Nora Brambilla

Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Thuringia, Germany

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Publications (131)252.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This work is on the Physics of the B Factories. Part A of this book contains a brief description of the SLAC and KEK B Factories as well as their detectors, BaBar and Belle, and data taking related issues. Part B discusses tools and methods used by the experiments in order to obtain results. The results themselves can be found in Part C.
    European Physical Journal C 11/2014; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The complete expression of the heavy quark-antiquark potential up to order $1/m^2$ is known from QCD in terms of Wilson loop expectation values. We use that expression and a mapping, assumed to be valid at large distances, between Wilson loop expectation values and correlators evaluated in the effective string theory, to compute the potential. We obtain previously unknown results for the spin and momentum-independent parts of the potential. They may be interpreted as relativistic corrections to the string tension, $\sigma$, effectively reducing it by an amount $9\,\zeta_3/(2\pi^3) \times (\sigma/m)^2$ in the equal mass case. We confirm known results for the other parts of the potential. Finally, we compute the discrete spectrum of a heavy quark-antiquark pair whose interaction is just given by the potential prescribed by the effective string theory.
    07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We highlight the progress, current status, and open challenges of QCD-driven physics, in theory and in experiment. We discuss how the strong interaction is intimately connected to a broad sweep of physical problems, in settings ranging from astrophysics and cosmology to strongly-coupled, complex systems in particle and condensed-matter physics, as well as to searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. We also discuss how success in describing the strong interaction impacts other fields, and, in turn, how such subjects can impact studies of the strong interaction. In the course of the work we offer a perspective on the many research streams which flow into and out of QCD, as well as a vision for future developments.
    04/2014;
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    Matthias Berwein, Nora Brambilla, Antonio Vairo
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    ABSTRACT: We give a short overview of the renormalization properties of rectangular Wilson loops, the Polyakov loop correlator and the cyclic Wilson loop. We then discuss how to renormalize loops with more than one intersection, using the simplest non-trivial case as an illustrative example. Our findings expand on previous treatments. The generalized exponentiation theorem is applied to the Polyakov loop correlator and used to renormalize linear divergences in the cyclic Wilson loop.
    Physics of Particles and Nuclei 12/2013; 45(4). · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy Majorana neutrinos enter in many scenarios of physics beyond the Standard Model: in the original seesaw mechanism they provide a natural explanation for the small masses of the Standard Model neutrinos and in the simplest leptogenesis framework they are at the origin of the baryonic matter of the universe. In this paper, we develop an effective field theory for non-relativistic Majorana particles, which is analogous to the heavy-quark effective theory. Then, we apply it to the case of a heavy Majorana neutrino decaying in a hot and dense plasma of Standard Model particles, whose temperature is much smaller than the mass of the Majorana neutrino but still much larger than the electroweak scale. The thermal corrections to the width computed in the effective field theory agree with recent results obtained using different methods, whereas the derivation appears to be simpler. The effective field theory presented here is suitable to be used for a variety of different models involving non-relativistic Majorana fermions.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 07/2013; 2013(12). · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    Nora Brambilla, Felix Karbstein, Antonio Vairo
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    ABSTRACT: We study the symmetries of the three-heavy-quark system under exchange of the quark fields within the effective field theory framework of potential nonrelativistic QCD. The symmetries constrain the form of the matching coefficients in the effective theory. We then focus on the color-singlet sector and determine the so far unknown leading ultrasoft contribution to the static potential, which is of order αs4ln⁡μ, and consequently to the static energy, which is of order αs4ln⁡αs. Finally, in the case of an equilateral geometry, we solve the renormalization group equations and resum the leading ultrasoft logarithms for the static potential of three quarks in a color singlet, octet and decuplet representation.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 04/2013; 87(7).
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    ABSTRACT: In a weak-coupling effective field theory framework we study quarkonium dissociation induced by inelastic scattering with partons in the medium. This is the dominant dissociation process for temperatures such that the Debye mass is larger than the binding energy. We evaluate the dissociation cross section and the corresponding thermal decay width. At leading order we derive a convolution formula relating the two, which is consistent with the optical theorem and QCD at finite temperature. Bound state effects are systematically included. They add contributions to the cross section and width that are beyond a quasi-free approximation, whose validity is critically reviewed. For temperatures such that the Debye mass is smaller than the binding energy, the dominant dissociation mechanism is gluo-dissociation consisting in quarkonium dissociation induced by the absorbtion of a gluon from the medium. We calculate the gluo-dissociation cross section and width at next-to-leading-order accuracy.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 03/2013; 2013(5). · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In finite-temperature field theory, the cyclic Wilson loop is defined as a rectangular Wilson loop spanning the whole compactified time direction. In a generic non-abelian gauge theory, we calculate the perturbative expansion of the cyclic Wilson loop up to order g^4. At this order and after charge renormalization, the cyclic Wilson loop is known to be ultraviolet divergent. We show that the divergence is not associated with cusps in the contour but is instead due to the contour intersecting itself because of the periodic boundary conditions. One consequence of this is that the cyclic Wilson loop mixes under renormalization with the correlator of two Polyakov loops. The resulting renormalization equation is tested up to order g^6 and used to resum the leading logarithms associated with the intersection divergence. Implications for lattice studies of this operator, which may be relevant for the phenomenology of quarkonium at finite temperature, are discussed.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 12/2012; 2013(3). · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the framework of Soft-Collinear Effective Theory, the jet quenching parameter, $\hat{q}$, has been evaluated by adding the effect of Glauber gluon interactions to the propagation of a highly-energetic collinear parton in a medium. The result, which holds in covariant gauges, has been expressed in terms of the expectation value of two Wilson lines stretching along the direction of the four-momentum of the parton. In this paper, we show how that expression can be generalized to an arbitrary gauge by the addition of transverse Wilson lines. The transverse Wilson lines are explicitly computed by resumming interactions of the parton with Glauber gluons that appear only in non-covariant gauges. As an application of our result, we discuss the contribution to $\hat{q}$ coming from transverse momenta of order $g^2T$ in a medium that is a weakly-coupled quark-gluon plasma.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 08/2012; 2013(2). · 5.62 Impact Factor
  • Physical Review Letters 06/2012; 108(26). · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compare lattice data for the short-distance part of the static energy in 2+1 flavor quantum chromodynamics (QCD) with perturbative calculations, up to next-to-next-to-next-to leading-logarithmic accuracy. We show that perturbation theory describes very well the lattice data at short distances, and exploit this fact to obtain a determination of the product of the lattice scale r_0 with the QCD scale Lambda_{MS}. With the input of the value of r_0, this provides a determination of the strong coupling alpha_s at the typical distance scale of the lattice data. We obtain alpha_s(1.5 GeV)=0.326\pm0.019, which provides a novel determination of alpha_s at low energy and with three-loop accuracy (including resummation of the leading ultrasoft logarithms). When this value is evolved to the Z-mass scale M_Z, it corresponds to alpha_s(M_Z)=0.1156^{+0.0021}_{-0.0022}.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 05/2012; 86(11).
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    ABSTRACT: The paper contains a systematic, model-independent treatment of electric dipole (E1) transitions in heavy quarkonium. Within the effective field theory framework of potential non-relativistic QCD (pNRQCD), we derive the complete set of relativistic corrections of relative order v^2 both for weakly and strongly-coupled quarkonia. The result supports and complements former results from potential model calculations.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 03/2012; 85(9).
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    ABSTRACT: These are the proceedings of the "Workshop on Precision Measurements of alphas" held at the Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich, February 9-11, 2011. The workshop explored in depth the determination of alphas(mZ) in the MS-bar scheme from the key categories where high precision measurements are currently being made, including DIS and global PDF fits, tau-decays, electroweak precision observables and Z-decays, event-shapes, and lattice QCD. These proceedings contain a short summary contribution from the speakers, as well as the lists of authors, conveners, participants, and talks.
    09/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: The thermal width of heavy-quarkonium bound states in a quark-gluon plasma has been recently derived in an effective field theory approach. Two phenomena contribute to the width: the Landau damping phenomenon and the break-up of a colour-singlet bound state into a colour-octet heavy quark-antiquark pair by absorption of a thermal gluon. In the paper, we investigate the relation between the singlet-to-octet thermal break-up and the so-called gluo-dissociation, a mechanism for quarkonium dissociation widely used in phenomenological approaches. The gluo-dissociation thermal width is obtained by convoluting the gluon thermal distribution with the cross section of a gluon and a 1S quarkonium state to a colour octet quark-antiquark state in vacuum, a cross section that at leading order, but neglecting colour-octet effects, was computed long ago by Bhanot and Peskin. We will, first, show that the effective field theory framework provides a natural derivation of the gluo-dissociation factorization formula at leading order, which is, indeed, the singlet-to-octet thermal break-up expression. Second, the singlet-to-octet thermal break-up expression will allow us to improve the Bhanot--Peskin cross section by including the contribution of the octet potential, which amounts to include final-state interactions between the heavy quark and antiquark. Finally, we will quantify the effects due to final-state interactions on the gluo-dissociation cross section and on the quarkonium thermal width.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 09/2011; · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy quarkonium at finite temperature has been the subject of intense theoretical studies, for it provides a potentially clean probe of the quark-gluon plasma. Recent studies have made use of effective field theories to exploit in a systematic manner the hierarchy of energy scales that characterize the system. In the case of a quarkonium in a medium whose temperature is smaller than the typical momentum transfer in the bound state but larger than its energy, the suitable effective field theory is pNRQCDHTL, where degrees of freedom with energy or momentum larger than the binding energy have been integrated out. Thermal effects are expected to break Poincaré invariance, which, at zero temperature, manifests itself in a set of exact relations between the matching coefficients of the effective field theory. In the paper, we evaluate the leading-order thermal corrections to the spin-orbit potentials of pNRQCDHTL and show that Poincaré invariance is indeed violated. KeywordsHeavy Quark Physics–Thermal Field Theory–QCD
    Journal of High Energy Physics 07/2011; 2011(7):1-18. · 5.62 Impact Factor
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    Nora Brambilla
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    ABSTRACT: I review some recent progress, open puzzles and future opportunities in heavy quarkonium physics in the framework of effective field theories
    06/2011;
  • Nora Brambilla, Pablo Roig, Antonio Vairo
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    ABSTRACT: We present an effective field theory based extraction of the ɛc mass and width from a recent measurement by CLEO of the photon line shape in the J/ψ-->ɛcγ decay.
    05/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: We compute the complete imaginary part of the NRQCD Lagrangian at order 1/M^4 in the heavy-quark mass expansion, which includes center of mass operators, and at order alpha_s^2 in the matching coefficients. We also compute the imaginary part of the NRQCD Lagrangian at order 1/M^6 and at order alpha_s^2 that contributes to the S-wave and P-wave inclusive decay widths of heavy quarkonium into light hadrons at order v^7 in the heavy-quark velocity expansion. If we count alpha_s(M) ~ v^2, the calculation provides the complete next-to-leading order corrections to the P-wave hadronic widths, and in the original NRQCD power counting, the complete next-to-leading order corrections to the vector S-wave widths, and part of the next-to-next-to leading order corrections to the pseudoscalar S-wave widths. In the S-wave case, we confirm previous findings and add new terms in a more conservative power counting. In the P-wave case, our results are in disagreement with previous ones. Constraints induced by Poincare' invariance on the NRQCD four-fermion sector are studied for the first time and provide an additional check of the calculation. Perspectives for phenomenological applications are discussed.
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 04/2011; 83(7).
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    ABSTRACT: These are the proceedings of the workshop on "Strong interactions: From methods to structures" held at the Physikzentrum Bad Honnef of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Bad Honnef, Germany from February 12 to 16, 2011. The workshop concentrated on physics of cold atoms, chiral perturbation theory for mesons and baryons, chiral dynamics in few-baryon systems and effective field theories for systems with heavy quarks. Included are a short contribution per talk.
    04/2011;
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    Nora Brambilla
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    ABSTRACT: I review some recent developments in the theory of heavy quarkonium in an effective field theory framework.
    01/2011;

Publication Stats

2k Citations
252.52 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena
      Jena, Thuringia, Germany
  • 2009–2013
    • University of Technology Munich
      • Faculty of Physics
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1990–2011
    • University of Milan
      • Department of Physics
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 2010
    • Università degli Studi di Genova
      • Department of Physics
      Genova, Liguria, Italy
  • 1997–2000
    • Universität Heidelberg
      • Institute of Theoretical Physics
      Heidelburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Heidelberg University
      Tiffin, Ohio, United States
    • Hampton University
      Hampton, Virginia, United States
  • 1995–2000
    • CERN
      Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1998–1999
    • University of Vienna
      Wien, Vienna, Austria
    • Instituto Técnico y Cultural
      Santa Clara de Portugal, Michoacán, Mexico
    • University of Southampton
      Southampton, England, United Kingdom
  • 1996
    • University of Bologna
      Bolonia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • 1992–1996
    • INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
      Frascati, Latium, Italy