ABSTRACT: Interleukin 21 (IL-21) and IL-12 have been known to be effective antitumor agents. In this study, we evaluated whether IL-21 in combination with IL-12 could enhance the cytotoxicity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III and cervical cancer.
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral blood of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III patients (n = 17) and cervical cancer patients (n = 18). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured with IL-2 in low concentration as control group. Interleukin 2-stimulated PBMCs were cocultured with anti-human IL-21 neutralizing antibody, IL-21 alone, IL-12 alone, and IL-21 plus IL-12, respectively, as test groups. The cytotoxicity of PBMCs against SiHa tumor cells was examined by lactate dehydrogenase released assay. CD4CD25FOXP3 T regulatory (Treg) cells and CD4IL-17A T helper 17 (TH17) cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Proliferation and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8 (cell counting kit 8) assay and flow cytometry, respectively.
Compared with controls, IL-21 and IL-12 significantly elevated PBMC cytotoxicity against SiHa cells. Moreover, IL-21 plus IL-12 significantly elevated PBMC cytotoxicity in comparison to IL-21 alone and IL-12 alone. We also found that IL-21 plus IL-12 significantly decreased Treg and TH17 cell proportion in comparison to controls. Notably, IL-21 plus IL-12 significantly decreased TH17 cell proportion in comparison to IL-21 alone. Both IL-21 and IL-12 significantly decreased the apoptosis rate of PBMCs, whereas neither IL-21 nor IL-12 had significant effect on PBMC proliferation.
The combination of IL-21 and IL-12 could efficiently stimulate PBMCs with cytotoxicity against SiHa cells, and the possible mechanisms may be due to down-regulated Treg and TH17 cell differentiation.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 11/2011; 21(9):1672-8. · 1.65 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Th17/Treg was reported to play critical roles in immunoregulation, and its imbalance may lead to autoimmune diseases and allergic reactions. Information on Th17/Treg in cancer bearing hosts is still limited.
We examined the expression of IL-17, Foxp3 and IL-10 in uterine cervical cancer (UCC) patients, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) patients and healthy controls by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4+ cells as Th17 and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ cells as Treg were expressed as a percentage of the total CD4+ cells.
Compared with controls, patients with UCC or CIN had a higher proportion of Th17 cells. UCC patients also revealed a significant increase in Treg number and IL-17 and IL-10 concentrations in plasma, while CIN patients did not. Notably, in UCC patients, the increased Th17 prevalence was associated with clinical stage, lymph node metastases and vasoinvasion, while the increased Treg frequency was associated with tumor differentiation. Remarkably, an attractive imbalance of Th17/Treg was observed in UUC and CIN patients. Furthermore, in UCC patients with lymph node metastases or vasoinvasion, the ratio of Th17/Treg was significantly higher than that in negative patients respectively.
Our results indicated a possible role of Th17 in UCC patients correlated to Treg cells, and the imbalance of Th17/Treg may be involved in the development and progression of UCC.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 01/2011; 412(11-12):894-900. · 2.54 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is downregulated in several human cancers, and PI3K inhibition can sensitize these cancer cells to radiation. However, no research on cervical cancer in vivo has been reported. The present study further investigated whether PI3K inhibition could sensitize cervical cancer to radiation in vivo.
HeLa cells with sustained PI3K activity and Akt phosphorylation were injected subcutaneously into BALB/C nude mice to establish tumor cell xenograft, which were randomly assigned to control, PI3K inhibitor LY294002 alone, radiation alone, or combined LY294002 and radiation group. Akt phosphorylation was detected by Western blotting to evaluate the blocking efficiency on PI3K activity. The radiosensitization of PI3K inhibition was measured by clonogenic assays, apoptosis analysis, and tumor regrowth assays.
The combination of LY294002 and radiation resulted in significant and synergistic suppression of cervical cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner in clonogenic assays (P < 0.05), higher ratio of apoptosis cells, and more remarkable reduction of Akt phosphorylation. Tumor regrowth delay curve showed the lowest increase of tumor volume in the combined group (37 days in average) (P = 0.003). Besides, LY294002 (100 mg/kg) alone decreased cell survival and produced xenograft regrowth delay.
Phosphoinositide-3-kinase inhibition by LY294002 can synergistically enhance radiation efficacy via dephosphorylation of Akt in cervical cancer, and PI3K inhibition alone can also suppress tumor regrowth. This may provide novel therapeutic opportunities to enhance the effect of radiotherapy against cervical cancer.
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2011; 21(1):100-5. · 1.65 Impact Factor