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ABSTRACT: Recent trials suggest serious toxicity in HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with rituximab (R) and chemotherapy (CT), offsetting the benefit of rituximab.
We retrospectively reviewed experience with CHOP-R vs. CT in 40 patients with HIV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) diagnosed between December 1992 and February 2006, all of whom were treated with curative intent.
In a univariate analysis, International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, prior AIDS, HAART, and rituximab were significant for overall survival (OS). In a multivariate analysis, IPI 0-1 (p < .02), no prior AIDS (p < .0002), and receiving CHOP-R (p < .01) were significant for improved OS, and HAART use (p < .09) retained a trend for improved OS. The hazard ratio (HR) for patients with high IPI receiving CHOP-R was 0.3 (95% CI 0.1-0.8). Patients without prior AIDS receiving CHOP-R had an HR of 0.5 (95% CI 0.1-1.7). The OS at 30 months in patients not receiving HAART was 0%. With HAART, OS was 33% for CT and 86% for CHOP-R; HR for CHOP-R was 0.4 (95% CI 0.1-1.2). Toxic deaths were 3 (33%) for CHOP-R and 6 (25%) for CT (p = ns); all toxic deaths with CHOP-R were in patients not receiving HAART. Rituximab-treated patients had a lower death rate from lymphoma (CHOP-R, 2 [16%] vs. CT, 15 [63%]; p < .04), and overall mortality (CHOP-R, 5 [42%] vs. CT, 21 [88%]; p < .01).
These retrospective data suggest that fatal toxicity of rituximab in HIV-NHL is not increased provided HAART is used, that the addition of rituximab to CT improved outcome, and that further prospective trials investigating this issue are warranted.
HIV Clinical Trials 05/2007; 8(3):132-44. DOI:10.1310/hct0803-132 · 2.63 Impact Factor