Publications (1)0 Total impact
ABSTRACT: The embryogenic callus was induced from shoot apex tissues of Oncidium ‘Gower Ramsey’, and the derived callus cultures maintained more than 5 years were viable in growth and exhibited high regeneration capability. Combination levels of exogenous 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and thidiazuron (TDZ) could stepwise change granular and yellow callus into more friable or compact morphotypes. In the 16-h photoperiod culture, the influences of various carbohydrate sources including sucrose, maltose and trehalose were assessed on formation and development of protocorm-like body (PLB) from the embryogenic callus. Histological observations showed a unicellular origin for these PLBs. The growth of plantlets regenerated on half-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with maltose or trehalose was significantly better than those regenerated on sucrose. Approximately, 6000 PLBs could be generated in 2 months from an initial culture of 1 g callus fresh weight, and then more than half of the PLBs developed into plants in 4 months after two subcultures on the medium supplemented with 20 g/l trehalose.