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ABSTRACT: Male Wistar rats were intraperitoneally administered 300 mg/kg b.w. of α-methyl-p-tyrosine methyl ester(α-MT). These α-MT pretreated rats were anesthetized with urethane and then 5% glucose or dopamine (1 μg/kg b.w./min) was infused for 45 min. At 1 min before or 15 min after dopamine infusion, 10 or 50 mg/kg of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) was injected intraperitoneally, and blood samples were taken from the jugular vein for prolactin determination. In rats treated with α-MT, the administration of 5-HTP increases the serum prolactin level in a dose-related manner. Dopamine infusion caused a marked decrease in serum prolactin level. The concomitant administration of dopamine and 5-HTP prevented the dopamine-induced decrease of serum prolactin in α-MT treated rats. These results indicate that the serotonergic stimulus enhanced prolactin release, not by inhibiting the dopaminergic activity, but by stimulating a prolactin-releasing factor or by activating other neurotransmitter systems.