E Jantzen

Teknologisk Institutt Norway, Kristiania (historical), Oslo County, Norway

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Publications (29)66.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We wanted to compare the potential protective capacity of antibodies to meningococcal lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The frequency of occurrence and degree of expression of the epitopes recognized by murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to immunotypes L3,7,9 (9-2-L379) and L8 (2-1-L8) and to the LPS inner core (216-Lc and 217-Lc), were determined among 77 consecutive Norwegian meningococcal patient isolates from 1995. The immunotype L3,7,9 was strongly expressed by 95% of the isolates, whereas L8 was weakly to moderately expressed by 9%. The inner core epitopes, were widely distributed among the serogroup B organisms, but were proved weakly expressed. The bactericidal activity of the four MAbs to various selected strains, was found to correlate positively with the quantity of the LPS epitopes recognized by these four MAbs in the bacteria. When tested in the serum bactericidal assay (SBA), often a few percent of the colonies of the inocula survived high concentrations of the MAbs. The results indicate that escape from the bactericidal action could be achieved through: (i) selection of variants not expressing the LPS-epitope of the actual MAb, (ii) a relative reduction in the density of the LPS-epitope achieved by dilution with another LPS structure or (iii) other factors, not yet understood. In conclusion, antibodies to the L3,7,9 epitope seem to be of importance for protection, whereas antibodies to the epitopes of the LPS inner core or immunotype L8, are not likely to offer protection alone. However, in order to prevent escape through alteration of the LPS pattern of the microbes, various LPS structures should probably be present in the OMV vaccine.
    Microbial Pathogenesis 10/1997; 23(3):139-55. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Outer membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccines were made from Neisseria meningitidis strain 44/76 and its two short-chain lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mutants, Mu-1 and Mu-4. Only the 44/76 vaccine contained LPS with the host antigen lacto-N-neotetraose. The protein composition of the vaccines was similar. The LPS carbohydrate chain length proved to influence drastic changes in the LPS immunogenicity as well as the outer membrane proteins (OMPs) ability to elicit functional antibodies in mice. Only LPS in the Mu-1 and Mu-4 vaccines were immunogenic, and the 44/76 vaccine differed also by not inducing antibodies to the class 4 OMP. The Mu-1 vaccine, with a LPS carbohydrate chain comprising only two residues of 2-keto-3-deoxy-octonic acid, induced lower bactericidal activity and less antibodies to the class 1 OMP, compared to the two other vaccines. This indicates that LPS of a certain carbohydrate chain length is required for adequate exposure of the class 1 OMP epitopes essential for inducing bactericidal antibodies.
    Vaccine 09/1997; 15(11):1225-34. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We wanted to compare the potential protective capacity of antibodies to meningococcal lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The frequency of occurrence and degree of expression of the epitopes recognized by murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to immunotypes L3,7,9 (9-2-L379) and L8 (2-1-L8) and to the LPS inner core (216-Lc and 217-Lc), were determined among 77 consecutive Norwegian meningococcal patient isolates from 1995. The immunotype L3,7,9 was strongly expressed by 95% of the isolates, whereas L8 was weakly to moderately expressed by 9%. The inner core epitopes, were widely distributed among the serogroup B organisms, but were proved weakly expressed. The bactericidal activity of the four MAbs to various selected strains, was found to correlate positively with the quantity of the LPS epitopes recognized by these four MAbs in the bacteria. When tested in the serum bactericidal assay (SBA), often a few percent of the colonies of the inocula survived high concentrations of the MAbs. The results indicate that escape from the bactericidal action could be achieved through: (i) selection of variants not expressing the LPS-epitope of the actual MAb, (ii) a relative reduction in the density of the LPS-epitope achieved by dilution with another LPS structure or (iii) other factors, not yet understood. In conclusion, antibodies to the L3,7,9 epitope seem to be of importance for protection, whereas antibodies to the epitopes of the LPS inner core or immunotype L8, are not likely to offer protection alone. However, in order to prevent escape through alteration of the LPS pattern of the microbes, various LPS structures should probably be present in the OMV vaccine.
    Microbial Pathogenesis. 09/1997;
  • J Kolberg, E A Høiby, E Jantzen
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    ABSTRACT: The phosphorylcholine (PC) determinant in Streptococcus pneumoniae is known to be linked to the cell wall polysaccharides (C-Ps) and to the lipoteichoic acid (LTA) (Forssman antigen) of the plasma membrane. Western blotting with two PC specific murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) designated 145,F-2 (IgM) and 147,A-1 (IgA) showed a similar ladder-like pattern for all examined strains of S. pneumoniae and Streptococcus mitis. Purified antigens run in parallel indicated that this ladder pattern is due to the PC of LTA. Unlike other techniques, Western blotting thus enables the identification of only one of the streptococcal structures carrying the PC epitope. Gram-negative organisms were also examined, and six of 11 Haemophilus influenzae strains reacted with the MAbs. For this species, unlike the streptococci, only one fast moving band was detected. Analyses by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) detected the PC epitope in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) fraction from H. influenzae. Some strains of the Neisseriaceae family were also positive by Western blotting, but TLC and immunostaining did not detect the PC determinant in LPS.
    Microbial Pathogenesis 07/1997; 22(6):321-9. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) was used for revealing the heterogeneity of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from Neisseria meningitidis. A complex pattern consisting of at least 4 bands was achieved for the vaccine strain N. meningitidis. The complexity remained unchanged after dephosphorylation, but removal of both phosphate and O-acyl groups simplified the pattern into two bands. The band patterns of LPS of strain after growth in two different media were substantially different, but became identical upon dephosphorylation. Staining of LPS on TLC plates by use of immunotype specific monoclonal antibodies provided specific band patterns at high sensitivity. In addition to revealing structural heterogeneity, the TLC system may thus be used for characterisation and differentiation of LPS-specific antibodies.
    Journal of Microbiological Methods. 01/1996;
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    ABSTRACT: Four lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mutants (Mu-1 to Mu-4) were isolated after exposing Neisseria meningitidis strain 44/76 to pyocins from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Parent strain LPS contained one major SDS-PAGE band expressing the immunotype determinants of L3, L3,7 and L3,7,9 and a minor band of higher mobility expressing the immunotype determinants of L8, L8a, L1,8,10 and L11. Each mutant LPS appeared as one SDS-PAGE band of higher mobility than the bands of the parent strain. None of these LPSs expressed the immunotype determinants of the parent strain, except Mu-4 LPS which reacted with the L11-specific MAb 4C4. Strain 44/76 LPS was found to contain galactose (Gal), glucose (Glc), heptose (Hep), glucosamine (GlcN), and 2-keto-3-deoxy-octulosonic acid (Kdo) in the molar ratios of 1.9:1.3:1.7:3.5:2.1. The corresponding ratios of the mutants were: Mu-4, 0:1.7:1.7:2.8:2.0; Mu-3, 0:0:1.7:2.4:1.6; Mu-2, 0:0:2.1:1.8:2.0, Mu-1, 0:0:1.8:1.9. Thus, all mutant LPSs lacked Gal and possessed less GlcN as compared to strain 44/76 LPS. Consequently, these mutants do not express the lacto-N-neo-tetraose (Gal1-4GlcN1-3Gal1-4Glc) commonly found as a part of meningococcal LPS and also on structures of human erythrocytes. These LPS mutants will be considered for use in production of OMV vaccines without host-like antigens, which might favour induction of antibodies to more conserved epitopes of meningococcal LPS.
    Microbial Pathogenesis 10/1995; 19(3):159-68. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from Legionella feeleii serogroup 1, L. hackeliae serogroup 1 and L. jordanis were subjected to chemical analysis. All three LPS contained D-mannose, D-glucose, D-glucosamine, L-glycero-D-manno-heptose, 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonic acid and glycerol. In addition the LPS of L. feeleii was characterized by L-quinovose (tentatively identified) and L-fucosamine, L. hackeliae LPS by D-quinovosamine, D-galactosamine and D-galacturonic acid, and L. jordanis LPS by D-quinovosamine. Phosphorylated sugars were detected in all three LPS. The backbone sugar of the lipid A part was in each case 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxy-D-glucose substituted with a complex pattern of fatty acid, including 20-22 different amide-linked (non-branched and methyl-branched) 3-hydroxy fatty acids of chain-length ranging from 12 to 23 carbon atoms. The fatty acid patterns included also ester-linked nonhydroxylated entities and the uncommon 27-oxo-octacosanoic acid and 29-oxotriacontanoic acid. The LPS of L. hackeliae and L. jordanis also contained heptacosane-1,27-dioic and nonacosane-1,29-dioic acid, and their 2-hydroxy analogues were characteristic of L. jordanis LPS. SDS-PAGE patterns of the three LPS were distinctly different. Both L. feeleii and L. jordanis produced smooth-form LPS with characteristic ladder patterns, whereas L. hackeliae LPS were of more rough-type character.
    Microbiology 11/1994; 140 ( Pt 10):2663-71. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The chemical composition of lipopolysaccharides from Legionella erythra and Legionella oakridgensis was analysed. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed both lipopolysaccharides to have a smooth-type character. The polysaccharide part of both lipopolysaccharides contained D-mannose, D-glucose, D-glycero-D-mannoheptose, L-glycero-D-manno-heptose, 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonic acid, L-fucosamine, D-glucosamine, and glucosamine phosphate. In addition, L-rhamnose, glycerol phosphate, and glucose phosphate were identified in the polysaccharide part of L. erythra lipopolysaccharide. The main sugar identified in the lipid A part of both lipopolysaccharides, 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxy-D-glucose, was found to be substituted with a complex fatty acid composition including at least 16 different amide-linked 3-hydroxy fatty acids. Both lipopolysaccharides contained nonhydroxy fatty acids and the uncommon 27-oxo-octacosanoic acid, 29-oxotriacontanoic acid, and 27-hydroxyoctacosanoic acid. The lipopolysaccharide of L. oakridgensis also contained 29-hydroxytriacontanoic acid. The dioic long-chain acids heptacosane-1,27-dioic acid and nonacosane-1,29-dioic acid were only present in the lipopolysaccharide of L. erythra.
    Canadian Journal of Microbiology 09/1994; 40(8):666-71. · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • B Aase, E Jantzen, K Bryn, J Ormerod
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    ABSTRACT: The fatty acid composition and lipid pattern of six strains of heliobacteria have been analysed. The results were fairly uniform for all strains. Phosphatidyl ethanolamine and phosphatidyl glycerol were the dominating lipids found, with the former as the major one. No glycolipids were detected. The general fatty acid pattern was dominated by acids of chain length C16 to C18. An unusually large proportion of monoenoic acids was seen, with up to four positional isomers for each chain length. Methyl branched (iso) fatty acids were present, but not cyclopropyl or hydroxy fatty acids nor fatty alcohols.
    Photosynthesis Research 07/1994; 41(1):67-74. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from Legionella israelensis, L. maceachernii and L. micdadei were analysed for chemical composition. The main sugar of the lipid A fractions was in each case 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxy-D-glucose. Lipid A of L. israelensis also contained a substantial amount of D-glucosamine. In each lipid A fraction a complex fatty acid pattern was detected. This comprised at least 19 different 3-hydroxy fatty acids (amide-linked), three 2,3-dihydroxy fatty acids (amide-linked), non-hydroxy fatty acids (ester-linked) as well as long-chain (omega-1)-oxo, (omega-1)-hydroxy and (1,omega)-dioic fatty acids (ester-linked). In addition, L. maceachernii and L. micdadei contained alpha-hydroxylated long-chain (omega-1)-oxo and (1,omega)-dioic fatty acids. The polysaccharide parts of L. maceachernii and L. micdadei LPS were similar and contained mainly L-rhamnose, L-fucose, D-mannose, D-glucose, L-fucosamine, D-glucosamine, 2-keto-3-deoxy-octonic acid (Kdo) as well as the rare octose yersiniose A. The corresponding composition of L. israelensis LPS was simpler and consisted mainly of L-rhamnose and 3-amino-3,6-dideoxy-D-mannose. LPS of L. israelensis and L. micdadei contained, in addition, 2-keto-octonic acid linked to Kdo. Phosphorylated sugar constituents were detected in all three LPS, whereas ethanolamine was found only in LPS from L. maceachernii. The SDS-PAGE band pattern of L. micdadei differed from the two others in a higher proportion of the low molecular mass constituents.
    Microbiology 07/1994; 140 ( Pt 6):1261-71. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from Legionella bozemanii serogroup 1 and Legionella longbeachae serogroup 1 were subjected to chemical analyses. The lipid A part of both LPSs contained 2,3-dideoxy-2,3-diamino-D-glucose as major constituents and D-glucosamine and glycerol as minor constituents of the sugar backbone structure. Both LPSs exhibited a very complex fatty acid composition. Twenty amide-linked 3-hydroxy fatty acids were detected in LPS of L. longbeachae, whereas seventeen were encountered in LPS of L. bozemanii. Both LPSs contained nine ester-linked nonhydroxy fatty acids and the unique long-chain fatty acids 27-oxo-octacosanoic acid, 29-oxo-triacontanoic acid, heptacosane-1,27-dioic acid and nonacosane-1, 29-dioic acid. SDS-PAGE showed that L. bozemanii produced smooth-form LPS, whereas L. longbeachae LPS was mainly of the R-type. Composition analyses were in accordance with these electrophoretic patterns. D-Quinovosamine and L-fucosamine constituted 80 mol% of the polysaccharide part of L. bozemanii LPS. Other sugars identified were D-glucosamine, D-mannose, D-glucose, L-rhamnose, D-glycero-D-manno-heptose, L-glycero-D-manno-heptose, 2-keto-3-deoxy-octonic acid and glycerol. The polysaccharide chain from LPS of L. longbeachae appeared to be shorter, but composed of the same sugars except L-fucosamine. Both LPSs contained glycerol phosphate and glucosamine phosphate and L. longbeachae LPS contained in addition glucose phosphate.
    Archives of Microbiology 02/1994; 162(4):215-21. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A capsular polysaccharide, isolated from the mucoid Moraxella nonliquefaciens strain 3828/60, has been investigated by component analyses, periodate oxidation, methylation analyses, mass spectrometry, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, and hydrolysis to give a disaccharide that was isolated and characterised. The results showed that the polysaccharide has the repeating unit-->3)-beta-D- GalpNAc-(1-->5)-beta-Kdo p-(2-->, with approximately 40% of O-8 of Kdo being acetylated.
    Carbohydrate Research 08/1993; 245(1):129-36. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    E Jantzen, A Sonesson, T Tangen, J Eng
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-nine species (76 strains) of members of the genus Legionella were analyzed for their cellular hydroxylated fatty acids (OH-FAs). The individual patterns were unusually complex and included both monohydroxylated and dihydroxylated chains of unbranched or branched (iso and anteiso) types. Comparison of the strain profiles by SIMCA (Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy) principal component analysis revealed four main groups. Group 1 included Legionella pneumophila plus L. israelensis strains, and group 2 included L. micdadei and L. maceacherneii strains. These two closely related groups were characterized by the occurrence of di-OH-FAs and differed mainly in the amounts of 3-OH-a21:0, 3-OH-n21:0, 3-OH-n22:0, and 3-OH-a23:0. Group 3 (13 species) was distinguished by i14:0 at less than 3%, 3-OH-3-OH-n14:0 at greater than 5%, 3-OH-n15:0 at greater than 2%, and minute amounts of OH-FAs with chains longer than 21:0. Group 4 (12 species) was heterogeneous. Its main characteristics were the presence of 3-OH-n12:0 and 3-OH-n13:0, 3-OH-i14:0 at greater than 5%, as well as significant amounts of 3-OH-a21:0 and 3-OH-n21:0. The groupings obtained by OH-FA profiles were found to reflect DNA-DNA homology groupings reasonably well, and the profiles appear to be useful for differentiation of Legionella species.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 07/1993; 31(6):1413-9. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Four long-chain fatty acids, 2-hydroxy-27-oxo-octacosanoic acid (n28:0(2-OH,27-oxo)), 2-hydroxy-29-oxo-triacontanoic acid (n30:0(2-OH,29-oxo)), 2-hydroxy-heptacosane-1,27-dioic acid (27:0(2-OH)-dioic) and 2-hydroxy-nonacosane-1,29-dioic acid (29:0(2-OH)-dioic) were identified by GLC-MS analysis in the phenol-chloroform-petroleum ether (PCP) extracts of Legionella jordanis, L. maceachernii and L. micdadei indicating that they are constituents of lipopolysaccharide. Moreover, five long-chain fatty acids (28:0(27-OH), 28:0(27-oxo), 30:0(29-oxo), 27:0-dioic and 29:0-dioic) previously identified in L. pneumophila (Moll, H. et al., FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 97 (1992), 1-6) were also found in these species. This is to our knowledge the first report on the existence of long chain 2-hydroxylated (omega-1)-oxo fatty acids and 2-hydroxylated 1,omega-dioic fatty acids.
    FEMS Microbiology Letters 03/1993; 106(3):315-20. · 2.05 Impact Factor
  • Anders Sonesson, Hermann Moll, Erik Jantzen
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    ABSTRACT: Four long-chain fatty acids, 2-hydroxy-27-oxo-octacosanoic acid (n28:0(2-OH,27-oxo)), 2-hydroxy-29-oxo-triacontanoic acid (n30:0(2-OH,29-oxo)), 2-hydroxy-heptacosane-1,27-dioic acid (27:0(2-OH)-dioic) and 2-hydroxy-nonacosane-1,29-dioic acid (29:0(2-OH)-dioic) were identified by GLC-MS analysis in the phenol-chloroform-petroleum ether (PCP) extracts of Legionella jordanis, L. maceachernii and L. micdadei indicating that they are constituents of lipopolysaccharide. Moreover, five long-chain fatty acids (28:0(27-OH), 28:0(27-oxo), 30:0(29-oxo), 27:0-dioic and 29:0-dioic) previously identified in L. pneumophila (Moll, H. et al., FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 97 (1992), 1–6) were also found in these species. This is to our knowledge the first report on the existence of long chain 2-hydroxylated (ω-1)-oxo fatty acids and 2-hydroxylated 1,ω-dioic fatty acids.
    FEMS Microbiology Letters 01/1993; 106(3):315-320. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two long-chain fatty acids, 27-oxo-octacosanoic acid (28:0(27-oxo)) and heptacosane-1,27-dioic acid (27:0-dioic) were identified for the first time in phenol-chloroform-petroleum ether extracts of Legionella pneumophila, indicating that they are constituents of lipopolysaccharide. The fatty acids were characterised by combined gas-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Moreover, minor amounts of 29-oxo-triacontanoic (30:0(29-oxo)) acid and nonacosane-1,29-dioic acid (29:0-dioic) as well as 27-hydroxy-octacosanoic acid (28:0(27-OH)) were present in the phenol-chloroform-petroleum ether extract.
    FEMS Microbiology Letters 11/1992; 76(1-2):1-6. · 2.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have compared gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis with the Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay to quantify native meningococcal lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in five patient plasmas containing greater than 5 micrograms/liter by LAL. 3-Hydroxy lauric acid (3-OH-12:0) was used as a specific lipid A marker of neisserial LPS. The quantitative LAL results were confirmed by GC-MS (r = 0.98, P = 0.006). Seven patient plasmas were centrifuged at 103,000 g and the sedimentation behavior of native LPS compared with reference plasma proteins and with apo A1 and apo B100 representing high and low density lipoproteins. After 15 min of centrifugation, 84 +/- 2% (mean +/- SE) of the recovered LPS were found in the lower one-third of the centrifuged volume, whereas 6 +/- 1% remained in the upper one-third volume, indicating that meningococcal endotoxin circulates as complexes with high sedimentation coefficients. Bacterial outer membrane fragments were detected in the bottom fractions of three patient plasmas examined by means of electron microscopy. In three patient plasmas ultracentrifuged for 60 min at 103,000 g, the levels of apo A1 and apo B100 revealed minor changes, whereas only 1 +/- 1% of the recovered LPS remained in the upper one-third and 91 +/- 2% were found in the lower one-third volume. Few bioreactive LPS appear to be complexed with high and low density lipoproteins in meningococcal septic shock plasma.
    Journal of Clinical Investigation 04/1992; 89(3):816-23. · 12.81 Impact Factor
  • Anders Sonesson, Erik Jantzen
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    ABSTRACT: Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) were isolated from the two closely related species Legionella maceachernii and L. micdadei. The chemical composition of their polysaccharide parts have been have analysed and were found to be qualitatively similar. Hydrolysates included the sugars 2-keto-3-deoxyoctanoic acid, rhamnose, fucose, mannose, fucosaine, glucosamine, glucose and glycerol. The two latter constituents were present both phosporylated and unphosphorylated. In addition both LPS contained an uncommon sugar. Mass spectra of this compound as alditol acetate and methylglycoside (trifluoracetylated) were identical to those of yersiniose A () isolated from Yersinia frederiksenii O:16.29. This identity was further substantiated by retention characteristics from anion-exchange chromatography, and gas chromatography both as alditol acetate and trifluoroacetylated methylglycoside. Thus, yersiniose A is a constituent of L. maceachernii and L. micdadei LPS and may prove useful as a marker in Legionella diagnostics.
    Journal of Microbiological Methods. 01/1992;
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudomonas facilis and Pseudomonas delafieldii are inappropriately assigned to the genus Pseudomonas. They belong to the acidovorans rRNA complex in rRNA superfamily III (i.e., the beta subclass of the Proteobacteria). The taxonomic relationships of both of these species, two groups of clinical isolates (E. Falsen [EF] group 13 and EF group 16), and several unidentified or presently misnamed strains were examined by using DNA:rRNA hybridization, numerical analyses of biochemical and auxanographic features and of fatty acid patterns, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of cellular proteins, and DNA:DNA hybridization. These organisms form a separate group within the acidovorans rRNA complex, and we propose to transfer them to a new genus, Acidovorax. We describe the following three species in this genus: the type species, Acidovorax facilis (formerly Pseudomonas facilis), with type strain LMG 2193 (= CCUG 2113 = ATCC 11228); Acidovorax delafieldii (for the former Pseudomonas delafieldii and most of the EF group 13 strains), with type strain LMG 5943 (= CCUG 1779 = ATCC 17505); and Acidovorax temperans (for several former Pseudomonas and Alcaligenes strains and most of the EF group 16 strains), with type strain CCUG 11779 (= LMG 7169).
    International journal of systematic bacteriology 11/1990; 40(4):384-98. · 2.27 Impact Factor
  • E Jantzen, T Tangen, J Eng
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    ABSTRACT: Capillary gas chromatography of cellular fatty acids and alcohols has been used as a routine method for a period of two years in the mycobacterial diagnostic laboratory of Statens institutt for folkehelse, Oslo, Norway. All mycobacteria (165 isolates) other than Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MOTT) and 24 randomly selected M. tuberculosis isolates were studied. Twelve characteristic lipid constituents allowed the construction of a diagnostic scheme. Without exceptions, all 36 examined isolates belonging to the M. tuberculosis-complex were characterized by a relatively high concentration level of hexacosanoic acid (mean: 4%, range: 1-13%), low level of tetracosanoic acid (mean: 1%, range: 0.1-3%), lack of methylbranched acids other than tuberculostearic acid, and lack of fatty alcohols. Members of the MAIS-complex (73 isolates) were all characterized by the general presence of the fatty alcohols 2-octadecanol (mean: 2%, range: 0.1-5%) and 2-eicosanol (mean: 7%, range: 2-21%), relatively high levels of tetracosanoic acid (mean: 5%, range: 1-15%) and lack (or trace) of hexacosanoic acid and methylbranched acids other than tuberculostearic acid. All 16 isolates of M. gordonae were easily recognized by their unique lack of tuberculostearic acid and their content of 2-methyl-tetradecanoic acid (mean: 5%, range: 2-12%), and the M. xenopi isolates were the only examined strains containing the fatty alcohol 2-docosanol (mean: 9%, range: 2-13%). The six M. malmoense strains contained the two unique constituents 2-methyl eicosanoic acid (mean: 3%, range: 1-4%) and 2,4,6-trimethyl tetracosanoic acid (mean: 3%, range: 2-4%). The ten strains of M. kansasii were characterized by 2,4-dimethyl tetradecanoic acid (mean: 5%, range: 1-11%), whereas the seven strains of M. marinum shared 2,4-dimethyl hexadecanoic acid (mean: 4%, range 0.2-12%) as a specific marker.
    Apmis 12/1989; 97(11):1037-45. · 2.07 Impact Factor