K R Balson

University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

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Publications (2)9.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In order to examine the investigators' clinical suspicion that Vietnamese patients were more sensitive to the sedative effects of midazolam than were Caucasians, the pharmacokinetics of a single, weight-adjusted intravenous dose of midazolam (0.05 mg/kg) were compared in a group of healthy Caucasian and Vietnamese male volunteers. The Vietnamese group (n = 8) had a significantly lower height, lean body mass and mean weight (59.8 +/- 5.5 vs 72.1 +/- 8.1 kg, respectively) compared with the Caucasian group (n = 8). No significant differences were found between the Vietnamese and Caucasian groups with regard to distribution half-life of midazolam (8.38 +/- 13.1 vs 1.49 +/- 0.63 min, respectively), elimination half-life (2.49 +/- 1.80 vs 1.48 +/- 0.66 h, respectively), clearance (4.93 +/- 1.31 vs 5.90 +/- 2.12 mL/min per kg, respectively), steady state volume of distribution (0.863 +/- 0.497 vs 0.530 +/- 0.132 L/kg, respectively) or percentage of unbound drug in plasma (4.89 +/- 0.74 vs 4.11 +/- 1.08, respectively). This suggests that dosage of midazolam in Vietnamese should be based on total bodyweight. Two Vietnamese subjects who were brothers had marked elevation of distribution half-life and initial volume of distribution and lesser elevations in elimination half-life and volume of distribution at steady state. This suggests that the known subgroup of subjects who demonstrate dyshomogeneity in midazolam volume of distribution may be genetically determined.
    Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 01/1997; 11(12):1177-80. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1746.1996.tb00280.x · 3.50 Impact Factor
  • K R Balson · J F Niall · J D Best ·
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    ABSTRACT: This report describes a male patient who was found to have proteinuria at age 31. Renal biopsy showed glomerular hypercellularity with enlarged, lipid-filled endocapillary cells. On subsequent lipid analysis there was elevation of cholesterol and triglyceride, with apolipoprotein E genotype E2/E2. The clinical course was complicated by pancreatitis and onset of diabetes. After treatment with gemfibrozil and some improvement of the lipid profile, a second renal biopsy showed marked reduction of the glomerular foam cells, despite an increased level of proteinuria. This case emphasizes the potential role that lipid abnormalities may play in renal dysfunction.
    Journal of Internal Medicine 10/1996; 240(3):157-9. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2796.1996.501855000.x · 6.06 Impact Factor