[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Summer Internship Project (SIP) is an integral part of most MBA programmes in India. Indian business schools attach a great deal of importance to such mid-course internships because they accompany a two-year cohort programme wherein the student arrives either totally without or with miniscule work experience. Indian business schools neatly sandwich the SIP between the two years. Though it is acknowledged as vital and intrinsic to inculcating managerial skills, limited attempts have been made to evaluate the effectiveness of the SIP. In this paper, we focus on: (a) the identification of the key attributes of a successful SIP, and (b) the comparative evaluation of various factors as being paramount to their learning processes from their SIP.
Int. J. Innovation and Learning Int. J. Innovation and Learning. 01/2008; 5(5):94-107.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Package downsizing is a practice where the package content is reduced without changing the package or the price of the product.
In a market that is defined by ‘hyper-competition,’ package downsizing is often practiced by marketers to effect an invisible
price increase for their products. Although marketers may maintain that providing, the legally required, quantity indication
on the package is adequate for customers to make logical and informed choices, research indicates that consumers often do
not consult quantity indications on packages but use alternative methods (e.g., visual impressions of the package size, total
package price, or previous purchase experience) to judge product quantity and to calculate product value. As a subtle means,
package downsizing therefore has the potential to mislead customers in the buying process due to an unfavorable balance of
information within the dyad. This could give rise to serious moral and ethical consideration. In this paper, we examined various
issues related to package downsizing, such as why sellers resort to this type of practice, consumer vulnerability to package
downsizing, as well as the extent of protection offered to consumers by the existing laws and regulations with respect to
product packaging. Finally, we examined the ethics of package downsizing using the existing legal, moral, and professional
ethical standards as well as the principle of equivalence. Our analysis indicates that package downsizing, as it is practiced
by the marketers and sellers today, is unethical as far as the consumers are concerned.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The central sales tax (CST) in India results in a differential sales tax structure. This contributes significantly to distribution network decisions that build logistics inefficiencies in firms operating in India. In this paper, we develop a model for determining distribution centres (DCs) locations considering the impact of CST. A non-linear mixed integer-programming problem that is formulated initially is approximated to a mixed integer-programming problem. Using a numeric example, the effect of CST rates and product variety on DC locations is studied and found to be having impact. It is felt that the Indian Government proposal to switch over from the present sales tax regime to value added tax (VAT) regime would significantly contribute to reducing the logistics inefficiencies of Indian firms.
European Journal of Operational Research. 01/2005;
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper discusses about the enterprise resource planning (ERP) market in India and the world. The current extension of ERP is e-CRM. The ERP market has become saturated and is on the decline; and emerging from it is the market for small and medium scale enterprises. ERP, especially in India, is being offered by small-localized players to small and medium sized firms customizing it to the needs and their pockets. Taking this cue, the big ERP players have also started offering complete solutions to the small firms. The paper illustrates this point by using the case example of Prathma, a modern blood bank in India. Prathma has been the first blood bank in India to use ERP to integrate its functions using a customized ERP. This has installed a quality check in its day-to-day operations and has significantly lowered costs. The findings of this study indicate that ERP systems promises benefit from increased efficiency to improved quality, productivity, and profitability.
Industrial Management & Data Systems 01/2004; 104:589-603. · 1.67 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper we study how organizational learning impacts organizational behavior, and how vendor support quality enhances
product adoption and usage behavior. These constructs were verified using Application Software Packages (ASP) — a prewritten,
precoded, commercially available set of programs that eliminates the need for individuals or organizations to write their
own software programs for certain functions. The relationship between ASP usage, usage outcomes and use processes were also
investigated. Two hundred and ninety-five Chinese, Indian, and Malay entrepreneurships were studied. It was found that usage
outcome strongly determines usage, while use process has only an indirect relationship (via outcome) on usage. The impact
of organizational learning and vendor service quality on usage, usage outcome, and use process were robust. Theoretical and
practical implications of the research are discussed.
Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering 08/2003; 12(3):314-331. · 0.63 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Theoretical exposition of the trade-environment linkage (in the form of Environment Kuznets Curve) has been extensive. While one set of studies show that with the increase in per capita income environmental degradation would decline, the other set of studies has shown that no such trend exists for developing countries. Though environmental laws are in place, firms display a very low level of compliance in developing countries. This article brings out the low level of compliance to environmental regulations in India while trying to identify the main causes.
International Journal of Business and Economics. 01/2003; 2:9-26.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article investigates how cyclical changes in demand influence the relationship between product differentiation and profitability in producer goods industries. It distinguishes between "postponement" industries where goods are made to order and "speculation" industries where goods are made for stock, and examines differences in the product differentiation-profitability relationship for different types of industries over the business cycle. The findings suggest that sellers resort to price shading during a business slump in postponement industries but not in speculation industries. In postponement industries, the positive relationship between product differentiation expenditures and profitability in peak years disappears in trough years. In speculation industries that sell through merchant wholesalers, manufacturers appear to provide additional services to wholesalers in trough years.
Asia Pacific Management Review 01/2002; 7:513-534.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Empirical evidence, including a recent field study in Northwest Indiana, indicates that supermarkets and other retail merchants frequently incorporate quantity surcharges in their product pricing strategy. Retailers impose surcharges by charging higher unit prices for products packaged in a larger quantity than smaller quantity of the same goods and brand. The purpose of this article is to examine the business ethics of such pricing strategy in light of empirical findings, existing government regulations, factors that motivate quantity surcharges and prevailing consumer perceptions.
Journal of Business Ethics 11/1996; 15(12):1299-1312. · 0.96 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of optimal hedging under output price uncertainty. The theoretical analysis is facilitated by exploiting the duality between production and cost while the empirical implementation uses the envelope theorem and the indirect expected utility function. Empirically estimable equations are derived by approximating the indirect expected utility function by a Taylor series approximation. The model is tested by using live cattle data as output while using prices of corn, soybeans, and the feeder cattle as inputs. The results support the theoretical predictions and the evidence shows that live cattle farmers exhibit decreasing absolute risk aversion.
European Journal of Operational Research. 01/1996;
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Companies have traditionally relied on taking advantage of
price-quantity discount (PQD) on large purchases. With the adoption of
just-in-time (JIT) philosophy companies are encouraged to purchase
materials in small lots to synchronize production with deliveries. This
raised a question whether PQD is applicable in a JIT purchasing
environment. Argues that though seemingly inconsistent, JIT and PQD can
coexist. Develops an integrated JIT-PQD model to allow a buyer to decide
how much to purchase and how many shipments be placed per order.
International Journal of Operations & Production Management 08/1995; 15(9):261-270. · 1.13 Impact Factor