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Publications (3)7.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Personal monitoring of exposure to tetrachloroethylene (TETRA) with carbon felt dosimeters and analyses of urine for total trichloro-compounds (TTC) were carried out in two groups of workers (36 males and 25 females), one group (20 males and 19 females) in dry-cleaning workshops and the other (16 males and 6 females) engaged in the removal of glue from silk cloth. Comparison of the urinary TTC levels with TETRA in the environment revealed that, while the metabolite levels increased essentially linear to TETRA concentrations up to 100 ppm, leveling off was apparent in the metabolite excretion when the exposure to TETRA was more intense (e.g. more than 100 ppm), indicating that the capacity of humans to metabolize TETRA is rather limited, as previously discussed. From the set of the data thus obtained, screening levels of 30 and 61 mg TTC (as TCA)/l urine as the lower 95% confidence limits for a group mean were calculated for the biological monitoring, by means of urinalysis, of exposure to TETRA at 50 and 100 ppm (TWA), respectively. A tentative calculation with additional exhaled-air analyses indicated that, at the end of an 8-h shift with exposure to TETRA at 50 ppm (TWA), 38% of the TETRA absorbed through the lungs would be exhaled unchanged and less than 2% would be metabolized to be excreted into the urine, while the rest would remain in the body to be eliminated later.
    International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 11/1983; 51(4):381-390. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Head space gas chromatography (GC) was applied to measure methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) in urine from 62 MEK-exposed male workers, whose individual intensity of exposure to MEK was monitored utilizing the carbon felt dosimeter. The urinary MEK level increased rapidly to reach a plateau in the first quarter of the daily 8-h work, while very little MEK was detected in the preshift urine. When the MEK levels in the urine at the end of the shift were compared with the afternoon MEK-TWA values, the uncorrected MEK in urine correlated best with MEK in air (r=0.774, n=62), while correction for creatinine gave a comparable result and the correlation was poorer when corrected for a specific gravity of urine or for the lapse of time after preceding passage of urine. Balance of MEK absorption via inhalation and MEK excretion into urine revealed that only 0.1% of MEK absorbed will be excreted unchanged into urine. Wider application of head space GC is discussed for the analysis of unmetabolized solvents in urine.
    International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 05/1982; 50(2):131-137. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lymphocytes from 10 factory workers, who had been exposed to tetrachloroethylene for 3 months to 18 years, were examined for possible chromosome aberration, increased sister chromatid exchanges, and modified cell-cycle kinetics. The exposure intensity was such that the workroom air analyses disclosed 92 ppm as a geometric mean in the workshops for Group 1 (6 workers from degreasing workshops), but was in the range of 10 to 40 ppm for Group 2 (4 workers from a support department). Urinalyses for total trichloro-compounds showed 50.7 and 19.0 mg (as trichloroacetic acid)/l as a geometric mean in Group 1 and 2, respectively. Cytogenetic and cytokinetic studies did not reveal any significant dose-related changes in chromosome aberrations (either numerical or structural), SCEs rate, the proportion of M2 + M3 metaphases or mitotic index, compared with concurrent controls. Mitomycin C treatment also failed to induce any difference between exposed workers and controls.
    Toxicology Letters 04/1980; · 3.36 Impact Factor