[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper presents a micro-machined piezoresistive sensor capable of measuring very small strains. The sensor design, based on piezoresistive sensing technology, was optimized by the numerical method using Finite Element Method (FEM) to enhance sensibility. The high sensibility is achieved through a reduction of section and through the action of the bending moment. As a result, a sensor with a sensitivity of 569.4608 μV/V/με, which can be fabricated by the SensoNor MultiMEMS process, is proposed. Furthermore, practical essays with macro prototypes confirmed and validated the numerical analysis. Such a sensor can be a direct replacement for the strain gauges and its very high sensitivity opens the door to many other applications, that otherwise would not be possible.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper presents a piezoresistive pressure sensor with a measurement span of 1MPa and capable to withstand peak pressures around 10MPa. The sensor design, based on a square membrane, was optimized for enhanced sensitivity, high linearity and low sensitivity variations between fabricated samples. Being the asymmetry of the mechanical stress peaks, the ratio between the membrane area and its thickness, and the tolerances of the bulk micromachining process considered for the optimal positioning of the piezoresistive sensing elements. Practical results show a mean sensitivity of 30.9mV/V/MPa with a standard deviation of 0.65mV/V/MPa and a linearity error of 0.15% of the scale span. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd....Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of the Symposium Cracoviense Sp. z.o.o.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article presents the characterization of a shock absorber embedded sensor (SAES) for real-time monitoring of the condition of vehicle shock absorbers in everyday use. A prototype system was built using a custom designed monolithic silicon combined accelerometer, pressure and temperature sensors. The characterization of the SAES was performed and the obtained results meet and even outperform the specification requirements. The SAES was installed in a shock absorber, with adjustable dampling properties, and submitted to road tests. Results show that the condition of a shock absorber can be effectively assessed with the presented SAES. Ensuring that shock absorbers are replaced before reach unacceptable condition, this system will increase onboard comfort and vehicle safety. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vehicles rely on the efficiency of dampers to dissipate energy from the motion of vehicle body and wheels, maintaining the vehicle more stable, and improving the contact between tires and the road surface. To achieve an effective monitoring of dampers (or shock absorbers), two different methodologies, capable of assessing, under vehicle normal operation, the condition of the automotive dampers are presented. The proposed methodologies are based in acceleration, temperature and pressure sensing to determine the shock absorber condition, and are therefore suitable for future implementation in low cost fabrication technologies. The results shown that it is possible to have an effective monitoring device, installed in the damper body, capable of continuously determining shock absorber status, and therefore enabling real time diagnosis. Such a diagnosis system can reduce the number of vehicles riding with defective suspension systems and increase the overall vehicle safety.
Sensors and Actuators A Physical 11/2009; 156(1):237-244. DOI:10.1016/j.sna.2009.03.035 · 1.94 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A fabricated micro-mechanical sensor to assess the condition of automotive shock absorbers is presented. The monolithic sensor, measures the oil temperature, acceleration and internal pressure of the shock absorber. A dual mass accelerometer with optimized beam geometry is used for acceleration readout. In addition, a 23.1 mu m thickness square membrane and two buried resistors are used for pressure and temperature sensing respectively. The proposed miniaturized sensor can be effectively integrated with standard single- and dual-tube shock absorbers. The data acquired during normal vehicle operation can be continuously used to monitor the condition of the shock absorbers, allowing shock absorbers to be replaced before their degradation significantly reduce the comfort, performance and safety of the vehicle.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To achieve an effective monitoring of shock absorbers (or dampers), a concept study of an embedded sensing device, capable of measuring, under vehicle operation, the condition of the automotive dampers is presented. The results show that a monitoring device embedded in a damper body is capable of continuously determining shock absorber status, enabling real time diagnosis thus increasing overall safety.