additional RAS mutations (n=107/597). Efficacy is shown (Table). Tx HR for pts with WT RAS was 0.803 (95% CI: 0.629-1.024; P=0.077) for OS and 0.695 (95% CI: 0.536-0.903; P=0.006) for PFS. Conclusions: Improvements were observed in the tx effect of pmab + FOLFIRI vs FOLFIRI on OS and PFS in the WT RAS group vs the WT KRAS exon 2 group. Pts with MT RAS mCRC are unlikely to benefit by the addition of pmab to FOLFIRI, similar to pts with MT KRAS exon 2 mCRC in this study. These findings are consistent with previously reported outcomes by RAS status and support RAS testing to determine potentially appropriate pts for pmab tx. Clinical trial information: NCT00339183. Pmab + FOLFIRI (N = 303) FOLFIRI (N = 294) HR (95% CI) Descriptive p value WT RAS,a n 204 211 Median OS - mos 95% CI 16.2 14.5, 19.7 13.9 11.9, 16.1 0.803 0.629, 1.024 0.077 Median PFS - mos 95% CI 6.4 5.5, 7.4 4.4 3.7, 5.5 0.695 0.536, 0.903 0.006 MT RAS,b n 299 294 Median OS - mos 95% CI 11.8 10.4, 13.1 11.1 10.2, 12.4 0.914 0.759, 1.101 0.345 Median PFS - mos 95% CI 4.8 3.7, 5.5 4.0 3.6, 5.5 0.861 0.705, 1.053 0.144 WT KRAS exon 2 MT RAS,c n 61 46
    2014 Gastrointestinal Cancer Symposium, San Francisco; 01/2014
  • Emily Chan · Jordan Berlin
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2014; 32(6). DOI:10.1200/JCO.2013.53.5617 · 18.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study 20050181 demonstrated significant improvements in progression-free survival (PFS), objective response, and a nonsignificant trend toward increased overall survival (OS) with panitumumab-FOLFIRI versus FOLFIRI alone for second-line wild-type (WT) KRAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Updated long-term data from a prespecified descriptive analysis are reported. Patients receiving one prior mCRC treatment were randomly assigned (1:1) to panitumumab (6.0 mg/kg)-FOLFIRI versus FOLFIRI every 2 weeks. Co-primary end points (PFS and OS) were prospectively analyzed by tumor KRAS status. One thousand one hundred and eighty-six patients were randomly assigned. In patients with WT KRAS tumors, panitumumab-FOLFIRI significantly improved PFS versus FOLFIRI [median 6.7 versus 4.9 months; hazard ratio (HR) 0.82 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.69, 0.97]; P = 0.023]. A trend toward longer OS was observed (median 14.5 versus 12.5 months; HR 0.92 [95% CI 0.78, 1.10]; P = 0.37). Response rates improved from 10% to 36% (P < 0.0001). From post hoc analyses in patients receiving prior oxaliplatin-bevacizumab, panitumumab-FOLFIRI improved PFS (median 6.4 versus 3.7 months; HR 0.58 [95% CI 0.37, 0.90]; P = 0.014). PFS and OS appeared longer for worst-grade skin toxicity of 2-4, versus 0-1 or FOLFIRI. Safety results were as previously reported and consistent with the known toxicities with anti-epidermal growth factor receptor therapy. These data confirm the primary efficacy and safety findings of this trial and support panitumumab-FOLFIRI as a second-line treatment of WT KRAS mCRC.
    Annals of Oncology 01/2014; 25(1):107-16. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdt523 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Two arms with irinotecan, 5-fluorouracil, and leucovorin (FOLFIRI), with or without cetuximab, were initially included in the randomized phase III intergroup clinical trial NCCTG N0147. When other contemporary trials demonstrated no benefit to using irinotecan as adjuvant therapy, the FOLFIRI-containing arms were discontinued. We report the clinical outcomes for patients randomized to FOLFIRI with or without cetuximab. Patients and Methods Following resection, patients were randomized to 12 biweekly cycles of FOLFIRI, with or without cetuximab. KRAS mutation status was retrospectively determined in a central lab. The primary endpoint was disease free survival (DFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival and toxicity. Results 106 patients received FOLFIRI and 40 FOLFIRI plus cetuximab. Median follow-up was 5.95 years (range 0.1-7.0). The addition of cetuximab showed trends toward improved DFS (HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.26-1.1; p=0.09) and OS (HR 0.45, 95% CI 0.17-1.16; p=0.10) in the overall group, regardless of KRAS status, and in patients with wild type KRAS. Grade ≥ 3 non-hematologic adverse effects were significantly increased in the cetuximab versus FOLFIRI-alone arm (68% vs. 46%, p = 0.02). Adjuvant FOLFIRI resulted in a 3-year DFS lower than that expected for FOLFOX. Conclusion In this small randomized subset of patients with resected stage III colon cancer, the addition of cetuximab to FOLFIRI was associated with non-significant trends toward improved DFS and OS. Nevertheless, given the limitations of this analysis, FOLFOX without the addition of a biologic agent remains the standard of care for adjuvant therapy in resected stage III colon cancer.
    Clinical Colorectal Cancer 11/2013; 13(2). DOI:10.1016/j.clcc.2013.12.002 · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: N (1),N (11)-diethylnorspermine (DENSPM), a synthetic analog of the naturally occurring polyamine spermine, can induce polyamine depletion and inhibit tumor cell growth. The objectives of this phase I study were to assess the safety, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, and preliminary antitumor activity of DENSPM in advanced HCC. Patients with measurable advanced HCC, Child-Pugh A or B cirrhosis, CLIP score ≤3, and Karnofsky score ≥60 % were eligible. DENSPM was given as a short intravenous infusion on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, and 12 of each 28-day cycle. The starting dose of 30 mg/m(2) was escalated at a fixed increment of 15 mg/m(2) until the MTD was identified. The plasma pharmacokinetics of DENSPM for the first and last doses given in cycle 1 was characterized. Thirty-eight patients (male 79 %; median age 61 years; Child-Pugh A 84 %; ≥1 prior systemic therapy 45 %) were enrolled and treated. The most common adverse events (AEs) ≥grade 1 were fatigue (53 %), nausea (34 %), diarrhea (32 %), vomiting (32 %), anemia (29 %), and elevated AST (29 %). The most common grade 3-4 AEs were fatigue/asthenia (13 %), elevated AST (13 %), hyperbilirubinemia (11 %), renal failure (8 %), and hyperglycemia (8 %). The MTD was 75 mg/m(2). There were no objective responses, although 7/38 (18 %) patients achieved stable disease for ≥16 weeks. The overall mean (±SD) total body clearance for the initial dose, 66.3 ± 35.9 L/h/m(2) (n = 16), was comparable to the clearance in patients with normal to near normal hepatic function. Drug levels in plasma decayed rapidly immediately after the infusion but remained above 10 nM for several days after dosing at the MTD. N (1),N (11)-diethylnorspermine treatment at the MTD of 75 mg/m(2), given intravenously every other weekday for two consecutive weeks of each 28-day cycle, was relatively well tolerated in patients with advanced HCC including those with mild-to-moderate liver dysfunction. This administration schedule provided prolonged systemic exposure to potentially effective concentrations of the drug. Stable disease was seen in 18 % of patients receiving DENSPM treatment. Further evaluation of DENSPM monotherapy for advanced HCC does not appear to be justified because of insufficient evidence of clinical benefit in the patients evaluated in this study.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 10/2013; 72(6). DOI:10.1007/s00280-013-2293-8 · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate pharmacokinetics (PK) of encapsulated CPT-11, released CPT-11 and the active metabolite SN-38 following administration of IHL-305 and to identify factors that may influence IHL-305 PK. Plasma samples from 39 patients with solid tumors were collected in a phase I study. IHL-305 was administered as a 1 h IV infusion with doses ranging from 3.5 to 210 mg/m(2). Plasma concentrations of encapsulated CPT-11, released CPT-11 and SN-38 were used to develop a population PK model using NONMEM®. PK of encapsulated CPT-11 was described by 1-compartment model with nonlinear clearance and PK of released CPT-11 was described by a 1-compartment model with linear clearance for all patients. PK of the active metabolite SN-38 was described by a 2-compartment model with linear clearance for all patients. Covariate analysis revealed that gender was a significant covariate for volume of distribution of encapsulated CPT-11. Vencap in male patients is 1.5-fold higher compared with female patients. The developed population PK modeling approach is useful to predict PK exposures of encapsulated and released drug and can be applied to the more than 300 other nanoparticle formulations of anticancer agents that are currently in development. The effect of gender on PK of IHL-305 needs to be further evaluated.
    European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 08/2013; 69(12). DOI:10.1007/s00228-013-1580-y · 2.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology for Colon Cancer begin with the clinical presentation of the patient to the primary care physician or gastroenterologist and address diagnosis, pathologic staging, surgical management, perioperative treatment, patient surveillance, management of recurrent and metastatic disease, and survivorship. The NCCN Colon Cancer Panel meets annually to review comments from reviewers within their institutions and to reevaluate and update their recommendations. In addition, the panel has interim conferences as new data necessitate. These NCCN Guidelines Insights summarize the NCCN Colon Cancer Panel's discussions regarding the treatment of localized disease for the 2013 update of the guidelines.
    Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 05/2013; 11(5):519-528. · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: This article reviews important complications of targeted drug therapies for solid malignancies that can be identified on diagnostic imaging. Wherever possible, known or proposed mechanistic explanations for drug complications are emphasized. CONCLUSION: Familiarity with the toxicity profiles of different targeted cancer therapies is important for identifying drug-related complications and for differentiating drug effects from disease progression. A mechanistic understanding may be useful for associating individual drugs with their complications and for predicting the complications of emerging agents.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 03/2013; 200(3):475-83. DOI:10.2214/AJR.12.9049 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background We evaluated AGS-1C4D4, a fully human monoclonal antibody to prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), with gemcitabine in a randomized, phase II study of metastatic pancreatic cancer.Patients and methodsPatients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0/1 and previously untreated, metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma were randomly assigned 1:2 to gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2 weekly seven times, 1 week rest, weekly three times q4weeks) or gemcitabine plus AGS-1C4D4 (48 mg/kg loading dose, then 24 mg/kg q3weeks IV). The primary end point was 6-month survival rate (SR). Archived tumor samples were collected for pre-planned analyses by PSCA expression.ResultsBetween April 2009 and May 2010, 196 patients were randomly assigned to gemcitabine (n = 63) or gemcitabine plus AGS-1C4D4 (n = 133). The 6-month SR was 44.4% (95% CI, 31.9-57.5) in the gemcitabine arm and 60.9% (95% CI, 52.1-69.2) in the gemcitabine plus AGS-1C4D4 arm (P = 0.03), while the median survival was 5.5 versus 7.6 months and the response rate was 13.1% versus 21.6% in the two arms, respectively. The 6-month SR was 57.1% in the gemcitabine arm versus 79.5% in the gemcitabine plus AGS-1C4D4 arm among the PSCA-positive subgroup and 31.6% versus 46.2% among the PSCA-negative subgroup.Conclusions This randomized, phase II study achieved its primary end point, demonstrating an improved 6-month SR with addition of AGS-1C4D4 to gemcitabine among patients with previously untreated, metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00902291.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2013; 24(7). DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdt066 · 6.58 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

997 Citations
360.99 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2015
    • Vanderbilt University
      • • Department of Medicine
      • • Division of Hematology and Oncology
      Нашвилл, Michigan, United States
    • Gateway-Vanderbilt Cancer Treatment Center
      Clarksville, Tennessee, United States