Jinhua Xu

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

Are you Jinhua Xu?

Claim your profile

Publications (32)133.45 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate combination in a non-alcoholic, lipophilic gel formulation (two-compound gel) has previously been demonstrated as a safe and effective treatment for scalp psoriasis in Caucasian, Hispanic/Latino, and Black/African American populations. The purpose of this randomized, investigator-blinded, active-controlled, 4-week study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the two-compound gel in Chinese subjects with scalp psoriasis. Subjects were randomized in a 1 : 1 ratio to four weeks of treatment with either the two-compound gel once daily or calcipotriol scalp solution twice daily. Subjects were evaluated after one, two, and four weeks of treatment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of subjects who achieved "controlled disease" defined as "clear" or "minimal" disease according to investigator's global assessment of disease severity at week 4. The proportion of subjects who achieved "controlled disease" at week 4 was statistically significantly higher in the two-compound gel group (87.5%) than in the calcipotriol solution group (50.8%), (P < 0.0001). Greater and more rapid improvements with the two-compound gel were also observed in clinical signs (redness, thickness, and scaliness) and itching. The two-compound gel was associated with fewer adverse drug reactions than calcipotriol scalp solution (18.6% vs. 33.1%) (P = 0.011). The calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate gel applied once daily was significantly more effective and better tolerated than calcipotriol scalp solution applied twice daily in the treatment of scalp psoriasis over four weeks in Chinese subjects. © 2015 The International Society of Dermatology.
    International journal of dermatology 06/2015; DOI:10.1111/ijd.12788 · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Occupational toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) related to Dalbergia cochinchinensis has seldom been reported in the past. Its clinical characteristic needs to be investigated. This study reports eight cases of such disease in China.Methods Eight patients with occupational TEN admitted from 2003 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed and compared with 15 patients admitted with TEN caused by drugs as controls. Patients all received combination therapy of corticosteroid and intravenous immunoglobulin. The times for bullous ceasing, tapering of corticosteroid, and total hospitalization were compared between the two groups of patients. SCORTEN, a severity-of-illness scoring system for TEN prognosis, was applied to evaluate clinical outcome.ResultsThe three time measurements in occupational TEN were longer than those in control, and the differences were statistically significant (P = 0.0023, 0.026, 0.0017), which means the total dose of corticosteroid needed in occupational TEN was higher than that in the control. There were no deaths in the two groups, although expected deaths were 0.612 and 0.836, respectively.DiscussionOccupational TEN has a longer progression than TEN caused by drugs, and there is more difficulty in its treatment. Clinicians should pay attention to this disease. However, its mechanism and target therapy remain unclear.
    International journal of dermatology 05/2015; DOI:10.1111/ijd.12784 · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: GPP, generalized pustular psoriasis; LD, linkage disequilibrium; MAF, minor allele frequency; OR, odds ratio; PV, psoriasis vulgaris; SNP, single nucleotide polymorphism
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 03/2015; DOI:10.1038/jid.2015.111 · 6.37 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 03/2015; 12(3):3232-3245. DOI:10.3390/ijerph120303232 · 1.99 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have reproducibly associated ∼40 susceptibility loci with psoriasis. However, the missing heritability is evident and the contributions of coding variants have not yet been systematically evaluated. Here, we present a large-scale whole-exome array analysis for psoriasis consisting of 42,760 individuals. We discover 16 SNPs within 15 new genes/loci associated with psoriasis, including C1orf141, ZNF683, TMC6, AIM2, IL1RL1, CASR, SON, ZFYVE16, MTHFR, CCDC129, ZNF143, AP5B1, SYNE2, IFNGR2 and 3q26.2-q27 (P<5.00 × 10(-08)). In addition, we also replicate four known susceptibility loci TNIP1, NFKBIA, IL12B and LCE3D-LCE3E. These susceptibility variants identified in the current study collectively account for 1.9% of the psoriasis heritability. The variant within AIM2 is predicted to impact protein structure. Our findings increase the number of genetic risk factors for psoriasis and highlight new and plausible biological pathways in psoriasis.
    Nature Communications 01/2015; 6:6793. DOI:10.1038/ncomms7793 · 10.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population of cells that consists of myeloid progenitor cells and immature myeloid cells. They have been identified as a cell population that may affect the activation of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells to regulate the immune response negatively, which makes them attractive targets for the treatment of transplantation and autoimmune diseases. Several studies have suggested the potential suppressive effect of MDSCs on allo- and autoimmune responses. Conversely, MDSCs have also been found at various stages of differentiation, accumulating during pathological situations, not only during tumor development but also in a variety of inflammatory immune responses, bone marrow transplantation, and some autoimmune diseases. These findings appear to be contradictory. In this review, we summarize the roles of MDSCs in different transplantation and autoimmune diseases models as well as the potential to target these cells for therapeutic benefit.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2015; 2015:1-14. DOI:10.1155/2015/421927 · 2.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case of D-penicillamine(DPA) induced elastosis perforans serpiginosa(EPS) in a 32-year-old Chinese man was reported. The presentation lasted two years and was refractory to traditional medical treatment. He was then commenced on 7.6% 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) induced photodynamic therapy(PDT) by a LED light of 633 nm at dose levels of 130J/ cm(2) for each session with total 3 sessions at one week interval. The patient was tolerated and responded well to this new approach for DPA-induced EPS without any adverse events. The etiology, pathophysiology, natural history, and treatment options for DPA-induced EPS are reviewed, and the authors suggest this method of treatment to be effective and safe for patients of DPA-induced EPS refractory to conventional therapy.
    Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy 11/2014; 12(1). DOI:10.1016/j.pdpdt.2014.11.001 · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Icariside II (IS) is a metabolite of icariin, which is derived from Herba Epimedii. In the present study, the antiproliferative effects of IS on A375 human melanoma cells were examined in vitro and a possible mechanism through the ROS‑p38‑p53 pathway is discussed. A cell WST‑8 assay revealed that treatment with IS markedly reduced cell viability from 77 to 21% (25 and 100 µM, respectively), and cell counting demonstrated that IS treatment reduced cell proliferation. IS treatment also induced cell cycle arrest of A375 cells at the G0/G1 and G2/M transitions and inhibited the expression of cell‑cycle related proteins, including cyclin E, cyclin‑dependent kinase 2 (CDK2), cyclin B1 and phosphorylated cyclin‑dependent kinase 1 (P‑CDK1). In this study, it was determined that IS inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest through the generation of reactive oxygen species and activation of p38 and p53. These findings were further supported by the evidence that pretreatment with N‑acetyl‑L‑cysteine, SB203580 or pifithrin‑α significantly blocked IS‑induced reduction of cell viability, increase of cell death and cell cycle arrest. In conclusion, IS inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell cycle arrest. Crucially, it was confirmed that these effects were mediated at least in part by activating the ROS‑p38‑p53 pathway.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 10/2014; 11(1). DOI:10.3892/mmr.2014.2701 · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), a precursor of heme biosynthesis, plays a fundamentally important role in aerobic energy metabolism. Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 cleaves heme to form biliverdin, carbon monoxide (CO) and iron (Fe2+). The anti-inflammatory properties of biliverdin and CO help to alleviate ischemia/reperfusion injury as well as acute and/or chronic allograft rejection. We herein investigated whether 5-ALA and Fe2+ exerts salutary effects in the setting of organ transplantation. Methods An in vitro mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) assay and cardiac allotransplantation model (CBA to C57BL/10) were used to evaluate the effects of 5-ALA and Fe2+ on transplantation tolerance. Results Treatment with 5-ALA and sodium ferrous citrate (SFC) resulted in permanent acceptance in the murine cardiac allografts in a dose-, SFC- and HO-1-dependent manner. The number of graft infiltrating CD8 T cells and the survival response of the recipient spleen T cells to the donor type alloantigens were lower than those observed in the control recipients; however, the number of both regulatory T cells and dendritic cells was significantly increased in the 5-ALA/SFC-treated recipients. Conclusions These data indicate that 5-ALA/SFC inhibits T cell proliferation in response to alloantigens and an increased number of regulatory cells, resulting in permanent cardiac allograft acceptance in mice. These findings highlight the important roles of CO and/or HO-1 in inducing tolerance and imply that 5-ALA/SFC may become a clinically effective treatment for allograft rejection.
    The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 10/2014; 34(2). DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2014.09.037 · 5.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cyclin D1 is a member of the G1 cyclin family that regulates the transition through the G1 phase of the cell cycle and is involved in the neoplastic transformation of certain tumors. This study was designed to investigate the expression of cyclin D1 in Bowen's disease (BD) and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Biopsies of 30 cases with BD and 24 cases with SCC confirmed by histopathology were obtained from the Department of Dermatology of Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China. EnVision immunohistochemical technology with a semiquantitative immunohistochemical score was applied to detect the expression of cyclin D1. Of the 24 specimens with SCC, cyclin D1 was found to be positive in 17 (70.8%), whereas of the 30 specimens with BD, cyclin D1 was found to be positive in 13 (43.3%). The expression of cyclin D1 was significantly higher in the SCC compared to that in the BD group. We did not observe a significant association of cyclin D1 expression with different pathological grades of SCC. In conclusion, cyclin D1 plays a significant role as a diagnostic marker in skin tumors and its overexpression was not found to be correlated with the degree of differentiation of SCC.
    Molecular and Clinical Oncology 07/2014; 2(4):545-548. DOI:10.3892/mco.2014.273
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Regulatory dendritic cells (DCregs) represent a potential therapeutic tool for assessing a variety of immune overreaction conditions; however, current approaches for generating DCregs for therapeutic purposes are limited. We attempted to generate and characterize DCregs from murine induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. The iPS cells co-cultured with OP9 cells displayed mesodermally differentiated flat colonies. GM-CSF drove most of the colonies exhibiting a differentiated morphology. Thereafter, cells became morphologically heterologous under the effects of TGF-β and IL-10. Most of the floating cells developed an irregular shape with areas of protrusion. The generated iPS-DCregs demonstrated high CD11b/c and low CD40, CD80, CD86 and MHC-II expressions with a high antigen uptake ability and poor T-cell stimulatory function. Importantly, iPS-DCregs showed immune responsiveness regulation effects both in vitro and in vivo and the ability to generate regulatory T-cells in vitro. Our result illustrates a feasible approach for generating functional DCregs from murine iPS cells.
    Scientific Reports 02/2014; 4:3979. DOI:10.1038/srep03979 · 5.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a previous large-scale exome sequencing analysis for psoriasis, we discovered seven common and low-frequency missense variants within six genes with genome-wide significance. Here we describe an in-depth analysis of noncoding variants based on sequencing data (10,727 cases and 10,582 controls) with replication in an independent cohort of Han Chinese individuals consisting of 4,480 cases and 6,521 controls to identify additional psoriasis susceptibility loci. We confirmed four known psoriasis susceptibility loci (IL12B, IFIH1, ERAP1 and RNF114; 2.30 × 10(-20)≤P≤2.41 × 10(-7)) and identified three new susceptibility loci: 4q24 (NFKB1) at rs1020760 (P=2.19 × 10(-8)), 12p13.3 (CD27-LAG3) at rs758739 (P=4.08 × 10(-8)) and 17q12 (IKZF3) at rs10852936 (P=1.96 × 10(-8)). Two suggestive loci, 3p21.31 and 17q25, are also identified with P<1.00 × 10(-6). The results of this study increase the number of confirmed psoriasis risk loci and provide novel insight into the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
    Nature Communications 01/2014; 5:4331. DOI:10.1038/ncomms5331 · 10.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Icariin is the major active ingredient of Herba Epimedii. Icaritin (ICT) is a hydrolytic product of Icariin. In the present study, we investigated the protective role of ICT against cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-mediated oxidative stress in human lung epithelial A549 cells. As demonstrated by the WST-8 assay, exposure to CSE (2.5%, 5%, and 10%) reduced the cell viability of A549 cells (84%, 64% and 53%) in a dose-dependent manner and treatment with ICT10μM dramatically attenuated CSEinduced cytotoxicity (73% and 64%). The MFI data suggested that CSE induced oxidative stress by generating ROS(230)and 10μM ICT treatment attenuated CSE-induced ROS production(90). 10μM ICT treatment resulted in significant AKT activation, Nrf2 nuclear translocation, increased GCL transcription and GSH levels, as compared with CSE exposure alone. However, ICT-mediated upregulation of GCL transcription in CSE-treated cells were lost in Nrf2 siRNA-transfected cells. Furthermore, inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling by LY294002 partially prevents ICT-induced nuclear translocation of Nrf2 and GCL transcription. These findings suggest that ICT attenuates CS-induced oxidative stress by quenching ROS and also by upregulating GSH via a PI3K-AKT-Nrf2-dependent mechanism. Further studies are required to confirm that a similar protective effect of ICT occurs in the lungs in vivo in response to CS exposure.
    Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 12/2013; 64. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2013.12.006 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To explore the contribution of functional coding variants to psoriasis, we analyzed nonsynonymous single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) across the genome by exome sequencing in 781 psoriasis cases and 676 controls and through follow-up validation in 1,326 candidate genes by targeted sequencing in 9,946 psoriasis cases and 9,906 controls from the Chinese population. We discovered two independent missense SNVs in IL23R and GJB2 of low frequency and five common missense SNVs in LCE3D, ERAP1, CARD14 and ZNF816A associated with psoriasis at genome-wide significance. Rare missense SNVs in FUT2 and TARBP1 were also observed with suggestive evidence of association. Single-variant and gene-based association analyses of nonsynonymous SNVs did not identify newly associated genes for psoriasis in the regions subjected to targeted resequencing. This suggests that coding variants in the 1,326 targeted genes contribute only a limited fraction of the overall genetic risk for psoriasis.
    Nature Genetics 11/2013; DOI:10.1038/ng.2827 · 29.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess the epidemic trends of syphilis and to investigate syphilis infections after exposure to infectious patients. A total of 17 211 syphilis patients from the period January 1999 to September 2012 were enrolled in this study. A variety of syphilis prevalence measures were evaluated. We analyzed the characteristics of 2954 cases using available information. Of these patients, 535 early syphilis cases were identified as index patients and the status of their sexual partners was monitored. All sexual partners were followed for 6 months to 1 year through serological testing and clinical examinations. The proportion of syphilis-positive clients at the sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic increased annually, with a five-fold increase from 1999 to 2011 (from 6.1% to 30.0%). The highest increase in syphilis infection occurred among patients in the 20-29 years age group. Male and female cases increased at the same rate between 1999 and 2007, but female cases increased at a greater rate than male cases from 2008 to 2012. Of the 535 sexual partners in the study, 330 (61.7%) were infected with syphilis and 205 (38.3%) were seronegative without any symptoms. Gender may influence disease infection rates (p=0.008), but not at different stages of early syphilis. There was an increasing trend of syphilis infection in Hefei, China. A proportion of highly exposed individuals could be resistant to syphilis infection.
    International journal of infectious diseases: IJID: official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 07/2013; 17(11). DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2013.05.007 · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Improvements in skin cancer treatment are likely to derive from novel agents targeting the molecular pathways that promote tumor cell growth and survival. Icariside II (IS) is a metabolite of icariin, which is derived from Herba Epimedii. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antitumor effects of IS and to determine the mechanism of apoptosis in A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells. A431 cells were treated with IS (0‑100 µM) for 24 or 48 h and cell viability was detected using the WST‑8 assay. Apoptosis was measured by the Annexin‑V/propidium iodide (PI) flow cytometric assay. Western blot analysis was used to measure the expression of cleaved caspase‑9, cleaved poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (P‑STAT3), phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (P‑ERK), and P‑AKT. A431 cells were also pretreated with IS (0‑100 µM) 2 h prior to treatment with epidermal growth factor (EGF; 100 ng/ml) for 10 min. Phosphorylated EGF receptor (P‑EGFR), P‑STAT3, P‑ERK and P‑AKT were detected by western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that IS inhibited the cell viability of the A431 cells in a dose‑dependent manner. Pretreatment with LY294002 [a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor], EGF (an EGFR agonist) and AG1478 (an EGFR inhibitor) partially reversed IS‑induced decreases in cell viability. Treatment with 50 µm IS resulted in an increased number of apoptotic cells mirrored by increases in cleaved caspase‑9 and cleaved PARP. In addition, treatment with 50 µM IS significantly inhibited the activation of the Janus kinase (JAK)‑STAT3 and mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK)‑ERK pathways, but promoted the activation of the PI3K‑AKT pathway. Furthermore, IS effectively inhibited the EGF-induced activation of the EGFR pathways. In conclusion, IS inhibited the cell viability of the A431 cells through the regulation of apoptosis. These effects were mediated, at least in part, by inhibiting the activation of the EGFR pathways.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 06/2013; 8(2). DOI:10.3892/mmr.2013.1557 · 1.48 Impact Factor
  • International journal of cardiology 05/2013; 168(3). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.04.094 · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: CD4+ T cells DNA hypomethylation is involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Recent studies showed that ultraviolet B (UVB, 290-320nm) might induce the exacerbation of SLE by decreasing the DNA methylation level. However, the role of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) in the UVB-induced CD4+ T cells DNA hypomethylation remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the role of DNMT1 in lupus CD4+ T cells global DNA hypomethylation enhanced by UVB. METHODS: 35 SLE patients and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. CD4+ T cells from SLE patients and healthy controls exposed to different dosages of UVB were analyzed. The global DNA methylation measurement, real-time PCR, Western blotting and DNMT1 catalytic activity detection were employed. RESULTS: The level of global DNA methylation and DNMT1 mRNA expression in CD4+ T cells from SLE patients were significantly lower than those from the control group. DNA methylation was decreased after UVB exposure in a dosage-dependent manner in SLE patients, but not in the control group. DNMT1 mRNA and protein expression level were not affected by UVB exposure in both SLE patients and healthy controls. DNMT1 catalytic activity was significantly decreased in CD4+ T cells from SLE patients after UVB exposure in a dosage-dependent manner. DNMT1 catalytic activity was lower and more sensitive to UVB exposure in CD4+ T cells from active SLE patients that from stable ones. CONCLUSION: UVB enhanced DNA hypomethylation of CD4+ T cells in SLE via inhibiting DNMT1 catalytic activity in a dosage-dependent manner.
    Journal of dermatological science 05/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.jdermsci.2013.04.022 · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure on DNA methylation in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its significance in the pathogenesis of SLE. T cells from 35 SLE patients and 21 healthy individuals were cultured and irradiated with UVB. The global DNA methylation profiles of the T cells obtained from the patients and controls following irradiation with UVB were assessed using specific monoclonal antibodies for 5-methylcytosine and analyzed quantitatively through flow cytometry. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to analyze the levels of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and methyl CpG binding domain protein 2 (MBD2) in T cells from the patients and controls following UVB irradiation. Significant global DNA hypomethylation was observed in the SLE patients compared with the controls (P<0.01). The SLE patients also had significantly lower levels of DNMT1 mRNA expression (P<0.01) and significantly higher levels of MBD2 mRNA compared with the controls (P<0.01). DNA methylation was decreased following UVB irradiation at two different dosages and the DNA methylation levels of the patients with active SLE were more sensitive to UVB. The level of DNMT1 mRNA was decreased following UVB irradiation at the higher dosage in the patients with active SLE, but no significant difference was observed in MBD2 mRNA expression. UVB exposure is able to inhibit DNA methylation and DNMT1 mRNA expression, which is subsequently involved in the epigenetic mechanism of SLE. The process by which DNA hypomethylation occurs in patients with SLE is complicated and the multiple factors that are involved in DNA methylation and demethylation events require further study.
    Experimental and therapeutic medicine 04/2013; 5(4):1219-1225. DOI:10.3892/etm.2013.960 · 0.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Hao Wu, Daoying Geng, Jinhua Xu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the clinical features of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with dermatomyositis and factors related to its development.Methods: Clinical records for patients with dermatomyositis were reviewed retrospectively.Results: Records were analysed for 230 patients (mean follow-up period, 18 months). The prevalence of ILD was 49.6%. The presence of ILD correlated positively with the presence of arthralgia, myoasthenia and cough, but negatively with the presence of Gottron's papules. Patients with ILD had poorer pulmonary function and more frequent positivity for anti-Jo1 antibodies than those without ILD. Patients with ILD characteristically showed linear, patchy, ground-glass opacities and reticular computed tomography (CT) patterns, usually at the bottom or apex of the lung.Conclusions: Dermatomyositis patients presenting with heliotrope rash, arthralgia, myoasthenia, cough, dysphagia, anti-Jo1 positivity or abnormal lung function were more likely, whereas those presenting with Gottron's papules were less likely, to develop ILD. Characteristic CT patterns in dermatomyositis patients with ILD were lines, patches, ground-glass opacities and reticulation.
    The Journal of international medical research 02/2013; 41(2). DOI:10.1177/0300060513476435 · 1.10 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

129 Citations
133.45 Total Impact Points


  • 2011–2015
    • Fudan University
      • Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2013
    • Anhui Medical University
      Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China