A. A. Rempel

Russian Academy of Sciences, Moskva, Moscow, Russia

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Publications (152)170.01 Total impact

  • S.I. Sadovnikov, A.I. Gusev, A.A. Rempel
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    ABSTRACT: Chemical deposition from aqueous solutions of silver nitrate and sodium sulfide was used for synthesis of coarse-crystalline and nanocrystalline silver sulfide Ag2S powders. Sodium citrate was used as a complexing and stabilizing agent during synthesis. X-ray diffraction study shows that synthesized Ag2S powders have monoclinic (space group P21/c) α-Ag2S acanthite type crystal structure. The unit cell of artificial monoclinic silver sulfide Ag2S contains four Ag2S formula units and has the following parameters: a = 0.42264 nm, b = 0.69282 nm, c = 0.95317 nm and β = 125.554°. The size of silver sulfide particles in deposited powders was estimated by the X-ray diffraction and BET methods. By varying the ratio between the concentrations of reagents in the initial reaction mixture it is possible to deposit Ag2S nanoparticles with average size ranging in the interval from ∼1000 to ∼30 nm. Ag2S nanopowders have no deformation distortions of the crystal lattice practically because the microstrains ε in the synthesized powders do not exceed 0.15%. All the Ag2S powders with different particle size have an identical morphology.
    Superlattices and Microstructures 07/2015; 83. DOI:10.1016/j.spmi.2015.03.024 · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • S I Sadovnikov, A I Gusev, A A Rempel
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    ABSTRACT: Powders of silver sulfide have been synthesized by chemical bath deposition from aqueous solutions of silver nitrate and sodium sulfide in the presence of sodium citrate or EDTA-H2Na2. Colloid solutions have been prepared by a chemical condensation method from the same aqueous solutions. Synthesized silver sulfide nanopowders have a monoclinic (space group P21/c) acanthite-type structure but the occupancy of the metal sublattice sites by Ag atoms is smaller than 1. Unlike coarse-crystalline silver sulfide Ag2S, silver sulfide nanopowders with particles sizes of less than ∼50 nm are nonstoichiometric, contain vacant sites in the metal sublattice and have a composition of ∼Ag1.93S.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 04/2015; DOI:10.1039/c5cp00650c · 4.20 Impact Factor
  • Yu. V. Kuznetsova, A. A. Rempel
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    ABSTRACT: We have studied the effect of disodium EDTA concentration on the size and zeta potential of CdS nanoparticles in a stable aqueous solution. Measurement results demonstrate that the colloidal solution remains stable at initial Cd2+ and S2− concentrations of 8 mM and initial EDTA concentrations in the range 3.2 to 16 mM. The reactant mixing sequence is shown to influence the ionic state of EDTA in solution, which in turn influences the stabilization mechanism of the CdS nanoparticles. At pH 3, we observe the formation of protonated chelates such as [CdHY]−, which may form a [-S-Cd-EDTA] ternary complex with the surface of a nanoparticle, thereby ensuring stability of the colloidal solution at a twofold excess of EDTA. Analysis of the nanoparticle size distribution evaluated by dynamic light scattering measurements indicates that the minimum hydrodynamic diameter of the nanoparticles is 10 ± 3 nm. The corresponding zeta potential is about −20 mV.
    Inorganic Materials 03/2015; 51(3):215-219. DOI:10.1134/S0020168515020119 · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Manganese-doped zinc orthosilicate (Zn2SiO4:Mn) nanoparticles have been prepared using a sol-gel process followed by annealing. The doping level was varied widely: from 0.1 to 10 at % Mn. The average particle size of the as-prepared material was 20 nm. With increasing annealing temperature, the particle size increased, reaching 150 nm as evaluated by X-ray diffraction. The photoluminescence intensity in the material was shown to depend significantly on the phase composition of the samples, the degree of their crystallinity, and the doping level.
    Inorganic Materials 02/2015; 51(2). DOI:10.1134/S0020168515020156 · 0.51 Impact Factor
  • Mendeleev Communications 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.mencom.2014.11.007 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A method has been proposed for the synthesis of stable colloidal solutions of lead sulfide nanoparticles from aqueous lead acetate and sodium sulfide solutions. The citrate ion and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid were used as complexing agents to stabilize the solution. The solutions obtained were shown to remain stable at room temperature for at least 30 days from the instant of synthesis, depending on the initial reactant concentration. According to X-ray diffraction and dynamic light scattering data, the stability and coagulation of the nanoparticles in solution were influenced by the lead and sulfur concentration, the presence of complexing agents, and the quantitative relation between the lead and complexing agent ions in solution. Optical absorption measurements for the colloidal PbS nanoparticle solutions showed that their absorbance was a nonlinear function of reactant concentration.
    Inorganic Materials 10/2014; 50(10). DOI:10.1134/S0020168514100148 · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The challenges of the modern society and the growing demand of high-technology sectors of industrial production bring about a new phase in the development of organic synthesis. A cutting edge of modern synthetic methods is introduction of functional groups and more complex structural units into organic molecules with unprecedented control over the course of chemical transformation. Analysis of the state-of-the-art achievements in selective organic synthesis indicates the appearance of a new trend — the synthesis of organic molecules, biologically active compounds, pharmaceutical substances and smart materials with absolute selectivity. Most advanced approaches to organic synthesis anticipated in the near future can be defined as ‘atomic precision’ in chemical reactions. The present review considers selective methods of organic synthesis suitable for transformation of complex functionalized molecules under mild conditions. Selected key trends in the modern organic synthesis are considered including the preparation of organofluorine compounds, catalytic cross-coupling and oxidative cross-coupling reactions, atom-economic addition reactions, methathesis processes, oxidation and reduction reactions, synthesis of heterocyclic compounds, design of new homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic systems, application of photocatalysis, scaling up synthetic procedures to industrial level and development of new approaches to investigation of mechanisms of catalytic reactions. The bibliography includes 840 references.
    Russian Chemical Reviews 09/2014; 83(10):885-985. DOI:10.1070/RC2014v083n10ABEH004471 · 2.58 Impact Factor
  • A. A. Rempel
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    ABSTRACT: The methods for synthesis of hybrid nanoparticles based on sulfides, oxides, and carbides of heavy and transition metals were considered. The problem of the influence of the method of synthesis of the hybrid nanoparticles on their atomic structure, morphology of the nanomaterials, and functional properties was analyzed. The areas of practical use of the hybrid nanoparticles were proposed.
    ChemInform 05/2014; 45(21). DOI:10.1002/chin.201421297
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    A. A. Valeeva, H. Schroettner, A. A. Rempel
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    ABSTRACT: Macrocrystalline niobium monoxide powder has been disintegrated to an average nanoparticle size of 20 ± 10 nm by high-energy milling in a planetary ball mill. X-ray diffraction data showed that, after milling, the particles retained an ordered cubic crystal structure with space group [TEX equation: Pm\bar 3m] , containing structural vacancies in both the metallic (25 at %) and nonmetallic (25 at %) sublattices. Analysis of diffraction line broadening as a function of the magnitude of the scattering vector indicated lattice strain anisotropy in the crystallographic directions [100], [110], and [111]. According to the diffraction line broadening data, the size of the nanoparticles in the [100] direction was smaller than those in the [110] and [111] directions. The use of surfactants enabled us to obtain a stable suspension of niobium monoxide nanoparticles in water.
    Inorganic Materials 04/2014; 50(4). DOI:10.1134/S0020168514040177 · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of the concentration of cadmium sulfide nanoparticles in a colloid aqueous solution on its optical properties has been investigated. The band gap of cadmium sulfide nanoparticles is calculated based on the optical absorption spectra of solutions with different concentrations. The band gap coincides for all the samples irrespective of their concentration and is equal to 2.63 eV. It is found that the intensity of fluorescence substantially depends on the solution concentration. The fluorescence intensity considerably decreases in a wavelength range from 665 to 720 nm as the concentration increases above 3.25 mM. This concentration is the threshold of the concentration quenching for CdS nanoparticles.
    Physics of the Solid State 03/2014; 56(3). DOI:10.1134/S1063783414030251 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cellulose used for thousands of years has been rediscovered recently as a novel smart material for various nanotechnological applications. Its insoluble fibrils are functionalized by using mineralization methods developed in nanochemistry. Here they are coated by titania synthesized in one stage by a new green approach. It consists of controlling the localization of very fast hydrolysis and condensation reactions. Cellulose fibrils are placed in ethylene glycol with such an amount of water that is absorbed entirely by the hygroscopic polysaccharide. This hydrating water works as a reaction centre when the precursor reaches it. Instant hydrolysis and following condensation reactions proceeding mainly on the fibrils provide their mineralization. Titania prepared at ambient conditions is in an amorphous state. It is transferred in crystalline forms under a variety of conditions including moderate temperature (80 °C), calcination in air and cellulose carbonization in an inert atmosphere. These treatments result in photocatalytic activity. Even cellulose treated at the moderate conditions demonstrates significant self-cleaning ability consisting of fast degradation of methylene blue under outdoor sunlight irradiation. Photocatalytic activity of carbon–titania hybrids includes a side reaction of the oxidation of the carbonized fibrils. Photocatalytic properties of some of the calcinated samples, not containing organics, were comparable with a commercial photocatalyst.
    RSC Advances 01/2014; 5(12):8544-8551. DOI:10.1039/C4RA15862H · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Doklady Physical Chemistry 11/2013; 453(1). DOI:10.1134/S0012501613110031 · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zn2SiO4:Mn (willemite) nanoparticles ∼30 nm in size have been prepared by disintegrating microcrystalline willemite powder in a planetary ball mill. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron micros-copy characterization showed that ball milling of the Zn2SiO4:Mn powder for 60 min or a longer time ensured complete disintegration of the microcrystalline material and that the crystal structure of the resultant nanoparticles was identical to that of the parent powder.
    Inorganic Materials 10/2013; 49(10). DOI:10.1134/S0020168513100087 · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The electronic structure of nonstoichiometric titanium monoxide TiO y with different compositions y, which contains structural vacancies either in the metallic sublattice or in the nonmetallic sublattice, has been investigated using the supercell method within the DFT-GGA approximation with pseudopotentials. The cases of ordered and disordered arrangements of vacancies have been considered. It has been found that the complete removal of vacancies from the sublattice is energetically unfavorable, and the ordering of oxygen vacancies according to the type of the Ti6O5□1 superstructure, as well as titanium vacancies according to the Ti5▪1O6 type, does not lead to the stabilization of the B1 basic structure of titanium monoxide.
    Physics of the Solid State 10/2013; 55(10):2108-2115. DOI:10.1134/S106378341310017X · 0.78 Impact Factor
  • Doklady Chemistry 09/2013; 452(1):215-219. DOI:10.1134/S0012500813090024 · 0.35 Impact Factor
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    A. S. Kurlov, A. A. Rempel
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of cobalt powder morphology on the microstructure of WC-Co hard alloys produced by sintering cobalt + tungsten carbide powder mixtures has been studied using X-ray diffraction, laser diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, density measurements, and Vickers microhardness tests. The results indicate that, under identical sintering conditions, the densest and most homogeneous microstructure is formed in hard alloys sintered using cobalt powders consisting of rounded particles. The use of cobalt powders with dendritic morphologies impedes the homogenization of Co + WC powder mixtures and preparation of pore-free WC-Co hard alloys.
    Inorganic Materials 09/2013; 49(9):889-893. DOI:10.1134/S0020168513080086 · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The electronic structure and stability of three phases of titanium monoxide TiOy with B1 type of the basic structure have been studied. Cubic phase without structural vacancies, TiO, and two phases with structural vacancies, monoclinic Ti5O5 and cubic disordered TiO1.0, was treated by means of first-principles calculations within the density functional theory with pseudo-potential approach based on the plane wave's basis. The ordered monoclinic phase Ti5O5 was found to be the most stable and the cubic TiO without vacancies the less stable one. The role of structural vacancies in the titanium sublattice is to decrease the Fermi energy, the role of vacancies in the oxygen sublattice is to contribute to the appearance of Ti–Ti bonding interactions through these vacancies and to reinforce the Ti–Ti interactions close to them. Listed effects are significantly pronounced if the vacancies in the titanium and oxygen sublattices are associated in the so called “vacancy channels” which determine the formation of vacancy ordered structure of monoclinic Ti5O5-type.
    Journal of Solid State Chemistry 08/2013; 204:146–152. DOI:10.1016/j.jssc.2013.05.036 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The coincident Doppler broadening of the positron-electron annihilation radiation has been applied for the identification of vacancies in nano lead sulfide (nano-PbS) powders. The results of the positron annihilation studies on nano-PbS with different particle size are presented. Nano-PbS specimens have been synthesized by the chemical bath deposition in aqueous medium. Independently of the size of nanoparticles (from 12 to 16 nm) the positron lifetime (PLT) for all specimens has been found to be the same and equal to 391±1 ps. Independently of the size of nanoparticles the chemical surrounding of positron annihilation sites identified by coincident Doppler broadening measurements was the same, namely lead (Pb).
    Journal of Physics Conference Series 06/2013; 443(1):2013-. DOI:10.1088/1742-6596/443/1/012013
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    ABSTRACT: Quantum-mechanical ab initio calculations are used to simulate the free energy functions for titanium monoxide TiOy . The effect of the long-range order of the Ti5O5 type superstructure on the internal energy of the compound is studied by the supercell method. The dependences of the configuration entropy and free energy on the long-range order parameter are determined. It is found that the order-disorder phase transition in titanium monoxide must occur in accordance with the mechanism of the first-order phase transition with a critical value of the long-range order parameter of 0.971. The calculated parameters of the phase transition are compared with the experimental data and the results obtained using the model of point charges and by calculating the Madelung energy. It is concluded that the short-range order and the phonon entropy must be taken into account in calculating the equilibrium phase diagrams for strongly nonstoichiometric compounds.
    Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 06/2013; 116(6). DOI:10.1134/S1063776113060071 · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Template synthesis of titania was conducted in solutions of polysaccharides, xanthan and sodium hyaluronan, prepared in ethylene glycol and on cellulose fibrils placed in ethylene glycol. The process was controlled by the addition of water in amounts sufficient only for the hydration of polysaccharides. When the precursor of TiO2, tetra(isopropyl) orthotitanate, was added, the fast reactions of hydrolysis and condensation were triggered only after its contact with water, which provided the precipitation of titania on xanthan and sodium hyaluronan macromolecules or on cellulose fibrils. The morphology of the synthesized TiO2 samples depended on the reagent concentrations in a reaction mixture. Amorphous titania was transformed by calcination into the crystalline state. Some of the obtained TiO2 samples have rather high photocatalytic activity comparable to that of the commercial photocatalysts.
    Russian Chemical Bulletin 04/2013; 62(4). DOI:10.1007/s11172-013-0127-9 · 0.51 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

774 Citations
170.01 Total Impact Points


  • 1988–2015
    • Russian Academy of Sciences
      • • Institute of Chemistry
      • • Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia
  • 2012–2014
    • Ural Federal University
      Sverolovsk, Sverdlovsk, Russia
  • 2010
    • Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry
      Novo-Nikolaevsk, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • 1998–2003
    • Universität Stuttgart
      • • Institute of Theoretical Physics
      • • Institute for Theoretical and Applied Physics
      Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany