J. Piqueras López

Centro de Astrobiología, Torrejon de Ardos, Madrid, Spain

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Publications (6)16.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims. We investigate the different manifestations of AGN feedback in the evolved, powerful radio source 3C293 and their impact on the molecular gas of its host galaxy, which harbors young star-forming regions and fast outflows of HI and ionized gas. Methods. We study the distribution and kinematics of the molecular gas of 3C293 using high spatial resolution observations of the CO(1-0) and CO(2-1) lines, and the 3 and 1mm continuum taken with the IRAM PdBI. We mapped the molecular gas of 3C293 and compared it with the dust and star-formation images of the host. We searched for signatures of outflow motions in the CO kinematics, and reexamined the evidence of outflowing gas in the HI spectra. We also derived the star formation rate (SFR) and efficiency (SFE) of the host with all available SFR tracers from the literature, and compared them with the SFE of young and evolved radio galaxies and normal star-forming galaxies. Results. The CO(1-0) emission line shows that the molecular gas in 3C293 is distributed along a massive (2.2E10 Msun) warped disk with diameter of 21 kpc that rotates around the AGN. Our data show that the dust and the star formation are clearly associated with the CO disk. The CO(2-1) emission is located in the inner 7 kpc (diameter) region around the AGN, coincident with the inner part of the CO(1-0) disk. Both the CO(1-0) and CO(2-1) spectra reveal the presence of an absorber against the central regions of 3C293 that is associated with the disk. We do not detect any fast (>500 km/s) outflow motions in the cold molecular gas. The host of 3C293 shows an SFE consistent with the Kennicutt-Schmidt law. The apparently low SFE of evolved radio galaxies may be caused by an underestimation of the SFR and/or an overestimation of the molecular gas densities in these sources. We find no signatures of AGN feedback in the molecular gas of 3C293.
    02/2014;
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    J. Piqueras López, L. Colina, S. Arribas, A. Alonso-Herrero
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    ABSTRACT: We present a 2D study of the internal extinction on (sub)kiloparsec scales of a sample of local (z<0.1) (U)LIRGs, based on near-infrared Pa_a, Br_d, and Br_g line ratios, obtained with VLT-SINFONI integral-field spectroscopy. The 2D extinction (Av) distributions of the objects, map regions of ~3x3 kpc (LIRGs) and ~12x12 kpc (ULIRGs), with average angular resolutions (FWHM) of ~0.2 kpc and ~0.9 kpc, respectively. The individual Av galaxy distributions indicate a very clumpy dust structure already on sub-kiloparsec scales, with values (per spaxel) ranging from Av ~ 1 to 20 mag in LIRGs, and from Av ~ 2 to 15 mag in ULIRGs. As a class, the median values of the distributions are Av=5.3 mag and Av=6.5 mag for the LIRG and ULIRG subsamples, respectively. We evaluated the effects of the galaxy distance in the measurements of the extinction as a function of the linear scale (in kpc) of the spaxel (i.e. due to the limited angular resolution of the observations). If the distribution of the gas/dust and star-forming regions in local LIRGs (63 Mpc, 40 pc/spaxel on average) is the same for galaxies at greater distances, the observed median Av values based on emission line ratios would be a factor ~0.8 lower at the average distance of our ULIRG sample (328 Mpc, 0.2 kpc/spaxel), and a factor ~0.67 for galaxies located at distances of more than 800 Mpc (0.4 kpc/spaxel). This distance effect would have implications for deriving the intrinsic extinction in high-z star-forming galaxies and for subsequent properties such as star formation rate, star formation surface density, and KS- law, based on H_alpha line fluxes. If local LIRGs are analogues of the main-sequence star-forming galaxies at cosmological distances, the extinction values (Av) derived from the observed emission lines in these high-z sources would need to be increased by a factor 1.4 on average.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 04/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present an atlas of a sample of local (U)LIRGs covering the luminosity range log(L_IR/L_sun)=11.1-12.4. The atlas is based on near-infrared H and K-band VLT-SINFONI IFS, and presents the ionised, partially ionised, and warm molecular gas 2D flux distributions and kinematics over a FoV of 3x3 kpc (LIRGs) and 12x12kpc (ULIRGs) and with average linear resolutions of 0.2kpc and 0.9kpc, respectively. The different phases of the gas show a wide morphological variety with the nucleus as the brightest Br_g source for 33% of the LIRGs and 71% of the ULIRGs, whereas all the (U)LIRGs have their maximum H_2 emission in their nuclear regions. In LIRGs, the ionised gas distribution is dominated by the emission from the star-forming rings or giant HII regions in the spiral arms. The Br_g and [FeII] line at 1.644 micron trace the same structures, although the emission peaks at different locations in some of the objects, and the [FeII] seems to be more extended and diffuse. The ULIRG subsample contains mainly pre-coalescence interacting systems. Although the peaks of the molecular gas emission and the continuum coincide in 71% of the ULIRGs, regions with intense Pa_a (Br_g) emission tracing luminous star-forming regions located at distances of 2-4kpc away from the nucleus are also detected, usually associated with secondary nuclei or tidal tails. The gas kinematics in LIRGs are primarily due to rotational motions around the centre of the galaxy, although local deviations associated with radial flows and/or regions of higher velocity dispersions are present. The ionised and molecular gas share the same kinematics to first order, showing slight differences in the velocity amplitudes in some cases, whereas the average velocity dispersions are compatible within uncertainties. As expected, the kinematics of the ULIRG subsample is more complex, owing to the interacting nature of the objects of the sample.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 09/2012; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: H- and K-band stacked spectra of the U/LIRG sample, divided into three subsets with log(LIR\L⊙)<11.35 (low infra-red luminosity), 11.35<=log(LIR\L⊙)<12 (intermediate infra-red luminosity), and log(LIR\L⊙)>=12 (high infra-red luminosity). The spectra are normalised to a linear fit of the continuum measured within the intervals [1.600, 1.610]um and [1.690, 1.700]um for the H-band and [2.080, 2.115]um and [2.172, 2.204]um for the K-band. The spectra of each galaxy in each luminosity bin are derotated, rebinned, stacked, and convolved to a resolution of 10Å (FWHM) to achieve a homogeneous resolution. See the text for further details. (5 data files).
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 08/2012;
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    J. Piqueras López, R. Davies, L. Colina, G. Orban de Xivry
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    ABSTRACT: The barred grand-design spiral M83 (NGC 5236) is one of the most studied galaxies given its proximity, orientation, and particular complexity. Nonetheless, many aspects of the central regions remain controversial conveying our limited understanding of the inner gas and stellar kinematics, and ultimately of the nucleus evolution. In this work, we present AO VLT-SINFONI data of its central ~235x140 pc with an unprecedented spatial resolution of ~0.2 arcsec, corresponding to ~4 pc. We have focused our study on the distribution and kinematics of the stars and the ionised and molecular gas by studying in detail the Pa_alpha and Br_gamma emission, the H_2 1-0S(1) line at 2.122 micron and the [FeII] line at 1.644 micron, together with the CO absorption bands at 2.293 micron and 2.323 micron. Our results reveal a complex situation where the gas and stellar kinematics are totally unrelated. Supernova explosions play an important role in shaping the gas kinematics, dominated by shocks and inflows at scales of tens of parsecs that make them unsuitable to derive general dynamical properties. We propose that the location of the nucleus of M83 is unlikely to be related to the off-centre 'optical nucleus'. The study of the stellar kinematics reveals that the optical nucleus is a gravitationally bound massive star cluster with M_dyn = (1.1 \pm 0.4)x10^7 M_sun, formed by a past starburst. The kinematic and photometric analysis of the cluster yield that the stellar content of the cluster is well described by an intermediate age population of log T(yr) = 8.0\pm0.4, with a mass of M \simeq (7.8\pm2.4)x10^6 M_sun.
    The Astrophysical Journal 04/2012; 752(1). · 6.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The "Extreme starbursts in the local universe" workshop was held at the Insituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia in Granada, Spain on 21-25 June 2010. Bearing in mind the advent of a new generation of facilities such as JWST, Herschel, ALMA, eVLA and eMerlin, the aim of the workshop was to bring together observers and theorists to review the latest results. The purpose of the workshop was to address the following issues: what are the main modes of triggering extreme starbursts in the local Universe? How efficiently are stars formed in extreme starbursts? What are the star formation histories of local starburst galaxies? How well do the theoretical simulations model the observations? What can we learn about starbursts in the distant Universe through studies of their local counterparts? How important is the role of extreme starbursts in the hierarchical assembly of galaxies? How are extreme starbursts related to the triggering of AGN in the nuclei of galaxies? Overall, 41 talks and 4 posters with their corresponding 10 minutes short talks were presented during the workshop. In addition, the workshop was designed with emphasis on discussions, and therefore, there were 6 discussion sessions of up to one hour during the workshop. Here is presented a summary of the purposes of the workshop as well as a compilation of the abstracts corresponding to each of the presentations. The summary and conclusions of the workshop along with a description of the future prospects by Sylvain Veilleux can be found in the last section of this document. A photo of the assistants is included. Comment: workshop
    08/2010;