Dario Maggioni

Azienda Ospedaliera Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milano, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (33)44.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The value of fast-track (FT) multimodal recovery programs in improving hospitalization of surgical patients has been widely proved. The application of FT protocols to laparoscopic colorectal surgery seems to maximize the effects of the minimally invasive approach. The objectives of this randomized-controlled trial are to compare the short-term outcomes (bowel function, return to oral nutrition, day of discharge, fatigue, time to resume normal activities, functional capabilities, and readmission rate) of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic high anterior resection (HAR) following either a FT or a standard program. The prospective randomized-controlled trial included 52 consecutive patients undergoing elective laparoscopic HAR. Group 1 was treated with a FT rehabilitation program, and group 2 was treated with a standard care (SC) program. Patients were interviewed 14 and 30 days postoperatively. One patient in each group was excluded from the study. Mean hospital stay, time of first bowel movement, and bowel function resumption were significantly shorter in the FT group (P<0.05). Patients in the FT group referred more pain in day 0 versus patients in the SC group (P<0.05) even though the difference disappeared from day 1. Fatigue was significantly reduced at day 14 in the FT group compared with the SC group (P<0.01). Similarly, ability to resume the normal preoperative attitude (walking stairs, cooking, housekeeping, shopping, and walking outdoors) was significantly better at day 14 in the FT group (P<0.005). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups at day 30 for the same parameters. There were no readmissions in both the groups and no need for consultations from general practitioners. FT multimodal program is a safe approach effective on postoperative short-term outcome significantly reducing hospital stay. Early postoperative pain control needs to be optimized.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 04/2014; 24(2):118-21. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present paper reports the case of a hyperacute gaseous gangrene diffuse to the whole body.
    Indian Journal of Surgery 01/2013; · 0.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to assess outcomes and 5-year survival after subtotal gastrectomy (SG) for early and advanced distal adenocarcinoma with D2 dissection performed by minimally invasive surgery (MIS). From June 2000 to October 2009 a total of 70 patients with adenocarcinoma of the lower third of the stomach underwent SG with D2 nodal clearance by MIS. This series enrolled 37 patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) and 33 with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). SG was attempted by conventional laparoscopy (CL) in 52 cases and by robot-assisted (RA) technique in 18. Clinical and histopathologic results with 5-year survival were analyzed. No intraoperative complication was registered. Conversion to laparotomy was required in five patients. Overall, the mean operating time for SG was 254 min (range = 145-460) and estimated mean blood loss was 146 ml (range = 45-250). Postoperative complications occurred in seven patients, including two duodenal leakages none of which required laparotomy. There were two postoperative deaths, one caused by hepatic failure and one by hemorrhagic stroke. Preoperative understaging occurred in ten cases (three were AGC). On average, 30 ± 8 lymph nodes were collected. The distance of proximal resection margin was 6.6 cm (range = 4-8.5 cm). Short-term results were equal with those of laparoscopic and RA gastrectomy. The mean hospital stay of all patients was 10 days (range = 7-24). The mean follow-up span was 53 months (range = 3-112). Relapse of disease occurred in 12 patients, 10 of whom died from the disease and their mean survival was 25 months (range = 12-38). The overall 3-year survival was 85% for CL gastrectomy and 78% for RA gastrectomy, but this difference was not significant with the log rank test (p > 0.05). The overall 5-year survival was 81% (97% for EGC and 67% for AGC). D2 subtotal gastrectomy performed by MIS is reproducible and safe. The long-term outcomes and 5-year survival are acceptable. Extended lymphadenectomy was carried out for both EGC and AGC so as to ensure adequate nodal clearance and compensate preoperative underestimation.
    Surgical Endoscopy 04/2010; 24(10):2594-602. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess feasibility and results of laparoscopic approach to repair incisional hernias of the abdominal borders, the weakest points of abdominal wall. Since 2002 through 2008 a total of 39 patients with fascial defects of the abdominal borders underwent laparoscopic repair. The defects were suprapubic (n=18), subxiphoidal (n=15), and lateral sided (n=6). The body mass index was >oe=30 Kg/m2 in 19 patients. The parietal defects was measured both externally and from within the peritoneal cavity and 56% of meshes were fixed only by tacks, especially in suprapubic site. The mean operating time was 161.8+/-25 minutes. There was 1 intraoperative complication, an intestinal injury repaired laparoscopically. Conversion was needed in 1 patient for massive adhesions. Postoperative early surgical complications were 7 (1 seroma). Morbidity in obese and nonobese patients showed no statistically relevant difference (P>0.05). There was no postoperative death. Mean hospital stay was 5.1+/-3 days. The mean follow-up was 37 months and recurrence was observed in 3 cases. The onlay laparoscopic approach for repair of incisional hernias of the abdominal borders can warrant good results. Obesity is not a contraindication to laparoscopic repair. Anyway, further experiences are necessary to confirm these results.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 08/2009; 19(4):348-52. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Surgical Endoscopy 03/2009; 23(6):1415-6. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is still under discussion, but there is evidence that minimal access surgery can be feasible and safe also in this field. The aim of this study was to confirm that laparoscopic resection for rectal cancer can afford good results in terms of recurrence rate and survival. Since June 1998 through December 2007 as many as 252 patients underwent laparoscopic resection for rectal cancer. Laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) was performed in 209 and laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (LAPR) in 43. Neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy (nCRT) was administered in 48 patients with mid-low rectal cancer stage II and III with evidence of nodal involvement in preoperative work up. Patients who received nCRT showed a significant longer duration of surgery compared to patients who did not (p=0.004). Conversion to laparotomy was needed in 24 cases, (21 LAR and three LAPR) but no patient receiving nCRT needed conversion. Postoperative surgical complications occurred in 38 patients, 20 of which were represented by anastomotic leak after LAR. Six patients died postoperatively, in half the cases for surgery related causes. Downstaging after nCRT was seen in 40 patients, and complete histological response was observed in six cases. The mean number of lymph nodes harvested was 12, also in patients receiving nCRT. The mean follow-up was 48+/-33 months (range 0.1-120.4), and 10 patients experienced local recurrence. Cumulative 5 year survival was 73.7%. Laparoscopic resection for rectal cancer is feasible and safe, with morbidity and long-term results quite acceptable also in patients receiving neoadjuvant treatment.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 01/2009; 35(5):497-503. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to evaluate the outcomes of the simultaneous bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy. This was a retrospective study, including 11 patients with bilateral adrenal lesions, affected by Cushing's syndrome (n=2), Cushing's disease (n=6), pheochromocytoma (n=2), and 1 adrenocorticotrophin-hormone-dependent hypercortisolism of unknown origin. Elevan bilateral adrenalectomies were carried out by the laparoscopic approach with no conversions. The operations were performed in 7 cases by the lateral transperitoneal adrenalectomy (LTLA), in 3 by the posterior approach (PRA), and in 1 by the combined approach. The mean size of the masses was 5 cm. (range, 4-13). The average operating time was 245 minutes for LTLA and 218 minutes for PRA (P<0.05). The estimated mean blood loss was 87+/-36 mL (range, 20-150). No patients required transfusions. The mean hospital stay was 5+/-1.8 days (range, 4-7). The mean follow-up was 34 months (range, 2-96). Our study confirms that the bilateral adrenalectomy by the minimally invasive technique is safe and effective, affording acceptable blood loss and morbidity with a short hospital stay.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 09/2008; 18(4):588-92. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze feasibility and outcomes of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA). Pathology, size and bilateral site of lesions were considered. Between December 1998 and May 2007 in our institution a total of 68 patients of mean age of 53 years underwent unilateral (n=57) or bilateral (n=11) LA. Adrenal masses averaged 5.4cm in size (range 1.2-13cm) and 56.7g in weight (range 10-265) including 71 benign and 8 malignant lesions. A total of 79 adrenal glands were resected, 44 right sided and 35 left sided. Removal was complete in 77 cases and partial (sparing adrenalectomy) in 1 patient affected by bilateral pheochomocytoma. Three left adrenalectomies for pheochromocytoma were robot-assisted. The transperitoneal lateral approach was preferred and the posterior retroperitoneal approach was adopted in 5 patients. The mean duration of surgery for each LA was 138+/-90min and 3.8 trocar were used on average (range 3-6). Conversion was needed in 3 cases owing to difficult dissection of large masses. Estimated mean blood loss for each LA was 95+/-30ml and it was greater for bilateral LA. Mortality was nil and morbidity was 5.8%. The average length of hospital stay (LOS) in surgical unit was 4+/-2.4 days (range 2-8). Patients affected by hormone secreting or bilateral lesions, by unilateral or bilateral pheochromocytoma and by bilateral Cushing's disease were transferred to the endocrinological ward so that their overall hospital stay was prolonged to 9+/-2.8 days on average (range 7-17). Mean duration of follow-up of patients was 38 months (range 2-100) and demonstrated acceptable endocrine results. Three primary cortical carcinomas were discovered as chance findings on histologic examination. While long-term results after LA for cortical carcinomas were poor and LA is not recommended in such cases, long-term results after LA for adrenal metastases were encouraging.
    Surgical Oncology 08/2008; 17(1):49-57. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite good results in terms of safety and minimal recurrence ensured by laparoscopy in the management of incisional hernias, the use of minimally invasive techniques for large incisional wall defects is still controversial. Between 2002 and 2008 as many as 36 patients with abdominal wall defects > or = 15 cm were managed laparoscopically in our institution. The wall defects were > or = 20 cm in eight cases. The diameter of parietal defects was measured from within the peritoneal cavity. None had loss of domain. Body mass index (BMI) for 18 patients was > or = 30 kg/m(2). The mean duration of operations was 195 +/- 28 min (range 75-540). One patient needed conversion for ileal injury and massive adhesions. Post-operative complications occurred in nine patients; there were six surgical complications. Morbidity in obese and non-obese patients was not statistically different (p > 0.05). There was no postoperative death. Mean hospital stay was 4.97 +/- 3.4 days (range 2-18). Mean follow up was 28 months (range 2-68) and only one hernia recurrence was observed. Minimum-access procedures can provide good results in the repair of giant incisional hernia. Obesity is not a contraindication to laparoscopic repair. Further studies are expected to confirm our promising results.
    Hernia 08/2008; 12(6):571-6. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the role of minimally invasive techniques in pancreatic surgery remains controversial, resection of the left pancreas for benign or endocrine lesions has been universally adopted as a routine technique over the last few years. This study was undertaken to assess feasibility and safety of minimal access resections of distal pancreas in benign, endocrine, and malignant diseases. Operative time, conversion rate, adequacy of dissection, respect for oncologic principles, morbidity rate, and short-term outcomes were analyzed. From the years 2002 to 2007, 14 patients affected by pancreatic neoplasm of body/tail region were approached by minimally invasive technique. Nine patients were affected by malignant neoplasms and distal splenopancreatectomy was successfully achieved by laparoscopy in 6. Five patients were affected by endocrine neoplasms; distal pancreatectomy with preservation of spleen and splenic vessels was achieved laparoscopically in 3, whereas 2 needed conversion to laparotomy. Four patients developed pancreatic leak after transection by linear cutting stapler plus oversewing, whereas no leak was observed within 30 days from surgery after transection by linear stapler with Seamguard reinforcement of the staple line (P<0.05 with Fisher exact test).
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 07/2008; 18(3):254-9. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The exciting concept of performing surgery in the peritoneal cavity without abdominal incisions by means of flexible endoscopes introduced through natural orifices-natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been widely investigated in recent years in experimental settings. However, experience with this procedure in human beings is still lacking. In this paper, we report the preliminary results of a small consecutive series of transvaginal endoscopic cholecystectomies. A standard double-channel gastroscope introduced into the abdominal cavity through a posterior colpotomy was used to perform the cholecystectomy. The introduction of a 5-mm trocar in the left-upper abdominal quadrant was mandatory to create and monitor the pneumoperitoneum and allow the application of the standard laparoscopic clips. This port was also used to introduce a grasper that assisted in the exposure of the gallbladder. The gallbladder was removed through the vagina and was protected in a plastic bag. Since July 2007, 3 patients were successfully operated on by this approach, including 1 morbidly obese woman with a body mass index (BMI) of 45. The mean operative time was 136 minutes (range, 110-190). No postoperative complications occurred, and the patients did not complain of pain at both access sites. At the 1-month follow-up, none of the patients complained of dyspareunia. The transvaginal cholecystectomy is feasible, safe, and reproducible in women within a wide range of BMI. NOTES might dramatically change the way surgery will be conceived and performed in the future, as it holds the potential to abolish the historic association of surgery with pain and scars.
    Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques 07/2008; 18(3):345-51. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Minimal access surgery for incisional hernia repair is still debated, especially for large and giant wall defects. This study was undertaken to analyze the results of the use of the laparoscopic technique in incisional hernias smaller and larger than 15 cm of diameter. From 2002 to 2007 a total of 100 patients with incisional hernia were operated on by laparoscopy and were included in this study. As much as 38 patients were obese, with a body mass index (BMI) > 30 kg/m(2). The mean follow-up span was 24 months (range = 2-58). The fascial defect was recurrent in 19 patients, in 13 after previous repair with mesh and in 6 after repair without mesh. The wall defect was larger than 15 cm in 25 patients and in 6 of them it was 20 cm or larger as measured from within the peritoneal cavity. The mean operating time was 152 +/- 25 min (range = 45-275), and for defects larger than 15 cm it was 205 +/- 101 min (range = 85-540). Two patients with massive adhesions needed conversion to open surgery, one after an intraoperative injury of an intestinal loop. Postoperative complications occurred in 23 patients; local complications were 10. Pulmonary embolism caused death in one obese patient. Morbidity and hospital stay were similar in obese and nonobese patients and the differences were not statistically relevant (p > 0.05). The outcomes in patients with wall defects larger than 15 cm showed no significant difference with outcomes of the remaining patients with smaller defects (p > 0.05). Recurrence occurred in three cases, and in one case local infection led to removal of the mesh. Minimal access procedures can provide good results in the repair of incisional hernia, even when the diameter is larger than 15 cm. Obesity is not a contraindication to laparoscopic repair. Further studies are expected to confirm these promising results.
    Surgical Endoscopy 06/2008; 22(5):1180. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BackgroundMinimal access surgery for incisional hernia repair is still debated, especially for large and giant wall defects. This study was undertaken to analyze the results of the use of the laparoscopic technique in incisional hernias smaller and larger than 15 cm of diameter. MethodFrom 2002 to 2007 a total of 100 patients with incisional hernia were operated on by laparoscopy and were included in this study. As much as 38 patients were obese, with a body mass index (BMI)>30 kg/m2. The mean follow-up span was 24 months (range=2–58). The fascial defect was recurrent in 19 patients, in 13 after previous repair with mesh and in 6 after repair without mesh. The wall defect was larger than 15 cm in 25 patients and in 6 of them it was 20 cm or larger as measured from within the peritoneal cavity. ResultsThe mean operating time was 152±25 min (range=45–275), and for defects larger than 15 cm it was 205±101 min (range=85–540). Two patients with massive adhesions needed conversion to open surgery, one after an intraoperative injury of an intestinal loop. Postoperative complications occurred in 23 patients; local complications were 10. Pulmonary embolism caused death in one obese patient. Morbidity and hospital stay were similar in obese and nonobese patients and the differences were not statistically relevant (p>0.05). The outcomes in patients with wall defects larger than 15 cm showed no significant difference with outcomes of the remaining patients with smaller defects (p>0.05). Recurrence occurred in three cases, and in one case local infection led to removal of the mesh. ConclusionsMinimal access procedures can provide good results in the repair of incisional hernia, even when the diameter is larger than 15 cm. Obesity is not a contraindication to laparoscopic repair. Further studies are expected to confirm these promising results.
    Surgical Endoscopy 04/2008; 22(5):1173-1179. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer has gained worldwide acceptance, long term results and survival are seldom reported. This study was designed to assess long term outcomes after laparoscopic gastrectomy with D2 dissection. The short term results of conventional and robot-assisted minimally invasive procedures were also examined. The charts of 65 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for non-metastatic adenocarcinoma were reviewed retrospectively. This series included 35 patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) and 30 with advanced gastric cancer (AGC). A 4/5 laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy (LSG) with D2 nodal clearance was the procedure of choice for distal cancers. Laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) with modified D1 lymphadenectomy was performed for mid-proximal EGC. Sixty gastrectomies were carried out laparoscopically, 56 LSG and 4 LTG. Conversion to laparotomy was required in 5 patients with distal cancer. No intraoperative complication was registered. Morbidity included 2 duodenal leaks that healed conservatively. Two postoperative deaths were registered. An average number 31.3+/-8.8 lymph nodes were collected. The mean hospital stay was 10 days (range 7-24). The mean follow up was 30 months (range 2-86) and the cumulative overall 5 year survival rate was 78%. Survival at 5 years for EGC was 94% and survival at 4 years for AGC was 53% (57% for non-converted patients). Laparoscopic gastrectomy for cancer represents a valid alternative to open surgery with minimal morbidity and acceptable long term survival. Considering the risk of preoperative under diagnoses a D2 lymphadenectomy is suggested also for EGC. This study validated the effectiveness of minimally invasive technique in the management of gastric cancer.
    European journal of surgical oncology: the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology 04/2008; 35(3):281-8. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of laparoscopic techniques in pancreatic surgery is still controversial especially regarding to exocrine malignancies. Operative time, conversion rate, adequacy of dissection, and morbidity do represent factors of major concern. Whereas laparoscopic resection of left sided pancreatic lesions requires no anastomosis and therefore has gained worldwide acceptance over the last years, excision of cephalic lesions by mimimal access has little place in surgeons' practice because of its technical complexity and duration of surgery. This study was designed to assess the feasibility and results of laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy for neoplasms of the pancreatic head, analyzing steps of learning curve, conversion rate, and short-term outcomes. From August 2002 to December 2006, 19 patients affected by pancreatic neoplasm of the head were approached by minimally invasive technique. A video-assisted procedure with pancreaticoduodenal resection and anastomoses fashioned through a midline minilaparotomy of 7 cm was achieved in 7 patients. Conversion to laparotomy was required in 6 patients, in 3 for bleeding and in 3 for difficulties in dissection. Cephalic pancreatoduodenectomy was achieved by thorough intracorporeal technique in 6 patients. Mortality was nil. Oncologic principles with adequate lymphadenectomy and resection margins were respected and short-term outcomes and mean survival were quite acceptable and equal to those of conventional surgery.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 03/2008; 18(1):13-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic excision of rectal tumors has gained favor in the last decade and several issues have reported encouraging results: still, the use of laparoscopy remains open to debate. The aim of the current study is to assess the reliability of laparoscopic anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer analyzing short-term outcomes and long-term survival. The charts of 157 patients were reviewed retrospectively after anterior resection for rectal adenocarcinoma performed by minimal access. Patients undergoing emergency surgery were excluded. LAR was excluded in presence of preoperative features at computed tomography (CT) scan suggesting bulky tumors unresectable by laparoscopy or in case of anesthesiologic contraindications. Conversion rate and functional and oncologic outcomes were analyzed. Data on long-term results and survival were evaluated. LAR was performed in 157 patients, and conversion to laparotomy was required in 12 cases. Mean operation time for nonconverted patients was 229 minutes (overall 238 minutes). Total mesorectal excision (TME) was performed in tumors of the mid and low rectum and a temporary ileostomy was performed in 56 patients. The mean length of hospital stay (LOS) was 10.5 days. Morbidity of anterior resection included 17 anastomotic leaks after laparoscopic surgery (LS; 5 in the converted patients). Conversion increased significantly the risk of leak (P < .005). Two leaks caused death. The mean number of nodes collected was 12. The incidence of local relapse was 4%, and the rate of anastomotic recurrence was nil. Survival probability with LS was .73 at 5 years. Patients in stage III took advantage of adjuvant treatment and had a better survival than patients in stage II (P = not significant [NS]). The outcomes of this study suggest that LAR for rectal cancer is a reliable procedure. Oncologic requirements were respected; parameters such as length of specimen, distal margin, and number of nodes retrieved were quite acceptable. Incidences of local recurrence and long-term survival were comparable with those of other series.
    American journal of surgery 02/2008; 195(2):233-8. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Minivasive techniques for excision of low rectal tumours have spread worldwide with good results, but their employment is still under discussion. The purpose of this study is to assess short term results and survival of laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection (LAPR) in very low rectal cancers. The charts of 32 patients undergoing LAPR for very low rectal adenocarcinoma (0-2cm from dentata line) were reviewed retrospectively. Outcomes were evaluated considering surgical procedure, short and long-term results and survival. A thorough LAPR was performed in 31 patients and conversion to laparotomy was required in 1 patient. Mean operating time was 244min. The length of hospital stay (LOS) was 13,3days. The mean number of nodes collected was 12 and the distal margin was 3,6cm on average. There was 1 post-operative death. In the follow up no pelvic recurrence was observed, while metachronous metastases were observed in 5 patients and peritoneal carcinosis in 2 patients. No port site metastasis was registered. Cumulative 5year survival probability was 0,50. The outcomes of this study suggest that LAPR in very low rectal cancer is a reliable procedure, operating time and LOS were acceptable. Oncologic principles were respected: length of specimen, distal margin and number of nodes retrieved were quite acceptable. Pelvic recurrence frequency was nil. Long term results were comparable with those of other series.
    European Journal of Surgical Oncology 03/2007; 33(1):49-54. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic gastrectomies are currently performed in many centers, but compliance with oncologic requirements still represents a subject open to debate. The aim of this work was to compare the short-term and oncologic outcomes after laparoscopic and open surgery in gastric adenocarcinoma. From June 2000 through June 2005, 147 patients in our institution underwent gastrectomy by open or mininvasive approach for adenocarcinoma. The laparoscopy group included 48 patients, 29 with early gastric cancer (EGC) and 19 with antral advanced gastric cancer (AGC). The short-term results and oncologic data were compared to those obtained in 99 patients who underwent open surgery. Survival in the laparoscopy group was analyzed. In the laparoscopy group no intraoperative complications were observed, and conversion was needed in only one patient with a large advanced tumor. Overall, 32 lymph nodes were collected by D2 dissection, 30 for EGC, 34 for advanced cancers. The resection margin was 6.7 cm (range: 4-8 cm). The mean operating time was 240 min (range: 150-360 min), with a blood loss of 150 ml on average (range: 70-250 ml). Morbidity included two duodenal leaks that healed without reoperation; after enclosing or reinforcing the staple line, no further leaking was noted. There was one death from massive bleeding in a cirrhotic patient. Ambulation and oral feeding started significantly earlier than in open surgery. The mean hospital stay was 10 days (range: 7-24 days), significantly shorter than the stay of 18 days after open surgery (p < 0.05). All patients treated laparoscopically were alive without recurrence at the end of this study. Short-term results with laparoscopic gastrectomy were better than with open surgery in this study. Oncologic radicality was a major concern, but in the authors' experience the extent of lymphadenectomy was the same as in open surgery. This study suggests that laparoscopic gastrectomy in malignancies is a reliable tool and oncologic requirements can be warranted.
    Surgical Endoscopy 02/2007; 21(1):21-7. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is considered a safe procedure for spleens of normal size as well as for larger spleens. Seventy-five consecutive patients underwent LS. Splenomegaly was defined by diameter >15 cm and by weight >400 g. Thirty patients had splenomegaly. The outcomes with spleens <15 cm and spleens >15 cm were compared. LS was successfully completed in 73 cases (97.4%). Spleens >15 cm required longer operating time and were associated with greater blood loss (P < 0.001), longer hospital stay, and more complications. Two patients needed blood transfusion. No overwhelming postsplenectomy infection was registered, and operative mortality was zero.
    International surgery 01/2006; 91(2):82-6. · 0.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although many studies on laparoscopic surgery of the stomach have been conducted so far, yet they have not provided surgeons with criteria for gradual and safe training with this technique. The results of gastric surgery with 30 patients operated on by laparoscopic approach are hereby described. The aim of this issue is to provide surgeons with guide lines for progressive training, respectful to patients, complying with oncologic criteria and useful to reduce conversion rate or drawbacks at the start of the experience. The Authors made a retrospective analysis on 30 patients affected by gastric lesions, 5 benign chronic ulcers and 25 neoplasms of the stomach. Our guide lines suggest that the training begin with the treatment of benign lesions, followed by early gastric cancer (EGC) and by advanced gastric cancer (AGC) of the antrum. Our experience started with 4 laparoscopic subtotal distal gastrectomies (LSGs) for benign ulcer; independent of the guidelines hereby proposed 1 laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) was done after the intraoperative finding of a benign ulcer of the lesser curve penetrating into the left hepatic lobe. The beginning of training included also 1 LSG for distal stromal tumor (GIST). Subsequently 13 early gastric cancers (EGC) were operated on: echoendoscopy could demonstrate 12 T1 m and 1 T1 sm and no evidence of nodal involvement. The diameter of EGCs was 1,3 cm on average ( range 0,7-4 cm), all were marked by Indian ink to allow performance of 10 LSGs and 3 LTGs. Moreover, 8 LSGs for advanced gastric carcinoma (AGC) of the antrum were carried out. The training in malignancies progressed with LTG for 2 non-Hodgkin gastric lymphomas; 1 lymphoma required conversion to laparotomy due to infiltration of the diaphragmatic crus. A D2 lymphadenectomy was associated to gastrectomy in adenocarcinomas. The feasibility of laparoscopic gastric surgery was confirmed by this study, with operating time of 240 minutes (range 150-360), intraoperative blood loss was 180 ml (range 100-250), and only 1 patient required blood transfusion for postoperative bleeding. The specific morbidity rate was 10% owing to duodenal leakage in 3 cases in the early phase of this study (3/30): 1 required laparotomy. The mortality rate was 3% due to 1 serious postoperative bleeding and acute hepatic failure in a patient with post-alcoholic cirrhosis. The conversion rate was 3% (1/30). The nasogastric tube was removed on the 4(th) postoperative day, and the oral intake started on the 6(th) postoperative day after a barium follow-through examination. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 16 days (range 10-25). The number of nodes retrieved was 18 on average and it improved with the experience: from the minimum of 9 nodes in benign ulcers, it grew to 20 in EGCs and to 25 in AGCs, so that this data confirmed the guide lines proposed in this issue . The histologic examination of EGC confirmed the data of echoendoscopy about nodal status. Laparoscopic surgery is a safe and feasible procedure both for benign and for malignant lesions of the stomach. The results analysed hereby suggest that at the start of training be treated patients affected by benign lesions, followed by patients with EGC and then by patients with AGC. For gastric cancers, the average number of 18 nodes harvested from each patient was adequate, complying with the requirements suggested by the latest TNM classification. This choice of progressive selection of patients for training represents a good means to get an optimal performance level, especially in view of the oncologic requirements, and can prevent surgeons from elevated conversion rates and disappointing outcomes at the beginning of experience.
    Minerva chirurgica 03/2005; 60(1):23-30. · 0.39 Impact Factor