Jing Li

Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hang-hsien, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (10)4.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Contents of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cd, Cu) in soils in terms of point, line and area around a lead/zinc mine in Dongguan town, Zhejiang, China, were investigated to evaluate environmental quality based on index and health risk assessment model for safety of soils-human. The order for average contents of Pb, Zn, Cd, Cu in terms of point, line and area were Pb > Zn > Cu > Cd. The contents of Pb, Zn, Cd, Cu in terms of point and line were much higher than that in terms of area, especially Pb and Zn contents. The distribution of soil heavy metals was asymmetric. The calculated critical threshold in soil for adult was higher than that for children. The average order of individual risk index for children and adult health was Pb > Cd > Cu > Zn. Children were more easily affected by soil heavy metals, for that hazard indexes for children were 3 times of adult health. The environmental quality of Dongguan town was mainly safe correspondingly. The heavy metal environmental quality in terms of point and line near a lead/zinc mine had higher hazard risk and might bring potential hazard to local residents.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 08/2008; 29(8):2327-30.
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    ABSTRACT: Effect of chlorine on in situ lead immobilization using phosphorus in a soil contaminated by lead and zinc mining tailings was evaluated. The results showed that water soluble and exchangeable Pb were reduced by 92.0%-95.1% in the soil after P application. It was also suggested that application dosage of phosphorus at the P/Pb molar ratio of 0.6, was enough to remediate Pb toxicity in the soil. Compared to without Cl treatment at the level of molar ratio of 0.6 P/Ph, water soluble and exchangeable Pb in the soil treated with Cl was reduced markedly. It was concluded that the effects chlorine addition on in situ lead (Pb) immobilization using phosphate were improved. Visual MINTEQ model was employed to figure out Pb and P species distribution and saturation indices for minerals in the soils treated by P and Cl. The results showed that Pb activity was controlled by lead phosphate in the soil, especially pyromorphite [Pb5(PO4)3Cl], which would be the reason for Pb bioactivity reduction in the soil after application of Cl and P. The effective Pb bioactivity reduction indicated that addition of Cl was necessary to to improve in situ lead immobilization using phosphorous in the lead-contaminated soil.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 07/2008; 29(6):1724-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Spatial variability of soil fluoride in the plough layer (0-20cm) of paddy soil from Hang-Jia-Hu Plain of Zhejiang Province in China was studied using geostatistical analysis and GIS technique. The results of Semivariograms analysis showed that two forms of soil fluoride were correlated in a given spatial range, and total fluoride (T-F) was controlled by intrinsic factors of parent material, relief and soil type, whereas water-soluble fluoride (Ws-F) was greatly affected by extrinsic factors such as fertilization and soil management. Kriging method was applied to estimate the unobserved points and their distribution maps were obtained, which indicated that the concentrations of soil T-F and Ws-F had a close relationship with parent material, pH value, organic matter, cation exchange capacity content and soil texture. The main contents distribution of T-F and Ws-F were 200300mg kg-1, 0.5 1.0mg kg-1 in the studied area, respectively. And what is more, the range of T-F contents in soil was as low as less than 100 mg kg-1 in Yu-hang area accounting for 23.7% area scale. The range of fluoride contents in the soils from central and eastern parts of Hang-Jia-Hu Plain was higher than that from the western part. The accumulation of fluoride contents in soil was lower in the whole studied area, suggesting that local fluoride epidemic such as dental caries due to lack of fluoride should be prevented by using fluoride-containing toothpaste. Full Text at Springer, may require registration or fee
    International Federation for Information Processing Digital Library; Computer And Computing Technologies In Agriculture, Volume I;. 01/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: Contents of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cd, Cu) in soils and vegetables from Dongguan town in Shangyu city, China were studied using geostatistical analysis and GIS technique to evaluate environmental quality. Based on the evaluation criteria, the distribution of the spatial variability of heavy metals in soil-vegetable system was mapped and analyzed. The results showed that the distribution of soil heavy metals in a large number of soil samples in Dongguan town was asymmetric. The contents of Zn and Cu were lower than those of Cd and Pb. The concentrations distribution of Pb, Zn, Cd and Cu in soils and vegetables were different in spatial variability. There was a close relationship between total and available contents of heavy metals in soil. The contents of Pb and Cd in green vegetables were higher than those of Zn and Cu and exceeded the national sanitation standards for vegetables.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 11/2006; 27(10):2110-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Contents of fluorine in the plough layer (0-20 cm) of paddy soils from Hangjiahu Plain were investigated to evaluate quality of fluorine using total fluorine index method. Kriging method was applied to study the spatial variability of soil total fluorine in relation to their influential factors and their distribution maps were obtained based on GIS. The results showed that the range of total fluorine (TF) contents in the soils from central and eastern parts of Hangjiahu Plain was higher than that from the western part. The concentrations of TF in soil had a close relationship with parent material, pH value, organic matter, cation exchange capacity content and soil texture. The main range of TF was 200-300 mg/kg, while TF contents accounting for 23.7% of the area were less than 200 mg/kg in the studied area. In which TF contents in soil in Yuhang County were the lowest, less than 100 mg/kg.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 06/2006; 27(5):1026-30.
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    ABSTRACT: Contents of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu) in soils from 4 main vegetable plantations in Hangzhou suburb were investigated to evaluate environmental quality of heavy metals of soils and vegetables. Different evaluation methods and evaluation standards of heavy metals were used for comparison. Kriging method was applied to study the spatial variability of heavy metals in soil-vegetable system. The distribution maps of the spatial variability of heavy metals in soil-vegetable system in Jianggan District were obtained based on GIS method. The results show that the soils were polluted with Pb, Zn, and Cu using natural background values as evaluation standard. While using National Standard as evaluation standard, the soils were not polluted. Contents of heavy metals in Gongshu District were the highest of four investigated districts. The concentration distribution of heavy metals had different spatial variability. The content of Pb in vegetables was higher than those of Zn and Cu and exceeded the national vegetable sanitation standard. The order for their enrichment coefficients was as follows: Zn> Pb> Cu. The accumulation coefficient for green vegetable was higher than that of Chinese cabbage, indicating green vegetable could easily accumulate heavy metals from soils than Chinese cabbage.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 04/2006; 27(4):742-7.
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    ABSTRACT: A field demonstration of reduction of lead availability in a soil and cabbage (Brassica Chinensis L.) contaminated by mining tailings, located in Shaoxing, China was carried out to evaluate the effects of applications of phosphorus fertilizers on Pb fractionation and Pb phyto-availability in the soil. It was found that the addition of all three P fertilizers including single super phosphate (SSP), phosphate rock (PR), and calcium magnesium phosphate (CMP) significantly decreased the percentage of water-soluble and exchangeable (WE) soil Pb and then reduced the uptake of Pb, Cd, and Zn by the cabbage compared to the control (CK). The results showed that the level of 300 g P/m(2) soil was the most cost-effective application rate of P fertilizers for reducing Pb availability at the first stage of remediation, and that at this P level, the effect of WE fraction of Pb in the soil decreased by three phosphorus fertilizers followed the order: CMP (79%)>SSP (41%)>PR (23%); Effectiveness on the reduction of Pb uptake by cabbage was in the order: CMP (53%)>SSP (41%)>PR (30%). Therefore our field trial demonstrated that it was effective and feasible to reduce Pb availability in soil and cabbage contaminated by mining tailings using P fertilizers in China and PR would be a most cost-effective amendment.
    Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 02/2006; 7(1):43-50. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd in soils near a lead-zinc mine located in Shangyu, Zhejiang Province, China, were determined and their toxicity was assessed using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) developed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The TCLP method is a currently recognized international method for evaluation of heavy metal pollution in soils. The available levels of Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd were 8.2-36, 23-143, 6.4-1367 and 0.41-2.2 mg kg(-1), respectively, while the international standards were 15, 25, 5 and 0.5 mg kg(-1), respectively. Soils around the mine were more polluted with Zn and Pb, followed by Cd and Cu. Moreover, the levels of heavy metals in the soils extracted by TCLP indicated that extraction fluid 2 was more effective than extraction fluid 1 in extracting the heavy metals from the polluted soils and there was a positive correlation between fluids 1 and 2. Available heavy metal contents determined by TCLP were correlated with soil total heavy metal contents.
    Environmental Geochemistry and Health 01/2006; 28(1-2):73-8. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The contents of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd) in soils from a lead-zinc mine in Shangyu, Zhejiang Province, China, were analyzed and their toxicity was assessed by toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), which was developed by US EPA. The TCLP method is a currently recognized international method for evaluation of heavy metal pollution in soils. The available levels of Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd were 8.2-36 mg x kg(-1), 23-143 mg x kg(-1), 6.4-1367 mg x kg(-1) and 0.41-2.2 mg x kg(-1), respectively, while the international standard were 15 mg x kg(-1), 25 mg x kg(-1), 5 mg x kg(-1) and 0.5 mg x kg(-1), respectively. The results show that soils around the mine are polluted with heavy metals Cu, Zn, Pb and Cd, especially polluted by Zn and Pb, followed by Cd and Cu. Moreover, the heavy metals in the soils extracted by TCLP indicate that fluid 2 is more effective than fluid 1 in extracting the heavy metals from the polluted soils and there is a positive correlation between fluid 1 and fluid 2. The contents of available heavy metals by TCLP are correlated with contents of total heavy metals.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 06/2005; 26(3):152-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy metal contamination of soils through anthropogenic activities is a widespread and serious problem confronting scientists and regulators throughout the world. In this study we investigated the distribution, chemical species and availability of lead, zinc, cadmium and copper in nine surface (0 to 20 cm) soils from near an abandoned lead/zinc mine tailings located in Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China. Total heavy metal contents ranged from 5271 to 16369 mg/kg for Pb, 387 to 1221 mg/kg for Zn, 3.0 to 9.3 mg/kg for Cd and 65 to 206 mg/kg for Cu. In general, all heavy metals exceeded China National Standards for Soil Environmental Quality of Heavy Metals by a factor of 3-65 times. Comparison of the heavy metal concentrations (Pb, Zn, Cd and Cu) with clay content revealed a strongly significant relationship while significant relationship (P < 0.001) was also obtained between Cd + Zn and Pb + Cu. Solid phase speciation of the soils using Tessier procedure showed that the heavy metals were distributed in the order: residual > organically complexed-Fe-Mn oxides occluded > carbonate bound > exchangeable > water soluble. In the organic matter fraction, the ratio of Pb (29.1%) to its total concentration in the soils was higher than those of Zn (4.70%), Cd (3.16%) and Cu (9.50%). The percentages of the water soluble and the exchangeable fractions of Pb (1.80%) and Cd (2.74%) were markedly greater than those of Zn (0.10%) and Cu (0.15%), suggesting that Pb and Cd are relatively more mobile and hence more toxic in the contaminated soils. Strongly significant relationships between H2O-Pb, H2O-Zn and H2O-Cu, strong positive correlations between H2O-Pb, H2O-Zn, H2O-Cu and organic matter in soil were found. The content of H2O-Pb, H2O-Zn, H2O-Cu was negatively correlated with pH values. The similar negative relationships between pH values and exchangeable heavy metals were also recorded. It is suggested that increasing soil pH or liming the soil could decrease bioavailability of heavy metals in the soil.
    Journal of Environmental Sciences 01/2005; 17(6):881-5. · 1.77 Impact Factor