ABSTRACT: PurposeWe evaluated the results of the 2-wall and 3-wall orbital decompression in patients with Graves’ disease.Patients and MethodsIn this study, we present a consecutive series of 12 patients (18 orbits) who were submitted to orbital decompression by endoscopic transnasal medial wall combined with transantral inferior wall approach and 7 patients (8 orbits) who were submitted to orbital decompression by endoscopic transnasal medial wall, transantral inferior wall combined with transcutaneous lateral wall approach. The degree of exophthalmos was evaluated with the Hertel exophthalmometer preoperatively and postoperatively in the 24th hour, and first, third, and ninth months.ResultsAt the end of the third month, the exophthalmos decreased by a mean of 4.38 mm (range, 3 to 7 mm) with the 2-wall decompression and 7.75 mm (range, 5 to 12 mm) with the 3-wall decompression. Visual acuity maintained or improved during the follow-up period. Ocular motility disturbance occurred in 1 patient after 2-wall decompression and in 1 patient after 3-wall orbital decompression. Postoperatively, new-onset diplopia was seen in only 1 patient after 2-wall orbital decompression.ConclusionThe 3-wall (endoscopic transnasal medial wall, transantral inferior wall combined with transcutaneous lateral wall) approach is as safe as the 2-wall approach. Proptosis reduction is much better with the 3-wall orbital decompression.
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.