Sun Un

Leiden University, Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands

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Publications (55)266.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The manganese(ii) speciation in intact cells of D. radiodurans, E. coli, S. cerevisiae and Arabidopsis thaliana seeds was measured using high-field electron paramagnetic resonance techniques. The majority of the Mn(ii) ions in these organisms were six-coordinate, bound predominately by water, phosphates and nitrogen-based molecules. The relative distribution of the different phosphates in bacteria and S. cerevisiae was the same and dominated by monophosphate monoesters. Mn(ii) was also found bound to the phosphate backbone of nucleic acids in these organisms. Phosphate ligation in Arabidopsis seeds was dominated by phytate. The extent of nitrogen ligation in the four organisms was also determined. On average, the Mn(ii) in D. radiodurans had the most nitrogen ligands followed by E. coli. This was attributed to higher concentrations of Mn(ii) bound to proteins in these species. Although constitutively expressed in all four organisms, MnSOD was only detected in D. radiodurans. As previously reported, D. radiodurans also accumulates a second abundant Mn containing protein species. The high concentration of proteinaceous Mn(ii) is a unique feature of D. radiodurans.
    Metallomics : integrated biometal science. 11/2014;
  • Metallomics 10/2014; · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: TrmFO is a tRNA methyltransferase using methylenetetrahydrofolate (CH2THF) and a flavin adenine dinucleotide hydroquinone as cofactors. We have recently shown that TrmFO from Bacillus subtilis stabilizes a TrmFO-CH2-FADH adduct and an ill-defined neutral flavin radical. The adduct contains a unique N-CH2-S moiety, with a methylene group bridging N5 of the isoalloxazine ring and the sulfur of an active site cysteine (Cys53). In the absence of tRNA substrate, this species is remarkably stable but becomes catalytically competent, using the methylene group as the source of methyl, for tRNA methylation following tRNA addition. Here we demonstrate that this dormant methylating agent can be activated at low pH and propose that this process is triggered upon tRNA addition. The reaction proceeds via protonation of Cys53, cleavage of the C-S bond and generation of a highly reactive [FADH(N5)= CH2]+ iminium intermediate, proposed as the actual tRNA methylating agent. This mechanism is fully supported by DFT calculations. The radical present in TrmFO is characterized here by optical and EPR/ENDOR spectroscopies together with DFT calculations and shown to be the one-electron oxidized product of the TrmFO-CH2-FADH adduct. It is also relatively stable and its decomposition is facilitated at high pH. These results provide new insights into the structure and reactivity of the unique flavin-dependent methylating agent used by this class of enzymes.
    Biochemistry 11/2013; · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • Sun Un
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    ABSTRACT: A common feature of a large majority of the manganese metalloenzymes, as well as many synthetic biomimetic complexes, is the bonding between the manganese ion and imidazoles. This interaction was studied by examining the nature and structure of manganese(II) imidazole complexes in frozen aqueous solutions using 285 GHz high magnet-field continuous-wave electron paramagnetic resonance (cw-HFEPR) and 95 GHz pulsed electron-nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) and pulsed electron-double resonance detected nuclear magnetic resonance (PELDOR-NMR). The (55)Mn hyperfine coupling and isotropic g values of Mn(II) in frozen imidazole solutions continuously decreased with increasing imidazole concentration. ENDOR and PELDOR-NMR measurements demonstrated that the structural basis for this behavior arose from the imidazole concentration-dependent distribution of three six-coordinate and two four-coordinate species: [Mn(H2O)6](2+), [Mn(imidazole)(H2O)5](2+), [Mn(imidazole)2(H2O)4](2+), [Mn(imidazole)3(H2O)](2+), and [Mn(imidazole)4](2+). The hyperfine and g values of manganese proteins were also fully consistent with this imidazole effect. Density functional theory methods were used to calculate the structures, spin and charge densities, and hyperfine couplings of a number of different manganese imidazole complexes. The use of density functional theory with large exact-exchange admixture calculations gave isotropic (55)Mn hyperfine couplings that were semiquantitative and of predictive value. The results show that the covalency of the Mn-N bonds play an important role in determining not only magnetic spin parameters but also the structure of the metal binding site. The relationship between the isotropic (55)Mn hyperfine value and the number of imidazole ligands provides a quick and easy test for determining whether a protein binds an Mn(II) ion using histidine residues and, if so, how many are involved. Application of this method shows that as much as 40% of the Mn(II) ions in Deinococcus radiodurans are ligated to two histidines (Tabares, L. C.; Un, S. J. Biol. Chem2013, in press).
    Inorganic Chemistry 03/2013; · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High magnetic-field high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance techniques were used to measure in situ Mn(II) speciation in Deinococcus radiodurans, a radiation resistant bacteria capable of accumulating high concentrations of Mn(II). It was possible to identify and quantify the evolution of Mn(II) species in intact cells at various stages of growth. Aside from water, 95 GHz high-field electron-nuclear double resonance showed that the Mn(II) ions are bound to histidines and phosphate groups, mostly from fructose-1,6-bisphosphate but also nucleotides. During stationary growth phase, 285 GHz continuous-wave EPR measurements showed that histidine is the most common ligand to Mn(II) and that significant amounts of cellular Mn(II) in D. radiodurans are bound to peptides and proteins. As much as 40% of the total Mn(II) was in manganese superoxide dismutase and it is this protein and not smaller manganese complexes, as has been suggested recently, that is probably the primary defense against superoxide.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2013; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The main cofactors that determine the photosystem II (PSII) oxygen evolution activity are borne by the D1 and D2 subunits. In the cyanobacterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus, there are three psbA genes coding for D1. Among the 344 residues constituting D1, there are 21 substitutions between PsbA1 and PsbA3, 31 between PsbA1 and PsbA2, and 27 between PsbA2 and PsbA3. Here, we present the first study of PsbA2-PSII. Using EPR and UV-visible time-resolved absorption spectroscopy, we show that: (i) the time-resolved EPR spectrum of Tyr(Z)(•) in the (S(3)Tyr(Z)(•))' is slightly modified; (ii) the split EPR signal arising from Tyr(Z)(•) in the (S(2)Tyr(Z)(•))' state induced by near-infrared illumination at 4.2 K of the S(3)Tyr(Z) state is significantly modified; and (iii) the slow phases of P(680)(+) reduction by Tyr(Z) are slowed down from the hundreds of μs time range to the ms time range, whereas both the S(1)Tyr(Z)(•) → S(2)Tyr(Z) and the S(3)Tyr(Z)(•) → S(0)Tyr(Z) + O(2) transition kinetics remained similar to those in PsbA(1/3)-PSII. These results show that the geometry of the Tyr(Z) phenol and its environment, likely the Tyr-O···H···Nε-His bonding, are modified in PsbA2-PSII when compared with PsbA(1/3)-PSII. They also point to the dynamics of the proton-coupled electron transfer processes associated with the oxidation of Tyr(Z) being affected. From sequence comparison, we propose that the C144P and P173M substitutions in PsbA2-PSII versus PsbA(1/3)-PSII, respectively located upstream of the α-helix bearing Tyr(Z) and between the two α-helices bearing Tyr(Z) and its hydrogen-bonded partner, His-190, are responsible for these changes.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 02/2012; 287(16):13336-47. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The flavoprotein TrmFO catalyzes the C5 methylation of uridine 54 in the TΨC loop of tRNAs using 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate (CH(2)THF) as a methylene donor and FAD as a reducing agent. Here, we report biochemical and spectroscopic studies that unravel the remarkable capability of Bacillus subtilis TrmFO to stabilize, in the presence of oxygen, several flavin-reduced forms, including an FADH(•) radical, and a catalytic intermediate endowed with methylating activity. The FADH(•) radical was characterized by high-field electron paramagnetic resonance and electron nuclear double-resonance spectroscopies. Interestingly, the enzyme exhibited tRNA methylation activity in the absence of both an added carbon donor and an external reducing agent, indicating that a reaction intermediate, containing presumably CH(2)THF and FAD hydroquinone, is present in the freshly purified enzyme. Isolation by acid treatment, under anaerobic conditions, of noncovalently bound molecules, followed by mass spectrometry analysis, confirmed the presence in TrmFO of nonmodified FAD. Addition of formaldehyde to the purified enzyme protects the reduced flavins from decay by probably preventing degradation of CH(2)THF. The absence of air-stable reduced FAD species during anaerobic titration of oxidized TrmFO, performed in the absence or presence of added CH(2)THF, argues against their thermodynamic stabilization but rather implicates their kinetic trapping by the enzyme. Altogether, the unexpected isolation of a stable catalytic intermediate suggests that the flavin-binding pocket of TrmFO is a highly insulated environment, diverting the reduced FAD present in this intermediate from uncoupled reactions.
    Biochemistry 06/2011; 50(23):5208-19. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction of indigenous radicals of humic acid (HA) with metal cations has been studied using high magnetic field (10.5T-285 GHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) spectroscopy. Strong [HA]-[metal] interaction was observed in the case of heavy metals, Cd(2+), Pb(2+), and Sr(2+), leading to formation of covalent bonds with the radicals of HA. On the contrary, alkaline earth metal ions, such as Mg(2+), generate only electrostatic interaction. The two types of indigenous radicals that exist in all HAs are influenced by the metal cations in a unified manner. This provides evidence that the two types of indigenous radicals in HAs originate from a unique, phenolic, moiety in HA. Mg(2+) ions dramatically changed the pH profile of the two radical types of HA, downshifting their interconversion pK(a) by ca. 3 pH units. This is the first experimental observation of the effect of metals on the H-dissociation of the radical centers in HAs.
    Environmental Science and Technology 09/2010; 44(18):7011-6. · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: One of the most puzzling questions of manganese and iron superoxide dismutases (SODs) is what is the basis for their metal-specificity. This review summarizes our findings on the Mn(II) electronic structure of SODs and related synthetic models using high-field high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR), a technique that is able to achieve a very detailed and quantitative information about the electronic structure of the Mn(II) ions. We have used HFEPR to compare eight different SODs, including iron, manganese and cambialistic proteins. This comparative approach has shown that in spite of their high structural homology each of these groups have specific spectroscopic and biochemical characteristics. This has allowed us to develop a model about how protein and metal interactions influence protein pK, inhibitor binding and the electronic structure of the manganese center. To better appreciate the thermodynamic prerequisites required for metal discriminatory SOD activity and their relationship to HFEPR spectroscopy, we review the work on synthetic model systems that functionally mimic Mn-and FeSOD. Using a single ligand framework, it was possible to obtain metal-discriminatory "activity" as well as variations in the HFEPR spectra that parallel those found in the proteins. Our results give new insights into protein-metal interactions from the perspective of the Mn(II) and new steps towards solving the puzzle of metal-specificity in SODs.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 10/2009; 1804(2):308-17. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A high-field electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) study of oxalate decarboxylase (OxdC) is reported. OxdC breaks down oxalate to carbon dioxide and formate and possesses two distinct manganese(II) binding sites, referred to as site-1 and -2. The Mn(II) zero-field interaction was used to probe the electronic state of the metal ion and to examine chemical/mechanistic roles of each of the Mn(II) centers. High magnetic-fields were exploited not only to resolve the two sites, but also to measure accurately the Mn(II) zero-field parameters of each of the sites. The spectra exhibited surprisingly complex behavior as a function of pH. Six different species were identified based on their zero-field interactions, two corresponding to site-1 and four states to site-2. The assignments were verified using a mutant that only affected site-1. The speciation data determined from the HFEPR spectra for site -2 was consistent with a simple triprotic equilibrium model, while the pH dependence of site-1 could be described by a single pK(a). This pH dependence was independent of the presence of the His-tag and of whether the preparations contained 1.2 or 1.6 Mn per subunit. Possible structures of the six species are proposed based on spectroscopic data from model complexes and existing protein crystallographic structures obtained at pH 8 are discussed. Although site-1 has been identified as the active site and no role has been assigned to site-2, the pronounced changes in the electronic structure of the latter and its pH behavior, which also matches the pH-dependent activity of this enzyme, suggests that even if the conversion of oxalate to formate is carried out at site-1, site-2 likely plays a catalytically relevant role.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 08/2009; 113(26):9016-25. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The catalytic cycle of numerous enzymes involves the coupling between proton transfer and electron transfer. Yet, the understanding of this coordinated transfer in biological systems remains limited, likely because its characterization relies on the controlled but experimentally challenging modifications of the free energy changes associated with either the electron or proton transfer. We have performed such a study here in Photosystem II. The driving force for electron transfer from Tyr(Z) to P(680)(*+) has been decreased by approximately 80 meV by mutating the axial ligand of P(680), and that for proton transfer upon oxidation of Tyr(Z) by substituting a 3-fluorotyrosine (3F-Tyr(Z)) for Tyr(Z). In Mn-depleted Photosystem II, the dependence upon pH of the oxidation rates of Tyr(Z) and 3F-Tyr(Z) were found to be similar. However, in the pH range where the phenolic hydroxyl of Tyr(Z) is involved in a H-bond with a proton acceptor, the activation energy of the oxidation of 3F-Tyr(Z) is decreased by 110 meV, a value which correlates with the in vitro finding of a 90 meV stabilization energy to the phenolate form of 3F-Tyr when compared to Tyr (Seyedsayamdost et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128,1569-1579). Thus, when the phenol of Y(Z) acts as a H-bond donor, its oxidation by P(680)(*+) is controlled by its prior deprotonation. This contrasts with the situation prevailing at lower pH, where the proton acceptor is protonated and therefore unavailable, in which the oxidation-induced proton transfer from the phenolic hydroxyl of Tyr(Z) has been proposed to occur concertedly with the electron transfer to P(680)(*+). This suggests a switch between a concerted proton/electron transfer at pHs < 7.5 to a sequential one at pHs > 7.5 and illustrates the roles of the H-bond and of the likely salt-bridge existing between the phenolate and the nearby proton acceptor in determining the coupling between proton and electron transfer.
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 04/2009; 131(12):4425-33. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Superoxide dismutases (SODs) catalyze the disproportionation of superoxide to dioxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The active metal sites of iron and manganese superoxide dismutases are structurally indistinguishable from each other. Despite the structural homology, these enzymes exhibit a high degree of metal selective activity suggesting subtle redox tuning of the active site. The redox tuning model, however, up to now has been challenged by the existence of so-called cambialistic SODs that function with either metal ion. We have prepared and investigated two sets of manganese complexes in which groups of varying electron-withdrawing character, as measured by their Hammett constants sigma Para, have been introduced into the ligands. We observed that the Mn(III)/Mn(II) reduction potential for the series based on 4'-X-terpyridine ligands together with the corresponding values for the iron-substituted 4'-X-terpyridine complexes changed linearly with sigma Para. The redox potential of the iron and manganese complexes could be varied by as much as 600 mV by the 4'-substitution with the manganese complexes being slightly more sensitive to the substitution than iron. The difference was such that in the case where the 4'-substituent was a pyrrolidine group both the manganese and the iron complex were thermodynamically competent to catalytically disproportionate superoxide, making this particular ligand "cambialistic". Taking our data and those available from the literature together, it was found that in addition to the electron-withdrawing capacity of the 4'-substituents the overall charge of the Mn(II) complexes plays a major role in tuning the redox potential, about 600 mV per charge unit. The ion selectivity in Mn and FeSODs and the occurrence of cambialistic SODs are discussed in view of these results. We conclude that the more distant electrostatic contributions may be the source of metal specific enzymatic activity.
    Inorganic Chemistry 05/2008; 47(7):2897-908. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society 12/2007; 129(45):13825-7. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Humic substances, the largest source of carbon on Earth, contain indigenous stable free radicals that are involved in important biogeochemical environmental processes occurring in soil and water systems. Here, we present the first high-magnetic-field 285GHz electron paramagnetic resonance spectra for humic acids from various geographical origins. All humic acids irrespective of their origin contain two limiting types of indigenous stable radicals, types I and II, with distinct electronic structure. Type I, which prevails at acidic pH 5, is characterized by a g tensor with principal values gIx = 2.0032, gIy = 2.0032, and gIz = 2.0023. Type II, which prevails at alkaline pH 12, is characterized by gIIx = 2.0057, gIIy = 2.0055, and gIIz = 2.0023. The two limiting types are correlated in a unified reversible manner with pH, irrespective of the geographic origin of the HA. Both types of radical centers are consistent with pi-type radicals. They persist not only in liquid solutions but also in humic acid powders.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 12/2007; 111(46):11860-6. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are proteins specialized in the depletion of superoxide from the cell through disproportionation of this anion into oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. We have used high-field electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) to test a two-site binding model for the interaction of manganese-SODs with small anions. Because tyrosine-34 was thought to act as a gate between these two sites in this model, a tyrosine to phenylalanine mutant of the superoxide dismutase from R. capsulatus was constructed. Although the replacement slightly reduced activity, HFEPR measurements demonstrated that the electronic structure of the Mn(II) center was unaffected by the mutation. In contrast, the mutation had a profound effect on the interactions of fluoride and azide with the Mn(II) center. It was concluded that the absence of tyrosine-34 prevented the close approach of these anions to the metal ion. This mutation also enhanced the formation of a hexacoordinated water-Mn(II)SOD complex at low temperatures. Together, these results showed that the role of Y34 is unlikely to involve redox tuning but rather is important in regulating the equilibria between the anionic substrate in solution and the two binding sites near the metal. These observations further supported the originally proposed mutually exclusive two-binding-site model.
    Biochemistry 09/2007; 46(32):9320-7. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recombinant form of the extrinsic 23 kDa protein (psbP) of Photosystem II (PSII) was studied with respect to its capability to bind Mn. The stoichiometry was determined to be one manganese bound per protein. A very high binding constant, K(A)=10(-17) M(-1), was determined by dialysis of the Mn containing protein against increasing EDTA concentration. High Field EPR spectroscopy was used to distinguish between specific symmetrically ligated Mn(II) from those non-specifically Mn(II) attached to the protein surface. Upon Mn binding PsbP exhibited fluorescence emission with maxima at 415 and 435 nm when tryptophan residues were excited. The yield of this blue fluorescence was variable from sample to sample. It was likely that different conformational states of the protein were responsible for this variability. The importance of Mn binding to PsbP in the context of photoactivation of PSII is discussed.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 07/2007; 1767(6):583-8. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Mn4Ca cluster of photosystem II (PSII) goes through five sequential oxidation states (S0-S4) in the water oxidation process that also involves a tyrosine radical intermediate (TyrZ*). An S2TyrZ* state in which the Mn4Ca cluster and TyrZ* are magnetically coupled to each other and which is characterized by a distinct "split-signal" EPR spectrum can be generated in acetate-treated PSII. This state was examined by high-field EPR (HFEPR) in PSII from Thermosynechococcus elongatus isolated from a D2-Tyr160Phe mutant to avoid spectral contributions from TyrD*. In contrast to the same state in plants, both antiferromagnetic and ferromagnetic spin-spin couplings were observed. The intrinsic g values of TyrZ* in the coupled state were directly measured from the microwave frequency dependence of the HFEPR spectrum. The TyrZ* gx value in the antiferromagnetic centers was 2.0083, indicating that the coupled radical was in a less electropositive environment than in Mn-depleted PSII. Two gx values were found in the ferromagnetically coupled centers, 2.0069 and 2.0079. To put these values in perspective, the second redox-active tyrosine, TyrD*, was examined in various electrostatic environments. The TyrD* gx value changed from 2.0076 in the wild type to 2.0095 when the hydrogen bond from histidine 189 to TyrD* was removed using the D2-His189Leu mutant, indicating a change to a significantly less electropositive environment. BLY3P/6-31+G** density functional calculations on the hydrogen-bonded p-ethylphenoxy radical-imidazole supermolecular model complex showed that the entire range of Tyr* gx values, from 2.0065 to 2.0095, could be explained by the combined effects of hydrogen bonding and the dielectric constant of the local protein environment.
    Biochemistry 04/2007; 46(11):3138-50. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The reactive intermediates formed in the catalase-peroxidase from Synechocystis PCC6803 upon reaction with peroxyacetic acid, and in the absence of peroxidase substrates, are the oxoferryl-porphyrin radical and two subsequent protein-based radicals that we have previously assigned to a tyrosyl (Tyr()) and tryptophanyl (Trp()) radicals by using multifrequency Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopy combined with deuterium labeling and site-directed mutagenesis. In this work, we have further investigated the Trp() in order to identify the site for the tryptophanyl radical formation, among the 26 Trp residues of the enzyme and to possibly understand the protein constraints that determine the selective formation of this radical. Based on our previous findings about the absence of the Trp() intermediate in four of the Synechocystis catalase-peroxidase variants on the heme distal side (W122F, W106A, H123Q, and R119A) we constructed new variants on Trp122 and Trp106 positions. Trp122 is very close to the iron on the heme distal side while Trp106 belongs to a short stretch (11 amino acid residues on the enzyme surface) that is highly conserved in catalase-peroxidases. We have used EPR spectroscopy to characterize the changes on the heme microenvironment induced by these mutations as well as the chemical nature of the radicals formed in each variant. Our findings identify Trp106 as the tryptophanyl radical site in Synechocystis catalase-peroxidase. The W122H and W106Y variants were specially designed to mimic the hydrogen-bond interactions of the naturally occurring Trp residues. These variants clearly demonstrated the important role of the extensive hydrogen-bonding network of the heme distal side, in the formation of the tryptophanyl radical. Moreover, the fact that W106Y is the only Synechocystis catalase-peroxidase variant of the distal heme side that recovers a catalase activity comparable to the WT enzyme, strongly indicates that the integrity of the extensive hydrogen-bonding network is also essential for the catalatic activity of the enzyme.
    Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 06/2006; 100(5-6):1091-9. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the substrate analogues azide and fluoride on the manganese(II) zero-field interactions of different manganese-containing superoxide dismutases (SOD) was measured using high-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Two cambialistic types, proteins that are active with manganese or iron, were studied along with two that were only active with iron and another that was only active with manganese. It was found that azide was able to coordinate directly to the pentacoordinated Mn(II) site of only the MnSOD from Escherichia coli and the cambialistic SOD from Rhodobacter capsulatus. The formation of a hexacoordinate azide-bound center was characterized by a large reduction in the Mn(II) zero-field interaction. In contrast, all five SODs were affected by fluoride, but no evidence for hexacoordinate Mn(II) formation was detected. For both azide and fluoride, the extent of binding was no more than 50%, implying either that a second binding site was present or that binding was self-limiting. Only the Mn(II) zero-field interactions of the two SODs that had little or no activity with manganese were found to be significantly affected by pH, the manganese-substituted iron superoxide dismutase from E. coli and the Gly155Thr mutant of the cambialistic SOD from Porphyromonas gingivalis. A model for anion binding and the observed pK involving tyrosine-34 is presented.
    Biochemistry 03/2006; 45(6):1919-29. · 3.38 Impact Factor
  • Sun Un
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    ABSTRACT: Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy has been extensively used to identify and characterize protein-based redox active amino acid radicals based on their g-values and hyperfine couplings. To better understand how these parameters depend on the electronic structure and environment of the radical, the theoretical g-values and proton hyperfine tensors of three models corresponding to the tyrosyl, tryptophanyl and glycyl radicals were calculated using Gaussian 03. The g-values were determined using the B3LYP/6-31+G(D,P) combination of density functional and basis set, while the hyperfine tensors were determined using the B3LYP/EPR-III and PBE0/EPR-III combinations. Comparisons are made to measured values. It was found that by appropriately accounting for hydrogen bonds and the dielectric constant of the environment, good agreement could be achieved between the calculated and measured g-values. In all three cases, the g-anisotropy arose from significant spin density on a nitrogen or oxygen atom. The calculated hyperfine tensors for the three radicals did not differ significantly from previous calculations. In the case of the tyrosyl radical, it is shown for the first time that the para-position substituent that is opposite of the C-O group can break the symmetry of the phenyl ring, leading to different hyperfine tensors for the two large ortho proton couplings. For the tyrosyl and tryptophanyl models, the calculated hyperfine couplings to hydrogen-bonding protons were in very good agreement with measured values for both the tyrosyl and tryptophanyl models.
    Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry 12/2005; 43 Spec no.:S229-36. · 1.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

749 Citations
266.31 Total Impact Points


  • 2009
    • Leiden University
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
  • 2007
    • University of Michigan
      • Department of Chemistry
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 1998–2007
    • Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission
      • Bioenergetics, Structural Biology, and Mechanisms (SB2SM/UMR 8221CNRS)
      Gif-sur-Yvette, Ile-de-France, France
  • 1994–2005
    • French National Centre for Scientific Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1997–2001
    • Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire
      Strasburg, Alsace, France
    • Freie Universität Berlin
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
  • 1992–1993
    • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
      • Department of Chemistry
      Cambridge, MA, United States