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Publications (3)4.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation in adipose tissue, which contributes to the development of obesity-related diseases such as insulin resistance, hypertension and arteriosclerosis. Here we developed an animal model that non-invasively monitors inflammation in adipose tissue using in vivo bioluminescent imaging (BLI) technique. In vitro, stimulation with TNFalpha or co-culture with RAW264 macrophages increased bioluminescence in 3T3-L1 adipocytes expressing NF-kappaB-mediated luciferase gene (3T3-L1/NF-kappaB-re-luc2P). In vivo, lipopolysaccharide increased bioluminescence in mice transplanted with 3T3-L1/NF-kappaB-re-luc2P cells. Moreover, light emission derived from implanted cells was significantly higher in diet-induced obese mice transplanted with 3T3-L1/NF-kappaB-re-luc2P than in lean mice. Our results showed that BLI technique and 3T3-L1/NF-kappaB-re-luc2P cells provide a useful approach to non-invasively monitor obesity-induced inflammation in adipose tissue in in vivo.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2009; 391(1):674-8. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chemerin is a novel peptide that was identified as a natural ligand for ChemR23. As it has been reported to be involved in the regulation of immune responses and adipogenesis, chemerin may have a variety of physiological functions. Chemerin is synthesized as a precursor (prochemerin) and is proteolytically activated and inactivated in sequential steps, which control its physiological roles in a coordinated manner. Chemerin-9 (chemerin148–156) was previously identified as the smallest peptide with low nanomolar potency. However, like mature chemerin, chemerin-9 is rapidly degraded and inactivated in plasma, which has limited the use of chemerin-9 in in vivo experiments. In order to identify stable chemerin analogs that facilitate in vivo studies, we synthesized a series of chemerin-9 analogs and examined intrinsic activity and metabolic stability. We identified an agonistic and metabolically stable chemerin-9 analog (d-Tyr147-[d-Ser151, d-Ala154, Tic155]chemerin148–156) that shows enhanced plasma exposure with prolonged half-life in mice upon intraperitoneal administration. Improvement of metabolic stability resulted in a reduction in the plasma free fatty acid levels in fasted mice, which cannot be accomplished by unstable-mouse chemerin-9. This reduction in plasma free fatty acids reflects the anti-lipolysis activity of chemerin-9 and analogs in mouse primary adipocytes. The discovery of a metabolically stable chemerin analog will facilitate investigation of the pharmacological roles of chemerin in vivo. Moreover, this stable chemerin analog might provide new therapeutic approaches to inflammatory diseases such as asthma and metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes where ChemR23 activation may be of benefit.
    Peptides. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: Triglyceride ingestion releases gut peptides from enteroendocrine cells located in the intestinal epithelia and provides feedback regulations of gastrointestinal function. The precise mechanisms sensing lipids in the intestinal wall, however, are not well characterized. In the current study, we investigated the release of gut peptides following oral triglyceride loading in mice deficient for monoacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (MGAT2KO) and diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1KO), enzymes that sequentially re-synthesize triglyceride to secrete as chylomicron at the small intestine. In wild-type (Wt) mice, oral triglyceride loading resulted in hypertriglycemia. In addition, plasma glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) were significantly increased 30 min after triglyceride loading, before decaying in 2 h. In MGAT2KO and DGAT1KO mice, oral triglyceride loading did not result in hypertriglycemia and the increase in GIP was significantly suppressed in both KO mouse strains. In contrast, the increases in plasma GLP-1 and PYY in both KO mouse strains were comparable to Wt mice 30 min after triglyceride loading, however, they remained elevated in DGAT1KO mice even 2 h after triglyceride loading. In parallel to the changes in GLP-1 and PYY, gastric emptying was delayed after oral triglyceride loading in MGAT2KO mice comparably to Wt type mice and was further delayed in DGAT1KO mice. STC-1 and GLUTag, GLP-1-producing intestinal endocrine L-cell lines, displayed a significant level of DGAT1 activity but not MGAT activity. These findings suggest that synthesis and/or secretion of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins play an important role in the release of GIP. Moreover, DGAT1 may directly regulate the release of GLP-1 and PYY in L-cells.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2009; · 2.28 Impact Factor