Publications (2)0 Total impact
ABSTRACT: An X17.2 solar flare occurred on 2003 October 28, accompanied by multi-wavelength emissions and a high flux of relativistic particles observed at 1AU. We present the analytic results of the TRACE, SOHO, RHESSI, ACE, GOES, hard X-ray (INTEGRAL satellite), radio (Onderejov radio telescope), and neutron monitor data. It is found that the inferred magnetic reconnection electric field correlates well with the hard X-ray, gamma-ray, and neutron emission at the Sun. Thus the flare's magnetic reconnection probably makes a crucial contribution to the prompt relativistic particles, which could be detected at 1 AU. Since the neutrons were emitted a few minutes before the injection of protons and electrons, we propose a magnetic-field evolution configuration to explain this delay. We do not exclude the effect of CME-driven shock, which probably plays an important role in the delayed gradual phase of solar energetic particles. Comment: 5 pages, 7 figures, accepted by A&A
ABSTRACT: In large gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events, especially the ground-level enhancement (GLE) events, where and how energetic particles are accelerated is still a problem. By using imaging data from TRACE, Yohkoh/HXT, SOHO/MDI and SOHO/EIT, along with the data from the GOES, Apatity NM, and SOHO/LASCO CME catalog, the evolution of the X5.7 two-ribbon flare and the associated SEP event on 14 July 2000 are studied. It is found that the magnetic reconnection in this event consists of two parts, and the induced electric field Erec is temporally correlated with the evolution of hard X-ray and gamma-ray emission. In particular, the first hard X-ray and gamma-ray emission peak occurred at 10:22 UT, corresponding to the magnetic reconnection in the western part of the flare ribbons and the maximum Erec of 9.5 V/cm; the second emission peak at 10:27 UT, corresponding to the eastern part and the maximum Erec of 13.0 V/cm. We also analyze the SEP injection profiles as functions of time and CME-height, and find two-component injection which may result from different acceleration mechanisms. A reasonable conclusion is that reconnection electric field makes a crucial contribution to the acceleration of relativistic particles and to the impulsive component of the large gradual SEP event, while CME-driven shocks play a dominant role in the gradual component.