[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study if the course of cerulein-induced pancreatitis in rats changes in a state of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism alteration.
Two groups of rats received control diet during a 90-day period (A) and sucrose-rich diet to induce endogenous hypertriglyceridemia (B). Subgroups A2 and B2 received i.p. 45 microg cerulein/kg body weight (to induce acute pancreatitis). Histological examination of pancreas tissue, serum pancreatic lipase, lipoprotein profile and VLDL chemical composition were assessed. Then, pancreatic lipase hydrolytic activity on VLDL-triglycerides was evaluated in vitro.
Cellular vacuolization was observed in all of the cerulein-injected rats, but only in subgroup B2 fat necrosis was present. Serum triglycerides were higher in subgroup B1 than in subgroup A1 (mean +/- SEM, mg/dl 123,77 +/- 25.7 vs. 65.8 +/- 7, p < 0.01). Triglycerides from rats fed with sucrose-rich diet, decreased after cerulein-induced pancreatitis (80.38 +/- 11.3 vs. 123,77 +/- 25.7, p < 0.02). Moreover, the endogenous hypertriglyceridemic rats showed an increment of VLDL triglyceride content, which decreased when rats were injected with cerulein. A negative correlation was found between VLDL-triglyceride content and serum pancreatic lipase activity (r = 0.58, p < 0.02). The in vitro assay showed a decrease in VLDL-triglyceride content post incubation with pancreatic lipase enriched serum (mean +/- SD: 59.2 +/- 27.7%, p < 0.01).
The endogenous hypertriglyceridemia intensifies the course of cerulein-induced pancreatitis and it could be related to the decrease in VLDL-triglycerides as a consequence of pancreatic lipase hydrolytic activity.
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 02/2006; 50(1):37-44. · 1.66 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The object of the present work was to study the relationship between acute pancreatitis (PA) and hyperlipidic diets. PA was induced by Caerulein (CE) by a single intraperitoneal doses (50 mcg/kg), after feeding the rats during 6 weeks with an hyperlipidic diet (45%). Rats with a normolipidic diet (lipids 5%) were used as control. The increase of serum lipase was similar in both groups treated with CE (control and with hyperlipidic diet). There were increase of interstitial edema, cariorrexis and a specially marked increase in the level of vacuolization of acinar cells with respect to the control group. It was concluded that chronic hyperlipidic diet increases histopathologic lesions in PA induced by CE in rats.