Publications (3)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the changes in taste responsiveness of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients during behavior therapy. Taste responsiveness of AN patients was lower at admission when compared to controls but it improved significantly over the course of treatment (p < 0.01). Taste responsiveness improved prior to increase in body weight. No significant correlation was noted between weight gain and improvement in taste responsiveness. The period required to reach a food intake of 1600 Kcal/day and the duration of hospitalization were highly correlated (r = 0.72, p < 0.05). Those who reached 1600 Kcal/day earlier showed more rapid improvements in taste responsiveness. These results suggest that decreased taste responsiveness in AN patients can rapidly improve and such early improvement may result in better progression of treatment.Physiology & Behavior.
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ABSTRACT: We used single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with Tc-99m-HMPAO to examine the characteristics of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in five patients with bulimia nervosa (BN), eight patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), and in nine healthy controls. The SPECT examinations were performed before and attar food intake stimulus, and the values of the corrected ratio (R) for rCBF in 10 cerebral cortical regions before (Rbefore) and after eating (Rafter) were calculated. The asymmetry indices (AI) of the R values for the left and right side of each cortical region and the percent change from Rbefore to Rafter (%change) were computed. In comparison with the other two groups, BN patients showed significantly higher Rbefore values in the bilateral inferior frontal and left temporal regions. The AN patients showed significantly lower Rbefore values in the left parietal region than the control group. There were no significant differences in Rafter values among the three groups. The %change values in the AN group showed the greatest increase in 9 out of the 10 regions. In contrast to the positive values obtained from the 10 regions observed in the AN group, 5 out of the 10 regions in the BN group showed negative values. Among the three groups, significant differences in %change were observed on both sides of the inferior frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital regions. These findings indicate that differences in cerebral function of BN and AN patients can be characterized through SPECT imaging.Brain Research Bulletin.
Article: Clinical features of patients with anorexia nervosa: Assessment of factors influencing the duration of in-patient treatment[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We investigated that factors affecting the duration of in-patient treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa by comparing pretreatment clinical features with the length of hospitalization in 55 patients. Only patients who had completed the entire course of treatment were included in our analysis. Longer hospitalization was correlated with: poor social adaptation; anxiety and/or personality disorders before onset; older age at onset; older age at admission to our hospital; lower minimum body weight after onset; lower body weight at admission; longer duration of illness; frequent previous hospital treatment and/or history of in-patient treatment for anorexia nervosa or other somatic disorders after onset; habitual stimulant (alcohol, coffee and/or cigarettes) abuse; and a history of stealing after onset. Step-wise regression analysis revealed that minimum body weight after onset and age at admission explained 47% of the variance in the duration of in-patient treatment. We also describe the nature of in patient treatment typically offered to patients with anorexia nervosa in Japan.Journal of Psychosomatic Research.